Guide to the Archival Collections

at the

Missouri Historical Society

St. Louis, Missouri




This Guide to collections is current as of October 2001. However, it does not include many recent acquisitions. The Archives is currently adding collection records to the online catalog of the Missouri Historical Society Library which is available at

The Guide is not presently available on the Missouri Historical Society web site. Please contact the Archives with questions concerning the collections at (314) 746-4510 or via email at


A. Harless and Company (St. Louis, Mo.).

Receipt book, 1878-1879. 1 volume (88 pages)

Volume consists of freight receipts of A. Harless and Company of St. Louis for drug shipments, in account with Adam Express Co. (St. Louis), dated December 20, 1878, to May 24, 1879.

Cite as: A. Harless and Company Receipt Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


A.B. Schulte Plumbing Company.

Account Book, 1935-1944. 1 volume

Account book of the A.B. Schulte Plumbing Company showing daily record of work performed from August 3, 1935, to May 8, 1944, including name and address of business/residence serviced, type of service, supplies used, cost, and record of payment.

Cite as: A.B. Schulte Plumbing Company Account Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Abert Family.

Letters, 1835-1846. 2 folders

John Abert was made colonel of the Topographical Engineers, which he held until 1861. In 1832, he supervised the removal of some Ottawa and Shawnee Indians from Vandalia, Illinois. Abert's son, James, was a lieutenant who accompanied John Fremont on his 1845 expedition.

The letters, eleven written by George William Featherstonhaugh and two by Thomas Fitzpatrick to Lt. James W. Abert, relate to geological findings, land explorations, and dealings with Indians. Featherstonhaugh and Fitzpatrick worked under Abert as topographical engineers. (Formerly known as the John J. Abert Papers)

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Abert Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Abrams, Rochonne. "Meriwether Lewis," manuscript, ca. 1996. 1 slim box.

Typescript of "Meriwether Lewis" by Rochonne Abrams with 12 chapters.

Cite as: Rochonne Abrams "Meriwether Lewis" Manuscript, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Accounts collection, 1766-1941. 5 folders; 22 volumes.

Collection consists of various accounts, mostly receipts and pages from account books from mostly St. Louis firms. The collection also includes an unidentified ledger labeled "Oklahoma," which contains records of accounts with hardware, radiator companies, etc., 1904-1941; an index to Ledger #1, "St.L.M.L.I. Co.," n.d.; and an unidentified accounts book of rent collections, 1904-1907.

Some French.

Cite as: Accounts Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ackerman, Richard (1842-1862).

Civil War Correspondence, 1861-1862. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Richard Ackerman, a resident of New Brunswick, N.J., enlisted with the 5th New York Infantry on April 1, 1861. He was wounded at the Second Battle of Bull Run on August 28, 1862, and spent several months at King Street Hospital in Alexandria, Va., before his death on December 19, 1862.

Letters of Richard Ackerman to his parents in New Brunswick, N.J., include accounts of the affairs of the regiment while serving in Virginia and Baltimore. Letter dated June 11, [1861], contains a description of the engagement at Big Bethel, Virginia. Letters also contain descriptions of marches and fighting during the Peninsular Campaign; and information on camp life and diet.

Cite as: Richard Ackerman Civil War Correspondence, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Adams, David (1799-1874).

Papers, 1809-1869. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 volume

David Adams was born December 31, 1799, in St. Louis. In 1815, he joined an expedition to Mexico with his brother and became involved in the Mexican Revolution. He returned to St. Louis in the 1820s and operated a saloon. In 1832, he joined Bonneville's expedition to the Rocky Mountains and later became involved in the fur trade with the American Fur Company. In 1841, he formed a partnership with John Sibille to trade with Indians on the Platte River. In 1849, he led an expedition to California in search for gold. He lived his last years on the island at the foot of Carroll Street (St. Louis) in poor health and poverty. He died December 31, 1874.

Collection contains correspondence to his wife while he was on his expeditions. Also contains many receipts for the saloon and supplies from his expeditions. Diary dated August 21, 1844, to March 11, 1845. Five fragmentary diaries dated 1841, 1842, 1844. The Adams diaries are published in: Charles E. Hanson, Jr., editor. The David Adams Journals (The Museum of the Fur Trade, Chadron, Neb., 1994).

Finding aid available.

Cite as: David Adams Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Adams, Ula C.

Papers 1875-1959. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection contains mostly receipts for household accounts of Ula C. Adams, who lived at 5810 Waterman in St. Louis. Also includes a diary written while she was a girl, dated January 19, 1893, to August 9, 1896.

Cite as: Ula C. Adams Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Adie Family.

Papers, 1839-1912. 4 folders.

Correspondence and estate papers of family including George L., S.N., Julia H., Lewis W., Samuel W., Frances E. and Mrs. Missouri A. Adie. Includes mostly indentures, deeds of trust from St. Louis County and Pattonville, Mo.

Cite as: Adie Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Advertising card scrapbooks, n.d. 2 volumes.

Scrapbooks contain advertising cards, cut-outs, and other material.

Cite as: Advertising Card Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Advertising collection, 1859-1962. 5 folders; 1 oversized folder.

Collection contains advertising cards, circulars, etc., advertising different St. Louis businesses.

Cite as: Advertising Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Aeronautics collection, 1830-1979. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection of correspondence, reports, printed material, and clippings pertaining to St. Louis aviation history. Includes papers relating to the Pioneer Aeroplane and Exhibition Company (1911); the St. Louis Aeronautic Corporation, formed to hold the international air races in St. Louis, October 1-2, 1923; ballooning; and the early history of Lambert St. Louis Flying Field.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Aeronautics Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

African-American Newsclippings Collection.

See Charles Turner Scrapbooks.


Agency Bank of the United States of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.)

Journal, 1836-1849. 1 volume

In 1836, the charter of the Branch Bank of the United States with the federal government expired and a new charter was voted whereby the Agency Bank was rechartered by the state of Pennsylvania. In 1840, the new charter was suspended and on July 31, 1841, the bank was ordered closed by the United States government.

Journal, dated September 30, 1836, to November 8, 1849, contains the financial transactions of the Agency Bank of the United States of St. Louis, as maintained by Henry S. Coxe, agent. Although the bank was ordered closed on July 31, 1841, transactions continued until 1849.

Cite as: Agency Bank of the United States of Saint Louis Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Agricultural College Lands plat books, n.d. 2 volumes.

Descriptions of land secured in Missouri, arranged by county, township, and range, with annotations as to nature of land and soil.

Cite as: Agricultural Collection Lands Plat Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


AIDS Foundation of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1990s. 1 box and 1 oversized folder.

Materials from the annual fund-raising event of the organization, the pledge walk, "From All Walks of Life." Included are press releases, newsclippings, fact sheets and programs, posters from the event. Also included is the 1992 financial statement from The AIDS Foundation of St. Louis. The oversized collection are posters from the 1992, 1993 pledge walk.

Aiken, James Henry, Mrs.

See: Cunningham, Josepha


Akins, Zoe (1886-1958).

Papers, 1911; 1958. (2 folders).

Zoe Akins was born in Humansville, Mo., and moved to St. Louis where her father was postmaster and also a leader in the Republican party. She attended Hosmer Hall and then spent two years at Monticello Seminary in Godfrey, Ill. At the age of 17, she played with the Odeon Stock Company of St. Louis. She then began writing articles for the St. Louis-based Mirror. Later she left for New York where she became a well-known playwright. Her best known plays are "The Greeks Had a Word for It," "The Furies," and "The Old Maid," for which she won the Pulitzer Prize in 1935. In 1932, she married Hugo Rumbold, a British artist and army captain. In her last years she wrote for motion pictures. She died October 29, 1958.

The collection consist of undated love letters written by William Marion Reedy to Zoe Akins. Also included is a play titled "The Wandering Fairies--A Shakespearian Masque for Children" by Zoe Akins, n.d., and a typed copy of "The Learned Lady," by Zoe Akins, 1911, from which Act I and portions of Act II are missing. Collection also includes a newspaper article from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch describing the letters.

Cite as: Zoe Akins Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Alewel Family.

Papers, 1896-. 10 boxes (5.0 linear ft.); 1 volume; 1 outsized folder.

Louis Emil Alewel was born September 16, 1878. He was educated at Bethany Parochial School and married Olivia Emily Elizabeth Beckman October 25, 1911. Mr. Alewel entered the undertaking profession and operated an establishment on Franklin Avenue between Twentieth and Twenty-First Streets. He later became a salesman for the bakers and confectioners' supply company operated by his father-in-law, W.E. Beckmann. He published several songs and poems. He was a mason and a member of the Cornerstone Lodge, the Knights of Phyias, the Liederkranz Club, the Carl Schurz Unit #28 of the Steuben Society of America, Cosmos Club and St. Louis House. He died February 9, 1955. Norma E. Alewel was his daughter.

The collection contains memorabilia mostly concerning Ms. Norma E. Alewel and her father, Louis Emil Alewel, including tax receipts and various St. Louis brochures and blueprints of buildings owned by Olivia and Louis Alewel, and designed by Julius E. Tarling. There are many photographs of the Alewel family. Mr. Louis Alewel was involved in the St. Louis Relief Committee for Central Europe and there are several brochures and pamphlets regarding it in box 3. There is a ledger for an upholstery business for Mr. Louis E. Alewel (1940) in box 4. There are many items concerning the rebuilding of Germany and the views of Germans on World War II. There is a Shriners (Moolah) hat contained in a hat box in box 7. In box 8 are records of the Carr Place Protection and Improvement Association. There are also items in the collection concerning the Steuben Society; and a scrapbook dated 1954-1957 with cards and letters of Lewis E. and Norma E. Alewel, letters from Steuben Society of America regarding war efforts of Lewis E. Alewel, compiled by Norma E. Alewel.

Some items in German.

Cite as: Alewel Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Allan, David, Jr.

Letters, 1862-1865. 1 slim box

David Allan, Jr., was mustered into service in the 29th Missouri Infantry (Union) at St. Louis in September 1862. He rose from the rank of private to captain, and was mustered out at Washington, D.C., in June 1865.

Collection includes letters written from Cape Girardeau and Patterson, Mo., dated October to December 1862, which briefly describe conditions in southeast Missouri; letters written from Woodville, Ala., dated January to March 1864; letters written from near Atlanta, dated July to August 1864, including brief accounts of the battles of Atlanta and Ezra Chapel; and account of the Grand Review in Washington, D.C.


Allen, Beverly (1800- ).

Records of estate, 1846-1869. 1 volume (151 Pages)

Volume contains the records of the administration of the estate of Beverly Allen.

Cite as: Beverly Allen Estate Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Allen, D.C. (1835-1920).

Collection, 1907-1938. 2 folders.

D.C. Allen was born November 1, 1835, in Clay County, Mo., and graduated from William Jewell College in 1855. He was the principal of the preparatory course at the Masonic College at Lexington, Mo., and also practiced law in Liberty, Mo. In 1861, he became the circuit attorney for the fifth judicial circuit. In 1864, he married Emily E. Settle. He was the first general attorney for the Kansas City and Cameron Railroad Company. From 1870 to 1881, he served as a trustee of William Jewell College and also was a curator of the University of Missouri. He died in February 1920.

Mostly contains letters to the Missouri Historical Society concerning various types of historical research and also concerning a talk he gave at the Society. Also contains letters to W.B. Douglass.

Cite as: D.C. Allen Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Allen, Nathan D. (1819-1903).

Diary, 1834-1888. 1 volume (100 pages)

Nathan D. Allen was born May 15, 1819, at Watkins Glen, N.Y., and came to St. Louis in 1837, eventually settled in Webster Groves, Mo., where he died May 9, 1903.

The diary of Nathan D. Allen contains material on life in Webster Groves, with accounts of the 1849 cholera epidemic and the Civil War in St. Louis, and meeting with Abraham Lincoln and Henry Shaw. (Additional information on Allen family was added later by donor.)

Cite as: Nathan D. Allen Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Allen-Rodgers Family.

Papers, 1858-1924 (bulk 1871-1889). 2 boxes; 2 oversize boxes; 14 volumes.

Thomas Allen (1813-1882) worked as a lawyer and newspaper publisher in New York City and Washington, D.C. In 1842, he moved to St. Louis, where he married Ann Russell. He became president of several railroads, including the Iron Mountain Railroad, and served in the Missouri Senate (1850-1854). Thomas Rodgers (1835-1916) served in the 140th Pennsylvania Infantry during the Civil War, eventually earning the rank of lieutenant colonel. Following the war he came to St. Louis, where he worked as an insurance agent and a deputy clerk in the circuit clerk's office. Rodgers also served as assistant adjutant general for the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Missouri.

Collection contains correspondence and business papers of Thomas Allen and his family, as well as correspondence and Grand Army of the Republic papers of Thomas Rodgers.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Allen-Rodgers Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Almstedt, Henry ( -1884).

Papers, 1846-1939. 2 folders.

A native of Germany, Henry Almstedt served as colonel of the 1st United States Reserve Corps (3 months) from May to August 1861. In November 1861 he was appointed colonel of the 2nd Missouri Light Artillery. He resigned this command in August 1863 and was later appointed to the staff of the Unites States paymaster. He died November 21, 1884, in Fenton, St. Louis County.

Collection contains commission and appointments of Henry Almstedt and papers relating to the service of the 1st United States Reserve Corps (3 months) and the 2nd Missouri Light Artillery. Includes letter of William R. Martin to Captain T. Rohe, dated Martinsburgh, Mo., July 29, 1861, regarding the discovery of the bodies of Benjamin Sharp and Lieutenant Jager; two letters of Joseph Weydemeyer to Almstedt, dated October 3, 1862, and to General Schofield, dated June 3, 1863, regarding his resignation; brief report of the fortifications at St. Louis, dated January 20, 1863; and Almstedt's journal with brief notes of the Powder River Indian Expedition in 1865. Also includes military commissions of Almstedt, dated 1846; and Bellefontaine Cemetery papers.

Cite as: Henry Almstedt Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Aloe Company Building Time Capsule.

Collection, 1937-1940. 2 boxes; 2 oversize folders

The A.S. Aloe medical instruments company headquarters building at 1831 Olive Street was constructed in 1940. When the building was demolished for a parking lot 56 years later, a time capsule was recovered from the building's cornerstone. The metal capsule, packed with rolls of medical wrapping was opened on October 10, 1996. It contained over two dozen items, including a letter written by company president Howard F. Baer in September 1940, numerous company brochures and catalogs, photographs, coins, and a selection of current periodicals.

Finding aid available.


Aloe Memorial Plaza.

Scrapbooks, 1929-1940. 2 volumes.

Two volumes of scrapbooks titled "A History of Aloe Memorial Plaza, 1929-1940," containing typescript correspondence, newsclippings, and photographs relating to Aloe Memorial Plaza and Milles Fountain in St. Louis.

Cite as: Aloe Memorial Plaza Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Alphabetical files. 46 boxes (23 linear ft.); 2 oversized folders.

This collection consists primarily of a series of vertical files containing usually one or two items of genealogical or historical interest relating to particular individuals, families, businesses, or other organizations.

Collection is arranged alphabetically and is indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.


Alton (Ill.).

Collection, 1831-1968. 1 box (0.2 linear ft); 4 volumes.

Collection contains records relating to Alton, Ill., including the following: Bliss letters dated February 11, 1833, to September 26, 1834; legal correspondence of William Martin, attorney, dated October 27, 1839, to March 10, 1854; Drury, Hayner and Co. correspondence (Nelson and Hayner 1865-1868); Jackel, Khun correspondence 1865-1870; letter of John J. Hogan to Rev. James Ryan dated April 11, 1888; notes on Col. Stephen H. Long family and Chouteau family; Alton Catholic Cemetery, 1912-1953; Programs--Independence Day at Portage des Sioux--1927; letter of Norma Lemp to Ruth Ferris dated November 5, 1965; and centennial of St. Joseph Hospital, 1965. Also contains three volumes of account books from unidentified general store(s), 1831-1832, 1838-1840, and 1860-1861; and an unidentified volume of contract labor accounts for carpentry and masonry, 1843-1868.

Cite as: Alton (Ill.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Amate Plantation.

Records, 1895-1955. 3 folders

The Mexican Coffee Trading and Planting Co. of New York was incorporated December 5, 1895, with its headquarters in St. Louis. The purpose of the company was to sell on commission and export coffee, woods, fruit and other agricultural products from Mexico to the United States and other countries. The company owned a coffee and rubber plantation, Amate Plantation, in Mexico. The plantation and all its belongings were bought by Samuel M. Kennard and Frank M. Estes of St. Louis, June 1, 1904.

The papers of the plantation include the corporation papers of the Mexican Coffee Trading and Planting Co. of New York, the Missouri certificate of incorporation, deeds, memoranda, receipts and correspondence. Also papers after the plantation was sold to Kennard and Estes.

Cite as: Amate Plantation Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Ambler, Edwin P.

See: Edwin P. Ambler (Saint Louis, Mo.).


American Car and Foundry (Saint Louis, Mo.)

Records. 1940-1970. 9 boxes (9.0 linear ft.)

American Car and Foundry was formed in 1899 by the union of 13 companies, two of them being the Missouri Car and Foundry Company of St. Louis and the St. Charles Car Company of St. Charles, Mo. Twenty-eight companies in all were subsequently acquired; some were modernized and some were dismantled. William K. Bixby served as the first president of the company from 1899 to 1901. Plants were located at Berwick, Pa.; Buffalo; Huntington, WV; Milton, Pa.; St. Louis and St. Charles, Mo.

Collection contains manual concerning the construction of railroad cars; photographs of different types of railroad cars and parts of the cars; and descriptions of the plants located at St. Louis, St. Charles and Berwick.

Cite as: American Car and Foundry Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


American Expeditionary Force. 35th Division. 138th Infantry. Company E.

Roster, 1919. 1 volume

Company E of the 138th Infantry was part of the 35th Division, American Expeditionary Force, which served in France during World War I. The 138th Infantry was formed by the merger of the St. Louis-based 1st and 5th Regiments of Infantry, National Guard of Missouri. The 138th combined with other Missouri and Kansas units to form the 35th Division of the A.E.F. After the war, the unit reverted to state service. The name 138th Infantry was ultimately retained in memory of World War I service.

Cite as: Roster of Company E, 138th Infantry, 35th Division, A.E.F., Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


American Expeditionary Force. 35th Division. 138th Infantry. Company I.

Records, 1917-1976. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Company I of the 138th Infantry was part of the 35th Division, American Expeditionary Force, which served in France during World War I. The 138th Infantry was formed by the merger of the St. Louis-based 1st and 5th Regiments of Infantry, National Guard of Missouri. The 138th combined with other Missouri and Kansas units to form the 35th Division of the A.E.F. After the war, the unit reverted to state service. The name 138th Infantry was ultimately retained in memory of World War I service. The men of Company I were all from the St. Louis area, and were commanded by Captain A.R. Skinker (died 1921). After the war, the veterans of wartime service formed the Company I Reunion Association, which remained active into the 1970s.

This collection consists of papers related to the active duty of Company I, 138th Infantry, AEF, among which are a company history, press clippings, and a manuscript titled "The Diary of a Doughboy"; records of the Company I reunion association; and materials related to the funeral of Captain A.R. Skinker.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Records of Company I, 138th Infantry, 35th Division, AEF, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


American Express Company.

Day book, 1860-1862. 1 volume (477 pages)

Day book, dated December 20, 1860, to September 10, 1862, is a journal of bank drafts sent and received by an American Express Company office for collection. The office may have been located in St. Louis. This volume was later used as a scrapbook by William L. Galloway, causing accounts at the beginning of volume (pp. 1-196) to be obscured by clippings.

Cite as American Express Company Day Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


American Institute of Architects, St. Louis Chapter.

Historic Buildings Survey, 1976. 6 microfilm reels

The Historic Buildings Committee of the St. Louis Chapter of the American Institute of Architects and the Missouri Heritage Trust microfilmed the plans of many of the city's most prominent buildings. The six reels of film are indexed by both name of building and by name of architect. The Missouri Historical Society does not own the original drawings.

Index cards and microfilm reels available at Archives reference desk.

Cite as: American Institute of Architects, St. Louis Chapter, Historic Buildings Survey, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


American Institute of Architects, St. Louis Chapter.

Records, 1893-ca. 1991. 1 box.

Architects in St. Louis formed a local chapter of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 1884. However, the charter for the St. Louis Chapter is dated 5 December 1891. The group held meetings and collected dues on a monthly basis. The meetings provided a forum in which St. Louis architects were able to discuss mutual professional interests such as bringing prominent visitors to the city and directing the manner of professional practices by drafting resolutions for consideration by state and local government. The chapter, popularly known as AIA-St. Louis, continues its activities in the present to promote and support the architecture profession. [For more information see: Toft, Carolyn Hewes, et. al. The Way We Came: A Century of the AIA in St. Louis (St. Louis, Mo.: Patrice Press)]

The records are arranged in alphabetical order by type of document and/or topic. The records are primarily comprised of the chapter's meeting minutes (1898-1919), but also include meeting announcements (1906-1909), membership lists (ca.1894-1923), financial reports (1901-1908), and resolutions and correspondence from the chapter's World's Fair Committee (1900-1901).

Finding aid available.

Cite as: American Institute of Architects, St. Louis Chapter Records (A1797), Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

American Lyceum, Saint Louis Branch.

See Saint Louis Branch of the American Lyceum


American Woman's Council of Justice (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Publications, 1924-1927. 1 folder.

Political organization of Missouri women concerned with legislative matters, generally opposed to increasing role of the federal government in traditionally state matters. Headquarters in St. Louis; Emilie M. Sweeney, president in the mid 1920s.

Collection consists of printed matter relating largely to the organization's position on legislative matters. Collection includes booklet titled "Do Bolshevists Use Our Women's Clubs," ca.1924; constitutional ballot guide, booklet regarding the federalizing of education, 1926; fliers opposing nuisance tax, the anti-evolution bill, and federal child labor amendment, 1927; card advocating the repeal of prohibition, voter registration flier, membership promotion, n.d.

Cite as: American Woman's Council of Justice (Saint Louis, Mo.) Publications, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Amoureux Family.

Amoureux-Bolduc papers, 1754-1899; 1932; 1951-1961. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 2 volumes.

Michel Amoureux (ca.1748-1832), a prominent merchant of L'Orient, France, came to America in 1793, and eventually settled in Ste. Genevieve, Mo., where his old home still remains. Louis Bolduc was a wealthy merchant and landowner of Ste. Genevieve. He died in 1815.

The collection consists of correspondence, bills, receipts, accounts and other documents of the related Amoureux, Bolduc and Langlois families of Ste. Genevieve; surveys by Antoine Soulard of property of Francois Moreau and Pierre Delassus De Luzieres; letters of William G. Cox to his family regarding service with the Exeter Union Guards (1860-1862); documents concerning the lead mining interests of Louis Bolduc; information pertaining to restoration of the Bolduc House in 1961; copy of an inventory of the Bolduc House; and a transcript of an interview with Miss Zoe Bolduc, May 1956. This collection also includes a ledger of unidentified merchandise accounts from Ste. Genevieve, 1811-1814, with a 1932 guest register, possibly from the Bolduc House, at the center of the volume; and a day book of the C.C. Bolduc general store in Ste. Genevieve, 1859-1862.

Some French with some translations.

Ledger/guest register; purchased by Charles van Ravenswaay from an antique dealer who had obtained the volume three years previously from the Bolduc House.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Amoureux-Bolduc Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Amson, Arthur ( -1875).

Papers, 1872-1875. 1 folder (55 items).

Arthur Amson was from either St. Louis or Cincinnati and was sent to Heidelberg and Leipzig, Germany, to study philosophy. His father, Arthur Amson, was the assistant librarian at the St. Louis Public School Library. Arthur died June 8, 1875, while attending school in Germany.

Collection contains letters written to his parents describing his experiences while studying in Germany; two letters from Arthur E. Little, Amson's best friend, describing Arthur's death and the arrangements made; and two letters from Thomas Davidson, one dealing with him accompanying Arthur to Germany, and one expressing sympathy to the parents.


Cite as: Arthur Amson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Anderson House (Lexington, Mo.).

Architectural Drawings, ca. 1940. 1 folder

Drawings of the Anderson house at the Civil War Battle of Lexington State Park by Waddington-Coombs and Association for the Historic American Buildings Survey. The blueline drawings include a cover sheet with a map, floor plans, elevations, and assorted details and sections.

Cite as: Anderson House (Lexington, Mo.) Architectural Drawings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Andrews, James.

Papers, 1875-1894. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Col. James Andrews, together with James B. Eads, established the Eads Concession Company in 1875. One of their largest projects together was a proposal to build a ship railway across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, ca. 1881.

The collection includes correspondence between Andrews and Eads, 1880-1886; printed addresses of James B. Eads, ca. 1880; printed newspaper and journal accounts of construction of various bridges and ship railways, ca. 1884-1885; printed maps and drawings of ship railways and jetties; material pertaining to the proposed construction of a ship railway across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, ca. 1881; certificate of incorporation of the Eads Concession Co. by James B. Eads, James Andrews, etc. in 1875; incorporation papers and by-laws of the Atlantic and Pacific Ship Railway Construction Company, 1888.

Cite as: James Andrews Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Angert, Eugene H. (1877-1929).

Papers, 1910-1931. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Eugene Angert was born October 21, 1877, in St. Charles, Mo. He received an A.B. from St. Louis University in 1896 and his LL. B. from Harvard in 1899. He practiced law in St. Louis (1900) and in 1912 he became a member of the law firm James, Hacker, Sullivan and Angert. He married Miss Vera Giannini of St. Louis in 1912. He also was the director of the First National Bank, the Securities Investment and the American National Assurance Company. In 1928, he organized the St. Louis Horticulture Society. He died in May 1929 from poisoning which followed removal of a hair from his nose.

Contains mostly correspondence concerning Angert's speech titled "The Law Is Not a Jealous Mistress," and acknowledgments of copies of his address about a trip with members of the American Bar Association to London in 1925. Also contains newsclippings concerning his death. An addition to these papers consists of typed letters sent to Eugene H. Angert, Jr., thanking him for forwarding copies of his father's memorial, 1930- 1931.

Cite as: Eugene H. Angert Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Annan Family.

Collection, ca. 1894-1957. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Memorabilia of the Annan family (Edward H. Annan and Roger P. Annan) and the firm of Annan, Burg & Co., commission merchants (grain). Includes material relating to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904 and to the St. Louis Merchants Exchange.

Cite as: Annan Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Anton, Philip Gottlieb.

Manuscript music collection. 6 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)

Cite as: Philip Gottlieb Anton Manuscript Music Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Apollo Club of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Record book, 1893-1925. 1 volume

The Apollo Club of St. Louis was organized in 1893 on the heels of the St. Louis Glee Club which had disbanded that year. A men's club of vocal performers that also sponsored concerts, its purpose was "to promote music and musical culture." Incorporated in 1903, its early officers were Charles Wiggins, W.K. Stanard, Thomas J. Wright, George C. Carrie, Joseph A. Buse, and John A. Rohan. Charles Galloway served as its musical director from the 1902-1903 season until the end.

Record book includes the articles of association, and a table of contents of the records of the Apollo Club inserted into the front of the volume. The book itself is a membership record (1893-1924) and record of its concert seasons (1894-1895 season to 1924-1925 season).

Cite as: Apollo Club of St. Louis Record Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Applegate, Lisbon.

Ledger, 1845-1854. 1 volume

Ledger of personal accounts of Lisbon Applegate of Keytesville, Mo., dated August 8, 1845, to May 30, 1854.

Cite as: Lisbon Applegate Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Archaeological Institute of America. Saint Louis Society (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1906-1951. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Minute books, 1906-1983; dues ledger, 1924-1951; notices; fliers; programs; printed matter; clippings; etc.

Cite as: Records of the Saint Louis Society, Archaeological Institute of America, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Archaeology collection, 1817-1936; 1965-1966. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection of correspondence, articles, and speeches given at the Missouri Historical Society, and clippings pertaining to various archaeological interests; Cahokia Mound builders; archaeological exploration in Missouri (1906); the Indian Piasa bird on a bluff near Alton, Ill.; account by General J.H. Simpson, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A., of his discovery of Aztec ruins in New Mexico in 1849; and the pre-historic relic, the Zemi (a San Domingo idol), presented to the Society by Albert Warren Kelsey in 1878. Material also includes correspondence of archaeologist Dr. W.K. Moorehead (1867-1939) who explored the Cahokia Mounds in 1921-1922.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Archaeology Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Archambault Family.

Archambault-Humphries Family Papers, 1864-1994. 4 folders

Alfred A. Archambault was born in Canada. In the early 1850s he and his brother, Auguste Pierre Archambault, established a trading post on the Sweetwater River in Wyoming. Alfred Archambault served in Company A, 8th Iowa Infantry, in the Civil War. He died August 15, 1879, in Oakland, Calif. His granddaughter, Marie Augusta Archambault, married Horace Galvin Humphries, the son of Benjamin Humphries.

Collection is comprised of photocopies of genealogical material regarding the Archambault and Humphries families, including newsclippings, correspondence, Civil War records of Alfred A. Archambault, and the 1920 journal of Benjamin Humphries.

Cite as: Archambault-Humphries Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Architectural Design Associates (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, ca. 1970-ca.1988.

Plans, renderings, and files for this St. Louis firm. Projects include Northwest Plaza Shopping Center, Riverbend Apartments, Moog Industries, and Wehrenburg Theaters.

Cite as: Architectural Design Associates (Saint Louis, Mo.) Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Architectural Drawings.

Collection, n.d. 2 folders

Individual sheets of drawings with no identification that were most likely drawn in the nineteenth century. The sheets lack all forms of identification: names of architect or project, and date.

Cite as: Architectural Drawings Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Architecture collection, 1872-1968. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection consist of building plans, blueprints for St. Louis homes; information of the American Institute of Architecture; bids from different firms for houses or buildings to be built in St. Louis; a program for a class in architecture at Washington University (1960); and a speech given by A.J.H. Richardson titled "Notarial Documentary Sources on French Colonial Buildings in North America."

Cite as: Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Archives of the Indies (Seville, Spain.).

10 boxes, 63 rolls of microfilm.

The Archivo General de Indias (Archives of the Indies) housed in Seville, Spain, consist of documents from Spanish colonies. The section of the records represented here encompass the Papeles Procedentes de Cuba, the records from the American colonies. Spanish officials ordered the records relating to the Louisiana Territory transferred from New Orleans to Cuba in 1804 upon the transfer of the territroy. The records were subsequently sent to Seville in 1888. For more information on the colonial records, Spanish methods of record keeping, and a basic index to the Papeles Procedentes de Cuba see Descriptive catalogue of the documents relating to the history of the United States in the Papeles Procendentes de Cuba deposited in the Archivo General de Indias at Seville (Washington D.C.: Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1916) by Prof. Roscoe Hull (Archives Ref/A973/H555) .

The microfilm consists of various legajos (bundles), or groups of records, from the Papeles Procedentes de Cuba. The reels contain a list of documents that are on each roll. The microfilm was used for an NEH project, "Archaeology of the Saline Creek Valley, Missouri," in 1988. Anna Price was hired for the project to translate, summarize, and enter into a database information about the documents pertaining to Missouri. Printouts of Ms. Price's translations and summaries comprise two boxes of this collection.

Prof. Roscoe R. Hull studied the records in Seville and while there made 2989 photostats of the documents pertaining to the development of the Louisiana Territory including dispatches of the governors of Louisiana to the Captain General in Cuba, 1766-1792. Each photostat, comprising 8 boxes, is numbered but the system used was apparently only for inventorying purposes. The numbers do not correspond to the description of record groups that Prof. Hull provides in his book.

Calendar of documents housed with the "Papers from Spain." (not located, Dec. 2001)

Cite as: Archives of the Indies (Seville, Spain) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Armbruster, Max.

Papers, 1911-1967. 1 box (approximately 250 items)

Collection includes personal and business papers in connection with Max Armbruster's retail business, the Rex Coffee and Tea Co., located at 3726 Gravois in St. Louis. Also includes correspondence in connection with the National Tea and Coffee Merchants Association, 1930. Also included is the constitution of the St. Louis Retail Tea and Coffee Merchants Association, n.d.; receipts for the city of St. Louis, state and school taxes for Max and Lydia Armbruster; and two notebooks of bakery recipes.

Cite as: Max Armbruster Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Arms and armaments collection, 1857. 1 folder.

Contains two documents. 10-1-1857 U.S. Powder Magazine Acct. 11-1857 checkroll for work done in the U.S. Powder Magazine near Jefferson Barracks.

Cite as: Arms and Armaments Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Army and Navy Club (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Register, 1914-1916. 1 volume.

The Army and Navy Club was located at 3621 Washington Avenue, St. Louis. It was a social club for the veterans of the Spanish-American War.

Cite as: Army and Navy Club Register, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Army collection, 1694; 1761; 1764; 1804-1939. 1 box (0.5 linear ft;) 4 volumes.

Collection of correspondence, order books, reports, manuals and clippings, most of which pertain to army activity on the frontier. Among the correspondents are General Henry Atkinson, John C. Calhoun, Lewis Cass, William Clark, Stephen Watts Kearny, James Kennerly, Henry Leavenworth, Edgar M. Ledyard, Sterling Price, Robert Simpson, Colonel Josiah Snelling and Daniel Webster. Subjects discussed include misconduct of soldiers, medical problems, Indian relations (Sioux, Sussitongs, Winnebagoes, Choctaw and Pawnee) and military sites (Forts Prairie du Chien, St. Anthony, Belle Fontaine [Bellefontaine], Leavenworth, Gibson, Atkinson, Armstrong, and the St. Louis Arsenal). Collection also includes a 1694 account of military operations in Flanders against the Prince of Orange; two books (French translations from the original German) of the King of Prussia's Military Instructions for his Generals (1761); order books of the 22nd Regiment of Infantry with headquarters at Sackett's Harbor (1813-1815); and the order book and record of court martials of the 6th Regiment of Infantry with headquarters at Fort Atkinson (1826). Collection also includes an unidentified record book, of unknown provenance, that contains printed and manuscript orders, guidelines, procedures, etc., issued by the United States Army pay office, paymaster general's office, commissary general, comptroller's office, and adjutant inspector's office, in relation to the provisioning of the United States "Peace Establishment," in the years before, during, and after the War of 1812. Various items in the volume include schedules of compensation allowed to troops in the U.S. army, lists of clothing allowed each soldier, regulation of Army collection, 1694; 1761; 1764; 1804-1939. (cont.) rations, warrants for military bounty lands, extracts of correspondence, extracts of congressional acts, and general orders.

Some French.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Army Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Arnold, Nason H.

Papers, 1908-1941. 3 folders

Nason H. Arnold was chief pilot at Collegiate Balloon School in Rockville, Conn. He participated in balloon races in Europe and provided the army with information on balloon flying during World War I.

Collection contains correspondence regarding balloon flying and his records and reports of his pupils at Collegiate Balloon School.

Cite as: Nason H. Arnold Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Arnold, Philip.

Arnold family papers, 1849-1915. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection of various photos, postcards, letters, etc. relating to various Missouri counties, mainly Oregon County; land papers of Stoddard County, 1840-1880s.

Cite as: Philip Arnold Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Arpe, W.G.

Papers, 1833-1950. 3 folders.

Mr. Arpe was at one time supervisor of the Missouri Furnace Co. of St. Louis. Includes correspondence and a newsclipping from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, dated October 26, 1958, concerning St. Louis Manual Training School.

Cite as: W.G. Arpe Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Arrow Rock (Mo.) collection, 1842-1932. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

In the beginning and middle of the nineteenth century, Arrow Rock was a popular stopping off place for travelers going west.

Collection contains correspondence concerning the Arrow Rock Tavern, including correspondence of Charles Van Ravenswaay concerning the preservation of the tavern, and various other historic spots in Arrow Rock. Also included are minutes from the Arrow Rock Academy, articles of association for the Arrow Rock Social Club, and a ledger book of Jesse McMahon of Arrow Rock.

Cite as: Arrow Rock (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Arrowhead Garden Club (Lake Ozark, Mo.).

Scrapbook, 1954-1955. 1 volume.

Local garden club organized in August 1949; affiliated with the Federated Garden Clubs of Missouri in June 1950.

Scrapbook contains photographs, newsclippings, club and convention brochures of the Arrowhead Garden Club, 1954-1955.

Cite as: Arrowhead Garden Club Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Arsenal Island Collection

See Quarantine Island Collection


Art and artists collection, 1807; 1832-1975; 1989;1991. 2 boxes (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection of material relating to Missouri artists (or those having a close connection to Missouri). Includes correspondence, biographical sketches, invitations, circulars, programs, and catalogues of local artist exhibitions; scripts for several "Art in St. Louis" radio programs (1947); typescript copy of "Rough Draughts for Notes to Indian Sketches" by Alfred J. Miller (1837); and newsclippings. Material includes correspondence/biographical data for the following: Thomas Hart Benton (illustrated letters); George Caleb Bingham; Karl Bodmer; Artemesia Drefs; Emanuel Joachim de Franca; Matthew Hastings; Magda Heuermam (1858-1948); Harriet Hosmer; William Henry Jackson; George Markham; Joseph R. Meeker; Frank G. Meinhart (1874-1947); Alfred J. Miller; Ferdinand von Miller; Thomas S. Noble (1835-1907); Frank Nuderscher; Frederick Remington (illustrated letters); Peter Rindisbacher; Paulus Roetter; Carl Wimar; and others.

Indexed in archives card catalog.

Cite as: Art and Artists Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ashby, Daniel (1791-1879).

Collection, 1794-1941. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Daniel Ashby was born in 1791 in Virginia, but lived his childhood in Mercer County, Kentucky. He was a major in the War of 1812. In 1815, he married Cassandra Leeper and became the acting sheriff in Hopkins County, Kentucky. In 1818, he moved to Chariton County, Missouri, where he farmed and became a member of the first county court. In 1828, he was elected a member of the House of Representatives and in 1834, 1836, 1838 he served in the Missouri Senate. He died October 11, 1879, and was buried on the old Hiram Craig farm near Forest Green in Chariton County, in the private cemetery of his fourth wife, Idress.

Collection includes a memoir written by Daniel Ashby concerning his life, typed copy of the manuscript, and letters concerning the publishing of the manuscript by the Missouri Historical Society in 1941.

Cite as: Daniel Ashby Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ashley, Grace

Scrapbook, 1936-1947. 1 volume; 1 oversized folder.

Grace Ashley was also known by her married name, Mrs. Harry S. Papin, Jr. She was a St. Louis dress designer, model, saleswoman and manufacturer, known for her original shirt stud dress registered as the "Grace Ashley Jewelstud Frock." Scrapbook contains clippings, photographs, and dress advertisements from numerous newspapers.

Cite as: Grace Ashley Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ashley, William Henry (1778-1838).

Collection, 1811-1975. 2 boxes (1 ms., 1 oversize); 2 oversized folders.

William H. Ashley was born in Powhatan County, Virginia., in 1778. He came to Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, in 1803 and engaged in the manufacture of gunpowder. In 1819, he moved to St. Louis and established himself in the real estate business. He served as lieutenant governor from 1820 to 1824 and was defeated for the governorship in 1824. By this time he was also a brigadier general in the state militia. For several years he was engaged in the fur trade business with Andrew Henry, the Sublette brothers, Robert Campbell, James Bridger and Thomas Fitzpatrick. He organized several expeditions into the Green River country, dealing exclusively with white trappers and hunters along the eastern base of the Rocky Mountains. He withdrew from the Rocky Mountain Fur Company in 1826 after making his fortune. In 1831, Ashley was elected to Congress to fill the unexpired term of Spencer Pettis and was reelected in 1832 and 1834. In 1836, he ran unsuccessfully for governor against Lilburn W. Boggs. He died of pneumonia on 26 March 1838, and was buried on the family farm on the Lamine River in Cooper County, Missouri. He had no children and was survived by his fourth wife, Elizabeth Moss Wilcox. No records survive of his first marriage. His second wife, Mary Able, died on 7 November 1821. Eliza Christy, his third wife, died 12 June 1830.

The papers relate to Ashley's interest in the fur trade, the manufacture of gunpowder, and mining; improvement in navigation on the Mississippi River in the vicinity of St. Louis; land speculation and real estate in St. Louis; politics; Indian trade; and the West. Correspondents include James P. Beckwourth, James Bridger, Robert Campbell, Thomas Fitzpatrick, David E. Jackson, Etienne Provost, Jedediah S. Smith, William L. Sublette, and Samuel Tulloch. The papers also include Ashley's diary dated March 25-June 27, 1825 (his trip to the Great Salt Lake) (diary is published in Dale L. Morgan, editor, The West of William H. Ashley [Old West Publishing Co., 1964], pages 104-117), and the diary of Harrison G. Rogers regarding the expedition to the Pacific coast with Jedediah S. Smith (entries from August 15, 1826-January 27, 1827; May 10, 1828-July 1828).

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: William Henry Ashley Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ashley-Cabell family.

Papers, 1843-1861. 4 folders

Elizabeth Moss Ashley was a well-known socialite with property in St. Louis. She was married to a Mr. Wilcox who was a senator in the Missouri legislature. She was also married to Gen William H. Ashley, and after his death she married John J. Crittenden, the seventh governor of Kentucky. Mr. Edward Carrington Cabell (1811-1896) was an established lawyer in St. Louis. Mr. Edward Cabell married Miss Anna Maria Wilcox, the daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Wilcox Ashley Crittenden.

The papers are concerned mainly with the estate of Mrs. Elizabeth Ashley. A great deal of the letters of Mrs. Ashley and Mr. Cabell are written to James T. Sweringen. Of particular interest are the letters dealing with the freedom and selling of Mrs. Ashley's slave, James.

Cite as: Ashley-Cabell Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Associazione di Letteratura Italo-Suizzero (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1868-1880; 1889. 2 volumes

Cash book and minute book of an Italian-Swiss reading club in St. Louis.

In Italian.

Cite as: Associazione di Letteratura Italo-Suizzero Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Astor, John Jacob (1763-1848).

Collection, 1810-1933. 4 folders

John Jacob Astor was born in Waldorf, Germany, in 1763. He came to the United States in 1784 and opened a musical instrument shop in New York City in 1786. He became involved in the fur trade, including the American Fur Company, and also the mercantile trade with China. He earned most of his fortune from real estate dealings in Manhattan. He died in 1848.

The letters are mostly photostats and typed transcripts from originals at the Harvard Business School. There are only two original documents in the collection. A large percentage of the letters are addressed to Charles Gratiot and deal with the fur trade. Also contained are clippings regarding the Astor Collection and information concerning John Day, companion of Ramsey Crooks, Astorian.

Cite as: John Jacob Astor Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Astorians collection, 1803-1937. 2 folders

Contains correspondence and clippings concerning Robert Stuart, Russell Farnham, Donald McKenzie, Benjamin Jones and John Jacob Astor.

Cite as: Astorians Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Atkinson, Henry.

Papers, 1825-1866. 3 folders; 1 volume.

The United States government sent a military expedition up the Missouri River from St. Louis to the mouth of the Yellowstone in 1825. The purpose of the expedition was to make treaties with all adjacent tribes, with the goal of protecting and stimulating the fur trade of the northwest. General Henry Atkinson, representing the military, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon the Indian Department, were appointed the commissioners by the president to carry out the treaty-making program. The journey up the Missouri was completed without serious accident. On August 17 they arrived at the mouth of the Yellowstone where they established a temporary post called Camp Barbour. The expedition had been successfully carried out without the loss of men or boat. Treaties were completed with all the Indian tribes with whom they came in contact and the purposes off the expedition were achieved.

Papers include original journal, a photocopy of original journal, and correspondence relating to the journal. The authorship of the journal is a matter of conjecture. That Atkinson or O'Fallon did not write it is indicated by the fact that it refers to them by name, and the author of the journal refers to himself in the first person, and, while writing a formal journal, occasionally adds a few words giving his personal opinion of the events related. The journal is very carefully done and the details of the movement of the troops, mileage and other data is given.

Cite as: Henry Atkinson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Atwood, Eliza L. Cowan (1835-1895).

Diaries, 1862-1863; [1954]. 4 folders

Eliza L. Cowan was born April 7, 1835, in Shelbyville, Tennessee, to John Wilson Cowan and Jane Eakin. On 21 February 1860, she married Legrand Atwood, who served in the Civil War as captain and surgeon in the 1st Regiment of Rifles, Missouri State Guard. They had six children. Later in life, Eliza Cowan Atwood moved to St. Louis, where she died 11 January 1895.

The collection consists primarily of three diaries by Eliza Cowan Atwood dating from 1 January 1862 to 31 January 1863. Written in Shelbyville from the perspective of a Confederate sympathizer, the diaries describe her everyday life, her hobbies of sewing, reading aloud to friends and family, teaching music, and visiting friends. They also describe civilian life during the Civil War in Tennessee, including news received of battles and the progression of the war; and accounts of soldiers passing through or occupying Shelbyville en route to and from Nashville, many of whom stopped at the Atwood house to be fed or housed. Of particular note is a description of General William J. Hardee who stopped at Atwood's home in March 1862, and a physical description of General Adam R. Johnson. Atwood's diaries contain little information on her husband and no mention of her children. The collection also contains a genealogical chart made by George B. Atwood in 1954, and an undated volume of genealogical notes on the Atwood and allied families by Helen S. Atwood.

Cite as: Eliza L. Cowan Atwood Diaries, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Audubon, John James (1785-1851).

Collection, 1808-1910. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

John James Audubon, christened Jean Jacques Fougere Rabin, was born in Les Cayes, San Domingo, on 26 April 1785 to Jean Audubon, a French naval officer, and his mistress, a Mademoiselle Rabin, who died soon after his birth. He grew up in France with his stepmother, Anne Moynet Audubon, but was sent to America by his father in 1803 to manage the plantation and lead mines he had invested in near Morristown, Pennsylvania. Audubon adopted the more American sounding name, John James, on his arrival. In 1807, he embarked on a series of unsuccessful business ventures in Kentucky with Ferdinand Rozier. Financially ruined at age 35, he turned to painting as a profession. His best known work, The Birds of America, was first published in London in 1838. When he returned from England in 1839 he began work on The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America. Poor eyesight forced him to give up painting in 1846, and after several years of deteriorating health, he died of a stroke on 27 January 1851.

The papers include correspondence, study notes, a scrapbook of Auduboniana compiled by Maria R. Audubon, daughter of John Woodhouse Audubon, biographical material, and other papers. Correspondents include John James Abert, John Bachman, Spencer F. Baird, Charles L. Bonaparte, George T. Fox, Ethan A. Greenwood, Richard Harlan, Edward Harris, William MacGillivray, Samuel George Morton, Robert Treat Paine, George F. Parkman, Prideaux John Selby, William Swainson, John K. Townsend, Nathaniel A. Vigors, William Yarrell, and members of Audubon's family.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Cite as: John James Audubon Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Auer, Jacob.

Journal, 1887-1888. 1 volume

Journal dated 30 June 1887 to 11 September 1888 containing accounts of steamboat shipments from Auer's Landing, Illinois. It also includes recipes and hints; drawings and arithmetic problems added later.

Cite as: Jacob Auer Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Augustus Jones and Sons (Potosi, Mo.).

Ledger, 1841-1848. 1 volume (129 leaves)

Ledger dated 6 December 1841 to 27 January 1848, containing the records of Augustus Jones and Sons, blacksmiths in Potosi, Missouri.

Cite as: Augustus Jones and Sons Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Authors collection, 1915-1970. 1 folder

Collection contains biographical information contained in pamphlets, papers, etc. on several St. Louis authors.

Cite as: Authors Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Autograph book collection, 1810-1913. 6 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)

Collection of 36 autograph albums, most of them from the twentieth century.

Some German and French.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Autograph Book Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Avery, Edward M.

Account books, 1846-1855. 2 volumes

Account books dated 2 January 1846 to 31 December 1855, containing records of the personal expenses of St. Louis teacher Edward M. Avery.

Cite as: Edward M. Avery Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Babcock, W.R.

Scrapbook, 1859-1860. 1 volume (200 pages)

This scrapbook contains newsclippings, letters and personal notes about Missouri militia companies prior to the Civil War, 1859-1860, assembled by W. R. Babcock. Also includes a three-page autobiographical essay by Babcock; and a letter transmitting the volume to Joseph Boyce, February 3, 1898. The clippings are pasted over an unidentified ledger.

Cite as: W.R. Babcock Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Bacon and Brothers (Boonville, Mo.).

See R.B. Bacon and Brothers (Boonville, Mo.)


Badger Family.

Papers. 1852-1950. 2 folders

Collection contains material of the St. Louis-based Badger family, including letters of Capt. Alexander Badger, Sr. and Jr.; newsclippings; bonds; steamboat memoranda; a pilot certificate issued to William H. Cable in 1852; envelopes of Wells Fargo and Overland Mail; cards of steamboat Magnolia and a timetable of St. Louis railroads and steamships; material concerning the Badger, Cable and Cayton families; two Missouri defense bonds of 186- issue; and several letters of Alexander Badger, ca. 1860, written from Fort Vancouver, Western Territory, and various places in the west, which describe everyday happenings.

Cite as: Badger Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Baggerman, William, F.

Papers, ca. 1940-1991. 4 boxes (4.0 linear ft.)

A native of St. Louis, Mr. Baggerman attended Washington University and Edinburgh University. He started Modern Management Co., a real estate management firm, in 1936, and later was employed with Sycamore Investors, Inc., a shopping center development company. He served on the St. Charles County Commission and the St. Charles County Republican Committee.

Papers include a collection of personal correspondence, mementoes, a travel diary, newsclippings, published brochures of various places of interest. Also contained is information regarding his various real estate holdings. The slim ms. box contains photographs of family, places visited, and slides of the interiors of his apartment holdings. In the flat storage box; Broadside, "Femme Osage Township Republican Rally, Mt. Pleasant Wine Cellar, Augusta, Mo., Oct. 10, n.y.; hand produced poster, "W.C."; phonograph titled "Recorded Message from your Man in Service" from Capt. Wm. Baggerman to Mr. and Mrs. W.J. Baggerman, 1943 (phonograph produced courtesy of Pepsi-Cola Company); newspaper editions of national and local importance; campaign poster for Baggerman, n.y.

Cite as: William F. Baggerman Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bailey, Howard, Mrs.

Papers, 20th century. 5 boxes (2.0 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Collection consists mostly of genealogical data relating to the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Cite as: Mrs. Howard Bailey Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Baker, Marigold Harman (1920-1996).

Research notes, 1967-1993. 8 boxes; 2 oversize folders

Research notes of Marigold Harman Baker for her master of arts thesis in anthropology, written at the University of Missouri-Columbia. Materials pertain primarily to land transfers in Missouri after the New Madrid earthquake of December 16, 1811. Collection includes correspondence; certificates and awards; transcripts; resumes; research papers; master's thesis; photocopies of Missouri plat maps; Missouri county maps; printed materials; newsclippings; research notes and card files regarding landholders of southeastern Missouri and Algoa, Mo.

Cite as: Marigold Harman Baker Research Notes, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bakewell, Anderson, S.J. (1914- ).

Scrapbooks, 1965-1985. 3 volumes.

The son of Mr. and Mrs. Edward L. Bakewell of St. Louis, Father Anderson Bakewell graduated from St. Louis University with a degree in geography and geology. One of his hobbies was mountain climbing and exploring.

The scrapbooks contain information regarding Father Bakewell's explorations, mountain climbs and his religious career. The contents of the scrapbooks are mostly photocopies with some original photographs.

Cite as: Anderson Bakewell Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bakewell, Edward L., Jr.

Business scrapbooks, 1935-1992. 1 box; 1 oversized folder.

Business scrapbooks compiled by Edward L. Bakewell, Jr., documenting the history of Edward L. Bakewell Real Estate and the Bakewell Corporation. Includes newsclippings, promotional material, correspondence, and other papers.

Cite as: Edward L. Bakewell, Jr. Business Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bakewell, Paul, Jr. (1889- ).

Papers, 1915; 1928-1964. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Paul Bakewell, Jr., was born in St. Louis, the son of Paul and Nina Bakewell. He attended St. Louis University and the St. Louis University School of Law. He was admitted to the bar in 1910. He was associated with the law firm of Bakewell, Bakewell and Cramer. He married Mary Fullerton in 1909. He was a member of the United States War Trade Board in 1917-1918 and in 1922 he organized the Governmental Research Institute in St. Louis. He was its chairman until 1935. He was a director in the Atchison Water Company, Phillipsburg Coal and Land Company, and the Maffitt Realty Company. He served on the directorate of the Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of St. Louis and the Boys Club of St. Louis and is a former director of the United Charities of St. Louis, the Social Planning Council and the Municipal Nurses Board. He was a member of the Calvary Cemetery Association, the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce; the Noonday Club; and of the St. Louis County Round Table. He was the author of Past and Present Facts About Money in the United States, published in 1938.

The collection contains correspondence and subject files. The subject files consist of information regarding the Fullerton Building, Labor Relations with the Committee for Industrial Organization, 1937; St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, 1942-1944; Community Council, Social Planning Committee, 1936-1938; St. Louis and St. Louis County Borough Plan, 1962; United Charities, 1935-1946. Also includes a manuscript digest of legal terms kept by Paul Bakewell, Jr., 1915; and cash book #7 from his law practice, 1941-1944.

Cite as: Paul Bakewell, Jr., Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ballentine General Store (Boonville, Mo.).

Sales journal, 1859. 1 volume (100 pages)

The Ballentine general store was a general merchandise business in Boonville, Mo. Journal is dated August 13 to December 3, 1859.

Cite as: Ballentine General Store Sales Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Banking and currency collection, 1776-1976. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Contains checks, promissory notes, and receipts, chiefly of Missouri banks; bankbooks and financial statements; Confederate States bills; currency issued by colleges during the Civil War; and cashier checks used by the National Bank of Commerce, St. Louis, during the Panic of 1907. (Includes some photocopies.)

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Banking and Currency Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Baptiste Tent and Awning Company (St. Louis, Mo.).

Account books, 1893-1897; 1947-1949. 12 volumes

The Baptiste Tent and Awning Company of St. Louis was the successor firm to Alex. Baptiste and Son Tent and Awning Company, a partnership of Alexander and George Baptiste. George Baptiste was president of the earlier partnership during the years 1898-1938.

This collection of account books contains six volumes, consisting of a cash book, an order book, and four day books, of records of Alex. Baptiste and Son Tent and Awning Company, 1893-1897. It also contains six volumes, consisting of five checkbooks in account with Boatmen's National Bank, 1947-1949, and an undated price book, of Baptiste Tent and Awning Company.

Cite as: Baptiste Tent and Awning Company Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Barclay, Shepard (1847-1925).

Papers, 1844-1925. 6 boxes (3.0 linear ft.)

Shepard Barclay, lawyer and judge in Missouri, was born November 3, 1847. He was the grandson of Elihu H. Shepard, a prominent citizen of St. Louis who was one of the founders of the Missouri Historical Society in 1866. Shepard graduated from St. Louis University in 1867 and received his law degree from the University of Virginia in 1869. He studied in Europe from 1869 to 1872, returning to St. Louis in 1872 to begin his law practice. In 1873, he married Kate Anderson. That same year he formed a law partnership with William C. Marshall which continued until 1882 when Barclay was elected circuit judge in St. Louis. In 1877, he helped organize the local military force in St. Louis which became the Third Regiment of the National Guard of Missouri. Judge Barclay was elected judge of the Supreme Court of Missouri in 1888 and chosen Chief Justice by his associates in 1897. He resigned this office in 1898 to practice law with John E. McKeighan and Millard F. Watts. Before going on the bench, Judge Barclay served for several years as secretary of the Missouri Historical Society. He died November 17, 1925.

The collection contains correspondence, diaries, memoranda, and biographical material. Among the papers are letters to his wife dated 1891, and Missouri Bar Association papers dated 1918-1921. Also included is the diary of Elihu Shepard, his maternal grandfather, which includes reminiscences of his childhood in the East; the War of 1812; wanderings during the year of the cholera epidemic in St. Louis in 1849; his experience during the Mexican War; incidents and war losses resulting from the Civil War; and the queensware factory in Kaolin, Mo.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Shephard Barclay Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Barnard Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

See George D. Barnard Company


Barnes, John B.

Papers, 1825-1948. 2 folders

John B. Barnes served on the staff at Kemper Military School in Boonville, Mo.

Collection of notes and manuscripts of early Missouri history, principally written by Col. Barnes; photostat of the land grant to Hannah Cole dated October 1, 1825; papers concerning Hannah Cole, New Franklin and Boonslick country; and David Barton, judge of the First Circuit Court held in Howard County and Boonville.

Cite as John B. Barnes Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Barnes, Robert Augustus (1808-1892).

Papers, 1784-1923 (bulk 1820-1914). 11 boxes, 4 oversized folders

Collection consists of personal, business, financial, and family papers of Robert A. Barnes, who was a grocer, commission merchant, bank president, stockholder, property owner, and philanthropist.. Includes correspondence, bills, receipts, legal papers, property and income tax documents, insurance policies, personal and business accounts, and papers relating to the Barnes estate and the estate of John W. Reel, of which Barnes was the administrator. Also includes numerous bills of lading and shipping papers associated with Barnes' grocery and commission merchant business, as well as papers regarding the Bank of the State of Missouri, St. Louis Railroad Company, Belcher's Sugar Refining Company, and other local companies in which Barnes either held executive positions or was a stockholder. Related family papers include those of Barnes' brother, William Barnes, or of the Chenie family, who were relatives by marriage. Also includes papers from the estate of John W. Reel.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Robert A. Barnes Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Barry, J. Neilson (1871-196?).

Papers, 1937-1960. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

J. Neilson Barry was educated at the Theological Seminary of Virginia and the General Theological Seminary in New York City. He was ordained an Episcopal minister and was an Episcopal priest of the Diocese of Washington, D.C., for many years. He served fifteen years as a missionary at Palouse and Spokane, Wash., and Baker, Okla. In 1940, he donated to the Missouri Historical Society the tracings of his study-plats used in analyzing the Lewis and Clark map of 1814.

The collection includes maps of the Wyoming and Idaho districts, compiled by Barry from the map attributed to Samuel Lewis, published in the journals of Lewis and Clark in 1814. The maps also include data from maps of John Colter and other members of the Lewis and Clark expedition as well as from maps used by fur traders and members of the Astorian expedition. The papers also include correspondence of Barry with the Missouri Historical Society concerning his maps.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Cite as J. Neilson Barry Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bartholdt, Richard (1855-1932).

Papers, 1855-1937. 4 boxes (1.7 linear ft.); 3 volumes; 2 oversized folders.

Richard Bartholdt was born November 2, 1855, in Schleiz, Germany. He came to the United States at the age of 16 and worked as a printer in New York and Philadelphia. He came to St. Louis in 1875 and worked as a printer for the Courier and the Anzeiger, which were both German newspapers. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States and returned to Germany to study law. He returned to St. Louis in 1884 and took charge of the St. Louis Tribune. He married Miss Cecille Niedner, who was the daughter of Moritz Niedner, a prominent newspaper publisher from St. Louis and one of the founders of the Associated Press. Mrs. Cecille Bartholdt died in 1924. Mr. Bartholdt was elected to Congress in 1892 and served eleven consecutive terms until 1915. He is remembered for making the first speech ever heard in Congress against prohibition. He also worked for the appropriation which made the Louisiana Purchase Exposition possible, for improvement of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, for liberal immigration laws and for the rebuilding of Jefferson Barracks. In 1899, he attended the first Hague Peace Conference and then attended the conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Union at Christiania, Norway. In 1903, Mr. Bartholdt invited the group to meet at the Worlds Fair in St. Louis in 1904. (The Inter-Parliamentary Union was designed as an organization of representatives of the peoples of nations.) The University of Jena in Germany conferred the title of "honorary citizen" to Mr. Bartholdt. Mr. Bartholdt was also president of the St. Louis Board of Education from 1890 to 1892. He died of pneumonia in St. Louis, March 29, 1932.

The papers contain both personal and professional correspondence. Also included in the papers are a certificate stating that Bartholdt is a representative of Congress of the state of Missouri, 1892 and 1894; correspondence in relation to the Meritz Niedner case (Mr. Niedner had a contract with the state of Missouri to publish a daily journal. He died before the contract was completed and his heirs were suing the state for the remaining portion of the contract); typescript copies of various speeches given by Bartholdt; correspondence in relation to his book, From Steerage to Congress; clippings regarding Germany after World War I; charter titled "An Act to Incorporate the Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation," April 16, 1930; memorandum stating the principles and policies of the Missouri Association Against Prohibition, dated January 12, 1930; letters of sympathy regarding the death of Bartholdt and receipts and bills from local St. Louis businesses and services to Ms. Eugenia Niedner, 1932; typescript copy of From Steerage to Congress, n.d.; bound volume, Project ener Hochdruck, Maschine Entworfen von Theodor Kraus; book, Inter-Parliamentary Union--Official Report of the Fourteenth Conference held in the Royal Gallery of the House of Lords, London July 23 to 25, 1906; bound volume, Festmahl Zu Ehren der Herres Richard Bartholdt und C.B. Wolffram; letters and memorandums regarding the rebuilding of Germany and the unfairness of the Versailles Treaty to Germany, 1932; correspondence with the Stueben Society of America. Three bound scrapbooks: Bartholdt family travel, immigration and naturalization documents, 1852-1926; congratulatory correspondence on occasion of 70th birthday, 1925; and reviews, articles and correspondence regarding From Steerage to Congress, 1931. One unbound scrapbook; congratulatory correspondence on occasion of 75th birthday, 1930.


Cite as: Richard Bartholdt Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bartlett, Aurelius T. (1831-1918).

Collection, 1860-1896. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Aurelius T. Bartlett was born December 4, 1831, in Maine. He came to Illinois at the age of 20, settling in Jersey County. In the Civil War he served as a surgeon in the 3rd Missouri State Militia Cavalry from April 1862 to February 1863, and with the 33rd Missouri Infantry from April 1863 to the close of the war. He died July 22, 1918, in Jacksonville, Ill.

Collection contains Confederate, United States and foreign stamps from the nineteenth century, diary 4-11-1860 of a trip from Jerseyville, Ill., to St. Joseph, Mo., Golden City, Colo., and Pikes Peak, by A.T. Bartlett. Also contains the memoirs of Aurelius Bartlett, dated 1890, which describe the affairs of the 33rd Missouri Infantry in Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Missouri. Memoirs include detailed descriptions of regimental casualties and of medical care provided at field hospitals during the following battles and campaigns: attack on Helena, Ark.; Red River Campaign; engagement at Old River Lake, Ark.; Tupelo and Oxford, Miss., expeditions; pursuit of General Sterling Price through Arkansas and Missouri; Battle of Nashville; pursuit of General Hood through Tennessee; and the Mobile Campaign, including the siege of Spanish Fort. Also includes information on camp life, marches, depredations (pp. 35 and 37), and transportation of troops on steamboats; and descriptions of Helena, and Montgomery and Selma, Ala. Collection also contains a letter and order book of the 3rd Missouri State Militia Cavalry, dated April 1862 to February 1863; miscellaneous orders; and postwar correspondence of Bartlett with the Army Medical Museum.

Cite as: Aurelius T. Bartlett Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Barton, David (1783-1837).

Papers, 1811-1836. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

David Barton was born December 14, 1783, in Tennessee and received his education at Greenville College (Academy) in Tennessee. He took a job after graduation in the law office of Judge Anderson, where he received the bulk of his law training. In 1809, he and his brothers moved to Missouri and settled in St. Charles. David Barton taught school for a while and proceeded to join the army and fight in the War of 1812. After the war he moved to St. Louis and began practicing law. He became the attorney general for the Territory of Missouri in 1813 and later was elected to the St. Louis Circuit Bench. In 1820, he was chosen as the first president of the first Constitutional Convention. He has been identified as writing the constitution which was adopted by that body. He was affiliated with the Whig party and was chosen as the first U.S. Senator from Missouri. He never married. After leaving the Senate he returned to Boonville, Mo., and took the position as the circuit judge. He was declared insane by the county court at Boonville shortly before his death September 22, 1837. During his lifetime he was often called "Little Red" and after his death he has been called "Missouri's Forgotten Senator." It is believed by many that his political career was overshadowed by Thomas Hart Benton.

Collection contains letters from Barton mostly concerning political matters; political documents, clippings and genealogy notes; and typescript data on Barton and speeches given before the Missouri Historical Society by James Jones October 14, 1920, and also by Charles Van Ravenswaay.

Cite as: David Barton Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Baseball and sports collection, 1877-1988. 2 boxes (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection contains information regarding early baseball clubs in St. Louis and numerous programs of athletic contests including rowing, running and walking contests. Also includes clippings, stock certificates in St. Louis baseball clubs, correspondence regarding the St. Louis Cardinals, and souvenirs of the Cardinals, including bumper stickers.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Baseball and Sports Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bassford, Homer (1870- ).

Papers, 1891-1934. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Homer Bassford was born in Mexico, Mo., in 1870 and was educated at public schools and at the Barker Academy. He married Etta Overman Chase in 1892. He started his career in journalism with R.M. White of the Mexico Ledger and in 1889 he became the Sunday editor and subsequently the city editor of the Kansas City Times. He moved to St. Louis in 1893 and took the job of music and dramatic critic at the St. Louis Republic.

Collection contains letters to Bassford from distinguished theatrical and political persons concerning business related items.

Cite as: Homer Bassford Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bates Family.

Papers, 1754-1973. 17 boxes (6.5 linear ft.); 22 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

Frederick Bates (1777-1825) was the son of Quaker parents from Belmont, Goochland County, Va. In 1797, he moved to Detroit, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits and served for a time as postmaster. He was appointed receiver of public monies for land October 13, 1804. President Jefferson appointed Bates judge over the Territory of Michigan on March 3, 1805. In 1806, he moved to St. Louis where he became recorder of land titles for the Louisiana Territory. President James Madison appointed him secretary of the Louisiana Territory January 10, 1811, during the administration of General James Wilkinson. In 1824, he was elected governor of Missouri but died in office August 4, 1825. He married Nancy Ball, daughter of Colonel John S. Ball of St. Louis County, in 1819. They resided at Thornhill, the Bates homestead, in Bonhomme Township, St. Louis County. Onward Bates (1850-1936) was born February 24, 1850 in St. Charles County, Mo. He spent his boyhood years in St. Louis and on the farm in St. Charles County. At the age of 15 he entered the Fulton Iron Works as an apprentice. A few years later, he attracted the attention of Charles Shaler Smith, a distinguished engineer in the field of designing and building bridges. Smith hired Bates to work on a bridge he was building over the Missouri River at St. Charles. After two years as a student at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute at Troy, N.Y., Bates was hired to work on the Eads Bridge. In the following decades, Bates worked on and supervised numerous bridge building projects in the United States, as well as a three-year stint in Australia. He served as president of the American Society of Civil Engineers. In 1892, he married Virginia Castleman Breckinridge, daughter of Judge Samuel M. Breckinridge. Onward Bates died in 1936 in Augusta, Ga.

The papers include family correspondence, letter books, legal papers, and business and political correspondence of Edward and Frederick Bates and of other members of the family, including Barton, Onward, and Tarleton Bates. The collection contains material on family history, political affairs of the colonies, the French and Indian War (1796), land matters, Indian relations, the Civil War and reconstruction years, and several letter books and papers of Onward Bates concerning bridge construction. Also included are minutes of the recorder of land titles, 1812-1814; lists of civil and militia appointments in the territory, 1810-1811; abstracts of provision for the Missouri militia, 1813-1816; claims to lead mines in Missouri; and correspondence with Governor William Clark seeking commissions, military promotions, and petitions for appointments of justice of the peace. Collection also includes letter books of Frederick Bates, among which is one volume of photostats of letters written during his tenure as postmaster in Detroit (1789-1809); and two original volumes of letters, with two volumes of photostatic copies, written while he was postmaster in Detroit and in Goochland, Va. (1807-1812). These letters relate to business and government. There is one photostat letterbook of Tarleton Bates, written from Pittsburgh, to brother Frederick Bates, discussing social and family issues (1795-1805). Also included are several journals and diaries of Edward Bates, among which is a journal of his law studies (1847), two diaries (1847 and 1846-1852) in which he comments extensively on St. Louis politics, and three photostat journals (1859-1866) in which he comments on national and local politics prior to and during the Civil War. There is also one letterpress letterbook of Onward Bates, inspector of bridges and trestles in Pittsburgh, relating to business matters (1875-1876).

Some French.

Indexed in archives card catalogue. See also The Life and Papers of Frederick Bates, Thomas Maitland Marshall, ed., in MHS Library (MO/9.2/B318) for published version of many of Frederick Bates' letters.

Cite as: Bates Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bates, William Maffitt.

Manuscript, [1932]. 1 volume.

Manuscript of St. Louis lawyer William Maffitt Bates comprises a typescript compilation of facts concerning Madame Chouteau's marriage and children.

Cite as: William Maffitt Bates Manuscript, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Battle and Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1819; 1861; 1883-1889. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Battle and Company was a pharmaceutical company in St. Louis which was started in 1875 by the brothers Jesse M. and Cullen A. Battle.

Collection contains nine folders of testimonials from satisfied customers concerning products. Also included are receipts, invoices and correspondence concerning business matters; and St. Louis surveys.

Cite as: Battle and Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bauman, Edwin J.

Papers, 1930s-1950s. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Architectural papers of Edwin J. Bauman of Maguolo & Quick, Architects, Engineers, including specifications for the Park Plaza Hotel, St. Louis; specifications for hospitals in Indiana, Ohio, Arkansas, and Missouri, including the Cardinal Glennon Memorial Hospital and an addition to the Alexian Brothers Hospital; standard details for hospitals including the size of units and relative location of equipment recommended for the Cardinal Glennon Memorial Hospital by Neergaard and Craig, hospital consultants, 1940s; printed material regarding hospital and progressive patient care; ledger of Joseph Killes, 1898; templates, stencils; and the New School Algebra Book, 1898.

Cite as: Edwin J. Bauman Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Baumhoff, George W. ( -1941).

Papers. 1900-1950. 5 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)

General manager of the St. Louis Transit Company; bought land in St. Louis County ca. 1902; family moved to house on property in 1911; bought additional 300 acres a few years later. The tract of about 450 acres was called Treecourt Farm, a fairly literal translation of the name Baumhoff in English. When drilling for oil in 1930, Baumhoff came upon an artesian well of cold sulphur water where he built a pool. After his death the family began disposing of the property.

Legal, business, and personal papers relating to property owned by George W. Baumhoff and family between Big Bend Road and the Meramec River. The files document the record of title to the land and the way it was sold in more than 30 parcels by the family after the death of George W. Baumhoff in 1941.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: George W. Baumhoff Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Baxter Family.

Genealogy. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Genealogical notes on Baxter family in the United States.

Cite as: Baxter Family Genealogy, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bayard, George Dashiell (1835-1862).

Papers, 1856-1860. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

George D. Bayard was born in 1835. He graduated from West Point in 1856 and lived for a time in St. Louis. He rose to the rank of brigadier general of volunteers, and was killed at the battle of Fredricksburg in December 1862.

Collection contains letters written to his family covering army life at Forts Leavenworth, Riley, Kearney and Jefferson Barracks. Letters also discuss conflicts with Indians, his injury and recovery in a St. Louis hospital resulting from an encounter with an Indian and social life in St. Louis.

Cite as: George Dashiell Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bean, L.M.

Missouri mounds research notes, n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 3 volumes.

Topography and location by counties of Missouri mounds, compiled by L.M. Bean, Jackson, Mo.

Cite as: L.M. Bean Missouri Mounds Research Notes, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Beaumont, William (1785-1853).

Papers, 1802-1964. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Dr. Beaumont was born November 21, 1785, in Lebannon, Conn. He was a physician in the United States Army and gained fame from his experiments regarding the digestive system, which he conducted on Alexis St. Martin. He became known as one of the first American physiologists with the publishing of his book, Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice and the Physiology of Digestion, in 1833. In 1835, he was transferred to Jefferson Barracks and later set up private practice in St. Louis. He was a charter member of the St. Louis Medical Society and was chosen professor of surgery at the first St. Louis University Medical College. He died April 25, 1853, in St. Louis.

The collection contains letters of Dr. Beaumont, which were transcribed by Mrs. Max Myer from the collection of letters at Washington University. They pertain to Dr. Beaumont's military and medical career, personal life, business matters and associates. Interesting description of the St. Martin experiments. Beaumont family genealogical chart, n.d.

Cite as: William Beaumont Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Beauregard, Antoinette Harney (1868-1940), collector.

Beauregard family papers, 1779-1940 (bulk 1915-1940). 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.); 3 volumes.

Marie Antoinette (Nettie) Harney Beauregard, was born October 7, 1868, the daughter of John Mullanphy Harney (son of General William S. Harney) and Mary Kimball Harney. She was educated at the Ursuline Convent in Vannes, France, and also at private schools in Paris and the Loretto Convent in Florissant, Mo. On December 5, 1898, she married Henry Toutant Beauregard (son of General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard). In 1912, Mrs. Beauregard joined the staff of the Missouri Historical Society as a translator of St. Louis and Missouri documents written in French. A year later she was appointed archivist and curator, a position she held until her death in 1940. Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was born May 28, 1818, in St. Bernard Parish, La. A graduate of West Point, ca. 1838, he was a United States Army engineer and participated in the Mexican War under General Winfred Scott. Beauregard was the Confederate commanding officer who directed the attack on Fort Sumter, and distinguished himself in the battles of Manassas, Charleston, and Petersburg. He played an important part in the development of the nation's railroad system, serving as president of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern railroads (later part of the Illinois Central System).

The papers include correspondence, notes, memoranda, clippings, reminiscences (1847-1848) of Pierre G.T. Beauregard on the Mexican War under General Scott; and three volumes of his, consisting of an inscribed copy of an original manuscript recollection, with supporting correspondence, titled "Reminiscences of an Engineer Officer, during the Campaign in Mexico, under Major Genl. Winfield Scott in 1847-1848, New Orleans, Dec. 17, 1852"; a manuscript copy of Civil War battle reports written to Gen. S. Cooper following the battles of Bull Run, Shiloh, and Manassas, 1861-1862; and a letterpress letterbook, 1884-1889. Also includes genealogical material collected by Nettie H. Beauregard on the Beauregard, Chouteau, Clemens, Frost, Hamill, Harney, Hunt, Jennings, Kimball, Mullanphy, and Soulard families of St. Louis.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Beauregard Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Beckwith Family.

Beckwith-Hunter-Medley genealogy, 1954. 1 volume (320 pages)

Typescript genealogy with photographs recording family history from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries. It was compiled by Mary Medley Hunter (Mrs. Stephen B.), and traces the Beckwith, Hunter, and Medley families from England to settlement in the Missouri towns of New Madrid, Cape Girardeau, Mexico, and Sikeston.

Cite as: Beckwith-Hunter-Medley Genealogy, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Behymer, Francis Albert (1870-1956).

Papers, 1882-1956. 9 boxes (3.5 linear ft.)

Mr. Behymer was born in Miamiville, Ohio, in 1870. He quit school at the age of 12 and in 1888 joined the St. Louis Post-Dispatch as a proofreader. Four years later he moved to the news staff as a suburban correspondent, assigned to Belleville, Ill. In 1900, he was assigned to the main office and began a chain of bright stories of rural life under his familiar "F.A. Behymer" byline that lasted half a century. His beat was rural Missouri, Illinois, and Arkansas. His stories were generally the homey tales of the little people. He served for a time as assistant Sunday editor at the Post-Dispatch. But he disliked desk jobs and moved back to reportorial work. Mr. Behymer retired from the Post- Dispatch and taught journalism classes at the University College of Washington University in 1952. He was the author of Rider of the Night.

Personal papers include record of first employment at the Post- Dispatch; correspondence; clippings; drafts of speeches. Correspondence with Pearl Daniel regarding her writings about the depression in Montana (1930-1937); correspondence with columnist John G. Neihardt (1930s); correspondence and clippings regarding the academic freedom issue at McKendree College, Lebanon, Ill. (1948-1949); correspondence with Elizabeth Pilant and Richard Pilant on the subject of folklore, 1950-1952 (Elizabeth Pilant was executive secretary of National Conference of American Folklore for Youth.); correspondence with Sid and Arlene Hitchings about life in the Ozarks, 1950-1953; notes from the writing class he taught at University College of Washington University, fall 1952; correspondence regarding St. Louis newspaper guild strike and Pulitzer's statement in regard to strike (1937-1942); literary manuscript titled "Doc Dudley's Deception," which concerns a woman doctor posing as a man; correspondence on Joseph Pulitzer's 60th birthday party, March 21,1945; account books, 1901-1917; correspondence regarding MacMurray College (Jacksonville, Ill.) where Behymer received a honorary degree of master of journalism, March 1946; correspondence regarding the Methodist Federation for Social Action; correspondence regarding publication of short stories in Reader's Digest; correspondence regarding his feature stories: grazing, strip mining, planting forests; rough draft of speeches; biographic sketch, 1946.

Cite as: Francis Albert Behymer Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Belcher, Nathan (1813- ).

Papers, 1834-1885. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Charles and William H. Belcher founded the Belcher Sugar and Refining Co. in St. Louis around 1845. The plant was located at Lewis and O'Fallon Streets. The refining company was sold to W.L. Scott in 1872. Their brother, Nathan Belcher, became a member of the Connecticut Congress and Senate and in 1853 he became a member of the U.S. Congress.

Papers consist of one folder of genealogical information on the Belcher family and eleven folders of letters written to Nathan Belcher from his brothers and sisters across the United States. The letters of William H. and Charles Belcher (1842-1872) deal with the operation of the sugar refining company and contain their comments on other events in St. Louis such as the great fire of 1849 and the cholera epidemic.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Nathan Belcher Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bellairs, Kenneth G.

Papers, 1892-1942. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Kenneth Bellairs was born in India where his father was a British Army officer. The family moved to St. Louis when he was a boy. He received the nickname "Jock" by attending to the horses at the St. Louis Fairgrounds. He worked for the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the Post, but from 1893 until his death he was the police reporter for the St. Louis Star-Times.

Collection contains correspondence and newsclippings concerning police matters; mementoes of the Maxwell-Preller murder case which shocked St. Louis in the 1880s; copies of reports and stories of police cases; a series of clippings and letters concerning Missouri Governor Joseph W. Folk (1904-1908), a long time friend of Bellairs.

Cite as: Kenneth G. Bellairs Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Below, Frank H.

Family papers, 1896-1942. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Frank H. Below was an accountant in Chicago; a member of the Missouri Home Guard, 1st Regiment Infantry; and assistant treasurer of Simmons Hardware Company.

Assistant treasurer of Simmons Hardware Company. Family correspondence including letters of Frank and Nellie Below, 1924-1926 (Nellie's letters describing trip to Europe); letters of Louis and Dorcus Wolf, 1922-1942; correspondence of Augustus Hager Bryant, 1924-1938; business correspondence regarding the Simmons Hardware Company, ca 1895-1923; Frank Below's garden/farm journal, 1896, with clippings regarding gardening; and photographs and family memorabilia.

Cite as: Frank H. Below Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bemis Family.

Papers. 1831-1931. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 2 volumes.

The Bemis family was a prominent St. Louis family who were proprietors of the Bemis Bag Company. The company was started in 1858 by Judson M. Bemis (1833-1921) and had factories throughout the United States.

Collection includes several genealogical scrapbooks, among which is Judson A. Bemis' compilation of the Bemis family genealogy, tracing the family to the early 1600s; Stephen A. Bemis' scrapbook (1865-1919) which includes material on Bemis Bag Company; a unbound volume of the related Anderson and Kennedy family genealogy; and an unbound volume of Bemis family memorabilia (1891-1918). The collection also contains correspondence, invitations, clippings, and advertising matter on the Bemis Bag Company.

Cite as: Bemis Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bench and Bar collection, 1820-1949. 1 folder

Collection contains signatures of attorney generals of Missouri, 1820-1941; document stating obligation between members of the St. Louis Bar to elevate the tone and dignity of the bar, 1900; circular letter addressed to the democratic lawyers of St. Louis, dated July 1, 1916, recommending that the Bar Association should cooperate with central committees of several parties to obtain nominations of men of approved standing at the bar from judicial positions; program honoring Ely Smith, March 7, 1949; printed copy of Eugene Angert's "The Law is not a Jealous Mistress"; list of the members of consolidated courts.

Cite as: Bench and Bar Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bennett Mercantile Company (Salem, Mo.).

Ledger, 1902. 1 volume (600 pages)

Indexed ledger of accounts, dated May 1 to September 17, 1902, of a general store in Salem, Mo.

Cite as: Bennett Mercantile Company Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Benoist Family.

Benoist-Charleville family papers. 1793-1949. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Collection includes a volume of handwritten abstracts of land deeds of Louis A. Benoist and Theodore Benoist in present-day south St. Louis. These land deeds, which include Spanish grants and surveys, are dated 1793-1892. Additional material on the Benoist family includes: commissions of the King of France to Antoine Gabriel Francois Benoist for his military service in Canada and a certified copy of his military record from 1735 through 1759; and 31 photostat manuscripts pertaining to Benoist family, including a family tree and documents pertaining to Antoine Gabriel Francois Benoist. The material concerning the Charleville family includes various deeds of sale; marriage contracts, and a document of the first divorce in Missouri; wills, etc.

Some French.

Cite as: Benoist-Charleville Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bent Family.

Bent-St. Vrain family papers, 1796-1926. 1 folder

Silas Bent was born in 1768. He married Martha Kerr. He was appointed surveyor general of the St. Louis District in 1806 and was one of the supreme judges of the territory until 1821. He was the clerkship of the county court until he died in 1827. Charles and William Bent and Ceran St. Vrain developed a fur trading business named Bent, St. Vrain and company in 1839. The business was organized to develop a fur trade with the Indians of the Southwest and to market American merchandise in New Mexico. Charles Bent assumed the responsibility for arranging credit for the firm in St. Louis and for purchasing and transporting the trade goods to New Mexico. St. Vrain, who by the mid 1820s had become well established in New Mexico, and who later became a Mexican citizen, was responsible for marketing the merchandise. William Bent did not become an active partner until after the Bent fort was built in Colorado.

Collection contains genealogical information on the Bent family and some information on the St. Vrain family. Also includes information concerning the Bent St. Vrain Company and the founding of Bent's Fort in Colorado. Some original manuscripts from John Bent and Ceran St. Vrain.

Cite as: Bent-St. Vrain Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bent, Silas (1882-1945).

Papers, 1908-1945. 4 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)

Silas Bent (1882-1945), journalist, author, and lecturer, began newspaper work in 1900 in Louisville, Ky., on the Louisville Herald . After three years he moved to St. Louis and joined the staff of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch as reporter and assistant editor. He was appointed assistant professor of theory and practice of journalism at the University of Missouri School of Journalism when the school was opened in 1908, but resigned that position in February 1909 to return to the Post-Dispatch. Later, he did publicity work in Chicago and then spent 13 years in New York City. As a freelance writer he contributed articles to the New York Times, the World, and the Herald-Tribune, and to such magazines as Century, Scribner's, The Nation, the Atlantic Monthly, the North American Review, The Independent, Current History, Collier's, and the Yale Review. Bent is the author of Ballyhoo (1927), a critical survey of newspaper practices; Strange Bedfellows (1929), a book on contemporary political leaders; a biography of Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Buchanan of the Press (Vanguard Press, 1932), a novel about a reporter's career with St. Louis as the scene. He is buried at Bowling Green, Ky.

The papers includes Bent's correspondence regarding his work with publishers, magazines, and organizations. Individual correspondents include Bernard M. Baruch, Charles Beard, Edward Bernays, T.B. Constain, Andrew W. Mellon, Adolph Ochs, Joseph Pulitzer, William Marion Reedy, Elmer Rice, and Alfred E. Smith. The collections also includes his work in the investigation and publishing of facts in the Sacco-Vanzetti case, prohibition, and other public questions of the period, 1925-1940.

See archives card index.

Cite as: Silas Bent Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bentley, Jane M.

Research notes, 1969-1983 (bulk 1969-1977). 1 ms. box

Research notes, correspondence, several scrapbooks, etc., concerning Bentley's genealogical research on her great, great grandfather, Salmon Giddings. Also included is the undated literary notebook of Frederick Salmon Giddings and several notebooks compiled by Bentley regarding the history of Bonhomme Presbyterian Church, in Chesterfield, Mo., and Giddings' relationship to the church.

Jane Bentley left this collection with Bonhomme Presbyterian Church to do with as they saw fit.

Cite as: Jane M. Bentley Research Notes, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Benton school scrapbook, 1993-2003. 2 boxes; 1 oversized folder

Select photocopies of data from photograph albums assembled by James McEwen documenting the history of Benton School in St. Louis. Also includes two original year books and an original program. (Original scrapbooks are held at the St. Louis Public School Archives.)

Cite as: Benton School Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Benton, Thomas Hart (1782-1858).

Papers, 1790-1902; [1903-1958]. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

Thomas Hart Benton, lawyer, editor, and U.S. Senator from Missouri, was born March 14, 1782, near Hillsborough, N.C. He was the son of Colonel Jesse Benton of North Carolina; his mother was Ann Gooch Benton of Virginia. His father died when he was eight years old, and Benton grew up with few opportunities for study. He moved with his mother's family to Tennessee where they occupied a large tract of land acquired by his father. This settlement was later called Bentontown. Benton studied law with St. George Tucker, and in 1811 was admitted to the bar under the patronage of Andrew Jackson. He was also elected to the Tennessee legislature. After serving in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812, he came to St. Louis in 1815 and began the practice of law. About the same time he established a newspaper, The Missouri Inquirer, and through this journal vigorously advocated the admission of Missouri as a state. He was elected one of the first United States senators from Missouri, and served thirty years' continuous service. In 1854, he issued the first volume of his Thirty Years View, a look at the workings of the government dealing particularly with the secret political history of that period. The second and last volume was published in 1856. Benton married Elizabeth McDowell of Virginia. They had four daughters; the second daughter, Jesse, married General John C. Fremont. Mrs. Benton died in 1844; Senator Benton died April 10, 1858, in Washington, D.C.

The collection includes correspondence, notes, and other papers on Benton's career, his duels with Charles Lucas in 1817, the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railroad Company, abolition, banking and currency, and the development of the West. Includes materials collected by William N. Chambers in writing Old Bullion Benton (1956). The third box contains photocopies of original letters in the possession of the Missouri Historical Society.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Thomas Hart Benton Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Berger, Field, Torno & Hurley (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Architectural Drawings, 1962-1976. 58 tube boxes

Approximately 100 projects, primarily commercial, some residential, in the St. Louis metropolitan area. Many original drawings and conceptual drawings but there are no job files. Firm names include: Charles T. Berger Architects, Inc., Berger-Landrum Architects, Inc.; Berger-Landrum-Field Architects & Planners, Inc; William D. Peckham; Cannon, Herman & Field, Inc.; William A. Field - Norman R. Stoecker Architects; Mauran, Russell & Crowell; Albert B. Groves. Preliminary inventory available.

Cite as: Berger, Field, Torno & Hurley (Saint Louis, Mo.) Architectural Drawings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bernays, Thekla (1855-1913).

Papers, 1870-1931. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Thekla Bernays (1855-1913), author and lecturer, was the daughter of Dr. George J. and Minni Bertrand Bernays, born at Highland, Ill., in 1855. Her brother was the noted St. Louis surgeon, Dr. Augustus Charles Bernays (1854-1907). Both were educated at McKendree College (Lebanon, Ill.) and Heidleberg University in Germany. Dr. Bernays was professor of anatomy in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of St. Louis and later was professor of anatomy and surgical pathology in the Marion-Sims College of Medicine. Thekla Bernays was at one time foreign correspondent of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and contributed frequently to Reedy's Mirror, the Westliche Post, the Criterion, and other publications. She was a member of a literary group active in St. Louis in the 1890s and early 1900s which included such noted people as Zoe Akins, Sara Teasdale, William Marion Reedy and others. After her brother's death in 1907, she began the task of preparing his memoirs, which were published in 1912. Miss Bernays died January 30, 1931, in New York, and was buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis.

The papers include family letters and documents, clippings, scrapbooks, and correspondence of Thekla Bernays with literary figures in St. Louis, including Zoe Akins, George S. Johns, Orrick Johns, William Marion Reedy, and Sara Teasdale; also correspondence with other notable American literary figures including Gertrude Atherton, Albert Bloch, Daniel Frohman, Frank Harris, Mitchell Kennerly, and George O'Neil. Scrapbooks in the collection contain clippings of Bernays' articles which appeared in newspapers and periodicals, as well as those referring to Memoir; additional manuscripts in the collection include "The Judgement of Solomon--A Drama in Four Acts and an Interlude," by E. Torge (1914), translation from the German by Thekla Bernays, and Poems by George O'Neil, Intro by Zoe Akins.

Some German.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Thekla Bernays Papers, Missouri Historical Society.


Bernoudy, William Adair.

Collection, 1939-1986. 26 boxes


Berrell, George B. (1849- ).

Journals, 1871-1883. 10 volumes and 1 slim box.

George B. Berrell, an actor and theatrical stage manager, was born in Philadelphia, Pa. He was named stage manager for DeBar's Opera House in St. Louis in 1876, and named acting manager in 1878, shortly after Ben DeBar's death in 1877. He was thereafter engaged with a variety of theatrical groups in and out of St. Louis, including the Grand Opera House (after 1882) and the Olympic Theatre in St. Louis.

The bulk of this collection consists of nine journals, kept by Berrell, that recount his adventures in theater and in life from 1871 until 1883. Among the varied entries are discussions of his theatrical career as a prompter with the Academy of Music in Chicago (1874), with DeBar's Opera House in St. Louis (from 1876), with the Acme Dramatic Company, a touring stock show (summer 1882), and with the Grand Opera House and Olympic Theater in St. Louis (1882-1883). Entries also discuss Berrell's numerous fishing trips (with one journal devoted extensively to his "Piscatorial Summer of 1878"); travels in New York and elsewhere; his thoughts on a celebrated murder of a St. Louis lawyer by a Post-Dispatch editor; and comments on Ben DeBar's estate. In addition, there is an undated volume entitled "Annals of the Drama," which consists of notes about eighteenth-century British actress Sarah Siddons.

Cite as: George B. Berrell Journals, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Berthold, Bartholomew (1780-1831).

Berthold family papers, 1785-1895; 1902; [1900-1954]. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 4 volumes.

Bartholomew Berthold (1780-1831) was a Tyrolese by birth, and baptized Bartholomew Berthold de Mocenigo, December 31, 1780. He came to the United States June 17, 1798, and took out his naturalization papers in Philadelphia, at which time he dropped the name "de Mocenigo." He lived in Baltimore until 1809 when he came to St. Louis and established a dry goods and grocery business with Rene Paul. On January 10, 1811, Berthold married Pelagie Chouteau (1790-1875), daughter of Pierre Chouteau, Sr. The firm of Berthold and Paul dissolved June 6, 1812, and Berthold went into partnership with his brother-in-law, Pierre Chouteau, Jr. The store opened May l, 1813, under the firm name of Berthold & Chouteau. Later, John Pierre Cabanne and Bernard Pratte joined Berthold and Chouteau and they became connected with John Jacob Astor as partners in trade under the name of the American Fur Company. The successful business made each partner wealthy. Berthold died April 20, 1831, leaving his wife and seven children.

The papers include genealogical data, deeds, receipts, marriage contracts, wills, and other papers of the family of Bartholomew Berthold and their descendants (Machlot, Peugnet, Sarpy, Gratiot). The collection also includes a checkbook of the firm of Berthold and Chouteau in account with the Bank of Missouri, in St. Louis (1820-1821); an arithmetic and account exercise book of James Montgomery dated 1804-1805; an autograph book of Eugenie Berthold dated ca. 1902; and a record book containing poems and clippings of Martha J. Berthold, 1871-1912.

Some manuscripts and the Eugenie Berthold autograph book in French.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Berthold Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Betts, Isaac (Ike) W.

Collection, 1914-1974. 1 volume.

Isaac (Ike) Betts, came to St. Louis ca. 1888. On April 9, 1888, he married Eulalie Gamache, daughter of a prominent French family of Carondelet (South St. Louis). They had three children. The family lived in St. Louis for several years where Betts was a boiler inspector in the United States Steamboat Inspection Service. In July 1914 they moved to Louisville, Ky., where he assumed the duty as the boiler inspector for the Louisville office of the Steamboat Inspection Service (U.S. Department of Commerce). Captain Betts was a collector of river lore, and compiled scrapbooks of clippings from magazines and newspapers of steamboat travel. His scrapbook "Historical and Pictorial Data of Steamboat Life," was donated to the Filson Club Historical Society.

Scrapbook includes clippings from magazines and newspapers about steamboats. Also includes correspondence, 1926-1938; manuscript titled "Same Old Ike in a Reminiscence Mood"; manuscript of song titled "My Dear Old Ohio Home," by Ike W. Betts, dedicated to brother John T. Betts; certificates/licenses of Sidney W. Betts (son), dated September 24, 1919, August 11, 1925, and 1968; and brochures regarding nuclear powered ships.

Cite as: Isaac W. Betts Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Billon, Clara.

Journal, 1876-1896; 1908-1954. 3 folders

Clara Billon was a member of an old St. Louis family. Her parents were Louis C. and Clara Peterson Billon. She married Darwin Raymond Aldbridge May 27, 1891.

Collection contains a journal kept by Clara Billon to record reminiscences of members of the Billon family. Also included are newsclippings, pictures, letters, and other memorabilia. In the book are notes signed by Auguste, Cerre and Henry Chouteau; a certificate (1852) of Louis C. Billon's membership in the St. Louis National Guards; genealogical notes and holograph reminiscences of Frederic L. Billon, Clara Billon, Charles B. Gratiot, Henry T. Gratiot, Eliza J. Dillon, Samuel A. Gaylord and others. Also included are newsclippings concerning Billon family and items regarding the Billon family.

Cite as: Clara Billon Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Billon, Frederick L. (1801-1895).

Papers, 1766-1877; 1894. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 3 volumes; 1 oversize folder

Frederick L. Billon, historian, was born April 28, 1801, in Philadelphia, Pa., and died October 20, 1895, in St. Louis. He came to St. Louis in the autumn of 1818, and soon became prominently identified with local affairs. He was member of the Board of Aldermen in 1828, and thereafter was twice appointed city comptroller. In 1853, he was appointed first auditor of the Missouri Pacific Railway Company, and held that position until 1858, when he became secretary and treasurer of the company. He resigned the last named position in 1863, and from that time until his death devoted himself to collecting historical matter pertaining to the early settlement of St. Louis and the Mississippi Valley. He was long regarded as an authority on matters of this character, and published Annals of St. Louis in its Territorial Days. He married Miss E.L. Generelly, who was a native of Philadelphia.

The papers include the diary kept by Billon on his travels from Philadelphia, Pa., to St. Louis in 1818; notes on outstanding citizens and events of St. Louis, from a village in the early territorial days to the latter part of the nineteenth century; two memoranda books containing Billon's original notes of early marriage, baptismal, and burial records; notes on the affair of Benito Vasquez and Joseph Motard; maps, plats, and additions of the town of St. Louis; early wills and documents, and material on the origin of St. Charles County, Mo., the families of Vincennes, Ind., and the transfer of Louisiana. Names of prominent citizens represented in the collection include William H. Ashley, Joseph Chauvin, the Chouteaus, Daniel P. Cook, Ninian Edwards, Charles Gratiot, Pierre Laclede Liguest; Peter Menard, Sr., Joseph M. Papin, Dr. Saugrain, and General James Wilkinson. This collection includes Billon's record book of orders for his 1894 book Territorial Annals of St. Louis in the American Days and is notable for containing autographs of several prominent St. Louisans.

Some French.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Frederick L. Billon Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Billy the Kid collection (1949-1955).

1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

The collection contains correspondence and newsclippings of Mr. William V. Morrison, a St. Louis lawyer, who attempted to prove that Billy the Kid was not shot and killed by Pat Garrett and that Billy the Kid was disguising himself as a Mr. O.L. Roberts of El Paso.

Cite as: Billy the Kid Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Binswanger, Augustus.

Diary, 1868-1871. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Photocopy of typescript of a diary of St. Louis attorney Augustus Binswanger, dated 1868-1870, and photocopy of original diary, 1871. Contains daily descriptions of life in St. Louis.

Cite as: Augustus Binswanger Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bishop, Richard T.

Ledger, 1873-1896. 1 volume

Business accounts ledger of a St. Louis carpenter and blacksmith.

Cite as: Richard T. Bishop Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bissell, Daniel (1768 or 1769-1833).

Papers, 1770-1962. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 5 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

A native of Windsor, Conn., Daniel Bissell served in the Revolutionary War as a fifer in the 8th Regiment. He joined the regular army as a sergeant at the close of the war and participated in battles on the western frontier. He married Deborah Seba of Middletown, Conn., in 1793; they had six children, one dying in infancy. He was in command at Fort Massac on the Ohio River at the time of the Louisiana Purchase, and was sent to the Missouri Territory where he was appointed military commander of the territory, now in the state of Missouri and Illinois. By government order, he built Fort Bellefontaine and for several years (1809-1813) was its commandant. While at Fort Bellefontaine he was appointed justice of the peace for St. Ferdinand Township by Frederick Bates. He served in the War of 1812 on the northern frontier under General James Wilkinson and General George Izard and was rewarded with the brevet of brigadier general following his outstanding conduct at the battle of Lyon's Creek, October 19, 1814. Bissell spent his last years of military service at southern posts and was mustered out of service in 1821 at Baton Rouge. Bissell spent the remaining years of his life attempting to prove that his discharge had been unjustified. After 1821 Bissell retired to his estate on Bellefontaine Road. In 1825, he served as chairman of the committee to make arrangements for General Lafayette's visit to St. Louis. He died of pneumonia at his home in December 1833. His wife died November 15, 1843.

The collection contains Lieutenant Bissell's General Order books, 1792-1795; letters from the United States War Department relating to the building of the cantonment of Bellefontaine; the conspiracy of Aaron Burr; the War of 1812; the council meeting at Portage du Sioux, June 24, 1815; and the evacuation of Fort Osage, Madison, and Fort St. Charles in New Orleans. The papers also include material regarding the set of charges and speculations against Brigadier General Bissell by Major General Andrew Jackson, and Bissell's defense (1816); correspondence and certificates relating to the New Madrid land claims; and newsclippings about the Bissell home.

Finding aid available

Cite as: Daniel Bissell Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bissell House (St. Louis County, Mo.).

Architectural Drawings, 1961. 1 folder

Drawings of the General Daniel Bissell House at Franklinville Farms by Frank R. Leslie for the St. Louis County Historic Buildings Commission as part of the Historic American Buildings Survey. The diazo copies include floor plans, elevation, and assorted interior and exterior details/sections

Cite as: Bissell House (St. Louis County, Mo.) Architectural Drawings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bissell, William Henry (1811-1860).

Papers, 1824-1861. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

William Henry Bissell (1811-1860), attorney at Belleville, Ill., served in the Mexican War, participating in the Battle of Buena Vista, February 1847. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1848 and 1850, and gained national reputation with his speech in the House on the slave question in 1850. In 1856, he was elected governor of Illinois but died ten months later before the expiration of his term.

The collection includes correspondence primarily from statesmen and politicians with reference to Bissell's service in the Black Hawk War and the Battle of Buena Vista in the Mexican War; the Wilmot Proviso; and Bissell's speech before the House of Representatives, February 21, 1850, on the slave question. Also included is the diary (December 14-24, 1853) of James Henry Carleton to Brevet Major W.A. Nichols while he was stationed at the ruins of La Gran Quivira.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: William Henry Bissell Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bixby, William Keeney (1857-1931).

Papers, 1700-1931. 33 boxes (17 linear ft.); 4 volumes; 2 oversized folder.

William Keeney Bixby, businessman and financier, was born January 2, 1857, at Adrian, Mich., son of Alonzo Foster and Emma Louisa Keeney Bixby. He was educated in public schools and graduated from Adrian High School in 1873. Following graduation he worked as a baggage handler on the railroad in Texas, and was later brought to St. Louis by H.M. Hoxie, president of the Missouri Pacific. Bixby began his St. Louis career with the American Car and Foundry Company, of which he became president, subsequently acting as chairman of the board until his retirement in 1905. He was also a cofounder of the Lithosite Manufacturing Company of St. Louis, manufacturers of roofing tile and soil pipe. Bixby's social and civic interests were numerous, and following his retirement he continued to serve on several bank, utility and industrial directories. He was an avid collector of autographs, manuscripts and rare books, and was generous in presenting them to others. He served two terms as president of the Missouri Historical Society (1907-1913 and 1925-1930), and was instrumental in securing a permanent headquarters for the Society in Forest Park. Bixby married Lillian Tuttle June 13, 1881, in San Antonio, Tex. They had four sons, Sidney, William, Harold and Ralph, and two daughters, Emma and Ruth. Bixby died October 29, 1931.

The collection includes Bixby's own papers together with the manuscripts collected by him. Bixby's correspondence relates to his business affairs, his purchases and sales of manuscripts, his philanthropic work, the many books which he published privately, his activities with the Red Cross, his world travels, and the many societies of which he was a member. Includes material on the St. Louis City Art Museum, the Sears Memorial at Mary Institute, Washington University, the Wixford controversy concerning credit for the method of purifying St. Louis city water, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904, the construction of the Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City, the St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, and the Missouri Historical Society. Business record books include two minute books (1890-1900) and one ledger (1895-1899) of the Missouri Car and Foundry Company; and the corporate record book of Lithosite Manufacturing Company (1897-1899.) Papers collected by Bixby include a large autograph collection (European royalty and others); letters of Aaron Burr, Samuel Houston, Dorothy Jordan, Madame de Pompadour, and Zachary Taylor; and material relating to Fort Chartres, Ill. (1730), Kaskaskia, Ill. (1753), Arkansas River fortifications (1751-1755), Andrew Jackson, and the Mexican War.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: William K. Bixby Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Black, Gurdon Gilmore (1880-1953).

Papers, ca. 1800-1900. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Gurdon Gilmore Black, civil engineer and contractor, was born September 5, 1880, in St. Louis County. He was the grandson of the pioneering family to St. Louis, Samuel and Amanda (McCutchan) Black. Black attended the Price School, Clayton Public School, the St. Louis Manual Training School, and graduated from Washington University in 1901 with a B.S. in civil engineering. Following graduation he worked as a civil engineer with the St. Louis Water Department. When war was declared in 1917, he resigned to enter the army and served in the 314th Engineer Regiment. When he returned from the war, he became engineer for the McCormack-Combs Construction Company, later becoming a member of the firm and its vice-president and treasurer. On December 6, 1924, Black married Mattie Lou Maddox, whose forebears had been pioneers and leaders in Callaway County, Mo. In 1941, he joined the Fruin-Colnon Contracting Company and the Fruco Construction Company. He died in 1953.

The bulk of the collection consists of biographical and genealogical material of Black and the related families of Ralph Clayton, McCutcheon, McKnight, Maddox, Grant Yates and John Kennedy. McKnight papers and accounts deal with the Spanish trade, 1836-1844; other material includes stock certificates issued by Clayton, the Forest Park Railroad Company, and the North Missouri Railroad Company; plat of Kennedy land near St. Louis, diploma, tax receipts, and medical account book (1822-1825) containing record of illness of Frederick Bates, and other papers of Dr. John D. Kennedy.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Gurdon Gilmore Black Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Blackman family.

Blackman-O'Neil scrapbooks, 1817-1960. 6 volumes

Collection consists of memoirs of George Blackman; memorabilia of George Blackman and Carrie Horton Blackman, vols. I and II; memorabilia of Joseph O'Neil and Catherin H. O'Neil; the Barbara O'Neil Scrapbook of Stage and Screen, 1930-1960; and The Suffrage Years of Barbara Blackman O'Neil, 1911-1919.

Cite as: Blackman-O'Neil Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Blackmer, Lucian Guy (1881-1961).

Papers, 1893-1956; 1962. 2 box (1.0 linear ft.)

Lucian Guy Blackmer was born February 27, 1881, in St. Louis. He attended Webster Groves Public School, Central High School (1897-1899), and received a B.A. from Williams College in 1903. In 1907, he married Jane Cabell Wilkenson. He was a first lieutenant in the Missouri State Guard, and served in Company E of the Third Battalion, 1917-1919. Blackmer worked for the Equitable Life Assurance Society before joining the firm founded by his father, Lucian R. Blackmer, with L.W. Post in 1877. He remained with the firm Blackmer & Post, sewer pipe manufacturer, for 41 years, and was president when it was sold to Laclede-Christy in 1952. Blackmer was also founder of the Security Mutual Bank and Trust Company and was on the board till his death. In 1936, he was appointed to the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum of St. Louis and served 25 years, most of those years as its treasurer. An ardent art collector with a special interest in Chinese art objects, he was a member of the People's Art Center and the Artists' Guild. He died September 19, 1961.

The collection contains family genealogy and correspondence. The bulk of the papers are minutes of the administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum of St. Louis on which Blackmer served from 1936-1961. The collection also has minutes of the Ladue-Deer Creek Sanitary Sewer District, 1937-1939. An addition to the collection contains family correspondence, ca. 1903-1924.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Lucien Guy Blackmer Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Blair Family.

Frank and Montgomery Blair papers, 1817-1963. 2 boxes; 1 volume.

Francis Preston Blair, Sr. (1791-1876) was a journalist and a political leader. His sons, Francis Jr. (Frank) and Montgomery, also were heavily involved in state and national politics. Francis Jr. was born February 19, 1821, in Lexington, Ky. He graduated from Princeton in 1841 and later practiced law in St. Louis (1843). He was at one time the editor of the Missouri Democrat. From 1852 until 1856 he was a member of the Missouri legislature and he was elected to Congress in 1857. He entered the army during the Civil War and was made brigadier general and later major general. After the war he was the commissioner of the Pacific Railroad. He was elected to fill a vacancy in the U.S. Senate where he remained until 1873. He died July 8, 1875, in St. Louis. Montgomery Blair was born May 10, 1813, in Franklin County, Ky. He graduated from West Point in 1835 and fought in the Seminole War. He began to study law after the war and later practiced law in St. Louis in 1839. He was appointed the United States district attorney for Missouri and in 1842 he was elected the mayor of St. Louis. He moved to Maryland in 1852. In 1857, he acted as counsel for the plaintiff in the Dred Scott case. In 1861, he was appointed postmaster general of the United States by President Lincoln. He died in Silver Springs, Md., on July 23, 1883.

Collection contains correspondence and clippings. Letters to and from Blair and his sons, Francis Preston Blair, Jr., and Montgomery Blair, concerning politics in Missouri, national politics, family and financial matters, the Civil War, military affairs and appointments. This collection also includes the Blair family bible, printed in 1806, which was given to James Blair by his son-in-law.

Cite as: Frank and Montgomery Blair Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Blair, Frank

See Frank Blair Monument Association


Blake, Lillie Devereux (1833-1913).

Papers, 1847-1908. 10 boxes (5.0 linear ft.)

Lillie Devereux Blake (1833-1913), writer, lecturer, reformer, and one of the pioneers in the cause of woman suffrage, was born in Raleigh, N.C. The family moved to New Haven, Conn., when Lillie was two years old, and she attended Miss Apthorp's School for Girls and later was tutored in college subjects by Yale professors. She married Frank Geoffrey Quay Umsted, a lawyer of Philadelphia, in 1855. A few years later, she published her first novel, Southwold. Her husband died in 1859, and she took up her literary work as a means of supporting herself and two children. During the first year of the Civil War, she was Washington correspondent of the New York Evening Post. In 1866, she married Grenfill Blake, a New York merchant. Her first active work in behalf of woman suffrage began in 1870. She arranged conventions, addressed committees of both houses of Congress and the legislature of several states, presided at public meetings, and made extensive lecture tours. One of her novels, Fettered For Life, was written during this period (1874) as a protest against the status of women in the community. She was president of the New York State Woman's Suffrage Association for 11 years, and in 1900 she founded the National Legislative League to obtain for women equality of legal, municipal, and industrial rights through action by Congress and state legislatures. She championed measures which established matrons in police stations, women census takers, and women physicians in insane asylums admitting women patients. Her last book, A Dangerous Experiment, was published in 1892.

Collection consists largely of data used by her daughter, Katherine Devereux Blake, to write her biography, Champion of Women: The Life of Lillie Devereux Blake. Although the collection contains few of Blake's letters, it does include several, though not all, of her original journals and diaries, ranging from 1847 to 1903; a complete transcription of her diaries as prepared by her daughter; her unfinished autobiography; notes and texts of many of her public addresses; correspondence received; scrapbooks and printed matter relating to her involvement in the woman's suffrage campaign. The collection includes letters from Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Matilda Joslyn Gage. While the correspondence files relate largely to woman suffrage activities in New York and in the national arena, there is also material relating to women's reform activities nationwide especially in connection with the National Legislative League that Blake founded to lobby for reform in the state legislatures. The collection also contains a small body of Civil War letters that Blake received from men in service with whom she was acquainted.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Lillie Devereux Blake Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Blattner, Jules M.

Papers, 1954-1986. 1 partial box

Jules M. Blattner graduated from Affton High School in 1958 and attended Washington University. He began performing in the St. Louis area around 1956 and was the founder of the rock and roll band, the Teen Tones. Blattner and his band played at nightspots and music festivals in the Midwest, and in 1968, they performed a four-month USO tour in the Far East. After his return to St. Louis, Blattner and his band continued to play locally, at such places as Gaslight Square's Butterscotch Lounge and the Casa Loma Ballroom.

Collection consists of personal papers and Teen Tones band memorabilia. Includes commencement announcements and programs of Affton Junior and Senior High Schools, 1954, 1958; correspondence of Jules Blattner, 1968; programs and promotional materials of the Teen Tones; newsclippings regarding Blattner family and the Teen Tones.

Cite as: Jules Blattner Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Bleifuss and Company (Sainte Genevieve, Mo.)

See: M. Bleifuss and Company


Blennerhassett Family.

Papers, 1793. 3 folders

Harman Blennerhassett was born October 8, 1765, in England and was educated at Trinity College, Dublin. In 1796, he was ostracized by his family because of his marriage to his 17-year-old niece. They emigrated to America and bought an island on the Ohio River near Parkersburg, Va. He became associated with Aaron Burr and gave much of his wealth to help Burr achieve his scheme. In 1807, he was arrested and accused of treason. He and his wife left Ohio and moved to Mississippi where they failed as cotton planters and later moved to Canada. He died February 2, 1831, in Europe. His wife returned to America with one of her sons, Joseph Lewis Blennerhassett, and with the help of Henry Clay, filed for damages against the United States government. She was unsuccessful in her claims and she died in New York in 1842. Joseph Lewis Blennerhassett moved to Lincoln County, Mo., where he practiced law.

The collection contains two letters which Mrs. Blennerhassett wrote to Henry Clay regarding her claim against the government. The balance of the material consist of journals and stories written by her friends, and many poems which Mrs. Blennerhassett composed. Also included is a journal of Stephen Randol of his journey from Montreal to the United States which he kept for Mrs. Blennerhassett.

Cite as: Blennerhassett Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bliss, Malcolm Andrews, Dr. (1863-1934).

Family Papers, 1865-1964 (bulk 1917-1934). 2 boxes

Dr. Malcolm Andrews Bliss was born July 2, 1863, in Warsaw, Ill., the son of Uriah Wright Bliss and Amanda Andrews Bliss. Malcolm Bliss spent his youth in Kingston Terrace, Mo. He graduated from the Missouri Dental School in 1884, and practiced dentistry for several years in Farmington, Mo. He then returned to school, graduating from Chicago Medical College. He practiced medicine at Bonne Terre, Mo., before moving to St. Louis in 1892. He was a nationally known specialist in mental and nervous diseases. In 1891, he married Clementine Carter in Farmington. They had two sons, Wyllys and Carter Bliss. Malcolm Bliss died September 4, 1934, at his summer home, "Blisshaven," near Manchester, St. Louis County.

Collection is comprised primarily of the correspondence of Dr. Malcolm Bliss and family, and papers and publications of Malcolm Bliss regarding his research in mental and nervous diseases. Collection also includes an 1875 composition book; newsclippings and groundbreaking ceremony program for the Malcolm Bliss Mental Health Center; Soldan High School graduation program, 1912; papers relating to Malcolm Bliss' service in World War I; one issue of The Lutesville Banner, September 22, 1921; a newspaper article on General Jesse McIlwaine Carter; and a Bliss family genealogy taken from Aaron Tyler Bliss' The Bliss Family in America.


Blossom, Henry Martyn (1833-1917).

Journal, 1851-1853. 1 volume.

Henry Martyn Blossom was born in Madison, N.Y., in 1833, and came to St. Louis in 1852. He became second clerk on a steamboat of which his brother, Captain C.D. Blossom, was first clerk, and later purchased his brother's interest. In 1860, he entered insurance business, for which he was best known.

This journal is a daily record of the work and social life of Henry Martyn Blossom. It commences in Hamilton, N.Y., continues with an account of Blossom's journey to St. Louis, and concludes with accounts of Blossom's life as a Mississippi and Missouri River steamboat employee on board the Polar Star.

Cite as: Henry Martyn Blossom Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Blow, Henry Taylor (1817-1875).

Blow family papers, 1837-1916; 1960. 2 boxes (0.5 linear ft.)

Henry Taylor Blow, manufacturer, legislator and diplomat, was born July 15, 1817, in Southampton County, Va., and died September 11, 1875, in Saratoga, N.Y. He came to St. Louis with his family in 1830 and completed his education at St. Louis University. At the age of nineteen he became a partner with his brother-in-law, Joseph Charless, in the sale of drugs, paints and oils, and later in the manufacture of castor oil, linseed oil and white lead. In 1844, the partnership was dissolved, Mr. Blow retaining the manufacturing business which he developed into the Collier White Lead and Oil Company. At a later date he became interested with his brother, Peter E. Blow, and Ferdinand Kennett in lead mining and smelting works in Newton County, Mo. After the Civil War they organized the Granby Mining and Smelting Company which operated the works for many years. Blow was also prominent in public life. He was elected to the Missouri Senate in 1854 and served four years. In 1860, he was a delegate to the National Republican Convention which nominated Abraham Lincoln for the presidency; Blow was a staunch supporter of the Union cause in Missouri. President Lincoln appointed Blow the United States minister to Venezuela in 1861, but he returned to St. Louis in 1862 because of his concern over the Civil War. In the fall of that year he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and reelected two years later. In 1869, President Grant appointed him the United States minister to Brazil, and he held that office for two years. His last public service was as a member of the board of commissioners of the District of Columbia in 1874. In 1840, Blow married Minerva Grimsley, daughter of Colonel Thornton Grimsley. Their first child, Susan E. Blow, was born June 7, 1843. The family moved to Carondelet when she was six years old. She attended classes in private schools, and at 16 was sent to New York for two additional years of school. Miss Blow met Friedrich Froebel in Germany and became acquainted with his kindergarten work and teaching devices. When he returned to the United States in 1873, a staunch disciple of Froebel, she was able to persuade the Board of Education of St. Louis to let her use a schoolroom for one year; the second year the board incorporated the kindergarten work into its curriculum. She continued to work in St. Louis until 1886 when she was forced to retire because of poor health. During this period she wrote her first book, Symbolic Education, which was followed by several others. When she regained her health she began a series of lectures in which she described her theories of child education. She died in 1916 at the age of 73.

The papers include approximately 175 pieces of correspondence between Henry Taylor Blow and his wife Minerva Grimsley Blow from 1840 to 1875. Among these papers is also correspondence with their children, Susan, Nellie and Peter. The letters chronicle family and business history of the family as well as provide commentary on national and state politics during the Civil War, including the effects of the war on St. Louis. Minerva Blow's letters tell much of the social side of St. Louis and the role of women in the Sanitary Fair (1864), and of the personalities of family members and friends. Also includes information regarding the Blow library.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Blow Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Blow, Susan (1843-1916).

Lectures. 1890-1900. 2 boxes (2 linear ft.)

Daughter of Henry Taylor Blow, Susan Blow was born in Carondelet. After an unconventional youth filled with private tutors and travel, Blow met Freidrich Froebel in Germany and became acquainted with his kindergarten work and teaching devices. Blow studied with Mme. Maria Kraus-Boelte, a disciple of Froebel's widow in New York, and returned to open the first public school kindergarten in America, the Des Peres School of Carondelet, in 1873. Blow developed a training school for kindergarten teachers the following year. Under the influence of William T. Harris, Hegelian scholar and superintendent of the St. Louis schools, Blow joined the St. Louis Movement, a group which dedicated itself to the study of Hegelian philosophy. Though ill health forced her to retire from most kindergarten activities, she continued to lecture on numerous topics and published books and monographs relating to educational issues. She also translated Froebel's Mother-Play for use in the kindergarten.

Collection contains manuscript lectures written by Blow regarding various subjects.

Cite as: Susan Blow Lectures, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Blue Ridge Bottling Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1923-1977. 8 linear feet.

Records of a firm engaged in the bottling of non-alcoholic beverages, located in the Italian "Hill" neighborhood of St. Louis. Includes correspondence, financial records, and printed matter, consisting mostly of check registers, payroll books, accounts receivable and payable, correspondence with other beverage bottlers. Of particular interest is World War II and postwar correspondence with the United States government concerning the bottling of beverages.


Boefer Family.

Collection, 1830-1937. 3 folders.

Collection contains naturalization papers of Michael Jacob Unhelbach (June 11, 1849); receipted bills of Dan Engels (1875-1880); naturalization paper of Nathaniel Engle (September 6, 1840); bills and accounts of Henry Wagner and Son (1869-1870), cabinet makers; other papers including survey, cemetery deed, church paper.

Some German.

Cite as: Boefer Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bofinger, John N. (1823-1907).

Account books, 1863-1864 and 1869-1891. 4 volumes

Collection includes three ledgers (1872-1891) of personal accounts, bills receivable and payable, and personal property of John N. Bofinger, a Mississippi River steamboat captain, superintendent of the Atlantic and Mississippi Steamship Company, and president of the St. Louis and New Orleans Packet Company. The first volume of these ledgers includes a journal of steamboat expenses (1863-1864). Also includes a letterpress letterbook (1869-1870) relating mostly to steamboat and railway insurance.

Cite as: Jahn N. Bofinger Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boggs, Lilburn W. (1798-1860).

Papers, 1827-1859. 3 folders

Lilburn W. Boggs was born in Kentucky in 1798. He came to Missouri and worked as a cashier at the Bank of St. Louis prior to 1819. He became prominent in politics and was elected governor of Missouri in 1836 and held the office for one term.

Papers consist of correspondence dealing with the Indian troubles in Barry County, Mo., and other matters of the state. Also contains biographical data on the Boggs family and letters of James O. Boggs and other members of the family.

Cite as: Lilburn W. Boggs Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bogy Family.

Rose Mary Bogy collection, 1828-1895. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

Collection was presented to the Missouri Historical Society in memory of the donor's mother, Rose Mary Bogy. The papers include approximately 1,000 letters and documents concerning Joseph Bogy (1806-1881) and other members of the Bogy family. The bulk of the material pertains to the Ste. Genevieve mercantile firms of Bogy & Lecompte (1823-1841). Remaining material reflects Joseph Bogy's interest in politics, quarrying, road building, the Bogy Lead Mining Company, and the construction of routes for the Iron Mountain Railroad and the Chester and Iron Mountain Railroad. Also includes correspondence with his brother, U.S. Senator Lewis Vital Bogy (1813-1877), and correspondence relating to the seizure by the Mexican government of his son, Joseph V. Bogy, in 1855 at La Paz, Calif., and Joseph Bogy's subsequent claim for $50,000 against that government.

Some French.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Rose Mary Bogy Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bogy, Lewis Vital (1813-1877).

Bogy family papers, 1795-1929; 1960-1961. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Lewis Vital Bogy (1813-1877) was born April 13, 1813, at Ste. Genevieve, Mo. He left Ste. Genevieve in 1832 to study law in the office of Judge Pope of Kaskaskia, and began the practice of law in St. Louis in 1835. Lewis married Pelagie Pratte in 1836. They had 13 children, but only three survived childhood: Joseph, Celeste and Josephine. He was elected to the Missouri legislature in 1840 and again in 1854. In 1849, Bogy was the anti-Benton democratic candidate for the legislature but was defeated. He was appointed commissioner of Indian affairs in 1867, but not being confirmed by the Senate, retired from the office and returned to his law practice. In 1873, he was elected to the United States Senate where he served until his death in 1877. Lewis V. Bogy, journalist, author, and son of Joseph Bogy, banker and railroad man, and grandson and namesake of Lewis Vital Bogy, worked on St. Louis and New Orleans newspapers, and at one time owned a newspaper in Waterbury, Conn. As a young man, he worked in the Pension Bureau in Washington and subsequently wrote a novel, In Office, which told of the corruption in the office. The officials were offended and he was discharged. He later wrote another novel, A Common Man. During World War I he served abroad with the Red Cross. He returned to St. Louis after the war, but moved back to Europe in 1926. In 1934, he married Paula Loschitz Demeter of Budapest, his first marriage having ended in divorce. He died December 18, 1940, in Budapest.

The collection contains biographical and genealogical papers of the Bogy, Bolduc, Valle, and Pratte families of St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve, comprised of correspondence, deeds, accounts, receipts, and legal papers. Includes data relating to Lewis Vital Bogy (1813-1877) and to his grandson, Lewis V. Bogy (1864-1940); scrapbooks, instructions in news correspondence, newsclippings, published poems of Bogy (the author), and memorial addresses on the life and character of Senator Bogy; correspondence of Joseph Bogy and his son, Joseph V. Bogy, relating to their expedition to California in the gold rush days; letters of Joseph V. Bogy concerning his joining the Walker expedition to Nicaragua (1855), his imprisonment in Mexico, and events that led to his death near Lima, Peru; and 14 legal papers and maps of land in Ste. Genevieve County.

Cite as: Lewis Vital Bogy Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bohemian American Home Building and Loan Association.

Records, 1884-1950. 9 volumes.

Collection includes six volumes of Bohemian American Home Building and Loan Association records: (1) account book, 1884-1885; (2) minute book, 1896-1914; (3) minutes, 1914-1917, and cash book, 1911-1919; (4-6) record books of stock loans and payments, 1900-1913; 1924-1929; and 1940-1948; (7) Western Department Queen Insurance Company, Register of Policies and Renewal for St. Louis Residents, 1912-1921; (8) St. Louis Fire and Marine Insurance Company - Casualty Register, 1944-1950; and (9) Hartford Fire Insurance Company Policy Record Book, 1947-1949.

Cite as: Bohemian American Home Building and Loan Association Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Bollinger county (Mo.) collection, 1860-1908.

Collection title changed to Erich Pape Papers.


Bollinger, Samuel (1871-1941).

Papers, 1908-1969. 4 boxes (2.0 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Samuel Bollinger was born in Fort Worth, Ark., in 1871. The son of German-speaking immigrants, he studied piano at the Leipzig Conservatory of Music from 1891 to 1896, then established himself as a teacher of piano and composer of some merit in San Francisco, Chicago, and finally St. Louis, where he resided from 1907 to 1928. He was associated with the Strassberger Conservatory of Music in St. Louis. In 1910, he opened his own studio, the Bollinger Piano School, located in the Odeon Building on Grand Avenue at Finney Street. Bollinger died April 13, 1941, in Fort Smith, Ark.

Papers include both personal and business papers [index in front of folders] and photos of family, (box 1). Box 2 contains a scrapbook of clippings, programs of Strassberger and Bollinger Piano School; programs of the Bollinger Club; calling cards of Samuel Bollinger; book of signatures; composition book; day book for pupils. The collection also includes an unpublished typescript biography, "Samuel Bollinger," by Edward Eugene Briscoe, 1955, copy 2 of 3; a collection of Samuel Bollinger's manuscript music.

Cite as: Samuel Bollinger Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bonsfield, Emma S.

Scrapbook, 1862-1873. 1 volume.

Cite as: Emma S. Bonsfield Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boone Family.

Papers, 1777-1930. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection includes materials (mostly reproductions) related to Daniel Boone, 1777-1805; Nathan Boone, 1805-1821; John W. Boone, 1818-1836; Daniel M. Boone, 1806-1814; and other Boone family papers, including land papers and estate papers, 1797-1890. The collection also includes legal papers, mostly from the St. Charles, Mo., courts, that relate to the estate of Robert Beaty, Joshua Dodson, Sidney S. Boone, and Jean B. Duchamp, and the cases of Jameson vs. Boone and Stapp vs. Haydn Boone; Boone genealogy, clippings, material relating to the Boone meeting at the Missouri Historical Society, March 1930; and correspondence, printed matter, and clippings about Boone artifacts and portraits, Nathan Boone's St. Charles home, and Boone Trail markers.

Cite as: Boone Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boonville (Mo.) collection. 1856-1882. 4 volumes

Collection of unidentified account books from Boonville, Mo., including ledger of accounts received and paid, contract labor, and weather reports, 1856-1882; sales journal of general merchandise account, 1861; journal of shoe sales and repairs, 1860-1861; and day book, possibly of a tinsmith or hardware dealer, 1863.

Cite as: Boonville (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boonville (Mo.) Mayor's Court.

Records, 1840-1848. 1 volume

The Boonville, Missouri, Mayor's Court was the municipal court. (This record book was microfilmed by the State Historical Society of Missouri in Columbia in 1938.)

Cite as: Boonville (Mo.) Mayor's Court Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Booth, Brian.

"The Norse Indians and Their Acquaintances" / typescript, ca. 1991. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Typescript essay on the Mandan Indians, postulating contact between them and the Vikings.

Author retains copyright interests.

Cite as: Brian Booth, "The Norse Indians and Their Acquaintances," typescript, ca. 1991, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bosse, Lotta.

Collection, 1918-1922. 2 folders (50 items).

Lotta Bosse was a local singer who often participated in local recitals. Collection contains musical programs, St. Louis newsclippings regarding music.

Cite as: Lotta Bosse Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bostwick, Arthur E. (1860- ).

Collection, 1654-1931. 1 folder (24 items).

Dr. Bostwick was born March 8, 1860, in Litchfield, Conn. He received his A.B. degree and later his Ph.D. at Yale (1883). He married Lucy Sawyer, July 23, 1885. He worked as a teacher and also on the staff of Appleton's Cyclopedia of American Biography before working as the assistant editor of The Forum (1890-1892) and later as the associate editor of the Standard Dictionary (1892-1894). In 1895, he was made the chief librarian of the New York Free Circulating Library and in 1899 he was appointed the librarian of the Brooklyn Public Library. He moved to St. Louis in 1910 and became the librarian of the St. Louis Public Library, a position he held until his retirement in 1938. He wrote several books concerning work in the library field.

The collection contains 20 autograph letters and fragments of signed manuscripts from literary figures of the nineteenth and twentieth century. He acquired most of these manuscripts while serving from 1890 to 1892 as assistant editor of The Forum. The collection contains letters of Woodrow Wilson, Samuel L. Clemens, Edward Everett Hale, Joseph Jefferson, and Henry Ward Beecher, as well as an autographed printed copy of Edwin Markham's celebrated poem, "The Man with the Hoe."

Cite as: Arthur E. Bostwick Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boucher, Pierre.

Patent of nobility, letter of appointment, etc. / facsimile reproductions. 2 volumes.

Cite as Pierre Boucher Patent of Mobility, facsimile, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boulton, Rice.

Mathematics exercise books, 1809-1811. 2 volumes

Cite as: Rice Boulton Mathematics Exercise Books, Missouri HIstorical Society, St. Louis.


Bowen, Elbert R.

Thesis, 1957. 1 folder (400 p.)

Collection contains chapter 4-6 of a thesis on negro minstrels in Missouri undertaken at the University of Missouri in 1957.

Cite as: Elbert R. Bowen Thesis, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bowen, John S. (1830- ).

Papers, 1818-1931. 1 box (140 items).

John S. Bowen was born October 30, 1830, in Savannah, Ga., and graduated from West Point in 1853. He married the daughter of Capt. George H. Kennerly at Jefferson Barracks, 1855. He was involved in the architectural firm of Bowen and Miller in St. Louis, 1857-1861. He organized the 1st Missouri Regiment (Confederate) and he fought in the battles of Shiloh and Vicksburg. He died shortly after the battle of Vicksburg from dysentery.

The collection contains indentures for lands in Maryland, Georgia ca. 1830; survey for the United States for the preservation of Jefferson Barracks made at the request of General Atkinson, December 3, 1840; scale of prices for the architectural services as adopted by the St. Louis Architectural Association and the minutes of the association, 1858; Civil War receipts for guns, etc. of Gen. John Bowen; some letters written during his service in the war; copy of the articles of association or agreement, in writing, of the Daughters of the Confederacy of Missouri, 1897; an essay written by James Bradley, discussing the loss of the Confederacy; a blank record recording a soldier's service in the Confederate Army.

Cite as: John S. Bowen Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bowers, John Oscar (1872-1965)

Papers, 1911-1947 2 folders

John Oscar Bowers was born in 1872. He was educated at Steelville Academy, Steelville, Missouri and later taught in the Crawford County school system. He moved to St. Louis in 1903 where he began work in a steel mill in East St. Louis, IL. Around 1905 Bowers opened the Bower's Lunch Room and Restaurant on St. Louis Avenue in St. Louis. The restaurant remained in business until 1945. John O. Bowers died in 1965.

The collection consists of invitations, restaurant business card, correspondence, business and tax records for the Bower's Restaurant, and a accounts ledger.

Cite as: John Oscar Bowers Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Bowles, Caleb.

St. Louis County Court journal, 1816-1829. 1 volume (100 pages)

Caleb Bowles, the eldest son of Jane Thomas Bowles and Anderson Bowles, came to St. Louis from Goochland County, Va., around 1810. He married Elizabeth Glenn and later married Margaret Hearst. He served as a St. Louis County Court judge.

Abstracts of cases heard and decisions rendered by Judge Caleb Bowles; and records of appraisals rendered and certified for stray livestock.

Cite as: Caleb Bowles Saint Louis County Court Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boyce, Joseph (1841-1928).

Collection, 1844-1913. 1 box (125 items).

Joseph Boyce was born in 1841, and was a pioneer in the St. Louis tobacco market. In 1903, he established the Boyce Realty Co., and the following year was active in the World's Fair adminstration. He collected historically related documents and was associated with the Missouri Historical Society for many years.

The collection includes genealogical material; World War I letters of Boyce's cousin, Captain Hubert Ward, of the Royal Army Medical Corp. with the British expedition force in France; papers on the volunteer firemen of St. Louis, 1844-1909; Civil War letters written by Boyce (some typescript); information concerning Father John J. Bannon. Also contained is a document of Sterling Price and a letter of David R. Francis introducing Boyce; and a muster roll of Company D, St. Louis Greys, October 1862, and a roster of Confederate field and line officers, 1st Missouri regiment.

Cite as: Joseph Boyce Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boyd, Henry.

Scrapbook, 1901-1911. 1 volume (150 pages)

Scrapbook contains newsclippings, pasted over an unidentified ledger book. The clippings are of articles from the St. Louis Republic and the St. Louis Star, among other newspapers, and relate to Irish activity in St. Louis and abroad, especially as regarding the Irish home rule issue.

Cite as: Henry Boyd Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Boyle, Wilbur F.

Papers, 1862-1909. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Contains legal papers relating to cases handled by St. Louis attorney Wilbur F. Boyle and business receipts, bills.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Wilbur F. Boyle Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bragg, Braxton (1817-1876).

Papers, 1856-1876 (bulk 1861-1864). 1 box (10 folders).

Braxton Bragg was born March 21, 1817, in Warrenton, N.C. After graduating from West Point in 1837, he served in the Seminole Wars and Mexican War. He married Eliza (Elise) Brooks Ellis in 1856. In early 1861 he commanded state forces in Louisiana, and in March of that year was appointed brigadier general and ordered to Pensacola, Fla. In April 1862 he became a full general in the Confederate Army. He died September 27, 1876, in Galveston, Tex.

Collection consists of correspondence of Braxton Bragg, primarily to his wife, that documents his Civil War service in Louisiana, Florida, Kentucky and Tennessee. It also includes several items regarding Bragg's home, Greenwood Plantation, in Louisiana.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Braxton Bragg Papers (William K. Bixby Collection), Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Brandenburger Family.

Brandenburger-Ohm family papers, 1867-1979. 1 box (200 items); 1 volume; 1 oversized folder.

Collection contains genealogical records and documents of the Brandenburger and Ohm families, 1867-1979; and scrapbook of the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Brandenburger-Ohm Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brazeau Family.

Papers, 1695-1852. 1 folder (12 items); 1 oversized folder.

Joseph and Louis Brazeau were among the first St. Louis settlers. Joseph and Louis married the Delisle sisters, all born in Kaskaskia. They came to St. Louis prior to 1783.

Collection contains typescript copies of marriage records and contracts, 1695-1834, from the Kaskaskia church records of the Delisle and Brazeau families; the will of Josef Brazeau and wife, Maria Teresa Delill, dated September 23, 1784; an order of Delassus to comprise two arpents belonging to Benito Vasquez with 10 arpents of Josef Brazeau; a document regarding the sale of a negro woman to Josef Brazeau, 1803; copy of deed from Louis Brazeau dit Coyona, to Marie Ther. Bienvenu de Lille, widow of Josef Brazeau, dated November 16, 1820; deed of land from Louis Brazeau, Sr., to Louis Brazeau, Jr., Charles Bosseron and Auguste Brazeau, dated February 8, 1823; document signed by Andrew Jackson and G.W. Graham, general land office, granting to Joseph Brazeau and his heirs a tract of land, April 30, 1829; survey no. 3332, executed by William Milburn, to the claims of Louis LaBeaume and Joseph Brazeau, dated February 26, 1852.

Cite as: Brazeau Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Breadon, Sam, collector.

Sam Breadon collection. 1926-1960. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Collection contains papers of Sam Breadon, president of the St. Louis Cardinals baseball club and a member of the Knights of the Cauliflower Ear. Includes printed memorabilia mostly related to the Cardinals and includes passes (1926-1957); rosters (1938, 1946); schedules (1958, 1960); World Series programs (1931-1944); All Star Game program (1940); and sports magazines (1936-1949). Some items relate to the St. Louis Browns baseball club as well. The collection also contains programs of the irregular conclaves of the Knights of the Cauliflower Ear (1937-1949).

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Sam Breadon Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Breck, Edward Craft

See Todd, David. Papers.


Breckenridge, George (1764-1852).

Papers, 1804-1863. 2 folders; 1 volume.

George Breckenridge was born in Virginia in 1764. He married Elizabeth Cowan in 1796, and came to Caledonia, Mo., in 1819. He was a representative for Washington County in the lower house in Missouri for the 1832-1833 session. He died in Caledonia in 1852.

Collection contains genealogical information concerning the Stevenson and Phelps families; a document of Antoine Soulard, dated May 15, 1804, certifying that he surveyed and marked for the 31 heads of families by decree of Lieutenant Governor Charles Dehault Delassus the land about 50 miles northwest from the post of Ste. Genevieve and known by the name of "Old Mine"; land indentures of claims in areas of Ste. Genevieve and Caledonia and also Maury County, Tenn., and Bladen County, N.C.; letter from Breckenridge, Jefferson City, to his wife, Elizabeth (Cowan) Breckenridge, dated January 6, 1833, in which he discusses Missouri politics and the first bill relating specifically to divorce laws. This collection includes a volume containing a journal of expenditures and a ledger of accounts of the mining and cattle businesses of George and James Breckenridge in Missouri, 1818-1834.

Cite as: George Breckenridge Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Breckenridge, James M.

Collection, n.d. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Genealogical information on the Pettus and allied families, compiled by James M. Breckenridge.

Cite as: James M. Breckenridge Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Breckenridge, William Clark (1862-1927).

Papers, 1808-1936. 5 boxes (2.2 linear ft.)

William Clark Breckenridge was born October 19, 1862, in St. Louis and died December 23, 1927, in St. Louis. He graduated from the St. Louis High School in 1883. That same year he became secretary-treasurer of the Phoenix Planing Mill Company, of which his father was president, retaining that position until 1912 when the business was discontinued. Breckenridge was a member of the Board of Trustees of the State Historical Society of Missouri for 26 years (1901-1927), and wrote numerous articles on early Missouri history. He was a member of the Papyrus Club, a literary organization, a collector of books and manuscripts, and was an honorary member of the Missouri Historical Society.

The collection includes Breckenridge's correspondence with historians and literary figures, notably William Fayel (war correspondence), Harrison A. Trexler, Dr. William Porter, Eugene M. Violette, Walter B. Stevens, Francis Asbury Sampson, and Floyd C. Shoemaker, secretary of the State Historical Society of Missouri. Also includes many brief historical accounts of persons, places and events in Missouri, including those relating to the Civil War (Special Orders/reports), slavery, medicine, and literary clubs; genealogy of the Breckenridge, Wilson Primm, John Wescott, and Henry Milton Whelpley families; and manuscript and page proofs of William Clark Breckenridge: His Life, Lineage, and Writings by his brother James Malcolm Breckenridge, 1932.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: William Clark Breckenridge Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bremen (Mo.) Board of Trustees.

Proceedings, 1850-1856. 1 volume.

The municipality of Bremen, Mo., was annexed by the city of St. Louis.

Cite as: Bremen (Mo.) Board of Trustees Proceedings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bremermann, Frederick ( -1936).

Papers, 1868-1931. 3 folders (50 items).

Mr. Bremermann was born in Bremen, Germany, and was educated at the Latin school there. He came to St. Louis in 1868 and entered the employ of Manning and Co., which was a dealer in glass and crockery. He was one of the incorporators of the St. Louis Glass and Queensware Company in 1883 and was elected president of the company in 1902. He continued in that position until his death in 1936.

Collection contains passports, stock certificates and business notes of F. Bremermann and of the St. Louis Glass and Queensware Co.

Some German.

Cite as: Frederick Bremerman Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brewing industry collection, 1884-1904. 1 folder

Collection contains information regarding the brewing industry in Missouri and St. Louis. Collection contains Beer Brewing in Missouri, a list of beer breweries in Missouri (1810-1971), and St. Louis Board of Public Improvements correspondence relating to the Winkelmeyer and Exclesior Brewing Associations. Anheuser-Busch and John B. Busch Brewing Co.items moved to Corporations and Industry Collection.

Cite as: Brewing Industry Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brickey, John Compton (1816-1903).

Papers, 1816-1818; 1837-1889; 1909; 1973. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 6 volumes.

John Compton Brickey and his brother, Franklin W. Brickey, sons of John Brickey, of Ste. Genevieve County, Mo. John, born February 8, 1816, in Potosi, Mo., purchased land ca. 1838 and established Brickey's Landing in Ste. Genevieve County. He resided here (except for two years in California during the gold rush) until 1888 when he moved to Festus, Mo. He married Mary Carpenter, who died January 31, 1845; a year and a half later he married her sister, Emily. Owner of Brickey's dry goods store along the Mississippi River in Ste. Genevieve County.

Family and business correspondence of John Compton Brickey and his brother, Franklin W. Brickey, as well as correspondence that discusses current political situations; account books and mercantile record of Brickey's Landing, 1840-1842; list of boats observed from Brickey's Landing passing up and down the Mississippi River, May-August, [184?]; typescript letter of John S. Brickey to grandson, John Randall Weber, dated July 4, 1852, describing trip to East Coast and stay in Washington, D.C. In addition, there are six volumes of financial accounts of John C. Brickey and Franklin W. Brickey for general merchandise sales, lumber sales, and wood hauling at Courtois Mills, Brickey's Landing, and Ste. Genevieve, 1837-1851.

Cite as: John Compton Brickey Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bridge, Hudson Erastus (1810-1875).

Papers, 1817-1874. 15 boxes (7.5 linear ft.)

Hudson Erastus Bridge, manufacturer, was born May 17, 1810, at Walpole, New Hampshire, but was raised in Bennigton County, Vermont, spending the greater part of his time working on the family farm. When he was 21, he walked to Troy, New York, where he worked in a store six months accumulating sufficient funds to take him to Columbus, Ohio, by stage coach. Arriving in the fall of 1831, he taught school during the winter months and then joined a business firm as a salesman which gave him the opportunity to travel in the Midwest. In 1835, he moved to Springfield, Ill., where, with Jewett, Matther and Lamb, inaugurated the manufacture of the Jewett plow. Not able to convince his partners to move the business to St. Louis, he left Springfield in 1837, and in company with Hale and Reyburn, established a business in this city, dealing in stoves, tin plates, copper, sheet iron, and tinners stock. In 1838, a foundry was established in connection with the store for the purpose of making the Jewett plow as well as stoves and holloware. It was operated as the Empire Stove Works. In 1857, John H. Beach became associated with Mr. Bridge, and the firm and name was changed to Bridge, Beach & Company, which was later incorported under the name Bridge & Beach Manufacturing Company. Hudson Eliot Bridge, son of the founder came into the business as a young man, and after his father's death in December 1875, was made president of the company. In addition to his successful business career, Bridge was a constant and generous contributor to many public enterprises. He was an original subscriber and worker in the inauguration of the Missouri Pacific, the North Missouri, the Iron Mountain, and the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad companies, the St. Louis and Illinois Bridge Company, and was one of the original incorporators and trustees of Washington University, the Polytechnic Institute and Mary Institute.

Personal and business correspondence, bills, receipts, canceled checks, notes paid, local bills, bankbooks, railroad passes, and shipping statements of Bridge Reyburn & Company. Includes correspondence on the development of the steel plow and information on Bridge's activities with the Missouri Pacific, the North Missouri, the Iron Mountain, and the Ohio and Mississippi Railroad companies.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Hudson Erastus Bridge Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bridges, Joseph C. ( -1918).

Memorial scrapbook, 1918. 1 volume

Joseph Bridges died in the 1918 influenza epidemic. Scrapbook contains photographs of Bridges' personal and naval life and newsclippings regarding the epidemic.


Brigadier General James Shields Monument Commission (Carrollton, Mo.).

Records, 1913-1914. 1 volume

This organization of prominent Carrollton, Mo., businessmen was formed to commission a monument to Brigadier General James Shields in front of the courthouse at Carrollton. Edward A. Dickson, Harry C. Brown, and Hiram J. Wilcoxson, were the commissioners. James Shields (1810-1879), a United States senator from Illinois, Minnesota, and Missouri, served in the Union Army as a brigadier of volunteers from 1861 to1863. After the war, he moved to Carrollton, Mo., where he practiced law. He also served in the Missouri House of Representatives in 1874 and 1879, as adjutant general of Missouri in 1877, and as United States senator from Missouri from January 27 to March 3, 1879, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Lewis V. Bogy. Shields is buried at St. Mary's Cemetery in Carrollton.

Volume constitutes the official record of the Brigadier General James Shields Monument Commission, and includes biographical information on Shields.

Cite as: Brigadier General James Shields Monument Commission Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Britton Family.

Collection, 1904-1939. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection of printed matter, reports, pamphlets, etc., including a typescript inventory of the contents of the residence of F.H. Britton, Oakland, St. Louis County, October 26, 1909; insurance papers; printed matter collected by Miss Ida Britton relating to Red Cross activities during World War I and an American goodwill delegation to France following the war, which includes material on nursing, 1918-1923; and Roy F. Britton's programs from the sixth and seventh annual Gridiron Dinners of the Advertising Club of St. Louis, 1938 and 1939.

Cite as: Britton Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Broadhead, Garland Carr ( -1912).

Papers, 1806-1912. 1 box (15 items).

Garland Carr Broadhead was born in Albemarle County, Va. He worked on surveys for railroads in the early days of the Missouri railroads. He assisted in the reorganizing of the Missouri geological survey. He lived in Columbia, Mo., in the last years of his life, and died in 1912.

Collection contains essays of early Missouri history written by Garland Carr Broadhead, some of which were read before the Missouri Historical Society; a bound volume of notes concerning the first constitutional convention in Missouri, 1819-1820, and notes of early legislative abstracts, 1820-1835, written by G.C. Broadhead; a list of Missouri legislature members, 1820-1835; notes on the See family and on Achilles Broadhead, who came to Missouri from Virginia with his family in 1824. Also includes descriptions of various people, including Washington Irving and Rufus Easton; accounts by Broadhead of the early railroads in Missouri and an essay titled "Virginians in Missouri," which is handwritten by Broadhead and details the lives and history of Virginians who settled in Missouri.

Cite as: Garland Carr Broadhead Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Broadhead, James Overton (1819-1898).

Papers, 1802-1906. 5 boxes (2.2 linear ft.)

James Overton Broadhead, prominent lawyer and politican, was the eldest son of Achilles Broadhead of Charlottesville, Va. His boyhood days were spent in Virginia, where he was tutored by an uncle in English and the classics. At age 16 he entered the University of Virginia, where he studied for a year. At the close of that year he was engaged as a tutor in a private school near Baltimore. His father moved to Missouri soon after and settled in St. Charles County. After James arrived in Missouri in 1838, he was engaged as a tutor in the family of Edward Bates, noted lawyer and member of President Lincoln's cabinet. While instructing the Bates children, he studied law with Bates, and in 1841 was licensed to practice. He began his professional career in Bowling Green, Mo., and practiced in the courts in the circuit of St. Charles, Lincoln, Pike, Ralls, Montgomery, and Warren County. He was elected to the state legislature in 1847 and was a state senator from 1850 to 1854. He married Mary S. Dorsey (1824-1914) and they had three children: Charles S., Mary W. Horton and Nannia D. Broadhead. In 1859, Broadhead came to St. Louis, where he formed a partnership in the practice of law with Fidelio C. Sharp. He took an active interest in politics, serving on the Committee of Safety formed in St. Louis in 1861 to assist in preserving the state to the Union. He ran for the U.S. Senate in 1864, but was defeated by B. Gratz Brown. In 1875, he formed another law partnership, Broadhead, Slayback and Haeussler. In 1882, he won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives. President Cleveland appointed him to study French spoliation claims in 1885, and he later served as the U.S. minister to Switzerland from 1893 to 1985. Failing health forced him to resign, and he returned to St. Louis, where he died August 7, 1898. He is buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery. Mrs. Broadhead died September 14, 1914.

The collection includes correspondence relating to the secessionist movement in Missouri in 1861; family correspondence, particularly when he was serving as minister to Switzerland (1893-1895); legal papers and notes, Civil War material, and copies of some of Broadhead's speeches. Also includes memorandum on the prosecution of treason in the case of U.S. v. Joseph W. Tucker; memoranda relating to Missouri politics and government, judicial appointments, and constitutional law; the Peralta and Mormon cases, the case of the City of St. Louis v. the St. Louis Gas & Light Company; rough drafts of lectures, articles, and legal notes; two land grants, and 15 memoranda books, containing records of travels, expenses, and notes on legal issues.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: James Overton Broadhead Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Broadsides collection, 1779-1984.

5 flat storage boxes; 2 map drawers.

Collection of printed broadsides and posters assembled together due to their similar nature rather than subject or provenance. Includes items used as advertising, notices, publicity, and propaganda. Topics include advertising, auctions, entertainment and theater, land claims, horse and mules sales, politics, publications, transportation (especially steamboats), Civil War, Mexican War, and World Wars I and II.

Some German.

Indexed in archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Broadsides Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brookes, Jean Ingram.

Papers, 1928-1975. 28 boxes

Cite as: Jean Ingram Brookes Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brookland Club (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Record book, 1896-1908. 1 volume

Initially called the Izaak Walton Fishing Club, the Brookland Club was founded in St. Louis in the fall of 1896, for the purpose of establishing a club house and a library on field sports, namely hunting and fishing. It secured land and club houses at Claunch, Ark., on the St. Francis Illinois River, for the benefit of its membership.

This record book contains the minutes of the Brookland Club, some accounts, records of directors' meetings, and printed booklets, including the organization's constitution and membership lists.

Cite as: Brookland Club Record Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brown, B. Gratz (1826-1885).

Papers, 1859-1880; 1937-1953. 1 folder (30 items).

He was born May 28, 1826, in Lexington, Ky., and came to St. Louis at the age of 23. He at once entered the practice of law and took a prominent position in the ranks of Benton's Free Soil party. In 1852, he was elected to the Missouri legislature from St. Louis. In 1854, he became the editor of the Missouri Democrat. In 1856, he was re-elected to the Missouri legislature. He joined the Union army in 1861 and helped with the organization of the state militia, and he served in the Missouri Senate from 1863 to 1864. In 1870, he was elected the governor of Missouri and served one term. In 1872, he was nominated for vice-president of the United States for the Liberal Republican party.

Collection contains personal correspondence of Brown concerning the design of horse cars, 1859-1880; genealogy information about the Gratz and Brown families; and correspondence concerning the collection.

Cite as: B. Gratz Brown Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brown, Jane Desloge.

Scrapbook, n.d. 1 volume.

Scrapbook of Jane Desloge (Brown) containing newspaper and magazine reproductions of engravings of prominent people and works of art. Some of the clippings are from the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.

Cite as: Jane Desloge Brown Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brown, Joseph C. ( -1849).

Papers, 1818-1907. 1 folder (4 items).1 volume

Joseph C. Brown was a surveyor of lands and treaty lines for the government. He was the sheriff of St. Louis County during its territorial days and was also elected sheriff after statehood was achieved. He surveyed the state line between Missouri and Arkansas and also the line between Kentucky and Missouri in relation to Wolf Island and other islands in that vicinity. He surveyed and marked, under the authority of the state, the northern boundary line of Missouri. At the time of his death, he held the office of county engineer.

Collection contains bound field notes on the western boundary of Missouri, south of the mouth of the Kansas River. It was surveyed in 1823 by Brown. Also in the volume are preparatory notes and remarks in relation to the eastern boundaries of the Indian lands bordering on the states of Missouri and Arkansas, ca. 1839. Collection also includes a document appointing Brown sheriff of St. Louis County in 1818, and a typescript of Brown's obituary notice from the St. Louis Republican of Brown.

Cite as: Joseph C. Brown Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brown, Nathan.

Letterbook, 1837-1838. 1 volume

Nathan Brown came to St. Louis from New England during the first half of the nineteenth century. This letterpress letterbook contains copies of Nathan Brown's letters from St. Louis to his brother and others. The letters contain good discussions of life in St. Louis, and cover topics that include box manufacture, wall paper and papering, commodities prices, schools, steamboats, log cabin construction, and slave sales.

Cite as: Nathan Brown Letterbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brown-Reynolds duel collection, 1854-1906. Approx. 50 items.

Duel between B. Gratz Brown, U.S. Senator, Governor of Missouri, and Thomas C. Reynolds, Confederate Governor of Missouri. The duel was fought August 26, 1856, on an island in the Mississippi River near Selma. The dispute began in April 1854, when Brown was editor of the St. Louis Democrat. Reynolds found fault with an article attacking him. The dispute was on and off for two years until the duel was fought. Mr. Brown was wounded in the knee.

Collection includes correspondence between Reynolds and Brown regarding articles in the Democrat; articles of agreement and correspondence regarding the procedures of the duel; printed newspaper articles regarding the duel; typed manuscript with handwritten notes by William Vincent Byars, "Issues of Civil War Under the Pierce Administration Illustrated in the Hostile correspondence and duel between B. Gratz Brown and Thomas C. Reynolds."

Bulk of materials are from the William K. Bixby Collection.

Cite as: Brown-Reynolds Duel Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brueck, G. Michael, Dr. ( -1851).

Ledger, 1850-1851. 1 volume (200 pages)

G. Michael Brueck was a homeopathic physician in Hermann, Mo. Volume contains notes by Brueck on medical treatments, and financial records related to the settlement of his estate of G. Michael Brueck.

Mostly German handscript.

Cite as: G. Michael Brueck Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bruff, James.

Papers, 1805-1820. 1 partial box (8 items).

Collection contains information concerning Major Bruff, who was in charge of U.S. troops in Upper Louisiana in 1805.. Two outstanding pieces are contemporary copies of documents: document signed Thomas Jefferson (March 13, 1807) directing forfeiture of pay and emoluments to be remitted to Maj. Bruff, of Regiment of Artillerists, and that said Bruff receive same as though no sentence of court marital had been passed (at Fort Bellefontaine in February 1806); and document signed H. Dearborn, March 18, 1807, accepting resignation of Major Bruff.

Cite as: James Bruff Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Brussel & Viterbo (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1906-1960. 160 boxes, 9 vol.

Residential, commercial, and institutional structural engineering projects that includes drawings, job files, some firm records, personal papers. The volumes index the jobs by number and by name while providing names of the architect(s) and general contractor for each project

Cite as: Brussel & Viterbo (Saint Louis, Mo.) Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bryan, Charles W., Jr.

Papers, 1930s-1960s. 2 boxes (1.2 linear ft.)

Charles W. Bryan, Jr. is a lineal descendent of Daniel and Rebecca Bryan Boone. Collection contains genealogical material regarding the Bryan family as well as the related families of Boone, Callaway, Flanders, Lamme and Maupien. Also includes correspondence relating to the publication of Bryan's "Richard Callaway" article in 1935, several folders of Bryan's historical notes, and photostats of numerous manuscripts from the Draper Collection of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin.

Cite as: Charles W. Bryan, Jr., Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bryan, John Albury.

Notes on historic buildings, n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Notes of John Albury Bryan on the Old St. Louis Courthouse and other historic buildings.

Cite as: John Albury Bryan Notes on Historical Buildings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bryan, John Gano, Dr. (1788-1860).

Biography, n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Dr. John Gano Bryan was born at Bryan Crossroads, N.C. He married Eveline McIlvaine in 1826. He became a surgeon with Lieutenant Colonel William H. Ashley's militia, and was actively engaged in medicine, mining, politics, farming, industrial enterprise, educational efforts and social intercourse. He platted and laid out many Missouri towns and was one of the group that organized the Rocky Mountain Fur Company. He lived in St. Louis at the time of his death.

Collection contains several copies of an undated, typed manuscript compiled by his grandson, Bryan Obear, titled "Sketch of the Life of Dr. John Gano Bryan," which consist of tributes paid to Dr. Bryan from letters and reminiscences of Dr. Bryan's contemporaries; biographical and genealogical material concerning the Bryan and McIlvaine families; undated notebooks on horses, horse breeding and pedigrees; and photos of the graves of John McIlvaine, Jane McIlvaine, his wife.

Cite as: Dr. John Gano Bryan Biography, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bryan, P. Taylor (1861- ).

Collection, 1813-1868. 1 partial box (13 items); 1 oversized folder.

P. Taylor Bryan was born October 30, 1861, in St. Louis. His parents were Francis T. and Edmonia Bryan. He graduated from Princeton University in 1882 and received his law degree from the St. Louis Law School in 1884. In 1900, he was made senior partner in the law firm of Bryan and Christie. He was an instructor in "torts and negligence" in the St. Louis Law School from 1888 until 1902. He married Miss Katherine H. Clark on June 26, 1889.

Collection contains three family letters: letter of John Whitfield (P.Taylor Bryan's grandfather), New Burn, N.C., to Mr. John H. Bryan, Chapel Hill, dated June 10, 1863, regarding incidents in New Burn in relation to the War of 1812; letter of Francis T. Bryan to Mrs. John H. Bryan, Raleigh, N.C., dated July 31, 1855, concerning an expedition down to the Arkansas, with mentions of Fort Riley and Fort Leavenworth; letter of Francis T. Bryan, St. Louis, to sister, Mary B. Pettigrew, N.C., dated November 3, 1855, describing the Gasconade River bridge disaster, Chouteau at Fort Riley, and life on the plains versus life in St. Louis. Also includes sketches and plats of San Pascal, Rio San Gabriel, the Rio Grande and the country about El Paso Del Norte in relation to the Mexcian War; letter of Brigham Young to Honorable J. Hartnett, Secretary of Utah Territory, August 12, 1858, regarding meeting with him and his friends in the evening; invitations and tickets; six diplomas of the Bryan family from the University of North Carolina, 1815, 1842, 1860; and a diploma from the United States Military Academy, 1846.

Cite as: P. Taylor Bryan Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bryan, William H. (1859-1910)

Papers, 1868-1873 1 folder

As a child, William H. Bryan produced handwritten newspapers that describe happenings in Washington, Missouri, as well as, reprinted items from across the United States and world. The newspapers primarily emphasize happenings within Washington, Missouri and Missouri riverboat news.

The collection consists of 68 handwritten pages of newspapers.

Cite as: William H. Bryan Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Bryan, William S. (1846- ).

Papers, 1817-1976. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

William Bryan was born in St. Charles County, Mo., in 1846, and married Nannie Mildred North in 1875. He founded the St. Charles News in 1866, the Montgomery County Standard in 1873, and the Historical Publishing Co. in St. Louis in 1880. He was the author of Pioneer Families of Missouri and helped John R. Ridpath complete a history of the thirteen colonies. He lived most of his life in Washington, St. Louis, and New York.

This collection contains various family papers of William S. Bryan, including letters to the Bryan family from H.C. Davis relating his experiences as a doctor in a St. Louis hospital in the 1870s, and mention of the St. Louis Female Hospital (October 3, 1876). Also includes family correspondence discussing national Civil War matters and life in California; correspondence between Benjamin L. Emmons and William S. Bryan pertaining to the histories of St. Charles and Wentzville, Mo., Daniel Boone, politics, and views of religion; and genealogical material on the Bryan family.

Cite as: William S. Bryan Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bryden, Alexander.

Papers, 1879-1949. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

This collection contains an autobiographical sketch of the life of Alexander Bryden in relation to the coal industry of St. Louis; and a history of the St. Louis Coal Club, 1914-1949, also written by Bryden. Also includes a schedule of rates for the Madison County Ferry Company (1883) and the Wiggins Ferry Company (1879); programs and notes of the Legion of Honor, Caledonian Society; and an autograph book.

Cite as: Alexander Bryden Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Buchanan county (Mo.) collection, [1860-1947]. 2 items.

Collection contains typescript excerpts from the Hagen report on the Pony Express stables in St. Joseph, Mo.

Not to be used without the permission of the compiler and donor, the National Park Service.

Cite as: Buchanan County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Buechel, Julius A.

Papers, 1836-1900. 1 partial box (30 items).

Collection contains letters, a marriage certificate, a baptismal certificate, naturalization papers, and a pension certificate. Most of the items pertain to Julius August Buechel. Collection also contains three letters of 1st Lieutenant and later Captain Charles Fuelle, 2nd Missouri Infantry (Union), to Julius Buechel in St. Louis, dated 1862-1863. (Some letters have typescript translations with them.)

Cite as: Julius A. Buechel Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bulgar, Harold A. (1892-1966 )

Papers, 1783-1932 3 folders

Born July 9, 1892 in East Liverpool, Ohio, Harold A. Bulgar was the son of Alvin and Alice Bulgar. He was a graduate of Ohio State University and Harvard Medical School. In 1924, Dr. Harold A. Bulgar accepted a teaching position at the Washington University School of Medicine. He also served on the staff of Barnes Hospital. Bulgar served as president of the St. Louis Astronomical Society and on the board of directors of the St. Louis Audubon Society and Academy of Science of St. Louis. He died on November 2, 1966.

The collection consists of notes and material relating to the natural history pursuits of the Lewis & Clark Expedition; notes on the Louisiana Purchase by Stella Drumm; biographical information on fur trapper and Indian agent William Gordon; miscellaneous land and business papers; and an unidentified literary manuscript.

Cite as: Harold A. Bulgar Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Bulkley Family.

Papers, 1855-1865; 1941. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Mary E. Bulkley was a St. Louis writer and suffragist who was active in the St. Louis Equal Suffrage League. She wrote the play "The Trial," which concerned the trial of Susan B. Anthony for voting in 1872. She also wrote "Speaking At Seventy" in 1931.

Collection contains letters of Thomas Carpenter to Mary and Phil Bulkley, dated 1861-1865, which describe the affairs of the 12th Illinois Cavalry in Virginia during the Peninsular Campaign, and in Maryland, Washington, D.C., Pennsylvania, St. Louis, and New Orleans. Also includes biographical data and a photograph of Dr. Caroline Thomas Rumbold, a forest pathologist who was associated with Washington University, the University of Missouri, and the United States Department of Agriculture; and a bound mimeographed script of "Grandmother, Mother and Me," an unpublished autobiography by Mary E. Bulkley.

Cite as: Bulkley Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bull Family.

Papers. 1833-1878; 1906. 1 partial box; 1 volume.

John Bull was born December 4, 1840, in Vicksburg, Miss.; his brother, William, was born March 5, 1843, in Augusta, Ky. The Bull family moved to St. Louis in 1848. Both brothers enlisted in the Missouri Volunteer Militia and were captured at Camp Jackson in May 1861. After their exchange the brothers enlisted in Guibor's Missouri battery (Confederate), and soon after the Battle of Pea Ridge they transferred to Gorham's/Tilden's/Lesueur's 3rd Missouri Field Battery. In late 1862 John transferred to McDonald's Missouri Cavalry and later Newton's 5th Arkansas Cavalry. In the 1870s William Bull helped form Company E, First Regiment, National Guard (Rainwater Rifles), and was later named inspector general. He died January 8, 1928, in Miami, Fla.

Collection contains the Civil War reminiscences of William Bull, dated April 1906, which describe his service mostly in Arkansas, and include transcriptions of his diary entries from July 1862 to January 1863. Reminiscences include accounts of Camp Jackson and affairs in St. Louis; the Arkansas battles of Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove, Helena, and Jenkins' Ferry; the journey of fellow soldier John Tatum through the lines to St. Louis; the assistance offered to Confederates by southern sympathizers in St. Louis; and information on marches, camp life, and diet. Collection also contains several wartime letters of John and William Bull to their parents in St. Louis; letters of the brothers to their family in St. Louis regarding life in St. Charles while attending college in the 1860s; correspondence to Captain William Bull regarding the Mayor's Guard, Company F, 1st Regiment, police reserves (St. Louis), 1878; invitation to Captain William Bull to meet with the directors of the St. Louis Agricultural and Mechanical Association, 1878; and newsclipping on Captain William Bull's command of the St. Louis Police reserves at the inaugural ceremonies of Gov. Crittenden.

Memoir and several of the letters are published in Michael E. Banasik, Missouri Brothers in Gray: The Reminiscences and Letters of William J. Bull and John P. Bull, Iowa City: Camp Pope Bookshop, 1998.

Cite as: Bull Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bunce, William Harvey.

Papers, 1821-1898. 1 partial box; 6 volumes.

Business papers of Harvey Bunce, the sheriff of Cooper County, Mo., and a general merchandiser, in connection with building of Tebo & Neosho Railroad. Chiefly bills, checks, accounts, receipts issued by the Tebo-Neosho Railroad; includes report on progress of work; document signed William Smith, engineer and Civil War general; three letters of C.D. Drake, dated 1866; a general merchandise journal and two ledgers, 1856-1865; and three bankbooks, 1850-1880.

Cite as: William Harvey Bunce Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bunch, Clare W.

Collection, 1939-1974. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Clare W. Bunch was a pilot-engineer during the early days of aviation and president of the Monocoupe Corporation in St. Louis during the 1930s. He served 30 years in the Air Force until his retirement, as a colonel, in 1958.

Single issues of several aviation newsletters, clippings, and photographs pertaining to Clare W. Bunch.

Cite as: Clare W. Bunch Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Burbach, George M. (1884- ).

Collection, 1927-1957. 3 folders (100 items).

Mr. Burbach was born in St. Louis in 1884 and started his business career in 1900 in the advertising department of the St. Louis Republic newspaper. Early in 1913 he became national advertising manager for the Munsey newspapers but resigned nine months later to join the Post-Dispatch as advertising manager. He became the general manager of Radio Station KSD in 1922 and was elected a director of the Pulitzer Publishing Company. In 1947, KSD-TV began its operation and George Burbach was named its general manager. He is associated with bringing television to St. Louis. His wife was the former Martha Scott.

Collection contains newspaper and magazine clippings regarding the development of television in St. Louis and Mr. Burbachs' part in the development; obituary sketch of George M. Burbach; a autograph of Charles Lindbergh.

Cite as: George M. Burbach Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Burgoyne, D.N.

Papers, 1864-1894. 1 folder (10 items).

D.N. Burgoyne was a member of the St. Louis Volunteer Fire Department. Collection includes an invitation to St. Louis Fire Department ball; certificate exempting D.M. Burgoyne from jury service because of serving seven years as fire warden in St. Louis; and a few Masonic papers.

Cite as: D.N. Burgoyne Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Burian, Otto (1897- ).

Papers, 1904-1910. 2 folders (40 items).

Otto Burian was born in 1897 and attended Shaw School in St. Louis. His later education was at Central High School and Washington University. He made a career as an insurance actuary with General American Life. He retired in 1962.

Collection contains school compositions and two school work books completed while attending Shaw School ca. 1904-1910.

Cite as: Otto Burian Papers, Missouri HIstorical Society, St. Louis.


Burke, Harry Rosecrans (1885-1956).

Papers, n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Harry Rosecrans Burke was born May 23, 1885, in What Cheer, Iowa, where his father edited a newspaper. He was educated in the public schools, and attended the University of Idaho from 1911 to 1912. On January 20, 1920, he married Verdis G. Pugh of Brownsville, Ore. As a young man, Mr. Burke served as a reporter for various newspapers in Iowa, Oregon, Idaho, and California. From 1915 to 1916, and again in 1920, he was editor of the Ames (Iowa) Tribune. He came to St. Louis in 1920 to serve the St. Louis Times as columnist, and music and drama critic. From 1924 to 1926, he did feature stories for the magazine section of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. In 1927, he became music and drama critic and book editor of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, a position he held until his retirement in 1951. For many years he also provided program notes for the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra. He was a member of several historical societies, including the Missouri Historical Society and the State Historical Society of Missouri. After his retirement, he devoted his time to working on two books about Abraham Lincoln, one of which was nearly completed. He was author of From the Day's Journey (1924) and What Cheer Reporter. He died July 19, 1956, in Brownsville, Ore., and is buried in Pugh Cemetery, Shedd, Ore.

The collection includes reference notes and essays on various historical subjects and persons including General James Wilkinson, Moses Austin, and Aaron Burr. Also includes manuscripts and speeches on newspaper writing and music.

Cite as: Henry Rosecrans Burke Papers, Missouri Historial Society, St. Louis.


Burks, Verner

Architecture Collection, ca. 1955-1990.

Approximately 150 commercial, institutional, and preservation/renovation projects that encompasses drawings, job files, firm records, photographs, slides, models, reference materials, office equipment, and financial records (closed until 2008). Currently unprocessed, no preliminary inventory.

Cite as: Verner Burks Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Burlingame Family.

Papers, 1859-1928. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Asa and Sarah Burlingame immigrated to Cole County, Mo., from Ohio in 1847, settling near Russelville, Mo. Their children were: Hazen S., Francis S., Hannah, Sarah E., Asa, Napoleon, Sophia and Eliza J.

Correspondence of the Burlingame family including that of Frank and Elizabeth Burlingame, 1862-1863, and Asa and Elizabeth Cardwell, 1864-1867.

Cite as: Burlingame Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Burr, Aaron (1756-1836).

Papers, 1776-1825. 2 boxes

Aaron Burr was born February 6, 1756, in Newark, New Jersey. His father was the first president of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), where Burr studied law and theology. He volunteered for the Quebec expedition in 1775, resigned from the army due to illness in 1779, and in 1782 began to practice law in New York. Burr became vice president under Thomas Jefferson in 1800. Differences with Jefferson hurt his political future as did his duel with Alexander Hamilton July 11, 1804. In the summer of 1806 he led an expedition down the Mississippi River. Harman Blennerhassett and General James Wilkinson, Governor of the Louisiana Territory, were part of an alleged conspiracy to create a new nation out of Spanish colonies. Wilkinson turned in his co-conspirators and Burr was indicted for treason in 1807. After his acquittal, Burr lived in Europe from 1808 until 1812. In May 1812 he returned to the United States and resurrected his law practice in New York. He died September 14, 1836.

Collection of Aaron Burr material was accumulated and given to the Missouri Historical Society by William K. Bixby. Collection contains papers regarding Burr's law practice in New York and papers relating to the Burr conspiracy and the Burr-Hamilton duel.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Aaron Burr Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Burrell, Bennie Bernard.

Scrapbooks, 1934-1938. 2 volumes.

Volume I consists primarily of newsclippings relating to World War I, as printed on the twentieth anniversary of the war's beginning. Volume II is titled "My Book of Knowledge, Interest & Progress and etc, 1938." This volume contains a brief biographical sketch of Burrell's mother and his family life, followed by "My Speeches of Remembrance" (twenty aphorisms); and clippings, some related to African-American schools in St. Louis.


Busch, Adolphus.

Fiftieth wedding anniversary tribute, 1911. 1 volume in slipcase.

Illuminated manuscript tribute presented to Adolphus Busch and his wife, Lilly, on the occasion of their fiftieth wedding anniversary.

In German.

Cite as: Adolphus Busch Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary Tribute, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Buse Family.

Buse-Salland family papers, 1918-1930. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

This collection contains material relating to the Buse and Salland families of St. Charles County, Mo., including a letter of John H. Buse written from France during World War I; Salland family correspondence regarding conditions of the family in Germany during the 1920s inflation; a history of Buse family (1920); a history of the Catholic church at Cottleville, Mo. (1930); and an undated letter regarding the Buse family trip to Colorado.

Cite as: Buse-Salland Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Bushnell, D.I. ( 1846 -1921 )

Papers, 1904-1921; 1932 1 folder; 1 volume

David Ives Bushnell was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts on April 26, 1846. After moving to St. Louis to take a job as a clerk with the Northern Packet Line, Bushnell married Belle Johnston. In 1873, David partnered with Robert Niggeman to open D.I. Bushnell & Company, grain merchants. Bushnell was an avid collector of ethnographic artifacts and developed a large collection which was purchased by the Missouri Historical Society in 1932. He served on the MHS Board of Directors from 1894 to 1912. As an amateur archaeologist, he was a president of the St. Louis Archaeological Society and a friend of Smithsonian archaeologist Gerard Fowke. Bushnell's son, David I. Bushnell, Jr. became a prominent anthropologist and archaeologist for the Smithsonian Institution and Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University. David I. Bushnell, Sr. died on April 29, 1921 in St. Louis.

The collection consists of two inventories of Bushnell's ethnographic collection prepared by Wm. R. Faribault who owned the Bushnell Collection prior to its sale to the MHS and a notebook listing the name, origin, and history of objects in his collection.

Cite as: D.I. Bushnell Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Business letterheads collection, 1800s-1900s. 4 boxes (2.0 linear ft.); 3 volumes.

Collection includes business accounts and bills with letterheads of St. Louis firms, and three bound scrapbooks of such letterheads. One of these volumes contains letters on letterheads with envelopes inviting 132 St. Louis companies to exhibit at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1902. Two other volumes contain invoices and bills of the Stewart Scott Press Room Company (1898-1928). Also approximately 120 letters of St. Louis firms in account with William Luppold, Bud, Mo., 1884-1890; 23 manuscripts of Charles Hellman, including telegrams, tax receipts, bills of lading, etc.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Business Letterheads Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Butler Family.

Genealogical collection, 1950-1981. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Genealogical papers regarding the descendents of the William Butler (1819-1843) family of Lincoln County, Mo., and related families (i.e., Manning, Hall, Graves, Suggett, Spence, Lee, Adams, Prewitt, Bell, Craddock, Johns, Elgin). The material was collected by Julia Mae Butler, St. Louis, 1950-1981, and includes her correspondence.

Cite as: Butler Family Genealogical Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Butler, William D. (1828- ).

Papers, 1863-1923. 1 folder (16 items).

William David Butler was born in Crawford County, Pa., in 1828. He became a teacher in the St. Louis High School in 1855, but resigned his position in 1858. He was appointed principal of the Jefferson School in 1865. In 1868, he took the position of assistant superintendent and later he was made principal of the old First Branch High School at Seventh and Chestnut Streets. From 1879 to June 1906 he was principal of the Blow School. His son, William M. Butler, was the principal of Yeatman High School (1910).

The collection contains correspondence, receipts for the purchases of sanitary supplies, passes, and reports of William D. Butler when he was a special agent of the Western Sanitary Commission among the Missouri troops at Vicksburg. Also contains a document to the officers of the army and navy of the U.S., dated July 17, 1863, regarding William D. Butler's commission as a delegate for the U.S. Christian Commission to distribute stores in hospitals and camps. Of special interest is a letter from William D. Butler to Rev. William G. Eliot, dated September 2, 1863, describing the conditions of black people who were delivered from bondage after the battle of Vicksburg. Also contained in the collection is a sketch of the St. Louis public schools and the educational career of William D. Butler and newsclippings concerning the death of William D. Butler and William M. Butler.

Cite as: William D. Butler Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Byars, William Vincent (1857-1938).

Papers, 1878-1940. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

William Vincent Byars (1875-1938) was born June 21, 1857, at Covington, Ky., the son of James Byars, a distinguished pioneer educator of that state who carefully directed his son's education. In 1877, Byars began his journalistic career as associate editor of the Covington Weekly Record. He came to St. Louis to join the staff of the Daily Times in 1879. Later he was on the staff of the Globe-Democrat, the Evening Chronicle, the Missouri Republican, and the St. Louis Republic, as reporter, city editor, editorial writer, and editor. In 1897 and 1898, he was local and editorial contributor to Harper's Weekly. A lover of poetry, Byars wrote "Tannhauser: a Mystery" (verse), "The Glory of the Garden," "Tennessee: An Ode," "Old Songs to New Tunes," and others. In 1880, he married Loula Collins (1857-1916), daughter of a Tennessee clergyman. They made their home with their 12 children at 425 N. Taylor in Kirkwood, Mo. Mr. Byars died June 21, 1938, at his home.

Correspondence (1876-1900) between Byars and his father, James Byars, pertaining to family history, political data, and newspaper work; and correspondence with newspapermen and other public figures, such as Arthur Brisbane (1899-1921), Charles Bryan, one time editor of The Commoner, William J. Bryan, Thekla Bernays, Jacob I. Childs, Champ Clark, James W. Clark of the New York World, Norman J. Colman, Roswell Field, William Torrey Harris, Harry B. Hawes, George S. Johns, Orrick Johns, C.H. Jones, Joseph Pulitzer, Manuel Quezon, and William Marion Reedy. Index to collection in Box 1.

Partially indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: William Vincent Byars Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


C.H. Lewis and Co. (Glasgow, Mo.).

Day books, 1853-1855. 2 volumes

The day books of a general store owned by Charles H. Lewis.

Cite as: C.H. Lewis and Co. Day Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


C.R. Hettel Jewelry Co. (St. Louis, Mo.).

Ledger, 1890. 1 volume (452 pages)

The C.R. Hettel Jewelry Company was a wholesale jewelry firm

Cite as C.R. Hettel Jewelry Co. Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cale, Rosalie Balmer Smith (1875-1958).

Collection, 1895-1955. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Mrs. Rosalie Cale was a native St. Louisan who was a concert pianist and composer. Her works included an operetta based on Longfellow's Mask of Pandora and a second operetta, Love, Powder and Patches. Her family was active in St. Louis musical circles and operated the Balmer and Weber Music Store. Her father was related to Sol Smith, one of the celebrated comedians of his day and a pioneer theatrical manager. She composed "Song Without Words" at the age of ten. She also was the first recording secretary of the National Federation of Music Clubs.

Collection includes two bound volumes of clippings and programs--some loose recital programs of students, etc.; correspondence from the College of Notre Dame, Belmont, Calif., 1928, in regard to writing music for an anniversary pageant; program of St. Louis music arranged and with commentary by Ernest C. Krohn, presented before the Missouri Historical Society, February 26, 1954; data on the New Era Literary Club, organized in 1900, federated in 1916; composition book of poetry by Mrs. Malcolm Robb--Theresa Smith Robbs; and loose pages of poetry.

Cite as: Rosalie Balmer Smith Cale Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Callahan, Mary V. Scrapbook, 1911-1918. 1 folder; 1 volume

Mary V. Callahan was the daughter of Bartholomew and Katherine Murphy Callahan. She attended Benton Public School and was a member of the Soldan High School graduating class of January 1914. Mary played on the basketball team at Soldan, and later at Washington University. Mary graduated from Washington University as a teacher, and in the mid-1920s moved to Los Angeles, where she was hired by the School District there.

Collection contains a scrapbook containing class photos, sketches, poems, receipts, greeting cards, basketball uniform patches, and other high school memorabilia.

Cite as: Mary V. Callahan Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Callaway County (Mo.) Collection, 1860-1963. 2 folders.

Collection contains 1860 proof of an article titled "Preceding the Conflict, Politics in Pre-Civil War Callaway County." Newsclippings and mementos regarding President Truman's and Prime Minister Winston Churchill's visit to Westminster College in Fulton, Mo.; correspondence concerning list of cemetery inscriptions from the Newsom Cemetery, Callaway County, 1963; manuscript copy of a tour of Fulton and Callaway County by the Women's Association of the Missouri Historical Society, October 6, 1958.

Cite as: Callaway County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Camp Jackson collection.

Items from this collection have been transferred to various collections. See separation record filed with finding aids.


Camp, John P. ( -1868).

Papers, 1852-1890 (bulk 1861-1868). 1 box

John P. Camp, originally from Cincinnati, died January 25, 1868, in Kirkwood, Mo.

Collection consists primarily of documentation of Civil War claims handled by John P. Camp, a counselor for claimants in St. Louis. These claims, dated 1861 to 1868, relate to services rendered and supplies provided to the United States, and include vouchers, receipts, correspondence, affidavits, special orders, and loyalty oaths. The collection also contains one folder of business papers of Camp which do not appear to be related to the claims process, five folders of personal papers of the Camp family, and one folder of miscellany.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: John P. Camp Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Campbell Family.

Hazlett Kyle Campbell estate case records, 1938-1941. 35 boxes (17 linear ft.)

Collection includes testimonies, depositions, exhibits, reports, court orders, correspondence, memoranda and transcripts of hearings in the case of Saint Louis Union Trust et. al. v. Charles H. Clarke et. al. pertaining to the disposition of the estate of Hazlett Kyle Campbell, the last child of Robert Campbell, who died intestate March 27, 1938. Materials include extensive genealogical records of the family of St. Louis fur trader and merchant Robert Campbell (1804-1879); the Campbell family bible and letters (each with a photostat copy) that were admitted as evidence in the settlement of the Campbell estate, 1941; annotated guide to the court exhibit; and printed copy of the court decision.

Cite as: Hazlett Kyle Campbell Estate Case Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Campbell, Hugh.

Journal, 1857-1858. 1 volume (unbound photostat)

Journal of surveyor Hugh Campbell of an expedition from St. Louis to the southern border of Kansas (Mitial Point, Kans.), with information on landscape and terrain.

Cite as: Hugh Campbell Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Campbell, John

See John Campbell and White Matlock


Campbell, Robert (1804-1879).

Family papers, 1825-1879; 1940-1943. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Robert Campbell was born in Ireland in 1804, came to America in 1822, and to St. Louis in 1824. A year later he joined William H. Ashley's second expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Campbell and William L. Sublette became business partners in 1931. They established a fur trading post, Fort William, in 1834 which was destroyed in 1846. Sublette and Campbell dissolved their partnership in 1842. Campbell was president of the Bank of the State of Missouri and later of Merchants Bank; he also was the owner of a dry goods store; in 1846 he aided in equipping volunteers in the Mexican War. In 1851, he served with Father DeSmet as representative of the U.S. government in the Indian council at Horse Creek.

Copies of letters (1825-1841) of Robert Campbell, William H. Ashley, Robert Wiley, Andrew Drips, John O'Fallon, Mary Campbell, Fred A. Tracy, and William L. Sublette concerning the fur trade, sale of beaver, and business and family matters; correspondence regarding the Santa Fe trade, 1825-1831; preparation for mountain trip, 1832-1837; private journal (original and typescript) of Robert Campbell, September 21-December 31, 1833, while at Fort William; narrative of Campbell's experiences in the Rocky Mountain fur trade, 1825-1835 (dictated to William Fayel in 1879); record of shipments (1862-1864) of Campbell & Company under the open cargo policy of the United Insurance Company; inventory of Campbell & Company, 1864; material relating to case of Robert Campbell & Company v. J.C. Dent, which was brought before the Supreme Court of Missouri, and on the Campbell House Museum, St. Louis; testimony, depositions, exhibits, reports, court orders, correspondence, and memoranda pertaining to the disposition of the estate of Hazlett Kyle Campbell (died 1938), last child of Campbell; and genealogical material of the Campbell family.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Robert Campbell Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Canaday, Dayton W.

Collection, 1850-1924. 2 folders (35 items.)

Collection includes tax, school, receipts of William H. Blackwell, ca. 1850s; business name cards, ca. 1891; programs, joint banquet of the Sons of the Revolution and Sons of the Revolution in State of Missouri, held at Southern Hotel, February 22, 1898; bond of Carondelet Electric Light and Power Co., 1902; correspondence of advertising material etc. on motion pictures including correspondence to Miss Sara Elizabeth Edwards of St. Louis in relation to motion pictures in Missouri, 1916-1924; information, tickets, correspondence regarding Boy Scouts in St. Louis, 1917-1918; and advertising material on coal industry in St. Louis area, 1920.

Cite as: Dayton W. Canaday Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Canadian Archives collection, 1764-1951. 3 folders (20 items); 1 oversize folder.

Collection consists of copies of records from the Public Archives of Canada including a typed copy of a journal of an expedition along the Ohio and Mississippi by Capt. Harry Gordon, 1766; various letters from Patt Sinclair regarding Lake Michigan and Chicago; biography of Joseph Francois Perrault, protonotary of the Court of Kings Bench for the District of Quebec, December 30, 1833; preliminary inventory from the manuscript division of the Public Archives of Canada, 1951 Record Group 10, Indian Affairs; booklet containing addresses of and inscriptions upon the Historical Tablets of Montreal, n.d.

Cite as: Canadian Archives Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carondelet, Francisco Luis Hector de, Baron ([1748]-1807).

Papers, 1772-1875. 1 folder (12 items): 1 oversize folder

Baron de Carondelet was born in Noyelles, Flanders. After serving as governor of San Salvador, Guatemala, he was governor of Louisiana and West Florida from 1791 to 1795 and continued as governor of Louisiana until 1797. By intriguing with dissatisfied American frontiersmen and arousing Indian tribes against the Untied States, he created great unrest and strained relations between the United States and Spain. Carondelet later served (1799-1807) as governor general of Quito, Ecuador, where he died on August 10, 1807.

Papers include original and copies of appointments by Carondelet including one titled "In consideration of services rendered His Majesty by Auguste Chouteau and Pierre Chouteau in the Osage Nation elects Pierre Chouteau as commandant of militia district of the Illinois," May 21, 1794; appointment of John Baptiste Valle captain of militia at Ste. Genevieve, July 1, 1794.

Some Spanish.

Cite as: Baron de Carondelet Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carondelet (Mo.).

Records, 1838-1871. 18 volumes.

This collection consists of assorted records of the city of Carondelet prior to its annexation by the city of St. Louis in 1870. These records include Carondelet Board of Trustees proceedings, 1839-1851; city council rough minutes, 1851-1866; city council proceedings, 1851-1859, 1869-1870; index of ordinances and resolutions passed by the city council, 1851-1871; record of bonds and contracts, 1851-1870; records of sales of the Carondelet Commons, 1838-1839 and 1846-1849; records of rentals of Carondelet Commons, 1838-1850; property tax records, 1853; the register's office record of proceedings before the mayor on taking private property for public use, August 1853, March 1854, and July 1859; poll books for election for trustees of Carondelet, 1832-1850; poll book for special election of the Clerk of the County Court, district 11, St. Louis County, October 26, 1843; a certified copy of the Missouri General Assembly "act to incorporate the City of Carondelet," approved January 16, 1860, copy certified January 24, 1860; and censuses of wards, March-April 1857, March 1858, and November 1858 (for bound photocopy of censuses with index, see Dennis Northcott. Carondelet Census Books, 1857-1858 [1996]; available in the Library).

Cite as: Carondelet (Mo.) Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carondelet (Mo.) collection, 1805-1975. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Collection contains early land claim by Zenon Trudeau, dated February 18, 1806; various tax receipts; photocopies of land transactions in Carondelet, 1842-1874; correspondence, newsclippings regarding Carondelet; biographic sketch of Aime Pernod family, December 18, 1949; translation by M. Heinrichsmeyer of history of Carondelet by Gustav Heinrichs, originally published in German, 1873; manuscript history of Carondelet compiled by pupils of Carondelet school, n.d.; land plat of Carondelet Park, n.d.; a typescript titled "Olden Times in Carondelet" by Mrs. Alzire K.H. Blow; and a plat of Carondelet Village, n.d.

Cite as: Carondelet (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carpenter, George Oliver (1852-1939).

Papers, 1864-1935. 1 folder (30 items); 1 volume.

George Oliver Carpenter was the vice-president and general manager of the National Lead Co. in St. Louis. He was also a president of the board of directors of the St. Louis Public Library and was a member of the board of directors of Washington University. The Carpenter Branch Library, Grand Blvd. and Utah Street, was named in his honor.

Papers include bound thank-you resolution from the St. Louis Public Library, dated October 4, 1935; newsclippings regarding his death, marriage of his daughter, general family items; dedication ceremonies booklet from the dedication of the George O. Carpenter Branch of the St. Louis Public Library, dated May 14, 1927; high school diploma dated July 7, 1869; life insurance policies; and genealogical information.

Cite as: George Oliver Carpenter Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carr, James Angas (1825-1891).

Papers, 1858-1892. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

James Angas Carr was a prominent corporation lawyer and general attorney for the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company. He moved to St. Louis in 1882, and was instrumental in molding the corporation law of the state.

Legal record book, 1858-1874; court brief, 1876, State of Missouri ex. rel. Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Company vs. State Board of Equalization; personal memorabilia; work diaries and receipt/expenditure records, 1871-1892; recipe book (desserts, breads, and puddings), some in French, n.d.; book of political newsclippings, ca 1850; copy book of Lizzie Carr, Central High School, 1880.

Some French.

Cite as: James Angas Carr Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carr, Walter C. (1812-1888).

Carr-Zimmerman family papers, 1780-1911; 1920. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Walter C. Carr was born in Lafayette County, Ky. He came to St. Louis when he was 26 and became engaged in the firm of Chiles & Carr, chiefly a hemp trade. He married Stephanie (Fannie) B. Wescott, February 10, 1846, and had a family of three sons and two daughters. After the Civil War, he became principal in the firm of Carr & Luke and engaged in a southern order business in which he did extensive trade for many years. Mr. Carr was selected city auditor and also appointed one of 100 notaries allowed the city by law, and acted in that capacity till his death.

Correspondence primarily between Walter C. Carr and his wife, and members of the Carr family; also correspondence of the family of B.W. Zimmerman, and his wife, Nellie Carr, daughter of Walter and Fannie.

Cite as: Carr-Zimmerman Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carr, William C. (1783-1851).

Carr-Papin family papers. [1776]-1877. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 3 oversized folders.

The son of Walter Carr, William Chiles Carr was born April 17, 1783, in Albemarle County, Va. He arrived in St. Louis in 1804 at the age of 21 and entered into the practice of law. He remained in St. Louis only briefly before moving to Ste. Genevieve, where he lived a year before returning to St. Louis, which then became his permanent home. In 1826, William C. Carr was appointed judge of the circuit court, the jurisdiction of which included several counties besides St. Louis, extending west to the Osage River and south and southwest almost to Arkansas. He resigned his judgeship in 1834, and retired to the private practice of law until his death on March 31, 1851. William C. Carr married Ann Maria Elliott, the daughter of Aaron Elliott of Ste. Genevieve, on November 17, 1807, and fathered three daughters by her. After her death, Carr married Dorcas Bent (died 1887), the daughter of Silas Bent (1768-1827), in December 1829. This marriage produced nine children including Charles Bent Carr (born 1836), who married Louise Atchison, the daughter of Marie Papin and George W. Atchison. Joseph Marie Papin was born November 6, 1741, in Montreal, to Joseph and Marguerite Papin. With his family, Papin was one of the earliest settlers in St. Louis, where he engaged in the fur trade. In 1799, he married Marie Louise Chouteau (1762-1817), the daughter of Marie Therese Bourgeois Chouteau and Pierre Laclede, by whom he had seven sons and six daughters. Papin died in 1811. Joseph M. Papin's children included Pierre Millicour Papin (born 1793), Hypolite Leber Papin (1787-1842), Marguerite Papin (1781-1808), Marie Louise Papin (born 1785), and Theodore Dartigny Papin (1799-1849). Theodore D. Papin's daughter Marie (1822-1901) married George W. Atchison (1817-1851) in 1839. Her daughter, Louise Atchison (1840-1915), married Charles Bent Carr (b.1836), the son of William C. Carr in 1858, thereby uniting the Carr and Papin families.

Collection consists of records relating mostly to Judge William C. Carr of St. Louis and the allied family lines of Silas Bent and of fur trader Joseph Marie Papin. The papers include records related to William C. Carr's law practice, namely promissory notes and land papers; assorted personal and family records of William C. and Dorcas Bent Carr, including numerous records of slave sales; business records of Silas Bent, Jr., relating to the incorporation in 1872 of the St. Louis and Tennessee Iron Mountain Company of St. Louis County; Papin family correspondence, 1826-1846, consisting of letters of Theodore D. Papin and Hyacinthe Renard to Pierre Millicour Papin, Hypolite Papin, and Mme. Theodore D. Papin; George W. Atchison family papers, 1841-1877; and original and certified copies of land grants and conveyances of land most of which ultimately belonged to members of the Carr, Papin, and Bent families, [1776]-1864. Individual items of note include a copy of the will of Francois Valle, 1804; and a letter of R.E. Smith, New Mexico, to Dr. J. Gratz Moses, discussing the medical treatment, death, and autopsy of George W. Atchison, May 9, 1877.

Some French and Spanish.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Carr-Papin Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carr, William C. (1783-1851).

Papers, 1804-1888. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

William C. Carr came to St. Louis in 1804. After remaining here a short time, he went to Ste. Genevieve, and lived there for a short time. He returned to St. Louis and made it his permanent home. He was a lawyer by profession. In 1826, he was appointed judge of the circuit court of five counties that extended to the Arkansas line. In 1832, he was charged with neglect of duty, incapacity and favoritism, and articles of impeachment were adopted by the legislature, but on the protracted trial that followed he was acquitted. In 1834, he resigned his judgeship and retired to private life. His first wife was Miss Ann Elliot, daughter of Aaron Elliot, and his second, Miss Dorcas Bent, daughter of Silas Bent, Sr. He died in 1851.

Collection contains letters from William Carr to his family from Ste. Genevieve describing his life there; letters to his family from St. Louis (mostly to Charles Carr); letters from Carr in Washington to his wife, Dorcas, in St. Louis, 1830-1832; letters describing his trial and proceedings to family and friends; and letters after 1851 to Mrs. Dorcas Carr from family and friends. Collection includes original letters, typed copies, and photocopies.

Cite as: William C. Carr Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carrico Family.

Papers, 1832-1867. (50 items).

Papers include genealogical material; family photos; land grants issued to Keeley and Carrico families for lands around St. Louis; and a masonic certificate of Phelix Carrico, Warrenton, Mo., November 22, 1867.

Cite as: Carrico Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carriere, C.P.

Papers, 1808-1960. (25 items).

Deed of sale from Joseph Marie Papin and his wife, Marie Louise Chouteau, to Antoine Chenie, dated August 29, 1808; invitation to a ball at the National Hotel in commemoration of the victory at New Orleans, dated January 8, 1837; marriage invitation of Josephine Dickson and Julius S. Walsh, dated January 11, 1870; inventory of effects in warehouse at time of the death of C.P. Carriere, dated April 23, 1772; and correspondence with Charles Van Ravenswaay regarding the collection.

Cite as: C.P. Carriere Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carriers' addresses collection, 1837-1891. 1 flat storage box; 1 slim box

Collection of printed New Year's greetings from the carriers of various newspapers. Most examples are from St. Louis and Missouri publications.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Carriers' Addresses Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carrington Family.

Collection, 1937-1984. 1 flat storage box.

Collection of magazines, pamphlets, newsclippings, etc. regarding African-Americans with an emphasis on St. Louisans. A small bit of information regarding family is included.

Cite as: Carrington Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carrington, James.

Papers, 1906-1980. 1 box and 1 oversized folder.

Collection includes papers related to Youth Brigade, Inc., James Carrington's tenure as a Missouri state representative from the 67th district (1973-1980), the 1963 March on Washington, and private family matters. The collection also includes Linda R. Taylor's Sumner High School diploma (1906) and her diploma from the Sumner Training School (1906); photocopy of the marriage license of Fred and Rosie Taylor Carrington; certificate of attendance at the Sumner centennial (1975); a certificate

of membership in the National Free Lance Photographers Association (1963); and a certificate of community appreciation to James Carrington from the 7th District Police Community Relations Committee (1962).


Carroll, John Haydock (1858- ).

Papers, 1881-1911. 9 boxes (9.0 linear ft.)

John H. Carroll was born June 27, 1858, in Erie County, N.Y., and was orphaned at the age of five. He was adopted by a Quaker family in Ohio which later sent him to West Point. He was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1880 and the Missouri bar in 1881. He settled in Unionville, Mo. and from 1883 to 1889 he was prosecuting attorney of Putnam County. In 1888, and again in 1900 he was a Missouri delegate to the Democratic National Convention and an alternate at large to the Democratic National Convention in 1892. In 1890, he was appointed general attorney for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, which had its headquarters in St. Louis. In 1917, he moved to Washington, D.C., and during the last year of World War I he served as assistant to the director general of the railroads, John Barton Payne. He was also the legal adviser of the Cuban embassy in Washington. He married Miss Priscilla Woodrow of Lynchburg, Ohio, in 1880. He died in December 1931.

Correspondence, 1884-1902; letterbooks, 1885-1892, 1899-1902; political notebooks, ca. 1894-1902; account books, 1881-1902; bankbooks, 1887-1892, 1899-1911; checkbooks, 1897-1911; canceled checks, deeds, etc., Missouri House and Senate bills, 1895-1897.

Cite as: John Haydock Carroll Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carroll, John J. "Red" ( -1978).

Papers, 1908-1978. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

John J. "Red" Carroll was employed by the United Railways Company of St. Louis and its successor, St. Louis Public Service Co., for over 40 years. He was a member of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America, Local No. 788.

Collection consists of professional and personal memorabilia and papers, many of which relate to the St. Louis streetcar industry, especially the United Railways Company of St. Louis and the St. Louis Public Service Co. It includes employee time books, 1908-1929; timetables, transfers, operating instructions, etc.; operating and management manuals; programs and other printed matter; and materials relating to the Employees' Mutual Benefit Association and the companies' savings and loan plans. The collection also includes materials of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railway Employees of America, Local No. 788, among which can be found the constitution and by-laws, and membership benefits materials. The collection also includes an interview with "Red" Carroll published in In Transit, the publication of the Amalgamated Transit Union, April 1975; and several issues of the St. Louis Public Service Company newsletter Transit News, 1944-1962. The collection also includes Carroll's correspondence; newsclippings; invitations; and several commencement programs from St. Louis schools, including John Burroughs School, Clayton High School, Mary Institute, St. Louis Country Day School, and Horton Watkins High School in Ladue, 1940s and 1950s.

Inventory to collection in first box.

Cite as: John J. "Red" Carroll Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carson, Christopher (Kit) (1809-1868).

Carson family papers, 1810-1950. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 10 volumes.

Christopher "Kit" Carson was the son of Lindsey Carson of North Carolina, who came west in the Benjamin Cooper party that arrived in Boonslick in 1810. Lindsey was killed in 1818; his brother, William Carson, came to the district a little later and became a Santa Fe trader (1820s) which he continued until his death in 1853. His nephew, Kit Carson, joined a Santa Fe caravan in 1826 when he was 16 years old, having run away from his harness-making job. He remained in the western country to become one its greatest heroes.

Correspondence relating to Christopher "Kit" Carson; personal letters from members of the Carson family including bills of sale of slaves and correspondence regarding family slaves, land papers, writings on religion, genealogical data; bills, notes, receipts, and memoranda concerning the Santa Fe trade of William Carson (Howard County, Mo.) and the grocery business continued by his son, Thomas Carson; account books kept by members of the Carson family including James Thomas, George H. and Frank Carson. Entries concern merchandise accounts, livestock and produce records, slave records, religious writings and personal observations, 1839-1882. Collection also includes personal, farm, and business account books of Thomas Carson and James Thomas Carson in Fayette and Rocheport, Mo.; personal and farm expenses, labor and grocery accounts, bank accounts, and cattle registries of Thomas Carson in Fayette and Rocheport, 1856-1889; general merchandise ledgers and day books for general store in Fayette, 1872-1874; day books of general store in Rocheport, 1881-1882; and personal, farm, and business accounts of James Thomas Carson in Rocheport, 1881-1910.

Cite as: Carson Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carson, William Glasgow Bruce (1881-1876).

Collection, 1818-1962. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

William Glasgow Bruce Carson (1891-1876), whose maternal grandfather was William Carr Lane, the first mayor of St. Louis, earned his bachelor and master of arts degrees in English from Washington University in 1913 and 1916. He also studied journalism at Columbia University. For 38 years he was a professor of English and dramatics at Washington University; more than 90 plays written by students in his class were eventually produced, and many of his former students became theatrical successes, among them playwright Tennessee Williams, Broadway producer David Merrick and actress Mary Wickes. Mr. Carson was active for many years in the Missouri Historical Society, and was given the society's Lifetime Award in 1965 for his many books and articles on the cultural history of St. Louis and Missouri.

Letters (1821-1835) of Nathaniel Ewing, father of Mrs. William Carr Lane, concerning the political issues of the 1820s, expressing some emphatic opinions about Andrew Jackson and Thomas Hart Benton; letters of Susan Larkin to William Glasgow, 1830; letters in the 1850s from Anna E. Lane, of Washington, D.C., to her sister, Mrs. William Glasgow, describing the fashions, matters at the Capitol, and activities of the U.S. Senate, which she visited almost daily; correspondence between Anna and Sarah Lane (who lived with her mother in Europe during the Civil War); correspondence with Madame Philippine Duchesne concerning the education of the Lane daughters; items include lottery tickets; letters concerning conditions of the tobacco industry (particularly the crop of 1850 in Howard County, Mo.); material relating to conditions en route to and in California, 1850; correspondence of William and Sarah Glasgow, 1940s, and letters to William and James Glasgow; notebook of Mat Field containing schedule of plays performed, characters played, and comments on the performances, 1835-1836; theater programs, 1882-1926; and articles from various theatrical magazines. Later material in the collection includes correspondence of James O. Carson, 1904, and William Glasgow Bruce Carson, 1952-1956, regarding his historical research; typescript of Carson's manuscript for Peter and Brownie Follow the Trace, the story of the experiences and adventure of a boy of 12 who might have accompanied one of the wagon trains which crossed the Santa Fe trail during the 1850s (book was published in 1965); typescript of William Carr Lane's diary, 1853, microfilmed by the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, August 1954; typescripts of Lane Letters, 1853-1854; research notes. Also, typescript copy (three volumes) of the diary of George Berton Berrell regarding the seventh annual season of DeBar's Opera House, St. Louis, 1876-1877, with notes on Berrell.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: William Glasgow Bruce Carson Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carter Family.

Family tree, ca. 1896. 1 item (42" x 42").

Family tree of John Carter who emigrated from England to Virginia and died in 1699. The family tree was compiled by R.R. Carter, updated in 1896, and printed by M.C. Oliver in 1897.

Cite as: Carter Family Tree, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carter, Russ.

Papers, 1958-1994. 1 folder

St. Louisan Russ Carter attended Cleveland High School, where he developed an interest in singing. He continued to pursue singing during his years at the University of Missouri-Columbia through participation in the University Singers, the Glee Club, Gene Beckman's Black and Gold orchestra, and Ted Weems' orchestra. In 1951, Carter began working for Remington Rand, and later he joined Day-Brite Lighting Company in sales and promotion. In 1958, he became the associate producer of KSD-TV's St. Louis Hop, and in 1959, he became the show's master of ceremonies, a position he held until 1972.

Papers relating to St. Louis Hop, a locally-telecast, weekly television dance program for teenagers, and Russ Carter.

Cite as: Russ Carter Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Carter, W.A.

Letterbook, 1860-1861. 1 volume

W.A. Carter was a judge and post agent at Fort Bridger, Utah Territory (Wyo.).

Letters from Fort Bridger to St. Louis about troop movements, emigration, farming, and postal service (including Pony Express). Letters addressed to Major F.E. Hunt, Russell, Majors & Waddell, O.D. Filley, Chauncey I. Filley, Robert Campbell & Co., etc. With introduction and index by E.A. Brininstool, and photographs by Merrill Brininstool, 1924.

Cite as: W.A. Carter Letterbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Case Family.

Papers, 1802-1914. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 2 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

The Camden brothers, John, Peter and Marbell, were owners of a dry goods and general merchandise business in Kentucky, Pontoon, Miss., and St. Louis. Peter G. Camden, born in 1811 in Amherst County, Va., came to St. Louis in 1827 where he remained till his death in 1873. He married Anne Bell Case (1834- ), and was an American (Nativist) party member and elected mayor of St. Louis in 1846. He retired from business in 1867. Their daughter, Sally Camden, married George Case, a physician, in 1856.

Business and personal papers of the Case and Camden families of St. Louis. Includes personal letters of Mr. and Mrs. Peter G. Camden, Marbell Camden, and Dr. and Mrs. George S. Case; two letterpress letterbooks of Peter G. Camden, regarding politics and Civil War activities in St. Louis (1860-1869); partnership agreement (1854) of Case, O'Blenis, Mathews, and Wells for operating a business in St. Louis; a description of the dry goods business of John B. & M. Camden & Company; an analysis of trade along the Mississippi River in the 1830s; items consisting of a steamboat bill of lading and a letter (1840) to Captain Calvin Case at the wreck of the ship Selma; copies of Civil War ballads; and a diploma of Annie B. Case from the School of the Good Shepherd, June 15, 1887.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Case Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Catlin, George (1796-1872).

Papers, 1838-1925; [1948]. 35 items.

George Catlin was born July 26, 1796, in Wilkes-Barre, Pa. In 1823, he moved to Philadelphia, and set himself up as a professional portrait painter. The turning point in his career came in 1829, when he saw a delegation of Indians from the West. He was so impressed by the group that he determined to devote himself to painting Indians and their way of life in their own territories. In the 1830s he spent considerable time among the Indian tribes of the Plains and the Northwest. He died December 23, 1872, in Jersey City, N.J.

Papers include five letters to or from Clara B. Catlin while in England; four letters from George Catlin in Europe to his brother, Francis Catlin; printed admission card to Catlin exhibition in London of Indian costumes and weapons, ca. 1858; criticism of Catlin's paintings by Charles Baudelaire (French), 1925; manuscript "A Cure For Influenza" by George Catlin, n.d.; catalogue of Catlin's collection of Indian paintings containing marginal notes in his own hand; and correspondence regarding the acquisition of the Catlin letters.

Cite as: George Catlin Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cavender, John H.

St. Louis streetcar strike papers, 1900. 1 ms. box (ca.300 items).

John H. Cavender was appointed to command the sheriff's posse comitatus. The streetcar strike of St. Louis was in 1900.

Papers of John H. Cavender, dated June 1-23, 1900, regarding the posse comitatus, transportation, violence reports during the strike, newsclippings of strike.

Cite as: John H. Cavender St. Louis Street Car Strike Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Celleyham, M.P.

Letterbook, 1868-1874. 1 volume

Letterpress letterbook of personal and business correspondence of M.P. Celleyham from points in Wisconsin, Iowa, New York, Missouri, Business correspondence relates to the expansion of the railroads.

Cite as: M.P. Celleyham Letterbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cemeteries collection, 1869-1970. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection includes an account of the cholera epidemic, 1849, by Michael McEnnis; correspondence regarding the building of an iron fence in Bellefontaine Cemetery, ca. 1931, which includes measurements and maintenance with several blueprints; deed to lot of Herman H. Greife in St. Peters Graveyard, 1898; booklet of the rules and regulations of the Fee Fee Cemetery, 1877; map of Calvary Cemetery engraved from original map by M.P. Brazill, 1888; deed of lot to Jennie P. Long, Fee Fee Cemetery, December 29, 1911; booklets of the Fee Fee Cemetery Association, Pattonville, Mo., 1914 and 1924; booklet of rules for Calvary Cemetery, 1920; correspondence regarding investment reports, etc. of Bellefontaine Cemetery, 1964; and historical tour booklet of Calvary Cemetery, n.d.

Cite as: Cemeteries Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Census collection, 1732-1980. 3 folders (20 items); 1 flat storage box; 67 volumes; 3 oversized folders.

Collection consists of assorted materials, acquired from a variety of sources, that relate to censuses in St. Louis and Missouri. Includes the following: typescript of census of Ste. Genevieve, 1752; photocopy of census of Ste. Genevieve district, October 18, 1818; typescript of St. Louis County and its districts, 1791; facsimile of census of Upper Louisiana signed by Antoine Soulard and Delassus, December 31, 1800; list of 52 land holders in Cape Girardeau, Mo., 1800; census of Cape Girardeau, November 1, 1803; typescript of statistical census of New Madrid listing inhabitants, slaves, stock and harvests, 1797; census of Cape Girardeau listing men and women, slaves, wheat, corn, tobacco, linen, wool, cotton, sugar, horned animals and horses, November 1, 1803; New Madrid census with recapitulation, 1803; a printed record of aggregate census data for Missouri, 1848; and U.S. census forms and statistical reports by the Bureau of the Census, 1980. As separately housed bound volumes, this collection contains territorial census records consisting of the census and general recapitulation of the census of the Illinois Country, 1732, with aggregate data from Prairie du Rocher/Fort de Chartres, Kaskaskia, Cahokia, and the concession of M. Renault; a general census of the towns of St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve, 1787, and a census of St. Louis and its Districts, 1791, both certified as true and exact copies from the Archivo Nacional, Havana, 1905; second copy of the general census of the towns of St. Louis and Ste. Genevieve, 1787, with index A-P, a tax list for St. Louis, 1805, and the article "Voyage dans L'Amerique Septentrionale par feu le General Collot," with a translation by Mrs. Max Meyer. Separately housed bound local and state census records include a census of St. Louis County for 1840; a census of St. Louis City for 1845 (bound, indexed copy available in the library. See Dennis Northcott, 1845 Census of the City of St. Louis (Partial); call number: open shelf/St.L/929.3/C396.); and Missouri state census books includes an aggregate census record for 1844, consisting of aggregate data by township. This collection also includes Statistics of the United States of America...Sixth Census, 1840, containing published aggregate data, Washington, 1841; federal census mortality schedules for the state of Missouri for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880, arranged alphabetically by counties; and federal agricultural and industrial census records for the state of Missouri for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880, also arranged alphabetically by county. Some copies of originals held elsewhere.

Some Spanish and French.

Photocopy with Index to Saint Louis City Census, 1845 (volume 3), available at Archives Reference Desk.

Cite as: Census Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Central High School (St. Louis, Mo.).

Collection 1919; 1969-1984. 1 partial box.

Collection includes guest book and program from the 50th class reunion of Central High School, June 12, 1974, with signatures from the 60th reunion, May 30, 1984, and some newsclippings. Collection also contains the girl graduate book of Gertrude Claris, 1919.

Cite as: Central High School (St. Louis, Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Central Wesleyan College.

Records, 1884-1956. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

The institution was founded by German methodists as part of a seminary at Quincy, Ill., in 1854. In 1864, the school moved to Warrenton, Mo., where a Methodist orphan and education institute had been established to care for orphans of Civil War soldiers. Central Wesleyan was opened in Missouri October 3, 1864. In 1884, the double institution was changed into the Central Wesleyan College and the Central Wesleyan Orphans Home. The two institutions have operated together.

Collection contains notes, reports, etc. that were given to the Central Wesleyan College Board of Trustees, 1919-1920; notes concerning the financial business of the college regarding trustees meetings and endowment funds; essays concerning the college; several drafts of a manuscript history of the college compiled by Theodore Wolff.

Cite as: Central Wesleyan College Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cerre, Gabriel, 1734-1805.

Papers, 1787-1846. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Gabriel Cerre was born August 12, 1734, in Montreal, and came to Kaskaskia about 1755. There in 1755 he married Catherine Giard, by whom he had four children. Mr. Cerre was engaged in the fur trade. He sent two men, Francois and Joseph Lesier, down the Mississippi River to establish a new trading post among the Indian tribes dwelling on the west bank. The post afterward became the town of New Madrid, Mo. Mr. Cerre moved to St. Louis in 1780. He died in 1805.

Collection includes land survey no. 877- A. Chouteau and A. Soulard in right of their wives under Gabriel Cere, October 2, 1822; several sketches of Cerre's life; and several letters and documents regarding his business.

Some French.

Cite as: Gabriel Cerre Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Certificates collection

Items from the Certificates Collection were transferred to Alphabetical Files (see under individual's name) or to the collection in which they originally belonged. (Transferred ca. 2001.)

Chamberlain Company (Saint Louis, Mo., and East St. Louis, Ill.).

See F.B. Chamberlain Company


Chamberlin, T.W.

Collection, [1661-1800]; 1803-1918. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Mr. Chamberlin was a collector of historical documents.

This collection contains papers collected for the Gratz papers, but which were rejected. There are various papers relating to Daniel Boone, Nathaniel Buxton, Nicholas Buxton, Walter L. Chaney, Major William Croghan, John Gay, Nicholas Buxton Gay, Alexander Hamilton, Missouri Home Guard (in relation to the World War I period), James Moores, "Old Drum," Pendergrast family, Dred Scott, Don Joseph Valliere, George Graham Vest, War Camp Community Recreation Service, and Noah Webster. Also deeds from Baltimore County, Md., Court, 1661-1770. Some typescripts and photostats.

Cite as: T.W. Chamberlain Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Charbonneau Family collection, ca. 1950. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Correspondence and reports regarding the Charbonneau family. Includes correspondence to the Missouri Historical Society regarding family; photostats of maps; photocopy of monument to J.B. Charbonneau at Danner, Ore., speech given August 6, 1971; notes of Kell-Porter references on Cryus Curtis and Michael Ely for the period 1822-1842; most of the collection deals with Jean Baptiste Charbonneau and Sacajewea.

Cite as: Charbonneau Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chariton County (Mo.) collection, 1842-1862. 1 folder (12 items).

Collection includes receipts, letters, etc. of Thomas Allin who lived in Brunswick, Mo., 1842-1860; documents regarding the sale of houses and land regarding Thomas Allin, 1849.

Cite as: Chariton County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Charles Dickens Historical Society. Saint Louis Branch (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1910-1939. 3 boxes (1.2 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Collection contains letters, programs, papers relating to activities of the St. Louis branch, which was founded by Sara Elizabeth Edwards, November 17, 1911; correspondence of Mrs. Edwards dealing with the founding of the St. Louis branch and other matters, 1911-1939; Boz Club of St. Louis information; Dickens shop material; clippings concerning the St. Louis Post-Dispatch Christmas Festival and the Dickens Fellowship connection; correspondence, scrapbook and newsclippings on Alfred Tennyson Dickens (son of Charles Dickens) and his visit to St. Louis, November 23, 1911; several issues of the Dickensian; information concerning the Dickens Fellowship headquarters in London; financial statements of the St. Louis Branch of the Dickens Fellowship and minutes of meetings, 1912-1913; brochures and souvenirs from the Panama-Pacific International Exposition held in San Francisco in 1916; newsclippings concerning the life of Charles Dickens.

Records of the St. Louis Branch of the Charles Dickens Historical Society, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Charles, Joseph William (1868-1950).

"Eight years of ordinary life / or from country practitioner to city specialist" / manuscript, n.d. 133 pp.

Mr. Charles was born in 1868. He studied medicine at the Sorbonne in Paris, and in Germany. He began practice as an eye specialist in 1893 and for a time was assistant to Dr. H.M. Post. He was a professor of ophthalmology at St. Louis University and also was associated with Washington University and the Missouri School of the Blind.

Typed manuscript with notes from author that describes life of Dr. Charles.

Cite as: Joseph William Charles, "Eight Years of Ordinary Life: or from Country Practitioner to City Specialist," manuscript, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Charles, Robert Horne.

Robert Horne and Elizabeth Sewall Charles papers, 1884-1937. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 2 volumes.

Two scrapbooks: Charles family scrapbook (1884-1937); and scrapbook regarding marriage of Robert Horne Charles and Elizabeth Sewall (1934-1944). Group of letters from Robert to "Ollie." Robert was at Yale Law School and Ollie was at Vassar. Also includes family correspondence, congratulatory telegrams on wedding, etc.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Robert Horne and Elizabeth Sewall Charles Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chase, Edward (1824-1897).

Papers, 1844-1895. 3 boxes (1.2 linear ft.)

Edward Chase was born March 5, 1824, in Taunton, Mass. He came to St. Louis in 1847 and took charge of a branch of the New York banking house of Clark, Dodge and Company. The company later became the E.W. Clark & Brother, located at the corner of Main and Olive Streets. Mr Chase later engaged in the insurance business, and his time was thus occupied until 1871, when he was made manager of the St. Louis Clearing House. He married Miss Lydia W. Alden, of Fall River, Mass.

Collection contains various land papers for real estate throughout the United States; business papers consisting of stocks, receipts, checks that are not necessarily Mr. Chases'; three $50 and one $1 currencies from the State Bank of Illinois, 1851; bankbooks and checkbooks; a map of the state of Georgia, 1869; about ten letters written by Mr. Edward Chase to his wife describing life in St. Louis, including news of the cholera epidemic, 1849-1870.

Cite as: Edward Chase Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chatard, Frederick K.

Letterbook, 1857-1860. 1 volume.

Frederick W. Chatard was the U.S. Navy commander of the U.S.S. Saratoga as part of the Walker expedition to Nicaragua in 1857.

Letterbook or letters written from on board the U.S.S Saratoga (May 20, 1857-January 1, 1858); from Baltimore (January 10, 1858-January 11, 1859); from the Norfolk Navy Yards (April 12, 1859); and from the U.S.S. Pennsylvania (June 15, 1959-October 8, 1860).

Cite as: Frederick K. Chatard Letterbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chauvin, Joseph.

Papers, 1799-1847. 40 items.

Papers are chiefly land papers, inventories, sale of negroes, with some genealogical information.

Some French.

Cite as: Joseph Chauvin Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chenie, Isabella (1837-1908).

Papers, 1848-1891. 1 partial box (23 items).

Contains correspondence; memorial cards; newspaper clippings, including obituaries of Mrs. Julia de Mun Chenie (mother of Isabelle Chenie), Mrs. L.D. Cabanne, Mrs. Harriet M. Soulard, Henry Soulard, Mrs. Marie Louise Chenie Pratte (aunt of Isabelle Chenie), and Dr. Laisel L. Papin.

Cite as: Isabella Chenie Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chenoweth, J.W.

Ledger, 1832-1834. 1 volume (287 pages)

Ledger, dated May 15, 1832, to November 27, 1834, contains business account of an Alton, Ill., blacksmith.

Cite as: J.W. Chenoweth Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cherry family.

Papers, 1857-1908 (bulk 1957-1861). 1 folder and 1 volume.

Papers consist of tax receipts (1857-1908) relating mostly to property in Illinois and an account book from a general store (1857-1861) and grist mill (1857) in Scottsville, Ill.


Chicago and Alton Railroad.

Journal, 1879. 1 volume

The Chicago and Alton Railroad was organized February 18, 1861, in pursuance of a plan for the reorganization of the St. Louis, Alton, and Chicago Railroad Company.

This journal contains a statement of articles received at the Alton Station of the Chicago and Alton Railroad, several accounts of area train wrecks, and information on the construction of track and other work done for and by the railroad.

Cite as: Chicago and Alton Railroad Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Childress, Solomon B.

Journal, 1864-1865. 1 volume

Transferred to Civil War Collection.


Chinn, R.B.

Collection, 1820-1868; [1892]. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection contains four account books, receipts, bills of sales, 1840-1860, of Colonel John R. White who was a dealer in slaves. The account books give purchase and selling prices, jailor and turnkey fees, boarding fees for slaves sold on commission, clothing and medical fees, transportation costs, burial fees and such expenses associated with the slave trade. Colonel White made his home in Howard County, Mo., but spent considerable time in New Orleans on business; his account books for a stay in 1842 give both personal and business expenses. Collection was accumulated by R.B. Chinn.

Cite as: R.B. Chinn Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Chiodini, Elizabeth

Henderson Family Collection, 1904; 1982 1 folder

The collection consists of a 1904 St. Louis World's Fair identification pass and tickets and a genealogy of the Henderson Family including the McMurray, Mitchell, Mebane, Lewis, Douglas, Hodge, and Van Voorhees family branches.

Cite as: Elizabeth Chiodini: Henderson Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Chopin, Kate O'Flaherty (1851-1904).

Papers, 1870-1902; 1974. 6 boxes (2.4 linear ft.)

Thomas O'Flaherty was a wealthy Irish immigrant who married into an old French Creole family. His daughter, Kate, received a traditional Catholic education which she supplemented by reading contemporary European literature. She married Oscar Chopin in 1870 and moved to Louisiana where she had six children. After her husband's death in 1883, she undertook the management of the plantations, apparently quite successfully. She carried on this work for more than a year, but finally yielded to her mother's urging to return to St. Louis. In 1884, she came back to St. Louis and at age 36 she began to write. Some of her published works include The Awakening (1899), At Fault (1890), A Night in Acadie (1897), and Bayou Folk (1894), as well as numerous poems and short stories. Until the early 1960s, she was best known as a local colorist, since most of her short stories dealt with scenes from Creole Louisiana. With the recent interest in women's studies, her works, and primarily her novel The Awakening, which concerns a woman's sexual awakening, have been reexamined extensively.

This collection consists of holograph manuscripts and published copies of many of Kate Chopin's short stories, poems, and translations from the French of Guy de Maupassant's short stories. The collection also includes some correspondence from friends regarding The Awakening, 1899; two commonplace books or copy books, 1860 and 1867-1870, the latter of which contains a diary of her 1870 wedding trip; an original manuscript book, 1894-1896, which also includes diary entries; and two account and memoranda notebooks that record her manuscript submissions to publishers, giving title, publication, date accepted/published/amount, 1888-1895 and 1888- 1902. The collection also includes biographical information on Kate Chopin, copies of scholarly essays by Per Seyersted and Bernard J. Koloski, and papers on Kate Chopin by participants in the 1974 Chopin seminar. Papers were lent to Father Daniel S. Rankin for research by the Chopin Family. Father Rankin turned the bulk of them over to the University of Pennsylvania Special Collections. This body was then transferred to the Missouri Historical Society at the wish of the Chopin Family. The addition was found in a storage locker owned by Father Rankin in 1991, and forwarded to the Missouri Historical Society by the University of Pennsylvania Special Collections. Boxes 4 and 5, which contain "at risk" original manuscripts should not be routinely retrieved. They may be viewed by researchers only where examination of photocopies (found in the first three boxes) proves insufficient for research purposes.

Finding aid available. See also Guide to Per Seyersted Collection at Archives Reference Desk.

Cite as: Kate O'Flaherty Chopin Papers, Missouri Historical Society.


Chouteau Family.

Papers, 1752-1946. 62 boxes (28 linear ft.); 1 volume; 3 oversized folders.

Collection of Chouteau family papers which consist largely of correspondence, bills, accounts, inventories, contracts of engagement with various men, packing accounts, bills of lading, and other business papers of Auguste Chouteau, Pierre Chouteau, Sr., Pierre Chouteau, Jr., and Rene Chouteau, relating to their activities as fur traders, merchants, and financiers of Missouri. Includes 53 ledger account books of the American Fur Company's Western Division; and letterbooks for Fort Pierre and Fort Tecumseh, S.D., Fort Union, N.D., and the Upper Missouri branch of the company. A more detailed description of the different Chouteau family papers, which have been interfiled with one another and arranged chronologically, follows: Auguste Chouteau Papers, (1,965 mss.): personal and business papers of his trade with Montreal and Michilimackinac dating chiefly from 1800-1811; business with Cavelier & Fils at New Orleans; and papers concerning his management of personal estates of friends and relatives. From 1818-1821 there are papers relative to his payment of pensions to revolutionary soldiers and their widows and orphans as agent for Missouri. After his death there are papers of Henry Chouteau concerned with management of his father's estate as well as his own business affairs in the firm of Chouteau & Valle. From 1801-1814 are a group of papers dealing with affairs of Coursault Brothers, merchants at Cap Francais, who later moved to the United States, and married into the Chouteau family through the Pauls. They deal chiefly with their business dealings in France and personal family letters. Additional manuscripts, dating from 1818-1840, include a statement of merchandise and property, part of the estate of Auguste P. Chouteau, and the document appointing Chouteau as agent and guardian of half-breed Indians of the Osage tribe. Persons and subjects dealt with in the correspondence include William H. Ashley, Barthelmy Berthold, Judge William C. Carr, Lewis Cass, Jules de Mun, William F. Ferguson, Robert Payne, Albert Pike, Bernard Pratte, the fur trade, Indians, Santa Fe, and Siter Price & Co. Pierre Chouteau Papers (870 mss.): letters and documents concerning business and personal affairs of the Chouteau family, especially Auguste and Pierrre, and later, Pierre, Jr. There are references to many prominent St. Louisans including Charles Gratiot, Manuel Lisa, Frederick Bates, the Bertholds, Gabriel Cerre, William Clark, Charles Dehault Delassus, Joseph Hortiz, Labadies, Marie Philippe Leduc, Papins, Prattes, Pierre Provenchere, Jean Baptiste Sarpy, Joseph A. Sire, Antoine Soulard, as well as many national figures including John Jacob Astor, Ramsay Crooks, James Wilkinson, Amos Stoddard, William Henry Harrison, Kenneth McKenzie, and Henry Dearborn. Correspondence of Spanish Governors with Charles Dehault Delassus regarding governmental affairs in St. Louis preceding the transfer (1796-1807) have been moved to the Delassus Papers. Also included: Pierre Chouteau letter book, 1804-1819; four Fort Tecumseh letter books, 1830-1833; five Fort Pierre letter books, 1832-1835, 1845-1850; one Fort Union letter book, 1833-1835; and Chouteau genealogy. Chouteau-Dyer Collection (63 mss.): abstract of title, Dunklin county, 1857-1881; government land office returns, St. Louis, 1819-1825; Auguste Chouteau accounts, 1804; and letters of Aglae, widow Coursault to her daughter, Clemence, Mrs. Henry Chouteau, dealing with family matters. P. Chouteau-Maffitt Collection (5,481 mss.): papers deal predominately with the business affairs of Pierre Chouteau, Jr. and his connection with the American Fur Company, Western Department. Includes correspondence between Chouteau and others involved with the fur trade, but the larger part of the collection is chiefly bills, accounts, inventories, contracts of engagement with various men, packing accounts, and bills of lading. Before 1827 the collection is largely personal, much of it concerning Auguste Chouteau and the Julien Dubuque estate. In 1827, references are chiefly to fur trading activities at Rock River, Fever River, Galena, etc. and dealings with Joseph Rolette, Charles de St. Vrain and the Columbia Fur Company. There is also data on Benito Vasquez and the Kansas River, and the Upper Missouri Outfit with Colin McLeod and Blacksnake Hills. After 1831 the pattern is the same with growing emphasis on the Upper Missouri Outfit and increasing amounts of bills, accounts, engagement lists of persons employed, etc. There is correspondence concerning dealings with John G. Stevenson at New Orleans and numerous personal bills and receipts of Jean Baptiste Sarpy. The correspondence of Benjamin Clapp with Pierre Chouteau, Jr., in New York in part deals with the failure of Ramsay Crooks and the American Fur Company. The importance and extent of the London trade is also realized in the correspondence of C.M. Lampson, London agent, and the invoices, accounts of sales, packing accounts, etc. Chouteau-Papin Collection (1,997 mss.): papers concerning the fur trade of the Missouri River and the activities of the American Fur Company and their relation with Pratte Chouteau & Co. and later Pierre Chouteau, Jr., & Company at St. Louis. Among the prominent persons mentioned here are Ramsay Crooks, Pierre Chouteau, Jr., John Jacob Astor, Jean Pierre Cabanne, Joseph Robidoux, Jean Baptiste Sarpy, A.P. Chouteau, Barthelmy Berthold, as well as many trappers and traders including Colin Campbell, Vance Murray Campbell, Honore Picotte, H.H. Sibley, and the Papins. Chouteau-Walsh Collection, 1795-1872, (474 mss.): personal and business correspondence of Pierre Chouteau, Jr., with his daughter, Julia Maffitt, his wife, the former Emilie Gratiot, his son-in-law, Dr. William Maffitt, and John F. A. Sanford. The personal letters, bills, and receipts provide interesting information on the life of the times, especially regarding the purchase of clothing and household items. The business letters illustrate the interests of Chouteau in the fur trade and railroad ventures, particularly the Illinois Central. One group of manuscripts concerns the career of William Maffitt as assistant surgeon in the U.S. Army. The fur trade letters are not extensive but include information about the sale of Fort Pierre to the government, the trip of Sanford up the Missouri to various posts in 1839, information concerning Andrew Drips, Alexander Culbertson, various Indian tribes, government contract for supply of Indian goods, and letters of William Laidlaw about difficulties over sale of liquor and licenses to trade. Information covers period from 1824-1844. An additional collection of manuscripts, purchased in 1988, includes estate inventories of several prominent St. Louisans: Madame Theresa Chouteau nee Bourgois Estate, 1814; Charles Gratiot Estate; Regis Loisel Estate, 1809; Joseph Robidoux Estate, 1811 Nov 11; St. Paul le Croix Estate, 1815-1822; and Auguste Chouteau, 1830-1838. Also, notes and bonds of Auguste A. Chouteau, 1809-1820; papers of Pierre Chouteau; indenture and notes of Pierre Chouteau, Jr., 1824, 1838; and bond of the Committee for Building Cathedral, 1819 Feb 3. This collection also contains a separately housed ledger of land sales, Berger Tract, St. Louis, Mo., Charles P. Chouteau, agent and attorney, 1857-1865.

Some French and Spanish.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

RESTRICTION: As with all collections, if the documents exist in another format, researchers will be required to use the other format before the original documents will be paged to the reading room. The journals and letter books from Fort Tecumseh (1-31-1830 thru 12-14-1832) and from Fort Pierre (1-17-1832 thru 12-4-1850) are available on microfilm (reel #134). These volumes have also been published, and edited, in South Dakota Historical Collections (library call #: SD/O6/So8h/v.1)

Cite as: Chouteau Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Christie, Alexander.

Papers, 1852-1871. 30 items.

Collection consists primarily of correspondence relating to the of Pacific Railroad with headquarters in Franklin, Mo. Three items relate to the Civil War: a letter referencing the prewar Kansas-Missouri border conflicts (September 6, 1856); a letter describing Union/secessionist activities around Rolla, Mo. (July 5, 1861); and a letter assuring Christie that Confederates will not get to St. Louis (September 26, 1861).

Cite as: Alexander Christie Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Christmas letters collection, [1861]; 1892-1996. 5 folders (100 items).

Collection of letters sent by various people at Christmas time to their friends and acquaintances with Christmas wishes.

Cite as: Christmas Letters Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Church registers of Saint Louis collection, [1766-1971]. 2 folders.

Listing of baptisms from St. Louis Cathedral, 1766-1771; and the start of an index to St. Louis Church Register.


Cite as: Church Registers of St. Louis Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Churches collection, 1727-2000. 7 boxes (3.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder; 1 reel microfilm.

Papers containing historical information relating to churches in early St. Louis and other parts of Missouri; includes correspondence regarding the objections of the Missouri Presbyterian ministers to taking the oath of allegiance as a qualification for participating in the business aspect of the church; and names of ministers who refused to become identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church, South when the schism (1845) occurred in Columbia, Mo. Also records related to the restoration of the Old Bonhomme Stone Church (Presbyterian) in St. Louis County.

Some French.

Bonhomme Presbyterian Ladies Aid Society minutes (microfilm) may not be reproduced without the permission of Bonhomme Presbyterian Church.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Churches Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Churchill, Winston (1871-1946).

Papers, 1907-1947. 1 folder.

Winston Churchill was born 10 November 1871, in St. Louis, son of Edward S. Churchill and Emma Bell Blaine. He went to the naval academy at Annapolis, but grew tired of naval life and devoted his time to writing. His first novel, The Celebrities, was published in 1897 and was moderately successful. Two years later, he produced Richard Carvel, which was immediately hailed as one of America's most powerful historical novels. This was a tale of pre-Revolutionary Annapolis, which he had planned while a midshipman at the academy. He followed this with The Crisis, a story of the Civil War, which became his most widely read novel. His other books included Coniston, The Inside of the Cup, The Dwelling Place of Light, The Crossing, and Mr. Crewe's Career. Mr. Churchill lived most of his life in Cornish, New Hampshire, where he had built a home named "Harlakenden Hall" in honor of his wife, the former Mabel Harlakenden Hall of St. Louis. Mr. Churchill died in St. Louis in 1946.

Collection includes some biographical data and Churchill's correspondence, mainly with family and friends regarding his books and life at Harlakenden Hall.

Cite as: Winston Churchill Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cieslak, Zane.

Plans for experimental monoplane, 1933-1948. 1 flat storage box (16 items).

Zane Cieslak was a St. Louis aviator and designer, who worked with the Mahoney-Ryan Aircraft Company.

Plans and descriptions for experimental monoplane or its model (original 1933, model 1948). Also photocopies of clippings and photographs, and booklet on aerodynamics for pilots.

Cite as: Zane Cieslak Plans for Experimental Monoplane, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Circulars collection, 1801-1973. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Collection contains circulars from national, state, and local clubs; rewards; political, business and show advertisements; 1973 circular issued by Action, St. Louis, "Hit Ladue and Clayton Areas; they got plenty!!"; and prospectus of The African, an anti-abolition monthly published in St. Louis by J.W. Hedenberg, September 16, 1843.

Cite as: Circulars Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cisco, John J.

Letterbook, 1864. 1 volume (letterpress)

Letters of Cisco, dated March 21-August 29, 1864, written from the U.S. Treasury at New York, mostly to Salmon P. Chase, Washington, D.C., regarding the use of gold to back currency, and European markets.

Cite as: John J. Cisco Letterbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Citizens' Bridge Committee (St. Louis, Mo.).

Papers, 1911-1914. One folder.

The Citizen's Bridge Committee was formed to organize voter support to pass bond initiatives for the completion of the Municipal Free Bridge. The committee circulated petitions, pamphlets and brochures urging voters to "Finish The Bridge." The collection contains sample initiative petition for the completion of the bridge; a "Municipal Bridge Petition" to the Municipal Assembly, St. Louis; pamphlets and flyers listing reasons to finish the bridge, correspondence to Stella Drumm at the Missouri Historical Society regarding these materials.


Citizen's Smoke Abatement League (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Papers, 1917-1935. 1 box (ca.25 items); 4 volumes.

The Citizen's Smoke Abatement League of St. Louis grew out of the Smoke Abatement Committee of the Chamber of Commerce. The League was incorporated on March 27, 1927, "to promote and maintain an organization for smoke abatement in St. Louis and vicinity, through the agencies of publicity, technical research, education, cooperation and law enforcement." It consisted of an Executive Committee, a Board of Directors, and various levels of membership according to the amount of dues paid from $1 to $100 annually.

Collection consists of the financial records of the organization, including a ledger (1926-1935); a cash book (1926-1935); two expense journals (1927-1935); printed matter; correspondence, mainly to J.H. Gundlach, Chamber of Commerce, regarding smoke abatement in 1925, 1926; monthly statements and accounts, 1927-1933; two bankbooks, 1926 and 1927-1935; undated by-laws; and list of subscribers to the organization.

Cite as: Citizen's Smoke Abatement League Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Civic Improvement League.

Papers, 1902-1921. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 volume.

The object of the Civic Improvement League, according to the constitution of the organization, was "to secure better civic conditions; to promote local municipal improvements; to further wholesome legislation and to stimulate public sentiment in favor of making St. Louis a better place in which to live." Any citizen of St. Louis or its suburbs was eligible for membership in the League.

Correspondence, 1914-1920; minutes of the Executive Board, April 1902-May 1910; correspondence concerning the St. Louis Pageant and Masque and Conferences of Cities, 1914; financial records (bound volumes), 1902-1908; disbound book of expenditures, 1915-1921; disbound book, membership register of the Civic Improvement League, 1910.

Cite as: Civic Improvement League Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Civil War collection, 1860-1977 (bulk 1861-1865). 15 boxes; 8 oversize boxes; 20 volumes; 3 map drawers

The Civil War Collection comprises individual documents and small collections relating to the war, which were acquired by the Missouri Historical Society by donation and purchase from numerous sources since the Society's founding in 1866. These items have been placed in the Civil War Collection because of their common subject matter (i.e., the Civil War). The manuscripts in this collection relate primarily to affairs in Missouri and to the affairs and operations of Missouri troops, both Confederate and Union, primarily in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. The collection includes personal papers, such as correspondence, diaries, and reminiscences; official military papers, such as muster rolls, loyalty oaths, paroles, and special and general orders; and newspapers.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Civil War Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Civilian defense collection, 1941-1958. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection contains correspondence, instruction booklets, diagrams, etc. pertaining to civilian defense in World War II and after. The emphasis of the collection is on St. Louis, particularly in the city's West End and Carondelet. Greater St. Louis Citizens Committee for Nuclear Information, 1958.

Cite as: Civilian Defense Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clamorgan Family.

Papers, 1794-1817. 30 items.

Jacques Clamorgan is said to have come to St. Louis from Guadelupe. His name appears first in the St. Louis archives in 1784. He was a leader in the first Missouri Fur Company and was in partnership with Regis Loisel. After the Louisiana transfer, he was appointed one of the judges of the court of quarter-sessions. He died in November 1814, leaving a family of mulatto children.

Collection includes several letters of Baron de Carondelet to Santiago Clamorgan, 1794-1796; A document of Clamorgan, for Missouri Company, to Governor Casa Calvo, asks privilege to trade with Othoas, Mahas, Poncas, and to build a fort to restrain the Mandans and support 100 militia for protection against British aggression; notes and payments and several land deeds to Jacques Clamorgan; Clamogran's[?] will, October 31, 1814; undated photostat instruction given to Jean Evans for crossing the continent and discovering a passage from the source of the Missouri.

Cite as: Clamorgan Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clark, Edward Payson (1838-1921).

Papers, 1823; 1862-1869. 1 partial box (75 items).

Edward Payson Clark, Sr., was born May 16, 1838, in Milton, Vt. He married Mary J. Jocelyn in September 1862. During the Civil War, he was a corporal in the 12th Vermont Infantry in 1862, a sergeant in the Vermont Militia in 1865, and was commissioned second lieutenant, Company H., 1st Regiment, Vermont Militia, in 1866. He died October 22, 1921, in St. Louis County.

Papers contain letters of Edward P. Clark to his wife, Mary, and a diary of Clark (198 pages), which describe the affairs of the 12th Vermont Infantry, while stationed in camps at Washington, D.C., and in northern Virginia. Also contains letter of Mary L. Martin to cousin, dated October 30, 1862, which describes the arrest and lynching of a man in Kansas.

Cite as: Edward Payson Clark Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clark Family.

Collection, 1766-1991. 14 boxes, 24 volumes, 19 oversize items.

The collection is divided into five series: George Rogers Clark Papers; William Clark Papers; Meriwether Lewis Clark Papers which includes material related to his two sons, John O'Fallon Clark (2nd) and Samuel Churchill Clark; George Rogers Hancock Clark Papers; and the papers of Other Family Members. The family members represented in the last group include: Jefferson Kearney Clark; William Hancock Clark; Eleanor Glasgow Clark; and Beatrice Chouteau Clark.

The papers of George Rogers Clark (1752-1818), soldier and frontiersman, of Virginia, Missouri, and Kentucky, consist of correspondence, fragmentary journals, enlistments, receipts, accounts, orders, and reports, dealing primarily with the campaigns in the Illinois country during the Revolutionary War and later expeditions against the Indians and Spaniards. A few letters relate to the early history of St. Louis, Missouri. Correspondents of George Rogers Clark include Capt. Brashear, Col. Arthur Campbell, Capt. Dalton, Col. John Floyd, Charles Gratiot, Capt. Helm, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, Col. J. M. P. Legras, Fernando de Leyba, Col. Benjamin Logan, Col. John Montgomery, Lt. John Rogers, Capt. Shannon, Capt. Williams, and Capt. Worthington.

The papers of William Clark (1770-1838), explorer with Meriwether Lewis, are composed of correspondence with Meriwether Lewis and Thomas Jefferson and journals relating to the expedition to the Pacific. There are also journals Clark kept while serving in the Indian campaigns under Col. John Hardin and Generals Charles Scott and Anthony Wayne. Correspondence from 1818 to 1833 relates to his service as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in St. Louis. Correspondents in the collections include family members and business/political associates: Daniel Clark, Henry Dearborn, Henry Deringer, John H. Eaton (Secretary of War), Rene Jusseaume, Stephen W. Kearny, Lafayette, James Madison, James Monroe, William Morrison, Benjamin O'Fallon, Dr. James J. O'Fallon, John O'Fallon, Sylvester Pattie, Prince Paul (of Wurttemburg, Germany), and Clark's sons Meriwether Lewis and George Rogers Hancock Clark.

Other material in the collection includes Clark's four morocco bound manuscript journals of the expedition, 1805 April - 1806 June, Clark's personal notebook and journal, 1817-1820, biographical and personal notes of the William Clark family, school notebooks of the children, and correspondence about the collection.

The John O'Fallon Clark Collection, 1786-1904, which has been added to the papers, includes papers of the Clark family of Missouri. Includes deeds, land records, and will of William Clark; correspondence and records of George Rogers Hancock Clark and his descendants; papers regarding land in Paducah, Kentucky, Jeffersonville, Indiana, and land surveys; and litigation over Lewis-Clark papers found in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1953.

This collection also contains a separately housed Mexican War account and memoranda book of Meriwether Lewis Clark (1809-1881) , son of William Clark, recording army pay, allowances and expenses, supplies and purchases, with ledger of personal family accounts at rear, April 1846-June 1847. He commanded a battalion of volunteer artillery raised at St. Louis in 1846 and accompanied Doniphan's expedition during the Mexican War.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Cite collection at the series level (Box 1-9, 11-14). Cite Box 10 as: Clark Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clark, Peter F. (1829-1919).

Papers 1863-1865. 1 folder.

Peter F. Clark was born January 27, 1829, in Greene County, Ill. The family moved to Lawrence County, Mo., in 1848. In 1850, Peter Clark crossed the plains and mined for two years in California. He returned to Missouri and at the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted in the Lawrence County home guards. He later raised Company A, 11th Missouri Cavalry (Union). After the war he returned to Missouri. In 1874, he again crossed the plains, this time settling in Oregon. He married Margaret J. Marsh in Lawrence County, Mo., September 23, 1852. He died June 19, 1919, in West Salem, Ore.

Papers consist primarily of the letters (typescript copies) of Peter Clark to his wife, Jane, in Lawrence County, Mo. Letters are mostly written from Missouri, Kansas, and Colorado Territory, and describe the affairs of the 11th Missouri Cavalry in Missouri and while on a march as part of an escort from Fort Leavenworth, Kans., to Fort Union, N.M. Includes information regarding camp life, songs, marches, Indians, and guerrilla warfare in Missouri; and mentions of several Lawrence County men in the regiment and affairs in Lawrence County. Papers also contain several letters of Jane Clark to her husband, and one letter of John Steele to Peter Clark, dated Tullahoma, Tenn., April 19, 1865.

Cite as: Peter F. Clark Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Clark Sesquicentennial celebration collection

See George Rogers Clark sesquicentennial celebration collection


Clarke, John T. (1843-1922).

Papers, 1864-1884. 1 folder.

John T. Clarke was born March 20, 1843, in Stevensburg, Culpeper County, Va. At the age of ten he emigrated to Missouri with his family, settling in the southeastern part of the state. He enlisted in Company I, 31st Missouri Infantry (Union), at Mineral Point, Mo., in August 1862. He was mustered out in July 1865 and died December 29, 1922, at Jefferson City, Mo.

Collection contains John T. Clarke's pocket diary (46 pages), dated May to August 1864, which contains brief accounts of military operations of the 31st Missouri Infantry in Georgia during the Atlanta Campaign, and numbers of casualties; a furlough and several special orders regarding Clarke; letter of Wm. Murphy to Clarke, dated Gratiot Street Prison, July 7, 1865, stating his case for release from prison; newspaper clipping from a Jefferson City newspaper, dated September 21, 1941, which contains a historical sketch of Clarke; and newspaper clipping from The Daily Tribune (Jefferson City), dated January 17, 1884, which contains the correspondence of Clarke with Governor Thomas C. Fletcher, who had assisted Clarke during the war. (Diary was published in the Bulletin of the Missouri Historical Society, Volume VIII, Number 4 [July 1952].)

Cite as: John T. Clarke Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clarke, Powhatan H. (1862-1893).

Papers, 1842-1921. 7 boxes (3.2 linear ft.); 8 volumes.

Powhatan H. Clarke, was born October 9, 1862, at the Esperenga Plantation, Alexandria, Rapides Parrish, Lousiana, the son of Powhatan H. Clark, physician and professor of Natural Science at Baltimore City College for 30 years. He began his education at Senlis, France, continued at Baltimore City College and Maryland Agricultural College before entering West Point, from which he graduated in June 1884. He joined the 10th U.S. Cavalry that same month at Fort Davis, Tex., as a second lieutenant. Clarke took part in Indian campaigns and was twice commended for conspicuous gallantry against hostile Indians. He was awarded the medal of honor for rescuing a soldier under enemy fire. In April 1891, Clarke was assigned a military attache in Berlin, where he served in a Prussian regiment. He returned May 1892, and joined his regiment at Fort Custer, Mont. In June 1892 he married Elizabeth (Elsie) F. Clemens. On July 21, 1893, he drowned in the Little Elkhorn River at Fort Custer, when he dove into what he supposed to be deep water, but was actually a shallow area studded with sharp edged stones.

Correspondence of the Clarke family, chiefly of Powhatan H. Clarke, his wife, and their son, Powhatan H. Clarke, Jr. (1893-1920). Also includes letters from Clarke to his mother when attending school in France, 1874, and when a cadet at West Point, 1881-1883. Includes 80 letters, with 39 sketches, from artist and author Frederic Remington (1861-1909) to Powhatan H. Clarke and his wife regarding personal matters and letters from Remington and Mrs. Remington to the wife and parents of Powhatan H. Clarke regarding his death. There are several examples of magazine articles written by Clarke and illustrated by Remington. Clarke's army papers (1884-1893), field notes, a report from Fort Grant, Arizona Territory, 1887, and a manuscript of his "Report on Army Organization," ca. 1892; and notebooks (1917) of Powhatan H. Clarke, Jr., while a student at the Cadet School of Military Aviation, University of Illinois. Also includes eight bound volumes: West Point account book (1880-1884); order book from days as cadet at West Point through tour in Arizona Territory (1880-1890); receipts of payment to Clarke while stationed in Germany with the 2nd Westphalian Hussars Regiment, No. 11 (1891-1893); telegrams and notices from tour in Germany (1891-1893); court martial case notes from Fort Custer (1893); scrapbook about Powhatan H. Clarke, assembled by his widow, Elsie Clemens Clarke (1891-1915); diary of Elsie Clemens Clarke (1891-1907); and hand-transcribed copy of Bacon's Rebellion, 1675-1675, taken from Thomas Jefferson's copy by Colin Clarke.

Some French.

Most of the Remington letters are published in Frederic Remington: Selected Letters (B/R284sp)

Cite as: Powhatan H. Clarke Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clay County (Mo.) Board of Registration.

Test oath registration book for Platte Township, 1866-1868. 1 volume.

Registration book containing records of the test oaths administered to voters in Platte Township, Clay County, Mo., 1866-1868, whereby each prospective voter had to swear he had been loyal to the United States government during the Civil War. Typed index is inserted in the front of the volume.

Cite as: Test Oath Registration Book for Platte Township, Clay County, Mo., Missouri Historical Society.


Clay County (Mo.) collection, 1849; 1965. 1 folder (10 items).

Letter of A. Browman to John Brown, dated March 4, 1849, describing Clay County; 1965 press release about bank museum to be opened in Liberty, Mo., with account of robbery of Clay County Bank, February 13, 1866; undated material on Clay County museum.

Cite as: Clay County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clemens, Cyril Coniston (1903-1999).

Collection, 1800-1979. 73 boxes (44 linear ft.)

Third cousin of Mark Twain; founder, president of the International Mark Twain Society; and editor of the Mark Twain Journal.

Collection contains family history and genealogical notes of Boland, Chambers, and Mullanphy families; typescript letters of the Chambers/Mullanphy family, 1827-1847; correspondence, 1920-1979, primarily from prominent literary and political figures, mostly expressing interest in serving as honorary vice-president or as member of the International Mark Twain Society. Includes a letter from Samuel Langhorne Clemens (third cousin of Cyril Clemens) concerning a self-pasting scrapbook invented by him; also Clemens' 1949 thesis, "History of St. Louis, 1854-1860," and articles and publications by Clemens. The bulk of the collection consists of the Cyril Clemens' correspondence on behalf of the International Mark Twain Society; and is not processed.

indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Cyril Clemens Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clemens, Katharine.

"Gardens and books: an autobiography" / by Katharine Clemens, with an introduction by Cyril Clemens, manuscript, 1938. 4 folders.

Katharine Clemens' husband was James Ross Clemens. They were the parents of Cyril Clemens.

Corrected proofs; pp 158-184 are missing.

Cite as: Katharine Clemens, "Gardens and Books: an Autobiography," manuscript, 1938, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clemens, Mary Cornelia.

Clemens family collection, 1737-1954. 8 boxes (3.4 linear ft.); 4 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

Mary Cornelia Clemens was the granddaughter of James Clemens, Jr., and great-granddaughter of Jeremiah Clemens (1763-1826).

Diary of Jeremiah Clemens of Kentucky, dated 1787-1788; two journals of Jeremiah Clemens regarding travels and business in Danville, Ky.; scrapbook of J.W. Clemens containing material on the Clemens family throughout the United States (1872-1885); Mary C. Clemens scrapbook of clippings on the extended Clemens family in St. Louis; five folders of loose clippings regarding Samuel Clemens, the Bryan Mullanphy Emigrant and Travelers' Relief Fund, and James Clemens, Jr.; papers concerning the first thirty years of the Missouri business career of James Clemens, Jr. (1791-1878) of St. Louis; copies of his letters (1815-1816) to his family in Kentucky during the period that he lived in Ste. Genevieve, Mo.; and legal documents of his wife, Eliza (Mullanphy) Clemens, his father-in-law, John M. Mullanphy, and his brother-in-law, Bryan Mullanphy; the diary of Mary Cornelia S. Clemens, dated 1898-1904, with accounts of her stay in Nova Scotia, Leavenworth, Kans., and visits to the 1904 World's Fair; newsclippings, invitations to social events in St. Louis, lottery tickets, and broadsides. Correspondents include Thomas Hart Benton, Henry Marie Breckenridge, Rose Philippine Duchesne, Chester Harding, John M. Mullanphy, and Bishop Joseph Rosati.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Clemens Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Clemens, Samuel

See Mark Twain Monument Commission.


Clemens, Samuel.

Collection, 1881-1968. 1 box (20 items).

Collection contains letter of Samuel Clemens to (Slote), dated March 31, 1881, regarding a self-pasting scrapbook Clemens invented; letter of Samuel Clemens to the Missouri Historical Society, dated 1903, thanking the Society for making him an honorary member; Carnegie Hall printed memorial address to Mark Twain, November 1910; genealogical material regarding the Clemens family; printed matter regarding Mark Twain and Hannibal, Mo.

Cite as: Samuel Clemens Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clifford, Alfred (1869-1927).

Papers, 1884-1947. 40 items.

Mr. Clifford was born in East Medway, Mass., in 1845 and came to St. Louis in 1869. He worked as a bookkeeper for the Ludlow-Saylor Wire Co. and eventually established one of the first barbed wire plants in St. Louis. Mr. John W. Gates and Mr. William Edenborn became his partners. He became one of the active heads of the various mergers that were formed of steel and wire companies, and assumed the chairmanship of the board of the American Steel and Wire Company in 1900. The following year the American Steel and Wire Company was taken into the merger of the United States Steel Corporation, and Clifford served on the board until 1916. He married Miss Mary Francis Morton of St. Louis, who died in 1890, and in 1893 he married Mrs. Elizabeth Johnston Anderson. Mr. Clifford died in 1927 in St. Louis.

Papers include genealogical material of the Clifford family; early patents (1888) for barbed wire; 1889 business papers of Alfred Clifford regarding the construction of barbed wire, sale of the wire, price contracts; price sheets of the St. Louis Wire Mill Co.; correspondence regarding incorporation of American Steel and Wire Co. of New Jersey, 1898-1899; syndicate agreement of U.S. Steel Corporation originated under laws of the state of New Jersey, dated March 2, 1901; published letters between Judge Elbert H. Gary and Alfred Clifford, 1926; printed histories of early development and litigation of barbed wire; correspondence dated 1947 containing biographical data of John W. Gates and Alfred Clifford.

Cite as: Alfred Clifford Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cline, Daisy J.

Papers, 1861-1918. 50 items

Mrs. Daisy J. Cline was a schoolteacher in Clay County schools. Her husband was Fredric A. Cline (ca.1834-1909).

Letters of Fredric A. Cline to his wife, dated Paducah, Ky., Nashville, Eastport, Miss., Cairo, Ill., and New Orleans, 1861-1865, which discuss the affairs of the 40th Missouri Infantry (Union). Also includes letter of S. Douglas, dated 1861, which briefly describes battle at Falling Waters, West Va.; Cline family correspondence, 1880-1884; letters from Fredric A. Cline to his wife and his children in St. Louis from Silver City, N.M., 1885; correspondence and receipts; program for memorial service for President William McKinley, September 19, 1919; and German letters.

Some German.

Cite as: Daisy J. Cline Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cloyd, George Winston.

Papers, 1938-1984. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

George Winston Cloyd was St. Louis County Circuit Court judge, 9th Division. He was associated with the firm of Walter, Hacker, Walter and Barnard, 1950.

Private papers, correspondence, newsletter, printed matter, and newsclippings related to the career of Judge Cloyd, especially his civic activities in connection with the St. Louis Council on Human Relations and the early stages of desegregation of St. Louis swimming pools, 1950-1951. Also materials relating to student activities, military service, legal and judicial career and other civic involvements, 1938-1984.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: George Winston Cloyed Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Clubs and Societies Collection, 1870-1962. 8 boxes

Correspondence, minutes, articles of incorporation, statements, newsclippings, and other papers relating to social, civic, and local patriotic clubs of St. Louis, and to clubs of national interest and importance. Organizations represented include the American Legion, American Society of Civil Engineers (St. Louis branch), Colonial Daughters of the Seventeenth Century, Daughters of the American Revolution, Jefferson Club, Junior League, Missouri Society of the City of New York, National Society of the United States Daughters of 1812, National Society of World War Registrars, Inc., Naturalists' Club, New England Society of St. Louis, St. Louis Chamber of Commerce, Smith College Club, Society of Colonial Wars, Society of Mayflower Descendants, United Daughters of the Confederacy, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Wednesday Club of St. Louis, Western Rowing club, and Women Descendants of Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Clubs and Societies Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Coghill, James C.

Log book and river guide, 1871. 1 volume

Log book kept by James C. Coghill for the steamer R.J. Lockwood, Carter Line, Red River Packet, includes a river guide for landings on the Red River from its mouth to Jefferson, Tex.; landings on the upper Red River from Jefferson, Tex., to Kiamitia; and landings on the lower Mississippi River from St. Louis, to Vicksburg, and on to New Orleans. It also contains a Mississippi River guide from Memphis to Bayou Sara, citing landings and landmarks on the left and right banks going down river.

Donor's mother, Fannie T. Thornhill was the daughter of James C. Coghill.

Not to be used for commercial purposes without permission of donor.

Cite as: James C. Coghill Log Book and River Guide, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Coghlan, Marilyn.

Data regarding her "Rally Around the Flag" quilt, 1991-1993. 1 folder and a framed manuscript.

Collection consists of newsclippings, photographic negatives, and a framed type description that relates to her "Rally Around the Flag" quilt commemorating Desert Storm veterans of Missouri and Illinois. The framed description may have appeared with quilt when it was on display.


Cole, Albert B.

Papers, 1919-1954 (bulk 1924-1946). 1 partial box

Bulk of the collection contains the correspondence, reports, agreements, etc. of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen and the City of St. Louis, dated 1924-1946, regarding various labor issues of railway employees on the city's Water Division, which operated a railroad between its Chain of Rocks, Bissell's Point, and Howard Bend pumping stations. Much of the correspondence is to or from Edward F. Stephens, Chairman, General Grievance Committee, B. of L. F. & E. Also, various other papers of the B. of L. F. & E. In addition, collection includes correspondence and printed matter regarding Missouri Workmen's Compensation Law, 1926; Journal of the Constitutional Convention of Missouri, 1943-1944; Official Returns of the State Primary Election, August 1, 1944; and printed matter of the Pittsburgh Typewriter and Supply Company, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Cite as: Albert B. Cole Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Cole County (Mo.) collection, 1831. 1 folder

Letter of William A. Lacy to Abram Clement dated July 24, 1838: "I am compelled to bury Uncle Charles..."

Cite as: Cole County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Coleman family.

Papers, 1863-1952. 1 partial box

Abba Coleman married Sally Seymour, at West Andover, Ohio, on May 28, 1832. Their children were Catherine, Lempel L., and Clarkson C. Coleman. The children of Clarkson C. Coleman and his wife, Cornelia, were Herbert Seymour Coleman (born in 1867 in Colony, Mo.) and Minnie Coleman (born in 1871 in Colony, Mo.). Herbert Seymour Coleman married Lulu Henson. Minnie Coleman married John T. Brunei.

Papers include family correspondence; obituaries; a notebook with extensive genealogical information on the Coleman and allied families; the Civil War discharge paper of Clark C. Coleman; and other family documents. Much of the material is from the northeast Missouri towns of Edna, Colony, La Belle and Kirksville.

Cite as: Coleman Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Collet, Oscar Wilks (1821-1904).

Collection, 1619-1887. 2 folders (30 items).

Record book of orders for Collet's Historical Record, with autographs of many notable St. Louisans and others, 1882. Manuscript of fictionalized account of life in early nineteenth-century St. Louis entitled "George Selvin: A St. Louis Story," written by Collet, and read before the meeting of the Missouri Historical Society on June 3, 1887, by Miss Josie Bush; and a volume of abstracts and conveyances dated 1805-1873 constituting a record of abstracts of title to lands in survey #422, St. Louis, copied by Oscar W. Collet. Letter of J.H. Cosgrove to O.W. Collet, dated May 17, 1878, sending his article and a copy of article, "Bossier," written account of tobacco use and growth trade in Virginia and Con..., 1619-1883; letters; account of Pierre Espirit Radisson, 3rd voyage and 1st Western Voyage, 1638-1653; journal and poetry of O.W. Collet and genealogy.

Cite as: Oscar Wilks Collet Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Collins, Thomas, R. (1860-1951).

Papers, 1866-1951. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Thomas R. Collins was the son of Martin Collins. Both father and son were insurance brokers and civic leaders in St. Louis. Martin Collins was a thirty-third degree Mason and for many years was the Sovereign Grand Inspector General in Missouri. Thomas R. Collins served on the Executive Board of the St. Louis Council of Boy Scouts, was president of the Sunshine Mission, and was active in working for better inter-racial relations.

Collection consists principally of correspondence relating to the insurance business, Masonic related items, correspondence and a few personal items. Of note are a letterhead of the Sunshine Mission, 1903; pamphlet for church mission house-home for convalescent women, 1905; correspondence regarding the general electric suit vs. Mo. American Electric Co., St. Louis for patent rights, 1906.

Cite as: Thomas R. Collins Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Commercial Club of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1881-1943. 5 boxes (2.5 linear ft.); 9 volumes.

The Commercial Club was formed in 1881 on the model of organizations of similar name in Boston and Chicago. Founded "for the purpose of advancing by social intercourse and by a friendly interchange of views the growth of the City of St. Louis...," its membership, originally limited to sixty gentlemen, was selected for their influence in the trade and commerce of St. Louis. The only professions represented were law and medicine. The club met once a month for dinner and meetings of general discussion. Committees were appointed to consider matters affecting the welfare and progress of the city. Early officers and members included Gerard B. Allen, E.O. Stanard, Joseph Franklin, Newton Crane, Edwin Harrison, E.C. Simmons, S.M. Dodd, Samuel Cupples, Thomas Allen, Erastus Wells, and Charles P. Chouteau. The club dissolved in 1943.

Correspondence relating to membership, club events, and notices of meetings; minutes; membership lists; printed material; and a report of the Board of Engineers appointed by the St. Louis Commercial Club to prepare plans for improvement of the river front, February 1917. Also the complete official corporate record, including the constitution, minutes of meetings, texts of reports and speeches (often printed), programs, and membership lists.

Cite as: Commercial Club of St. Louis Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Commissions collection

Items from the Commissions Collection were transferred to Alphabetical Files (see under individual's name) or to the collection in which they originally belonged. (Transferred ca. 2001.)


Communications collection, 1850-1939. 1 folder.

Collection consists of telegram examples; a letter of Thomas C. McAfee to Tal P. Shaffner, January 3, 1850, regarding bringing a telegraph line into St. Louis; a news article about Elmer Washburn, telephone lineman, describing camp life led by turn-of-the-century line-building crews, September 1939.

Cite as: Communications Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Compton and Sons Company.

Letterbook, 1874-1901. 5 volumes.

Compton and Sons Company was a lithographing and printing company.

Initially collected by Charles M. Thomson, Dean of Commerce at University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana, ca. 1940, as part of a 600-cubic-feet collection of business records collected as part of a University of Illinois effort to document American business.


Concord Baptist Church (Cooper County, Mo.).

Records, [1810-1831]; 1832-1890. 3 volumes

The Concord Baptist Church was established May 10, 1817, in Cooper County, Mo. Also known as the Baptist Church of Christ at Concord and the Church of Jesus Christ, it merged with the Vine Baptist Church in 1846, but retained its own name.

Records contain the minutes and lists of the members of the Concord Baptist Church (1832-1980) and the Vine Baptist Church (1837-1846); and a brief pre-history of the origins of the church from 1810 to 1831, which make mention of black membership in the congregation.

Cite as: Concord Baptist Church Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Concordia Gymnastic Society (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1876-1985. 50 linear feet.

The Concordia Gymnastic Society, initially named the Concordia Turnverein, was one of the German immigrant athletic societies founded in the United States during the nineteenth century. Founded in 1875, the Concordia Gymnastic Society was initially located at Arsenal and 13th, and moved to 6432 Gravois in the 1960s. It was one of the few Turner societies to have survived and thrived throughout the twentieth century.

The collection consists of the corporate records of the Concordia Gymnastic Society, and includes constitutions and by-laws, minutes, reports, directors' files, records relating to its buildings, financial records, records related to sporting activities, newsletters and programs. The collection also includes records of the Concordia Turners Hall Association, from which the Concordia Gymnastic Society leased its building in the earlier years of its existence, and a body of associated records relating to the Concordia Gymnastic Society's affiliation with the regional Turner councils and the national American Turners.

Some German.

No part of the collection will be disposed of without first being offered back to the Concordia Gymnastic Society, so long as the Concordia Gymnastic Society remains in operation.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Concordia Gymnastic Society Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Confederate States Army. Trans-Mississippi Department. 1st Army Corps. 4th Cavalry Division.

Order book, 1862 Sep 8-1864 Jun 11. 1 volume (480 pages); 1 roll microfilm.

Transferred to Civil War Collection (see John Sappington Marmaduke order book).

RESTRICTION: As with all collections, if the documents exist in another format, researchers will be required to use the other format before the original documents will be paged to the reading room.


Contracts collection, 1811-1852. 1 folder.

Contract of Lois Berard to engage as an apprentice in tobacco making for the sum of $100, dated 1811. to Isaac....; contract of Antoine Volsane to engage himself as an apprentice to Bonpart to learn blacksmithing, dated April 18, 1816; 1852 contract for rental of land.

Cite as: Contracts Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Conway Family.

John Conway family papers, 1861-1863. 1 folder (8 items).

John F. Conway was born ca. 1842 in Franklin County, Mo. He enlisted in Company I, 26th Missouri Infantry (Union), at Union, Mo., in September 1861. He served as private and sergeant, and was killed November 25, 1863, at the Battle of Missionary Ridge.

Papers include three letters of John Conway to his mother which briefly describe the affairs of his regiment; two documents relating to back pay of Conway; letter of Seth Burton to his cousin, dated Milliken's Bend, La., April 17, [no year], which discusses the attitude of federal soldiers toward the organization of black regiments; and letter fragments. Includes some illustrated stationery.


Conway Family.

Joseph Conway family papers, 1798-1922. 4 folders (60 items); 1 oversized folder.

Joseph Conway was born in 1763. He was a frontiersman and an Indian fighter. He came to Louisiana during the Spanish period and settled in St. Louis County in 1798. He died in 1830.

Collection contains land sales, deeds, indentures; bills of sale of negroes; land grant and survey; wills; blank Revolutionary War claims for the relief of surviving officers and soldiers of the Army of the Revolution; genealogy. Many of the earlier items within the collection concern Joseph Conway.

Cite as: Joseph Conway Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cook Family.

Robert Cook family papers, 1842-1934. 1 box (1.0 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Papers include autograph book of Lizzie Albright, 1856; diary of Isaac Cook, Jr., 1890; Robert Cook letters and correspondence, 1930; Edith Cook letters of sympathy to her regarding the death of Isaac Cook, Jr.; family correspondence, 1919-1936; letters to Robert Cook, 1932-1939; Cook-Albright family papers; Cook-Mudd family papers; Mudd family correspondence; and bonds.

Cite as: Robert Cook Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cook, Fannie Frank (1893-1949).

Papers, 1874-1949. 31 boxes (15.5 linear ft.); 12 volumes.

Fannie Frank, daughter of Julius and Jennie Frank, was born October 4, 1893, in St. Charles, Mo. Her family moved to St. Louis when Mr. Frank became connected with the Rice-Stix Dry Goods Company of St. Louis, in 1898. She graduated from Soldan High School (1911), the University of Missouri-Columbia (1914), and received her master's degree from Washington University in 1916. She married Dr. Jerome Cook, director of medicine and chief of staff at Jewish Hospital; they had two sons. Fannie Cook was a versatile writer who was actively interested in problems of contemporary society and whose literary works of fiction and nonfiction were often based on her political and social attitudes. She died August 25, 1949, following a heart attack.

Correspondence regarding St. Louis race relations and southern Missouri sharecroppers; records of the St. Louis Race Relations Commission, St. Louis Committee for the Rehabilitation of Sharecroppers, and People's Art Center; correspondence with publishers and literary agents; literary manuscripts including those for articles, essays, poems, short stories and novels; scrapbooks; and photographs.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Fannie Frank Cook Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Cook, Isaac

See: Isaac Cook Real Estate Company


Cook, Robert and Mary Elizabeth

Papers 1 folder

The collections consists of correspondence, clippings, stock certificates, genealogical charts, and photostats pertaining to the Hodgen-Mudd and Cook families.

Cite as: Robert & Mary Elizabeth Cook Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Coons Family.

Papers, 1845-1866. 4 boxes (1.4 linear ft.)

Frank Coons was a trader from St. Louis who traded and lived in Mexico and California. He has been identified as one of the founders of El Paso, Tex.

Papers include correspondence between Frank and family (originals with typescripts); other family correspondence, calling cards, etc; diaries of Jennie Coons while at Monticello Female Academy, 1851-1852[1853] and 1857 diary; catalogues of Monticello Female Academy, 1845; and a 1994 article by Ben E. Pingenot titled "The Great Wagon Train Expedition of 1850," which includes a biographical sketch of Frank Coons.

Cite as: Coons Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Co-op Pottery Association (Cape Girardeau, Mo.).

Day book, 1885. 1 volume

Cite as: Co-op Pottery Association Day Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cooper County (Mo.) collection, 1810-1961. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Chiefly marriage returns (1829-1881) of Cooper County, Mo.; records (1810-1845) of the Baptist Church of the District of St. Charles, in Upper Louisiana, from its first meeting to its meeting in Boonville, Mo.; report (1935) of the Missouri Training School for Boys in Boonville; and correspondence relating to life in Cooper County in the mid-1800s.

Cite as: Cooper County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cooper County (Mo.) Sheriff and Public Administrator.

Records, 1850-1873. 10 volumes

In Cooper County, Mo., during these years, relevant offices were held by Harvey Bunce, sheriff and public administrator; Thomas E. Rochester, sheriff; and William Williams, deputy sheriff and collector.

Contains records of the Cooper County sheriff and mostly include the records of sheriff's sales of real estate and businesses in execution of court ordered awards from the Cooper County Circuit Court and the Cooper County Court of Common Pleas, and the distribution of proceeds from such sales as well as the distribution of estates. Specific records include receipts for distribution of proceeds from sales; records of a receipts for fees and warrants collected and paid in execution of court orders; and records of merchants' bonds, statements of goods, and amounts of liens.

Cite as: Cooper County (Mo.) Sheriff and Public Administrator's Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cordell Family.

Papers, 1849-1850. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Two copies of Cordell Records: A Virginia Family, by Allan S. Humphreys, 1940; genealogical notes compiled by Allan S. Humphreys; family letters written to and from family in Missouri, 1849-1850; some photographs and sketches of family members.

Cite as: Cordell Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Corporations and industries collection. 17 boxes (8.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Collection contains questionnaires sent to local corporations by the Missouri Historical Society concerning the history of the corporation, their business assets, etc. for the purpose of building a collection. The project was started in 1955 and was continued for several years. Also included are pamphlets, brochures, financial reports, etc. sent by the various companies to add to the collection; and transcripts from a radio broadcast, "Salute to St. Louis Businesses," which highlighted the history of local businesses.

Collection is name indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Corporations and Industries Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Coultas, Samuel.

Architectural Renderings, 1898. 2 folders

Seven pen and ink drawings, five of which date from February to April 1898. Only one of the seven is identified as the Pavilion in Forest Park. The remainder of the drawings are unidentified, two have no date.

Cite as: Samuel Coultas Architectural Renderings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Coulter Family.

Papers, 1799-1880. 2 folders; 3 volumes.

Land papers to Coulter family and others mostly in Kentucky and some in Missouri; burlap-covered notebook, dated August 29, 1816, of Sterling Coulter [spelled Colter in book] containing arithmetic principles, "rule of three", financial transactions, etc.; some official appointments with the Kentucky militia, ca. 1916; typed manuscript of "History of Town of Ferguson, 1845-1911," by Cornelia C. Coulter; account book of the Rev. Joseph Hill Coulter, kept while he was traveling for the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 1869-1876; account book kept by G.T. Chamberlain as agent for William B. Ferguson, et. al., which contains house rents, 1885-1892.

Cite as: Coulter Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Coulter, Laura Amelia Chamberlain.

Papers, 1888-1889; 1892-1894. 1 folder (40 items); 2 volumes.

Laura Amelia Chamberlain (Mrs. Horace Parshall Coulter) was the daughter of G.T. Chamberlain. She lived in Ferguson, Mo.

Two household account books of Laura Coulter, 1892-1894; and approximately 40 letters of Laura Coulter to her father, G.T. Chamberlain, 1888-1889.

Cite as: Laura Amelia Chamberlain Coulter Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Council for Exceptional Children. Chapter 103 (Saint Louis, Mo.).

See National Education Association. Council for Exceptional Children.


Council of National Defense. St. Louis Woman's Committee Records, 1917-1919.

1 partial box (4 items).

Records include executive board and advisory committee minutes, 1917-1919, includes constitution and by laws amendments (67 pages); History of the St. Louis Woman's Committee, Council of National Defense, 1917-1919 (printed booklet, 16 pages); report of the St. Louis Woman's Committee, n.d. (annotated typescript reporting by department the activities of the St. Louis Woman's Committee, 7 pages); departmental reports, 1918; letter regarding hospital report and cover letter and list of typists and stenographers registered in cooperation with the U.S. Labor Bureau for Government Service, 5 pages.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Records of the Saint Louis Woman's Committee, Council of National Defense, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Council of National Defense. Woman's Committee, Missouri Division Records, 1917-1919.

13 boxes (linear ft.)

The Council of National Defense, in response to the war, appointed a woman's committee, April 21, 1917, to coordinate the home-front activities of woman's clubs, associations and societies throughout the country. The Missouri Division of the Woman's Committee first organized in St. Louis, May 28, 1917, with Mrs. Benjamin F. Bush as chairwoman.

Collection consists of correspondence, memorabilia, circulars and printed material generated and received by the St. Louis organization. Includes several hundred "War Records"--forms filled out by World War I servicemen in Missouri.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Council of National Defense, Woman's Committee of the Missouri Division Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

County courts papers, 1844-1851.

See Missouri. Governor (Jefferson City, Mo.). Justice of the Peace recommendations and appointments; and Missouri Register of Land Titles (Jefferson City, Mo.) Records, Box 12.


Courts collection, 1805-1979. 1 folder (30 items).

Document dated 1805, St. Louis, recognizing that a general subordination of law and good government exists in Louisiana Territory (photostat); papers regarding Louisiana nominations from the senate, 1805 (photostat); several papers regarding early court of Louisiana, 1805; program of ceremonies commemorating opening of St. Louis County Probate Court; history of court and biography data of 11 judges of the 80 years of the court's existence, 1958; list of probate judges of city and county of St. Louis, 1841-1891, copy, 1971.

Cite as: Courts Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Couzins, John E.D. (1813-1886).

Papers, [1825]; 1861-1950. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

J.E.D. Couzins came to St. Louis in 1836. He was the police captain and the chief of police in St. Louis. He and his wife worked with the Western Sanitary Commission. He was also the U.S. Marshal for the Eastern District of Missouri. In 1862, he broke up extensive gangs of counterfeiters in St. Louis. His daughter, Phoebe Couzins, received her law degree from Washington University in 1871. She was the first woman lawyer in Missouri and the third woman in the United States to be admitted to practice law.

The papers deal with the work of John E.D. Couzins and his wife Adaline in the Western Sanitary Commission in the Civil War. Also included are various papers regarding Phoebe Couzins, including photocopies from the Washington University reports concerning the admission of Phoebe Couzins into the School of Law, 1868; her Washington University diploma, May 8, 1871; license to practice law in Arkansas, 1871; document appointing Phoebe to the Board of Lady Managers, World Columbian Exposition, April 25, 1891. Also included is correspondence regarding Jean Couzins, who was believed to have reached America before Columbus; and a map of Brotherton, St. Louis County, which was washed away by the Missouri River flood, ca. 1882-1883.

Cite as: J.E.D. Couzins Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cox Family.

Papers, 1818-1872. 1 folder (30 items); 1 volume.

Caleb Cox was born in 1787 in Virginia. He moved to New Orleans to join his older brother, Nathaniel, who married Ann Barnes Harrison. The brothers came to St. Louis in 1820 and established a store. Another brother, Moses, moved to Fredericktown, Mo., ca. 1823-1825, and also operated a store.

Papers include correspondence of Caleb Cox to his future wife, Louisa Hemis, in New Orleans; letters of Moses Cox to Mrs. Louis Cox in St. Louis; a journal of Caleb Cox (1818-1820), part of which are entries of his trip from New Orleans to St. Louis and back (August 1819 to February 1820) and return; later correspondence (1858-1870) of Mrs. Louisa Cox, Fredericktown, Mo., to her children. One document signed William C.C. Claiborne (November 19, 1813) appointing Caleb Cox Captain in 1st Regiment of the State of Louisiana. Of special note is a letter form Henry A. Cox to his mother, Mrs. Louisa Cox, June 15, 1849, in which he describes traveling across the prairies in an ox wagon. Some photostats.

Cite as: Cox Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Craighead, Alexander.

Papers, 1800-1815. 2 folder (60 items).

Alexander Craighead was a merchant in Ste. Genevieve, Mo., and had interest in mines in Ste. Genevieve, Herculaneum, and Washington County.

The papers include correspondence relating to Craighead's mercantile business in Ste. Genevieve, but mainly to his lead mining ventures in the vicinity of Herculaneum, Ste. Genevieve, and Washington County. Some correspondence from John Smith T's interest in the Shibboleth Mine.

Some French.

Cite as: Alexander Craighead Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cramer, Gustave (1838-1915).

Family papers, 1848-1915. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Gustave Cramer was born in Germany in 1838, and came to St. Louis in 1859. He was a pioneer in the manufacture of photographic dry plates, and founder of G. Cramer Dry Plate Company, St. Louis, 1882. A philanthropist, he was founder of St. Louis Altenheim, a home for the aged.

Pioneer in manufacture of photographic dry plates. Record book (in German) of chemical experiments in the G. Cramer Dry Plate Company, 1898; scrapbook of clippings, souvenirs, records, German documents. Record book is on microfilm #58.

Some German

Cite as: Gustave Cramer Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Crandall, Warren D. ( -1919).

Research Collection, 1864-1921 (bulk 1887-1909). 1 box

Collection contains correspondence and reminiscences of veterans of the Mississippi River Ram Fleet and Mississippi Marine Brigade to Warren D. Crandall, and also material gathered by Crandall for his book, History of the Ram Fleet and Mississippi Marine Brigade, published in 1907. (The Mississippi River Ram Fleet was formed by Charles Ellet in March 1862 and was succeeded by the Mississippi Marine Brigade. The Marine Brigade was recruited largely from other Army organizations, under the authority of the War Department.) The bulk of the collection consists of veterans' correspondence to Crandall regarding reunions of the Marine Brigade. The collection also contains biographical sketch forms filled out by veterans, and other material gathered by Crandall regarding the Marine Brigade.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Warren D. Crandall Research Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Crane, C. Howard.

Architectural Drawings, 1927. 9 oversized folders.

Architectural blueprints of the Fox Theater, St. Louis, by C. Howard Crane, 34 prints.

Cite as: C. Howard Crane Architectural Drawings of the Fox Theater, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cropp, Lucy Susan Cason.

Journal, 1858-1880. 1 volume

Volume of religious writing by Lucy Cropp for her children, with notes added by the children at end of volume, ca. 1940s.

Cite as: Lucy Susan Cason Cropp Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Crow, Carl (1883-1945).

Papers, 1901-1945. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Carl Crow was born in Highland, Mo. He worked as a reporter in Columbia, Mo., and Fort Worth, Tex., until 1911, when he was offered a post as associate city editor of the The China Press in Shanghai. There, he wrote the first of his fourteen published books, Travelers Handbook for China. In 1913, he became the business manager of The Japan Advertiser and also the Tokyo correspondent for the United Press. He founded and edited The Shanghai Evening Post and also became proprietor for an advertising agency, which he maintained until 1937. In 1937, he wrote Four Hundred Million Customers, a study of Orientals and their trading habits. The book became a bestseller and this lead to the writing of many other books by Mr. Crow. He died in 1945.

The papers consist of personal and business correspondence. The personal papers are from Crow to his family in St. Louis, pertaining primarily to his life in China and Japan, and to his writing career. The business papers include agreements between him and his publishers, for his books; and papers relating to the closing of his estate, especially to the properties deposited at the University of Missouri.

Cite as: Carl Crow Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Crow Family.

Papers, 1856-1870. 1 folder (25 items).

Family correspondence and various receipts and bills.

Cite as: Crow Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Crow, R.T.

Records relating to the development of Lake St. Louis. 1960s-1970s. Approx. 10 linear ft., and oversized material.

Records of R.T. Crow relating to his Lake St. Louis Development in St. Charles County, Mo. Consists of manuscript corporate records, aerial photographs, plats, renderings, scrapbooks, and sales books.

Corporate financial records and records related to litigation not available for research, publication, or exhibit until reviewed by donor.


Crumb, Geneva (1872-1962).

Papers, 1846-1957. 2 folders (50 items).

Miss Geneva Crumb was born September 8, 1872, in Bloomfield, Mo. Her family moved to St. Louis in 1897 and she received her B.A. degree from Wellesley College. From 1916 to 1946, she managed the Crumb Real Estate and Farm Loan business in Stoddard County, Mo. She was director in charge of local government for the League of Women Voters in St. Louis from 1943 to 1947. She had a wide variety of interest, including early Arctic exploration. She maintained a lively correspondence with Commodore Robert E. Peary, discoverer of the North Pole.

Papers include correspondence of Miss Crumb, including fifteen letters from Robert E. Peary, mainly concerning his Arctic expedition and a contract (1908) for his lecture in St. Louis; biographical sketches of Caleb B. Crumb (1814-1886); programs (1861) of the Bloomfield Educational Society; programs (1861) of the Jackson Academy Exhibition; and a real estate broadside (1867).

Cite as: Geneva Crumb Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cruzen, George Richardson (1844-1936).

"The Story of My Life" / Reminiscences, ca. 1930. 2 folders

George Richardson Cruzen was born November 30, 1844, in Harper's Ferry, Va., and moved to Miami, Mo., in 1849. In the late summer of 1861, he joined Logan Balew's men in an effort to drive the federal troops out of Saline County. He was captured, took the oath, and returned home to Miami. In May 1863, he was impressed into service in the 71st Enrolled Missouri Militia. He soon deserted and joined Quantrill's men. In December 1863, he joined the 5th Missouri Cavalry (Confederate) in Arkansas, and served with that unit until the end of the war. He died in Jefferson City, Mo., in 1936.

Contains accounts of military operations in central Missouri, particularly Saline County; affairs of the 71st Enrolled Missouri Militia in the spring and summer of 1863; affairs of Quantrill's men in 1863, including action at Baxter Springs, Kans., and the assistance offered the guerrillas by women; military operations of the 5th Missouri Cavalry in Arkansas (January-July 1864), during Price's Missouri Expedition, and during the retreat to Arkansas and Texas. Also contains account of the affairs of ex-Confederates in Mexico, and information on camp life, diet, and foraging expeditions.

Cite as: George Richardson Cruzen, "The Story of My Life" Reminiscences, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cueny, Alma.

Alma and Elizabeth Cueny papers, 1918-1939. 1 folder (30 items).

Miss Alma Cueny was the co-founder and executive director of the Civic Music League in St. Louis. Miss Elizabeth Cueny was the founder of the Cueny Concert Direction, which was responsible for bringing various musical concerts to St. Louis.

The papers consist mainly of correspondence dealing with the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra concert in St. Louis with Leopold Stokowsi as conductor, March 20, 1926. Also contains correspondence regarding the Mischa Elman Non-Sectarian Refuge Concerts, which came to St. Louis.

Cite as: Alma and Elizabeth Cueny Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Culbertson Family.

Papers, 1826-1951. 6 folders (50 items).

Major Alexander Culbertson was born in 1809. He entered the American Fur Company in 1829 and died in 1879. Thaddeus Ainsworth Culbertson, his half-brother, died in 1850.

Papers include genealogical information; Thaddeas A. Culbertson's journal, dated March 21 to May 27, 1850, which covers an expedition to Mauvaises Terres and the upper Missouri; journal of the history of the Crow Nation by an unknown author, February 1856; manuscript "History of the Indian Tribes of the Missouri River," by Edwin T. Denig, ca. 1855; journal of Major Alexander Culbertson of the American Fur Company describing a journey from the Marias River in Montana to the British Possessions, 1870.

Cite as: Culbertson Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Culver Family.

Papers, 1895-1953. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Collection includes insurance and income tax forms, earnings reports at Century Electric Co.; Masonic papers, correspondence; roster data from Rotary Club; memorial address by Dr. Wesley H. Hager, Grace Methodist Church, all relating to J.F. Culver of Webster Groves, Mo.

Cite as: Culver Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Cunningham, Josepha (1834- ).

Autograph book, ca. 1851. 1 volume (35 pages)

Josepha Cunningham was born Troy, Mo., and married James Henry Aiken.

School girl's autograph book. Also contains photograph of husband, and personal letter (1871).

Cite as: Josepha Cunningham Autograph Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Curran, Pearl Pollard (1883-1937).

Patience Worth collection, 1913-1937. 2 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 30 volumes.

Pearl Pollard was born in 1883, and married John H. Curran in 1907. Upon his death in 1922, she married Henry H. Rogers (died 1926), and in 1931, Robert Warman. Beginning around 1913, the spirit of a supposedly long-dead English Puritan girl, Patience Worth, spoke through Pearl Curran and her ouija board (channelling). Through Mrs. Curran, Patience Worth dictated plays, poems, and essays. A number of publications resulted from the "spiritual writings" of Patience Worth, including The Sorry Tale and Hope Trueblood. Patience Worth continued to communicate through Mrs. Curran on a regular basis until her death in 1937.

Collection consists of writings of Patience Worth; poems written for Mrs. Dudley French and others; 29 typescript volumes of dialogues between Patience Worth and the family and friends of Pearl Curran, 1913-1937, and one volume, entitled "Odds and Ends," of random writings, poems, etc.; and a manuscript by Casper Yost, "The First Book of Panda," 1915-1916.

See biographical entry in "In Her Own Write" for holdings at the Missouri Historical Society.

Cite as: Patience Worth Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Current Century Circle (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1896-1953. 1 box (1.0 linear ft.)

Founded in 1896 by young women with a high school education, who did not plan to continue their educations, but wanted to continue interest in intellectual pursuits. A study group met every other Thursday, September to June. Initially called the Closing Century Circle.

Records include history of the organization, which was compiled annually; programs; clippings; invitations; some photos; some financial records, 1914.

Cite as: Current Century Circle Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Curtis, Mabel B. (1896-1988).

Files regarding the People's Art Center, 1941-1968; 1989. 2 l.f.

Mabel B. Curtis, a graduate of the University of Chicago, served as president of the Board of Directors of the People's Art Center in 1949, and as the organization's executive director from 1950 to 1963. The People's Art Center began as a Works Progress Administration Missouri Artists' Project for artists registered on federal relief, when an interracial sponsoring committee decided in 1941 to form a community arts center in St. Louis to serve all races, creeds and colors. Using W.P.A. art teachers and workmen, and private funds for supplies, the committee rented a building from the Episcopal Church of the Holy Communion, where interracial art classes were held for children and adults. Upon the termination of W.P.A. support in 1943, the sponsoring committee incorporated the People's Art Center Association as a non-profit organization, with Elizabeth Green as its acting chairman, Anna Hensely as secretary, and Henry S. Williams as treasurer. Its board included Charles Nagel, director of the St. Louis Art Museum; John T. Clark, executive secretary of the Urban League of St. Louis; Fannie Cook, noted novelist and social reformer; and Reverend Hohenschild of the Episcopal Church of the Holy Communion. Its funding was provided in part by United Charities, the Greater St. Louis Community Chest, the United Fund, and the Spirit of St. Louis Fund. During Mabel B. Curtis' tenure as executive director (1950-1963), the interracial People's Art Center became increasingly involved in issues relating to civil rights and desegregation, giving rise to conflict between Mrs. Curtis and more conservative board members, which ultimately led to Mrs. Curtis' final break with the Center in 1963. Racial tensions and financial uncertainties ultimately led to the dissolution of the People's Art Center in 1968.

This collection consists of the files collected by Mabel B. Curtis in her capacity as executive director for the People's Art Center in St. Louis, and document much of the history of the People's Art Center. An incomplete body of records, this collection focuses primarily, though by no means exclusively, on the conflicts involving Mabel B. Curtis and the People's Art Center Board of Directors over issues related to civil rights and desegregation. Files consist of the incomplete corporate record, dating from 1943; annual reports, 1950-1961 (incomplete); financial records and records related to funding, 1954-1963; organizational records, dated 1945-1964, that include board minutes and correspondence, executive committee files, and committee minutes and files; class schedules; exhibition records; and files of Elizabeth Green dating from her involvement in the People's Art Center from 1942 through 1946.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Mabel B. Curtis Files Regarding the People's Art Center, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Curtis, Samuel R.

Journal, 1850-1852. 1 volume

City engineer for St. Louis.

Journal of notes, drawings, and letters pertaining to the Mississippi River, and the sewer, street, and drainage system for the city of St. Louis.

Cite as: Samuel R. Curtis Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


D.D. Ryrie and Co. (Alton, Ill.).

Account books, 1853-1875. 3 volumes

Account books of Alton, Ill., grocers, including a journal of receipts and expenses (1853-1861), sales journal (1853-1861), and ledger (1853-1875).

Cite as: D.D. Ryrie and Co. Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


D.K. Oyster (LaGrange, Mo.).

Bills of lading, 1866-1868. 1 volume (200 leaves)

Shipping agents, later became Oyster and Glover.

Records of Mississippi River steamboat shipments.

Cite as: D.K. Oyster Bills of Lading, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dalton, Mary Louise (1869-1907).

Collection, 1812-1917. 7 folders (approx. 30 items).

Mary Louise Dalton was the librarian for the Missouri Historical Society. She graduated from Lindenwood College in 1887.

Papers include scrapbook kept after her death; notebook of Mary Louise Dalton; letter (with typescript) of J. McLanahan, St. Louis, to Gov. Howard, dated June 18, 1812, giving an account of a journey into the Spanish Provinces west of Louisiana in 1809; letter of Charles Gratiot to James Madison, dated July 15, 1812, of the proceedings and resolutions by the citizens of St. Louis regarding the declaration of war with England; letter of N.B. Tucker to James Monroe, dated March 8, 1810, regarding protest of the citizens of St. Louis against the late attempt by the U.S. Congress to restrict them in exercising their rights in forming a state constitution; Dalton family genealogy; notes made by Ms. Dalton of material to be found about Missouri in various territorial papers in Washington, D.C., 1906; list of documents relating to the history of early St. Louis found in the office of the recorder of deeds, St. Louis, basement of the City Hall, 1906; correspondence and biographical data relating to Mary Louise Dalton.

Cite as: Mary Louise Dalton Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dance programs collection. 1874-1905. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Various programs of dance recitals, concerts. Of special note is a program of the reopening of the Southern Hotel in 1881 and programs from Fortnightly and German clubs.

Cite as: Dance Programs Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Danisi, Thomas.

Essays, maps, and publications relating to the history of Lafayette Square, 1994-1995. 1 box

Typescript essays by Thomas Danisi relating to the history of Lafayette Square in St. Louis; accompanying maps; issues of Lafayette Square Marquis in which the essays appeared, November 1994-June 1995.

For reference use only. Essays copyrighted by author, 1994-1995.

Cite as: Thomas Danisi Essays, Maps, and Publications Relating to the History of Lafayette Square, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Darby, John Fletcher (1803-1882).

Papers, 1785-1882; [1911-1915]. 5 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)

John F. Darby was born in 1803 and came to Missouri in 1818 where he worked on a farm. In 1825, he moved to Frankfurt, Ky., where he studied law and was admitted to the bar. He soon returned to St. Louis where he continued to practice law. Involved in Whig politics, Darby served as mayor of St. Louis (1835-1841), state senator (1838), and United States representative (1851-1853). After his retirement from politics he returned to St. Louis and engaged in banking. He died in Warren County in 1882.

This collection consists largely of the papers of John F. Darby and his wife, Mary F. Darby, and relate mostly to the political, social, and business history of St. Louis. It also includes family correspondence with relatives in Kentucky, and correspondence regarding legal matters. Of special note are the minute book of the Jefferson Society and the St. Louis Debating Club (1827-1828), both regional debating societies of which Darby was a member; letters of Mary F. Darby; and fragments of a history of the Mormons by John Corrill, dated 1839.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: John Fletcher Darby Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


D'Arcambal Family.

Papers, 1848-1888. 2 folders (approx. 60 items).

Contains papers regarding estate matters and Santo Domingo indemnities; genealogy information.


Cite as: D'Arcambal Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Daughters of 1812.

Cylinder Records, n.d. 4 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)

The Missouri branch of the organization [Missouri Society of 1812] was formed June 4, 1901, with Mrs. Western Bascom appointed the organizing regent.

Collection contains genealogical material on various Missouri families. Included are family trees, descriptions of family histories, photographs, etc.

Cite as: Daughters of 1812 Cylinder Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Davis, George Turnbull Moore (1810-1888).

Papers, 1832-1843. 3 folders (approx. 100 items); 2 volumes.

George Turnbull Moore Davis came to Illinois from New York State in 1832, and formed a law partnership with John M. Krum (1810-1883) in Alton, Ill. The firm dissolved in 1837, during Krum's tenure as mayor of Alton, after which Krum moved to St. Louis. Davis continued in law practice in Alton until 1848, when he served in the Mexican War. He later became associate editor of the Louisville Journal.

Contains two volumes of records of Alton, Ill., law firm of Davis and Krum: attorney's record of legal claims, suits filed, judgements and dispositions made in southern Illinois courts, terms of April 1839-October 1845; and letterbook, 1834-1837. In addition, the papers contain legal correspondence of George T.M. Davis, attorney while in Alton, and the firm of Davis and Krum also in Alton. Included are letters from many St. Louis firms and individuals discussing political matters and several letters concerning land transactions in the Alton area.

Cite as: George Turnbull Moore Davis Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Davis, Henry Clay (1850-1878).

Collection, 1878-1940. 1 box (approx. 100 items).

Henry Clay Davis was a 1875 graduate of St. Louis Medical College. He died in an effort to prevent an epidemic of yellow fever in St. Louis. He worked at the quarantine hospital.

Collection includes newsclippings, handwritten notes and printed matter concerning Dr. Davis, written ca. 1940. At that time there was a movement started to erect a monument to him and his colleagues, heroes in St. Louis' last great fight against yellow fever in 1878. Also included in the collection is material concerning Kate McSorley, who also was influential in the yellow fever epidemic.

Cite as: Henry Clay Davis Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Davis, John T.

Journal, June 1862 1 item

Description of a journey by river boat up the Missouri River to Ft. Benton.

The collection consists of a photocopy of a journal written by John T. Davis, 1862.

Cite as: John T. Davis Journal, Missouri Historical Society


Davis, Martha P. Smith.

Diary, 1855-1885. 1 volume

Diary of her family life in Louisville, Ky., before and after her marriage to Charles E. Davis, August 13, 1878.

Cite as: Martha P. Smith Davis Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Day, Thomas D.

Scrapbook, 1840-1859. 1 volume

Contains clippings, invitations, and memorabilia from St. Louis, New York, Boston, etc., assembled by grandfather of donor.

Cite as: Thomas D. Day Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Deall, Betty.

Papers, 1947-1991. 1 FSB

Deall studied fashion design at Washington University School of Fine Arts.

Papers include one costume design sketch for Washington University class, March 28, 1947; a spring and summer 1960 catalog of "Sylvia Ann" cocktails and formals; two "Nadine" catalogs of formals and party dresses, 1990 and 1991; one "Bridal Originals" catalog, 1986, as well as four color photographs of formals ca. 1990.


DeBar, Ben (1809-1877).

Papers, 1853-1859; 1864-1866-1880. 2 folders (approx. 40 items); 5 volumes.

Ben DeBar came to America in 1835 from England and opened Caldwell's Theater in New Orleans. He first appeared in St. Louis as a member of Ludlow and Smith's theater troupe in 1838. In 1853, he purchased Ludlow and Smith's lease on the Saint Charles Theatre in New Orleans. In 1856, he also purchased the Bates Theatre, locate on the north side of Pine between Third and Fourth Streets in St. Louis, and subsequently renamed it DeBar's Opera House. In 1873, he purchased what had been Field's Varieties, originally built by the Saint Louis Dramatic Varieties Association, and located on the south side of Market between Fifth and Sixth Streets, and transferred the name DeBar's Opera House to the new theater. The original DeBar's Opera House was renamed the Comique. After DeBar's death in 1877, John W. Norton took over the lease on the new DeBar's Opera House. After its last performance on April 8, 1881, the theater opened again on August 29, 1881, as the Grand Opera House. After the building burned on November 23, 1884, it was rebuilt and reopened as the second Grand Opera House on September 14, 1885.

Collection includes newsclippings, receipts, papers relating to DeBar's estate and Mrs. DeBar's case regarding her power of attorney dispute. Also includes two record books of plays and players, one for DeBar's theaters in St. Louis and New Orleans (1853-1871), and one for the St. Charles Theater Company in New Orleans (1869-1873); two time books from DeBar's Opera House in St. Louis (1864-1866 and 1876-1878), with notes on performances at the Olympic Theatre in St. Louis as well in the later volume; and one ledger of receipts for payment received in the amount of $1 to Ben DeBar (1870-1873).

Cite as: Ben DeBar Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


DeBourmant, Sieur.

Commission, 1720. 1 ms.

Original and typed translation of commission of Sieur deBourmant as captain of infantry in Company of the Indies, July 26, 1720.


Cite as: Sieur DeBourmant Commission, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Declaration of Independence collection, 1776-1829. Approx. 40 items.

Collection includes facsimiles of the Declaration of Independence; signatures and letters of some of the signers of the Declaration collected by W.K. Bixby; document signed Josiah Bartlett, dated February 26, 1778, regarding petition for pension consideration for men wounded in the battle of Bennington and various other related manuscripts.

Cite as: Declaration of Independence Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dedert, Dave.

Dedert Family Papers, 1918-1997. 1 box

Papers include correspondence, photographs, newsclippings, photocopies of genealogical records, and writings of Dave Dedert concerning the Dedert and Hain families. Family members include: Christian Ludwig and Catharina Wilhelmine Dedert, parents of Henry Dedert (born 1853 in Borgholzhausen, Westphalia), who immigrated to the United States in 1873; Henry Dedert's wife, Catherine Hain, and the Hain family; Henry and Catherine Hain Dedert's children, including Ferdinand "Fred" Dedert who served in the U.S. Navy in World War I; and Myrtle Kuntz, who was raised by Henry and Catherine Dedert. Also includes writings and information collected by Dave Dedert regarding Elleardsville ("The Ville"), St. Louis Police Department history, St. Louis Fire Department history, and steamboat history.

Cite as: Dedert Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Delany, John O'Fallon (1842-1930).

Papers, 1832-1933. 4 boxes and 1 partial box (1.8 linear ft.)

John Delany was born in St. Louis, the son of Octavia Mullanphy, one of the eight daughters of John Mullanphy. He received his preparatory education at St. Louis University and graduated from Columbia University in 1866 with a degree in medicine. John Delany traveled with Father DeSmet in 1862 to Fort Benton, and was the sole survivor of that expedition. Although trained as a doctor, Mr. Delany chose the real estate business as his career and was associated with the James M. Carpenter Real Estate Company. He married Miss Elizabeth Sloan in 1893. Mrs. Delany was given the power of attorney for her husband in 1929. He died at his home in St. Louis in December 1930.

This collection contains about 30 items consisting of papers, deeds, genealogy of Morton and Delany families, including a letter sent as a Valentine from a gold prospector in California, 1851; letter of Archbishop John G. Glennon, St. Louis, to John O'Fallon Delany acknowledging receipt of gift of property for school ground at Lafayette, Nebraska and Pennsylvania Avenues; and an invitation to George Morton to act as a pallbearer in funeral procession of Henry Clay. Collection also includes several small pocket journals kept daily by Delany, which record his childhood days at school, his education and various trips abroad, and home life in St. Louis. The entries consist of general and broad statements concerning the days activities. The journal of 1862 was kept while traveling with Father DeSmet to Fort Benton. The journals covering the years 1927-1933 were written by his wife, Elizabeth Sloan Delany. The entries for these years are inconsistent and basically cover various expenses, business matters and some trips. In the back of most of the journals in the collection are listings of accounts, expenses and notes, newsclippings, business and calling cards.

Cite as: John O'Fallon Delany Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Delassus Family.

Delassus-St. Vrain papers, 1544-1925. 7 boxes

Carlos DeHault Delassus was born in France in 1767 and died ca. 1842. He came to America while in the service of the Spanish king in 1796, and was named civil and military commandant of New Madrid. In 1799, he was named lieutenant governor of Upper Louisiana, relieving Zenon Trudeau. In 1804, he presided over the transfer of Upper Louisiana to Captain Amos Stoddard. Carlos Delassus married in New Orleans in 1811. He moved to St. Louis in 1816, and returned once again to Louisiana in 1826.

Collection consists of the records of the family of Carlos DeHault Delassus and the related St. Vrain family, and includes genealogical information, much of it compiled by Walter B. Douglas, patents of nobility, and land documents relating to the ancestral home of the Delassus family in Belgium. Also includes extensive records relating to the career of Carlos DeHault Delassus in the service of the Spanish administration in the Louisiana Territory that reflect the history of the Louisiana Purchase, the Missouri settlements, and the Spanish and French influence in the Mississippi valley. This body of records includes official correspondence and dispatches of the Spanish governors, correspondence between Delassus and William Henry Harrison regarding the transfer of Upper Louisiana to the United States, and two manuscript diaries of Delassus, dated December 9, 1802, to January 11, 1803, and November 16, 1804, to January 18, 1805. Also includes records of other family members, including Auguste Delassus, who served with the 1st brigade of the Louisiana militia during the Civil War. Among the correspondents and people mentioned in the collection are Manuel T. Beauregard, James Bruff, Francisco Luis Hector baron de Carondelet, August Chouteau, Pierre Chouteau, Rufus Easton, Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, William Henry Harrison, Charles Howard, Pierre Antoine Laforge, Louis Lalurie, Pedro Clement Laussat, Juan Lavalee, Marie Phillippe Leduc, Louis Lorimer, Juan Ventura Morales, Manuel Perez, Henry Peyoux, Jacques de St. Vrain, Charles Sanguinet, James G. Soulard, Zenon Trudeau, and Juan Baptiste Valle. Some typescript copies and translations.

Mostly French with some Spanish.

Official dispatches of Spanish governors; Obtained by Pierre Chouteau from Placide Delassus, the grandson of Carlos Delassus.

Cite as: Delassus-St. Vrain Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


DeMenil, Alexander.

Papers, 1877-1961. 9 folders (approx. 250 items).

Alexander DeMenil was an author, historian, literary critic and editor of the Hesperian. He was the great grandson of Auguste Chouteau.

Papers include correspondence between DeMenil and Nettie Beauregard of the Missouri Historical Society, regarding St. Louis history, his articles (many of which relate to the Chouteau family), newsclippings and various publications. Also includes family genealogy.

Cite as: Alexander DeMenil Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Democratic Association (Saint Louis County, Mo.).

Records, 1843. 2 folders (10 items).

Proceedings of the Democratic Association of St. Louis County, which are minutes with signatures of the officers, January to February 1843; and newsclippings of the constitution and minutes.

Cite as: Democratic Association Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


DeMun Family.

Papers, 1779-1888; [1917-1957]. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

Jules DeMun was born in Port au Prince in 1782, and died in St. Louis in 1843. Educated in France, DeMun rejoined his parents in England in about 1800. In 1812, he married Isabelle, daughter of Charles Gratiot and Victoire Chouteau, the sister of August Chouteau. In 1815, with A.P. Chouteau, DeMun became engaged in the fur trade. In 1820, he went with his family to Cuba. He returned to St. Louis in 1830 and became interested in settling land grants in Missouri.

Collection consists of the records of the family of Jules DeMun, and includes the so-called Birdsall collection, a separate acquisition that is not interfiled with the chronological arrangement of the remainder of the collection. The DeMun Family Papers include the DeMun genealogy, the DeMun family crest, and correspondence with the DeMun family about same; correspondence and other documentation regarding land titles; internal family correspondence that includes the letters of Isabelle Gratiot DeMun and Auguste DeMun; journals of Jules DeMun (1815-1816) regarding a journey from St. Louis to a point south of Pueblo, Colo., on the Arkansas River with Auguste P. Chouteau and Mr. Philibert; several school books of Emilie and Clara DeMun (1847-1849); and the estate papers of Jules DeMun (October 3, 1843). The Jules DeMun journals and DeMun genealogy were published in the Missouri Historical Society Collections, vol. V, no. 3, 1928.

Mostly French with some typescript translations.

Cite as: DeMun Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Dentistry Collection

See Saint Louis Dental Society


DeSale, Adelaide.

Collection, 1910-1911. 1 folder (approx. 25 items).

Collection contains pamphlets, school programs, etc. from Central and Soldan High Schools in regard to Adelaide DeSale. Also included is a school [Soldan] stick-pin, 1904.

Cite as: Adelaide DeSale Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Desloge Family.

Papers. 1815-1879; 1924-1956; 1957. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Cite as: Desloge Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Desloge, George T.

Reminiscences (typescript), 1880-1935. 1 box (3 volumes).

Reminiscences of St. Louisan George T. Desloge includes material on the 1904 World's Fair and World War I.

Cite as: George T. Desloge Reminiscences, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Desloge, Joseph (1889-1971).

Collection, 1812-1963. 4 boxes (2.0 linear ft.); 3 volumes.

Joseph Desloge was descended from one of Missouri's pioneer families. Firmin Desloge, Sr., a native of France, became a citizen of Missouri in 1828. He had established a trading post in Washington County where he exchanged merchandise for lead and furs. Firmin Desloge, Jr., was born in 1843. He was engaged in the lead mining business and in 1873 he established the Desloge Lead Company in St. Francois County, Mo. Joseph Desloge was chairman of the board of Minerva Oil Company and of Killark Electric Manufacturing Company, and he was president of Louisiana Manufacturing Company and Atlas Manufacturing Company. He donated 2400 acres of land in Reynolds County, Mo., which became known as Johnson's Shut Ins State Park. He was responsible for helping in the restoration of the Holy Family Church in Cahokia, Old St. Ferdinand's Church in Florissant and the Old Cathedral in St. Louis. He also served on the board of trustees for the Missouri Historical Society.

Collection includes letter J. Russel to Thomas Howard, 1812; papers of Desloge Lead Company, 1884-1901; broadside titled "Sale of Crow Indian Lands, at Crow Agency, Montana," October 20, 1927; letters and photos concerning the purchasing of antiques by the Desloge family; personal and professional letters to Desloge, 1940-1949, concerning St. Louis benevolent societies; correspondence regarding the Cahokia 250th anniversary association celebration, 1949; clippings regarding the Holy Family Church in Cahokia, 1949; drawings and itemized bills of development of the Jefferson Barracks Park, 1950-1959; and reports of the St. Louis County Historic Park Association. Also includes transcriptions of letters of the Desloge family, 1815-1856. Many of the letters were written by the Desloge family in France to Firmin Desloge in Potosi, Mo. (Includes Firmin Desloge's will and the inventory of his estate.) The correspondence between Firmin Desloge and Ferdinand and Francis Rozier relates to business matters. Also includes letters concerning the action in the French Revolution. The original letters are in the possession of the Desloge family and were translated and transcribed by Josephine C. Cobbs in 1931. She also included genealogical information on the Hord, Desloge, Rozier, McIlvaine families in the first volume of the letters. Collection also contains Christmas cards, brochures on the mining industry, debut lists for St. Louis, 1939 and 1936; nineteenth-century letters and papers of the Howard and Desloge families; French World War II identity papers of Joseph Desloge, May 14, 1917; typescript biography of Joseph Desloge; portfolio of German World War I prints by Eisele: "Aus Meiner Sturnzeit beim Sturnbatl.2" and flier from the Friends of German Democracy, New York, "Warum ist Amerika in den Krieg gezogen"; legal contracts concerning the building and endowment of the Firmin Desloge Hospital, 1930-1932; items relating to the Farrar family; letters of Father Jean-Pierre DeSmet, to Francis LePere, 1864-1873; European travel diaries of Eliza and Ethel Riddle, 1906. Ms. Riddle was a [psychologist] at John Burroughs School. She rented a "log cabin" on the grounds of Vouzier from Joseph Desloge and these volumes were found later on the grounds.

Typed inventory of the contents of Box 4 within box.

Cite as: Joseph Desloge Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


DeSmet, Pierre Jean, S.J. (1801-1873).

Papers, 1822-1873. 2 folders (approx. 75 items); 1 volume.

Father DeSmet was born in Belgium. He came to the United States and completed the theological course at Florissant, Mo., and was ordained in 1828. He moved to St. Louis which was to become his home base. He was the founder of the Rocky Mountains missions and became a famous missionary of the northwest United States.

Papers in the collection deal with Father DeSmet's missionary work and travels among the Indians of Oregon, the Rocky Mountains and his work during the Civil War. Includes correspondence regarding Father DeSmet, newsclippings, published articles dealing with his life; photostats and photocopies and some originals, of maps, letters, etc. of DeSmet; genealogical information and some typed records of baptisms performed by Father DeSmet. The volume is a scrapbook of religious cards and drawings, ca. 1850.

Cite as: Father Jean Pierre DeSmet Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Deutch, Virginia.

Scrapbook, 1944-1946. 1 volume and 1 oversized folder.

Scrapbook compiled by Virginia Loeb (Deutch), documenting her service with the American Red Cross in Townsville, Australia, during World War II.

Cite as: Virginia Deutch Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Diamant, Henry A.

Collection, 1800-1935. (approx. 100 items).

Collection contains chiefly bills, deeds, Governors; appointments of justices of the peace; legal papers; slave emancipation papers; a political ticket listing Sterling Price as nominee for the U.S. House of Representatives; a receipt to Madame Marie Therese Chouteau, of St. Louis, Mo., for use of city water, 1835; a paper relating to the administration of the estate of her husband, Auguste Chouteau, 1831, and a receipt to him for an account with LaGroze, 1824; a general accounts ledger, 1810; a fur accounts ledger, 1813.

Cite as: Henry A. Diamant Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Diaz, Porfirio.

Papers, 1879-1915. 1 folder (approx. 15 items); 1 oversized folder (10 items).

Served as president of Mexico.

Some land grants, correspondence to Juan F. Cahill in St. Louis from Diaz, 1879; outsized documents.


Cite as: Porfirio Diaz Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Dickens Historical Society

See Charles Dickens Historical Society


Dietz Family.

Papers, 1883-1938; 1984-1991. 6 folders

Margaret Dietz is the daughter of Frank C. and Laura Belle Dietz. Laura Belle Dietz died October 8, 1938.

Papers contain seven autograph books, mostly of Margaret Dietz. Two of these volumes contain signatures of professional baseball players dated 1930s. Papers also contain a blank pilot flight record and log book of Margaret Dietz, a memorial book of Mrs. Laura Belle Dietz from Kriegshauser Mortuaries, and Dietz family correspondence dated 1984-1991.

Cite as: Dietz Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Digby Family.

Diaries, 1871-1899. 1 box (10 volumes).

St. Louis County farm family.

Seven annual diaries of Henry Digby dated 1871, 1879, 1880, 1892, 1894, 1895, and 1899; and three annual diaries of his wife, Maggie Digby dated 1891, 1892, 1894, pertaining to family and farm life.

Cite as: Digby Family Diaries, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dillon, Patrick M.

Ledger, 1818-1819. 1 volume (500 pages)

Father-in-law of James B. Eads.

Ledger of grocery, dry goods, and wine sales. Also Dillon family record of marriages, births, and deaths (p. 71), and isolated later accounts.

Cite as: Patrick M. Dillon, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dimmock, Thomas.

Speeches, 1858-1889. 1 partial box (4 volumes).

Thomas Dimmock was an editor.

Papers consist of manuscripts of speeches delivered by Thomas Dimmock on various literary and historical subjects, including speech on Elijah P. Lovejoy. Bound copy of Lovejoy speech, with letters and clippings concerning the speech and the erection of the Lovejoy monument at Alton, Ill.

Cite as: Thomas Dimmock Speeches, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Diplomas Collection

Items from the Diplomas Collection were transferred to Alphabetical Files (see under individual's name) or to the collection in which they originally belonged. (Transferred ca. 2001.)


Dobler family.

Genealogy, 1869-1975. 1 partial box (approx. 100 items).

Family of George and Isabel Doebler.

Genealogical information on Houston and White families; newsclippings, scrapbook of clippings and genealogical information.

Cite as: Dobler Family Genealogy, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.



Journal, 1814-1818 (bulk).

1 volume (100 pages)

Journal of unidentified receipts and expenses in Lexington, Mo., and St. Louis, dated January 1, 1814, to August 17, 1818. Unidentified later accounts, 1900.

Cite as: Dobs Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dobyns, Edward.

Papers, 1867-1876. 1 partial box (approx. 40 items).

Wealthy pioneer citizen of St. Louis.

Original and typed articles by E. Dobyns; biographical data on E. Dobyns; undated journal of reminiscences of the Democratic party of Missouri, 1824-, its origin and early supporters.

Cite as: Edward Dobyns Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


D'Oench family.

Papers, 1742-1873. 2 folders; 4 volumes.

This collection consists of letters of G. and Rudolph D'Oench, biographical data concerning the D'Oench family; St. Louis business letterheads; information on the D'Oench family. Also includes four volumes of collected essays of Rudolph D'Oench: "Lehrreiche Mittheilungen aus dem Naturreiche" (Instructive Contributions from Natural History), 1860; two volumes entitled "Aufsaetze verschiedenen Inhalts" (Essays on Various Topics), 1868 and 1873; and "Mosaik oder Sinnsprueche fuer alle Geschlechten" (Mosaic or Aphorisms for All Folks), 1884.

Mostly German script and some Latin.

Cite as: D'Oench Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Donaldson, William R.

Papers, 1861-1865. 1 slim box (67 items).

William R. Donaldson enlisted in the 1st Missouri Light Artillery (Union) in April 1861 at St. Louis. He served as a private, sergeant, and corporal, and was discharged at Pulaski, Tenn., in April 1864.

Papers consist of Donaldson family correspondence, mostly letters of William R. Donaldson to his father, Isaac P. Donaldson, in St. Louis. Letters of William Donaldson, which describe his activities during the war, were mostly written at Pilot Knob, Mo. (October 1861 to January 1862); Corinth, Miss. (April to November 1863), while working in the Ordnance Department; Nashville, Tenn. (January to February 1864); Athens, Ala. (March to April 1864); and locations in Georgia and Alabama, during the Atlanta Campaign. Notable content includes mentions of the raising of black troops (letters dated May to June 1863); brief description of expedition to Florence, Ala. (letter dated May 31, 1863); description of Vicksburg following the siege (letter dated August 16, 1863); descriptions of camp life; and a poem (with letter dated November 20, 1861).

Cite as: William R. Donaldson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Doniphan, Alexander W. (1808-1887).

Papers, 1855-1907. 1 partial box (approx. 60 items).

Mr. Doniphan came to Liberty, Mo., in 1833 and later to St. Louis in 1863. He was a lawyer by profession and also a political leader.

The collection consist principally of correspondence with DeWitt Clinton Allen, on political subjects of the day.

Cite as: Alexander W. Doniphan Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Doolittle, James Rood (1815-1897).

Papers, 1831-1893. 1 partial box (approx. 25 items).

J.R. Doolittle was a senator from Wisconsin.

Typed copies of letters to and from J.R. Doolittle on personal and political issues of the day.

Cite as: James Rood Doolittle Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dorsey Family.

Papers, 1849-1878. 1 partial box (approx. 30 items).

Edward Worthington Dorsey moved his family from Baltimore to Pike County, Mo., in 1822.

Collection consists of letters, principally of the Civil War era, mostly written to Susanna "Ludie" Eleanor Dorsey and her brother, Caleb, an officer in the Confederate army during the War, 1862-1865. Also includes family genealogy.

Cite as: Dorsey Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Doud Family.

Papers, 1880-1939. 1 partial box (approx. 30 items).

Papers include music programs, stock certificates, invoices, circulars. Of special interest is a letter regarding the application of the National Baby Incubator Co. for a concession at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1903.

Cite as: Doud Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dougherty, John (1791-1860).

Papers, 1823-1863; [1908; 1917]. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 3 volumes.

A native of Kentucky, John Dougherty came to St. Louis in 1809, from whence he joined a Missouri Fur Company expedition to the Rocky Mountain region. He was also a member of Stephen H. Long's expedition of 1819-1820. An army officer and Indian agent from 1820 to 1837, Dougherty was identified extensively with Indian affairs and with the Platte Purchase. In 1837, he moved to Liberty, Mo. His politics were Whig.

Collection consists mainly of the correspondence of Major John Dougherty in relation to sutling at Fort Kearny, Neb., and government transportation of freight between Fort Kearny and Fort Laramie, Wyo., in the 1840s and 1850s. Also includes numerous bills of sale of slaves; correspondence and reports regarding Indian affairs, including a report from Leavenworth, March 9, 1832; land documents; and correspondence regarding land claims. Correspondents include Dougherty's son, Lewis B. Dougherty; Robert Campbell; Henry S. Turner; A.G. Reed; Major C.F. Ruff; and Col. Thomas Swords. Collection also include two diaries, 1869-1879, and a ledger, 1851-1852, of the medical practice of Dr. William Wallace Dougherty, a Liberty, Mo., physician and nephew of John Dougherty. The diaries include material on family.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: John Dougherty Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Douglas, James Kimball.

Jefferson National Expansion Memorial collection, 1926-1977. 5 boxes (2.2 linear ft.)

Clippings and correspondence concerning marking of historic buildings and sites in St. Louis. Bulk of material concerns the development of the St. Louis river front and the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial including correspondence, plans, brochures, publicity releases, clippings, minutes and organizational records of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association. Also, material regarding the architectural competition in 1947, including biographical sketches and photographs of competitors and designs.

Cite as: James Kimball Douglas, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Douglas, James M.

Ledger of drug accounts, 1871-1881. 1 volume

Cite as: James M. Douglas Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Douglas, Walter Bond ( -1920).

Papers, 1819; 1850; 1877-1919; 1934-1939. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

A genealogist and local historian, Walter B. Douglas was a judge of the St. Louis Circuit Court 1901-1906, and president of the Missouri Historical Society, 1893-1894.

Collection includes personal papers of Walter B. Douglas and his father and his son, including a notebook of prescriptions of his father, James M. Douglas, a druggist in Brunswick, Mo. (1850); letters of Justice Louis D. Brandeis to Walter B. Douglas and to his son, James Marsh Douglas (1877-1890, 1916, 1937-1939); and one letter of Kate Chopin (July 10 [1903?]). The remainder of the collection relates to Douglas' historical interests and includes correspondence regarding the holdings of the Missouri Historical Society; research notes, including notes for Douglas' Manuel Lisa and Thomas James; some of Douglas' manuscript essays and speeches; genealogical information and clippings on the Douglas family; a biographical sketch of James Marsh Douglas; and Walter B. Douglas' genealogical notes on early St. Louis families.

Cite as: Walter Bond Douglas Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Douglass Family.

Papers, 1887-1996. 5 folders; 1 oversized folder.

The Douglass family was of Scotch origin, descending from the union of Alexander Douglass and Lady Mary Grey. Four of the children born of this marriage settled in Alexandria, Va. One of these children was Grey Douglass, who married Elizabeth Thomson, niece of Charles Thomson, secretary of the Continental Congress. One of the sons of Grey and Elizabeth Thomson Douglass was Alexander Thomson Douglass. Alexander Thomson Douglass removed his family to St. Louis, where his son, John Thomson Douglass, established the Douglass Bagging Company in the 1850s. John Thomson Douglass married Cornelia McPherson in 1847 at Boonville, Mo. Their children were Edward Salisbury Douglass, Annie McPherson Douglass, Sallie Hopkins Douglass, May Douglass, Fannie Lowery Douglass, and Archibald Grey Douglass.

Papers consist primarily of genealogical information on the Douglass and allied families, including newsclippings, notes, ancestry charts, correspondence, etc. Collection also includes a few issues of the Jefferson Barracks Hub newspaper (1942); diplomas of Archibald Grey Douglass, Jr., from St. Louis Country Day School and Amherst College; a list of the descendants of Robert and Janet McPherson; a letter of Archibald G. Douglass relating incidents regarding his boyhood friend Charles Marion Russell; and notes and articles relating to Charles Thomson.

Cite as: Douglass Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Downey, John ( -1866).

Civil War Papers, 1861-1864. 1 flat storage box; 3 oversize folders.

John Downey enlisted as a 2nd lieutenant in Company A, 19th Missouri Infantry (Union), at St. Louis in August 1861. In January 1862, the 19th Missouri Infantry was consolidated with the 3rd Missouri Infantry. He rose to the rank of captain in the 3rd Missouri Infantry and was mustered out in November 1864. At the close of the war, he obtained a position as inspector of streets for the city of St. Louis. He died August 31, 1866, in St. Louis.

Collection contains muster-in and muster-out rolls and two commissions of John Downey; four muster rolls and other official papers of the 19th Missouri Infantry; eighteen muster rolls and other official military papers of Company G, 3rd Missouri Infantry, including monthly returns, descriptive rolls and accounts of pay and clothing, and quarterly returns of deceased soldiers.

Cite as: John Downey Civil War Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Downtown Lighting Association.

Records, 1830-1838; 1909-1911. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.); 1 volume.

The Downtown Lighting Association was organized in 1909 to improve street lighting in the business district of St. Louis. Tom W. Bennett was president.

Subscriptions by property owners and merchants for an improved street lighting system in the business district of St. Louis, 1909; specifications for electric light standards for the Downtown Lighting Association, submitted by Union Electric and Power Company, May 5, 1909; blueprints of arc lamp posts for proposed illumination of downtown district; minutes, 1909-1911; report of the Committee on Resolutions, Downtown Lighting Association, December 1910; notes on gas works, 1830-1838; ledger with members list, subscriptions, salaries, construction costs, etc. (1909-1910).

Cite as: Downtown Lighting Association Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Drake, Charles D. (1811-1892).

Papers, 1840-1916. 1 folder (approx. 25 items).

Charles D. Drake came to St. Louis in 1834, founded the St. Louis Law Library, and in 1850 he was elected to the Missouri legislature. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1867, and resigned to accept appointment of Chief Justice of the Claims, 1870. He retired in 1885.

Contains eight letters of C.D. Drake to contemporaries on subjects of the day, including his election to the U.S. Senate in 1867 concerning those who supported him; silver wedding anniversary card of Mr. and Mrs. Drake; papers regarding Drake's purchase of stock in Little Katie Mine, Colo.; biographical data.

Cite as: Charles D. Drake Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dreer, Herman H.

Collection, 1927-1974. 2 folders (approx. 25 items).

Herman Dreer was the assistant principal of Sumner High School, 1930-1945; founder of Douglass University, a forerunner of Stowe Teacher's College, 1930-1942; author of The Tide that Binds, Negro Leadership in Saint Louis: A Study in Race Relations, 1954, and the History of Omega Psi Phi Fraternity; founder of St. Louis "Negro History Week," and pastor of the Kingsway Baptist Church. He conducted the research for the Shelley v. Kramer case which outlawed residential restrictive covenants. Professor Dreer taught many languages and sciences. At the age of 62, he earned his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Collection includes information on Douglass University; programs, booklets, articles regarding African-American history, both in St. Louis and national; materials relating to the Shelley restrictive covenant case.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Herman H. Dreer Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Drefs scrapbook, n.d. 1 volume.

Various cards of children, birds, etc.

Cite as: Drefs Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Drips, Andrew (1789-1860).

Papers, 1820-1860; [1907]. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Andrew Drips was an Indian agent along the Upper Missouri River, appointed in 1842. He was a member of the Missouri Fur Company with Joshua Pilcher, and also worked for the American Fur Company and for Pierre Chouteau, Jr., and Company of St. Louis.

Collection relates chiefly to the activities of Andrew Drips as Indian agent in preventing liquor traffic among the Indians, and to his work as agent for Pierre Chouteau, Jr., & Company of St. Louis. Collection includes an 1843 account book kept by Drips and correspondence relating to the American Fur Company; Bent, St. Vrain and Company; A.R. Bouis; Bridger and Vasquez; Lucien Fontenelle; Joseph V. Hamilton; W.D. Hodgkiss; Joseph Jewett; Charles Kelser; William Laidlaw; D.D. Mitchell; H. Picotte; Pratte and Cabanne; Mr. Robidoux; J.F.A. Sanford; Sybille, Adams and Company; and the Upper Missouri Outfit; and to some activities of Fort Cheyenne in Wyoming, Fort Clark in North Dakota; Fort George in South Dakota; Fort John in Colorado; Fort Laramie in Wyoming; Fort Lookout in South Dakota; Fort McKenzie in Montana; Fort Pierre in South Dakota; Fort Platte in Nebraska; and Forts Union and William in North Dakota. Some typescripts.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Andrew Drips Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Droste, John H. (1842-1909).

Collection, 1863-1882. 2 folders (approx. 10 items).

John H. Droste was born in St. Charles, Mo., in 1842. During the Civil War he served as an officer in the 15th Missouri Infantry (Union). He died in 1909, and is buried in Immanuel Lutheran Cemetery in St. Charles.

Collection includes appointments, commissions, discharge papers, and Grand Army of the Republic receipt of John Droste; two notebooks containing German script (poetry) of Theodore Rabuske ( -1897), an artist who moved to St. Louis in 1867.

Some German.

Cite as: John H. Droste Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Drosten, Fred W. (1858-1923).

Collection, 1778-1919. 3 folders (approx. 60 items) 1 oversize folder.

Drosten was a St. Louis jeweler.

Collection consists of German manuscripts, applications for citizenship; World War I items, Civil War pass; information on American Protective League; certificate of membership for George C.Mueller in the St. Louis Grays; 14th ward map of St. Louis.

Some German.

Cite as: Fred W. Drosten Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Druids Hall (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Architectural Drawing, ca. 1858. 1 folder

Grand temple for the Order of Druids of Missouri showing side entrance doors and show windows details. This building was razed in 1875 and a new building was erected in 1877 at 9th and Market. (A note on this drawings says the building was at 7th and Market.)

Cite as: Druids Hall (Saint Louis, Mo.) Architectural Drawing, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dry-Pits Lotion Company.

Records, 1939-1940. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Cite as: Dry-Pits Lotion Company, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


DuBourg, Louis Valentine, Bishop (1766-1833).

Papers, 1818-1820. 1 folder (3 letters).

Bishop DuBourg was born in San Domingo and was educated in France. He was driven from the country by the revolution and fled to Spain in 1792. He came to the United States in 1794 and established the Sisters of Charity in Baltimore in 1809. In 1815, he went to Rome where he was consecrated the bishop of Upper and Lower Louisiana. He arrived in St. Louis in January 1818, which was then the episcopal seat for the Territory of Missouri. He resided in St. Louis until 1824, when he was removed to New Orleans. In 1826, he left New Orleans for the See of Montauban in France and died in October 1833.

Broadside dated January 12, 1820, mandement paurle careme de l'amnee bissextile, issued by Bishop DuBourg; letters of Father De la Croix to professor describing various places in the United States including St. Louis and Missouri River and the people, October 26, 1818; letter of Gfuil Ev. de la Louis to Le Minstre de France in Washington regarding using missions in Mississippi River district.

Cite as: Bishop Louis V. DuBourg Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Duels collection, 1817-1942. 2 folders (approx. 30 items).

Collection includes newspaper articles regarding dueling both in Missouri and nationally; original correspondence regarding Thomas Biddle and Spencer Pettis duel; correspondence and address regarding lectures on dueling delivered at the Missouri Historical Society; articles and correspondence regarding Bloody Island. Also included is information on the following duels: Abraham Lincoln and Paddy Shields; Charles Lucas and Thomas H. Benton; Joshua Barton and Thomas C. Rector; Clay and Randolph; Taylor Berry and Abiel Leonard; Dr. Tomlinson and Mr. Hood.

Cite as: Duels Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dulany, William Henry Fields (1818-1914).

Papers, 1849-1944. 1 box (approx. 250 items).

William Henry Fields Dulany was born January 9, 1818, in Howard County, Mo. Mr. Dulany held a series of jobs and also went to California to mine for gold. He returned to Missouri and eventually moved his tobacco business to Quincy, Ill., during the Civil War because he could not insure it in Missouri. In 1867, he ventured into the lumber business in Hannibal. This business proved to be profitable and included interests in Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Washington, Louisiana, and Minnesota.

Collection contains the personal papers of William Henry Fields Dulany, pioneer Missouri tobacco and lumber entrepreneur. Includes personal papers and ephemera of his nephew and son-in-law, Thomas Epps Gates Dulany (1841-1923); grandson, William Henry Dulany, Jr. (1874-1948); granddaughter, Vivian Duncan Dulany Murphy (1885-1965); and her husband, George Thomas Murphy (1877-1959). Also includes items pertaining to the Dulany Memorial Library (Hannibal, Mo.) and genealogical material.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: William Henry Fields Dulany Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dumaine, Lucien (1800-1875).

Genealogy, 1909. 1 folder (approx. 25 items).

Lucien Dumaine was born in France and emigrated to the United States in 1816 and arrived in St. Louis in 1819. Here he engaged in the fur business. In 1820, he married Julie Bouis. In the 1870s, he moved to Farmington, Mo., where he died April 13, 1875.

Genealogical information.

Cite as: Lucien Dumaine Genealogy, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dunham, Katherine.

Papers, 1965-1980s. Approx. 300 to 400 linear feet.

Katherine Dunham came to East St. Louis in 1965 at the invitation of Southern Illinois University Carbondale. A year earlier, in the twilight of her dance and choreography career, SIUC had invited Miss Dunham to stage and choreograph a production of Faust in Carbondale, only a hundred or so miles from Joliet, Ill., her childhood home. Upon completion of the production in February 1965, SIUC asked Miss Dunham to stay on at the university as a guest lecturer in the arts. She had a more ambitious plans, however, and submitted a proposal for the establishment of a performing arts training center in East St. Louis. The proposal was accepted by SIUC, and Performing Arts Training Center was formed with Miss Dunham as its director. This set the stage for the final chapter in Katherine Dunham's career, the chapter which is documented in this collection.

Collection contains approximately 300 to 400 boxes of records, documenting the latter years of her life spent in East St. Louis. At that point in her career, commencing in 1965, Miss Dunham focused less of her energy on performance, choreography, and anthropology and more on the administration of projects such as the East St. Louis-based Performing Arts Training Center and the Dunham Fund for Research and Development of the Performing Arts, two organizations which she hoped would become the core of a major interdisciplinary cultural arts center in East St. Louis that could contribute to the revitalization of that city. In that this collection focuses on this latter part of her life, it does not contain much in the way of choreography notes, literary manuscripts, or family and personal correspondence, much of which she generated before her move to East St. Louis. The records of her earlier life, including those that document her career as a dancer and choreographer are to be found in the Katherine Dunham Archives at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale (established 1965). This collection does, however, include an abundance of materials relating to Miss Dunham's work as an administrator, teacher, and advocate for the arts in East St. Louis from the mid-1960s into the 1980s. The collection is arranged into series based on the specific organization and groups which Katherine Dunham administered or was involved with peripherally. At this point in the processing those series include the following: (A) Performing Arts Training Center daily records, (B) Dunham Fund for Research and Development of Cultural Arts financial and daily records, (C) Various Organizations in which Miss Dunham participated, (D) Material accumulated in the 1980s, and (E) miscellaneous material. Approximately 15% to 20% of the Katherine Dunham Papers have been preliminarily processed at this point.

Some French.

Literary rights retained by Katherine Dunham.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Katherine Dunham Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dunklin County (Mo.) collection. 1847-1890. (approx. 25 items); 2 volumes; 1 oversize folder

Abstracts of land titles in Dunklin County, many from the Sugg family, 1857-1890; and separately housed bound volume of title abstracts, 1847-1883; General Land Office Survey field notebook of Major Rayburn taken of Dunklin County, Mo., ca. 1870.

Cite as: Dunklin County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Duplex Manufacturing Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1883-1968. 1 folder (approx. 50 items).

Collection of assorted documentation relating to the Duplex Manufacturing Company of St. Louis, manufacturers of snare drums. Collection includes an essay on the company by the donor; assorted corporate records (photocopies only, 19 pages); a newsclipping on the history of the drum; booklet titled "Duplex Drums and Accessories"; and several patent of Emile Boulanger and J.A. Meyer, both of whom ran the business and both of whom made significant contributions to drum design.

Cite as: Duplex Manufacturing Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Durkee, Dwight.

Autograph book, 1852-1879. 1 volume

Collection of autographs of business colleagues of Durkee's in the St. Louis banking world.

Cite as: Dwight Durkee Autograph Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Duvall, Marius.

Papers, 1846-1847. 1 folder (2 items--49 pp).

Assistant surgeon, U.S. Navy.

The papers consist of a journal Mr. Duvall kept, dated April 22, 1846, to May 13, 1847, while he was on assignment for the navy to California. The journal describes the people of California, the landscapes and various ways of life in the new area. Photostat and typed copy only.

Original restriction of not to be used without permission.

Cite as: Marius Duvall Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Duxbury and Woollam (Montgomery and Gasconade Counties, Mo.).

Account books, 1846-1860. 6 volumes

Partnership of Giles Duxbury and Joseph G. Woollam.

Ledgers (vols. 1-3) and invoices of goods purchase (vols. 4-6) of general store in Montgomery and Gasconade Counties, Mo.

Cite as: Duxbury and Woollam Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dyer, David Patterson (1838-1924).

Papers, 1860-1920. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Missouri Republican politician, U.S. representative, U.S. attorney and U.S. circuit court judge.

Papers include scrapbook, congressional autograph book, photographs and letters relating to Dyer's political and judicial career.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: David Patterson Dyer Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Dyke Family.

Collection, 1857-1918. 1 folder (approx. 25 items).

Robert Inglish served in the Confederate army in Texas and Mississippi, and married Julia C. Lowry who lived in Arkansas. Carrie Julia Inglish was the daughter of Julia Inglish. She married A.L. Dyke of St. Louis automobile fame.

Collection contains love letters between R. Inglish and Julia Lowry while he was in Texas. Some information (photo) on the Dyke Electric Runabout, 1899; testimonials concerning the Dyke, 5 horsepower no. 1 automorette; data regarding a single cylinder "St. Louis" automobile, 1902; illustration of the 1902 Dyke, Ethyl Corporation advertisement, 1953.

Cite as: Dyke Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


E.C. Co. (St. Louis, Mo.).

Ledger, 1894-1902. 1 volume (798 pages)

Accounts of unidentified St. Louis business.

Cite as: E.C. Co. Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


E. Robyn and Co. (Hermann, Mo.[?]).

Account book, 1857-1863. 1 volume (100 pages)

Journal of receipts and expenses, general store, Hermann, Mo.[?]. Ledger at rear of volume.

Journal portion in German handscript.

Cite as: E. Robyn and Co. Account Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eads, James Buchanan (1820-1887).

Papers, 1776; 1848-1851; 1861-1896 (1911-1961). 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.); 2 oversized folders.

James Buchanan Eads was an inventor and engineer of international reputation, whose advice was sought in river engineering by municipal governments of the United States and of foreign countries. Eads received his early education in Louisville and Cincinnati, before coming to St. Louis in 1833. Initially he sold apples on the street to contribute to family funds, and later worked for a mercantile firm. He also clerked on a steamboat, and later worked for Case and Nelson, boat builders. Eads invented the diving bell ca. 1842. In 1845, he established a glass factory in St. Louis that made the first glass manufactured west of the Mississippi River. He retired in 1857 because of ill health, but returned to construct gunboats during the Civil War. After the war, he became the originator, creator, and chief engineer of Eads Bridge (opened 1874), the first bridge to span the Mississippi River at St. Louis. He also consulted on the project for the opening of the mouth of Mississippi River into the Gulf, a project that was completed in 1879 according to his plan.

Collection consists of Eads' correspondence and papers relating to his interest in the Mississippi River and Eads Bridge. The collection includes two letters of John Cadwaladar, Bristol, to the Council of Public Safety at Philadelphia relating to the Revolutionary War (1776); copies of poems by Martha Eads (1848-1851); correspondence regarding river transportation, warfare, mapping, and the building of gunboats during the Civil War; several Edward Bates letters; correspondence regarding postwar business and investment in St. Louis, including letters from Gideon Welles; correspondence regarding Eads Bridge (opened 1874) and the Bridge Company; correspondence regarding later river improvement and engineering projects worldwide; papers, essays and other commemorative materials relating to Eads; and St. Louis Bridge Company and Tunnel Railroad of St. Louis stock certificates. Also includes genealogical data on the Eads, McHenry, and allied families; and a 1881 scrapbook of clippings relating to Eads visit to Mexico. Additional correspondents include Barton Bates, Onward Bates, Frank Preston Blair, Montgomery Blair, Henry Taylor Blow, Braxton Bragg, David Glasgow Farragut, Thomas W. Ferry, Henry Flad, Andrew Hull Foote, Gustavus Vasa Fox, John Charles Fremont, Baron Gerolt, Henry W. Halleck, James F. Howe, Nathaniel Lyon, William M. McPherson, Montgomery C. Meigs, Whitelaw Reid, Carl Schurz, William T. Sherman, William H. Shock, David S. Staley, and Roger N. Stembel.

Please consult the photos and prints department for photographs and engravings of gun boats which Eads designed.

Cite as: James Buchanan Eads Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eagle Packet Company (St. Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1879-1959. 4 folders (approx. 100 items); 12 volumes.

The Eagle Packet Company was a St. Louis steamboat company that moved to St. Louis from Warsaw, Ill., in 1874. It was owned and operated by the Leyhe family, namely Henry W. and William H. Leyhe. Operated Eagle Boat Store Company, the oldest boat store in the United States, founded in 1837 and owned by the Leyhe family from 1895. The pilot house of the Golden Eagle in the Missouri Historical Society River Room is from the boat owned by the Eagle Packet Company. The boat sank in 1947.

The papers include meeting minutes, bills, correspondence, tickets, of Eagle Packet Company, and Eagle Boat Store; several bound volumes that consist of Henry W. Leyhe practice ledger from commercial college (1879-1887); ledger of records regarding steamboats Eagle, Josie, Spread Eagle, George Lisle, and Louis Houck (1892-1893); ledger of accounts regarding Bald Eagle (1889?); logbook of Louis Houck and Eagle on the Mississippi River out of St. Louis (1890); portage book of Cape Girardeau (1931-1934), William H. Leyhe, ship's master; cash book (1930-1931) and portage book of the Golden Eagle, William H. Leyhe, ship's master; and minute books, ledger, journal, and cash book of the Eagle Boat Store Company (1895-1950).

Cite as: Eagle Packet Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Easton, Rufus (1774-1834).

Papers. 1796-1897; [1949-1956]. (0.5 linear ft.); 3 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

Rufus Easton was born in Washington, Litchfield County, Conn., in 1774. He practiced law in Rome, N.Y., and emigrated to St. Louis in the winter of 1803-1804. He was appointed judge of the Territory of Louisiana by Thomas Jefferson in 1805, and was named first postmaster for St. Louis in the same year. He had corresponded with Aaron Burr in Burr's conspiracy with Wilkinson against the government, but denied participation in the plan. In 1814, Judge Easton was elected a delegate to Congress from the Missouri Territory and in 1821, when the state was organized, he was appointed attorney general of Missouri. Easton owned the ground on which Alton, Ill., is situated and which was named for his son, Alton R. Easton.

Collection contains business, political, and personal correspondence and biographical material about Rufus Easton and his family, including three manuscript law books kept by Easton while he was reading for the law during the early 1790s; documentation regarding Easton's early legal career in New York; materials relating to St. Louis politics in the territorial days, including correspondence relative to the Burr conspiracy; a manuscript of religious and philosophical writings attributed to Easton in his later years; land documents; and papers relating to the estate of Rufus Easton. Also includes correspondence of his daughter Rufus Easton's daughter, Mary Easton Sibley, and letters of Eliza Ott to his son, Alton R. Easton, about Lindenwood College and life in St. Charles, Mo.; and documentation relating to the military career of Colonel Alton R. Easton. Correspondents represented in this collection include Moses Austin, David Barton, Aaron Burr, Daniel G. Bissell, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Alton R. Easton, Henry S. Geyer, Gideon Granger, Ulysses S. Grant, Thomas Jefferson, Charles Lucas, James Madison, James Monroe, William Russell, William T. Sherman, and John Smith T ("T" for Tennessee). In part photostats and typescript copies.

Photostats of Easton letters may not be reproduced.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Rufus Easton Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eaton, B.D.M. (1839-1919).

Papers, 1932. 2 folders (approx. 20 items).

B.D.M. Eaton was a newspaper man who came to St. Louis in 1850 and worked for several different newspapers. He founded the Home Journal which later was renamed the Hotel Reporter.

Papers contain: notes on St. Louis history--hotels, schools, Jefferson Barracks, road houses, streets--1862-1863; local theatrical people, 1850-1869; Chouteau's Pond; paper on the river transportation problem.

Cite as: B.D.M. Eaton Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Alfred N. Eaton Family.

Papers, 1858-1911. 1 folder.

Contains mostly genealogical papers of the Eaton, Dean, Flandrin, Drew, and Hollister families. Includes plat (1858) and deeds (1858, 1922) for property at Poplar and Second Streets in St. Louis owned by Francis Flandrin and transferred to his descendants; will of Alfred N. Eaton (1893) and letters testamentary (1897); Eaton family correspondence (1911); and genealogical data, including the extracts from Sarah Dean's family bible, and assorted obituaries.

Cite as: Alfred N. Eaton Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eaton, Lucien (1831-1890).

Papers, 1854-1892. 8 boxes (3.4 linear ft.); 45 volumes.

Lucien Eaton was born September 24, 1831, in Canton, Mass., and moved with his family to Iowa while still a child. He graduated from Harvard Law School and settled in St. Louis in 1858. He served as a sergeant in the 3rd U.S.R.C. (3 months) from May to August 1861, and in July 1863 was commissioned captain in the 23rd Missouri Infantry and was on detached service at St. Louis. In July 1864 he was commissioned major and judge advocate. After the Civil War, he was appointed register in bankruptcy for the Eastern District of Missouri. He married Emily Partridge of St. Louis in 1861, and after her death in 1872, married Hannah O. Noyes of Bridgewater, Mass., in 1876. He had two sons, George Partridge and Frances (Frank) H. Eaton, by his first wife; and three children, Clara, Lucien, Jr., and Theodore Eaton, by his second wife. He died March 7, 1890, near San Antonio, Tex., and is buried in Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis.

Collection consists of the personal and business papers of Lucien Eaton, including four boxes of family correspondence and personal papers, 1854-1891; two boxes of records from bankruptcy and estate cases. Also includes 37 volumes of letters received, 1858-1889; eight volumes of letters sent, 1861-1888, that relate to personal, military, and legal matters; five annual diaries kept by Eaton during his college days and early years in St. Louis, dated 1855-1858, 1868; and six journals kept by his son, George Partridge Eaton, while a student at West Newton English and Classical School in Newton, Mass., 1878-1882.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Lucien Eaton Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ebert, Carl S.

Scrapbook, n.d. 1 volume.

Cut-out images of birds, children.

Cite as: Carl S. Ebert Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eckelmann family.

Certificates, 1898-1928. 1 box (10 items).

Collection includes marriage certificate and license of Henry Eckelmann and Minnie (Wilhelmine) Dieckmann of St. Louis, baptismal and confirmation certificates of the children, William Henry and Helen Minnie Eckelmann, and a certificate and program from the Central Wesleyan College's Epworth League Institute program in Warrenton, Mo.

Some German.

Cite as: Eckelmann Family Certificates, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edlin family.

Papers, 1924-1965. 1 folder.

Seven World War I-era photographs of unidentified members of the Edlin family; naturalization paper of Albert Judell Edlin, 1924; World War II selective service registration card, immunization, and adjutant general office identification card of 1st Lieutenant Joseph Jay Edlin, his appointment as captain of Air Corps, U.S. Army, 1946, service record, 1942-1946, discharge papers, 1946, and a U.S. Army Air Force notepad, 1944; and an invitation to the inauguration of Missouri Governor Warren E. Hearnes, 1965, addressed to Mr. and Mrs. Joseph J. Edlin.

Cite as: Edlin Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edmondson, Charles L.

Papers, 1860-1870. 1 folder (approx. 25 items).

Charles L. Edmondson served as captain of Company K, 1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate), in the Civil War.

Collection consists primarily of returns and other official papers of Company K, 1st Missouri Infantry. Other notable items include letter of Edmondson to Foote, dated near Atlanta, Ga., August 13, 1864, which discusses casualties in the regiment and action in the Atlanta Campaign; letter of Loyd A. Haynes to Edmondson, dated Montgomery, Ala., July 14, 1864; letter of John K. Newman, dated near Atlanta, August 13, [1864], which briefly describes affairs of the 1st Missouri Infantry; undated lyrics of the song of the "Maryland Brigade"; charges brought against Corporal James Divine, Captain Sprague's Company, Louisiana Volunteers, dated July 25, 1861; discharge of Musician John W. Lewis, 1st Missouri Infantry, dated November 18, 1862; parole of J[ames] M. Daughters, dated Vicksburg, Miss., July 15, 1863; account of pay and clothing of Private Thomas J. Ruddle, 1st Missouri Infantry, dated December 16, 1863; special orders regarding the transfer of Private Warwick F. Rhoades, dated Richmond, April 5, 1864; and undated newspaper clipping listing casualties of the 1st Missouri Infantry at the Battle of Shiloh. Collection also includes railroad and steamer tickets; and a badge of the St. Louis Fancy Dress and Mask, home circle, 1869-1870.

Cite as: Charles L. Edmondson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edson Family.

Edson-Russ Family Papers, 1856-1883. 1 folder (approx. 15 items).

Papers include correspondence to Daniel and Rachel Edson from family members in Leavenworth, Indiana and Oregon and Washington Territories; papers regarding the Russ family.

Cite as: Edson-Russ Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Educational Institute. Library (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Book catalogues, 1894-1899. 2 volumes.

Two book catalogues, arranged alphabetically by author and by title.

Cite as: Book Catalogues of the Education Institute Library, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Educational Museum of the St. Louis Public Schools.

Records, 1901-1999. 20 boxes; 8 volumes

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Educational Museum of the St. Louis Public Schools Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edwards Family.

Papers, 1873-1958. 2 folders (approx. 65 items).

Papers include correspondence, newsclippings of the Edwards family, mostly concerning Joseph R. Edwards, the nephew of Missouri Governor John Edwards, ca. 1870; and genealogical information of the Edwards and Jefferson families.

Cite as: Edwards Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edwards, Marcellus Ball (1828-1849).

Journal, 1846-1847. 1 volume; 1 folder

Edward Marcellus Ball was born in Northumberland County, Va., orphaned at age seven, and raised by his uncle, T.H. Henry. In 1836, he moved with his uncle to Saline County, Mo., where he worked as a deputy clerk in the county clerk's office in Marshall, Mo. At the age of 18, during the Mexican War, he enlisted as a private in Capt. John W. Reid's company, Alexander Doniphan, captain. He returned to St. Louis after the war and worked as an assistant in compounding medicine to the inmates of the city hospital. He died of cholera July 29, 1849.

Second edition, by author, of original journal of expedition to New Mexico and the southern provinces under General Stephen Watts Kearny and later Col. Alexander W. Doniphan. Descriptive and informative account of life in the marches. Map of Mexico, New Mexico, California, and Oregon, dated 1847. Also partial typescript of journal and biographical account by Edward's brother.

Cite as: Marcellus Ball Edwards Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edwards, Ronald.

Architecture Collection. 11 tubes, 1 box

Drawings of various projects around Missouri. Includes projects from the firm of Harms and Kramer (Saint Louis, Mo.). Preliminary inventory available.

Cite as: Ronald Edwards Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edwards, Ruth.

Papers, 1906-1929. 1 box (19 items)

Diaries, letters, school notebooks, and literary manuscripts of Ruth Edwards (Downer), St. Louis, ca. 1906-1926.

Cite as: Ruth Edwards Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edwin P. Ambler (St. Louis, Mo.).

Account books, 1904-1953. 28 volumes and 7 folders.

St. Louis heating contractor.

Records including 13 weekly time books, 1904-1933; four ledgers, 1906-1948; three cash books, 1913-1931; and three associated volumes belonging to Edwin P. Ambler, Jr., the "Official Bulletin of the National Association of Heating and Plumbing Contractors," 1923 and 1925, and "Handbook of Engineering," by H.C. Tully, n.d. An addendum to the collection consists of a ledger (1927-1952), two cash books (1943-1953); two check books (1948-1952); trial balances (1936-1941); papers relating to the incorporation of Missouri Heating and Construction Company (1905) and to the Heating and Piping Investment Company (n.d.); papers relating to the remodeling of the Edwin P. Ambler building on the northeast corner of 13th and LaSalle in St. Louis (1929); documentation regarding fuel oil rationing during World War II; and bank statements (1952).

Cite as: Edwin P. Ambler Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eliot, Henry Ware (1843-1919).

Papers, 1862-1929. 1 partial box (approx. 40 items).

Henry Ware Eliot was the son of William Greenleaf Eliot, the founder of Washington University and the father of T.S. Eliot. He was a wholesale grocer, manufacturing chemist and president of Hydraulic-Press Brick Company. He was also a member of the Board of Directors of Washington University and affiliated with the Academy of Science and the Missouri Botanical Gardens.

Collection includes official military papers relating to Eliot's service in the Enrolled Missouri Militia during the Civil War; papers concerning Mrs. Eliot's work for legislation regarding delinquent and destitute children; three notebooks of Mrs. Eliot's poetry and family correspondence with their sons, Henry Ware Eliot, Jr., and T.S. Eliot.

Cite as: Henry Ware Eliot Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Eliot, William Greenleaf (1811-1887).

Papers, 1832-1886; [1887-1961]. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

William G. Eliot was born in 1811, and was ordained a unitarian minister in 1834. He came to St. Louis in the same year and resided there until his death in 1887. He married in 1837. A social reformer as well as minister, Eliot was a zealous worker in the St. Louis cholera epidemic of 1849, a founder of the Western Sanitary Commission in St. Louis during the Civil War, and a founder of Washington University and Mary Institute. He established the first Unitarian Church, and was an early advocate of prohibition and of women's suffrage and the education of women.

This collection consists of correspondence, and manuscript and printed sermons and essays relating to William Greenleaf Eliot and the St. Louis fire of 1849; the formation and activities of the Western Sanitary Commission; the Civil War, including correspondence relating to slavery, emancipation, refugee slaves, recruiting of black soldiers, and military prison conditions; and the establishment and operation of Mary Institute and Washington University. Specifically, it includes, Report on Bible Societies read before the Philanthropic Society, Cambridge, September 19, 1832; Eliot's sermon to the Boston and other churches, appealing for aid to build in St. Louis (May 10, 1835); address on the life of William Ashley (June 6, 1838); First Congregational Church notebook outlining order of services (St. Louis, 1839-1842); Lectures on Europe (1852); Lectures to Young Women, delivered in the Church of the Messiah (St. Louis, 1853); Loyalty and Religion sermon (August 18, 1861); letters to Hudson E. Bridge regarding the founding of Mary Institute (1858-1859); materials relating to the Mississippi Valley Sanitary Fair, the Mississippi Valley Sanitary Commission, and Mary Institute; and address to members of the "Old Guard" by their chaplain, W.G. Eliot (St. Louis, September 21, 1862). Other materials include accounts and bills of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Lamb Eliot (1867); materials regarding Washington University (1869-1887); fragments from the journal of Christopher Rhodes Eliot (1887); and reminiscences of William G. Eliot, Jr., regarding life in St. Louis in the 1870s and 1880s, Smith Academy, and St. Louis institutions and neighborhoods. In part photostats and printed matter.

Cite as: William Greenleaf Eliot Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Elkington, Robert.

Architecture Collection, 1946-1985. 15 map drawers, 3.5 c.f.

Residential, institutional, and commercial drawings; specifications; and limited job files. Preliminary inventory available

Cite as: Robert Elkington Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Elliot, Lucy Cable (1883-1972)

Papers, 1923-1972 3 folders

Lucy Cable Elliot was born in Columbus, Ohio on January 23, 1883. She graduated from Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts in 1904. In 1912, Elliot took a job teaching mentally challenged children in South Orange, New Jersey. She moved to St. Louis in 1920 when hired as the Supervisor of Special Education for the St. Louis Public School System. Elliot became a pioneer in the education of mentally and physically handicapped children in the city and received numerous awards and recognition for her years of service. In 1960, a building at the St. Louis State School and Hospital was named in her honor and she was chosen to receive the "Woman of Achievement" Award from the St. Louis Globe-Democrat in 1964. Elliot died in St. Louis on February 28, 1972. She is buried in Columbus, Ohio.

The collection consists of correspondence, newspaper clippings relating to Elliot's career and awards, Elliot's resume, programs, certificates, information on the history audio-visual education in St. Louis, and biographical information on the life of St. Louis educator Fannie L. Lachmund.

Cite as: Lucy Cable Elliot Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Elliott, Newton G. (1812-1887?).

Papers, 1833-1909. 3 boxes (2.0 linear ft.); 8 volumes.

Justice of the Peace (1837), sheriff of Howard County, Mo. (1848-1852), and state representative in Missouri (1852).

This collection includes correspondence relating to the mule, horse, and cattle trade, Santa Fe, N.M., Pike's Peak, and California. Also includes muster rolls and other materials of the 1st Company, 14th Regiment, 1st Battalion, Missouri Militia (183-) from the Mormon War of 1838, in which Elliott was commander; slave papers, land deals, and medical and merchandise bills; transactions concerning the outfitting of Santa Fe trade; promissory notes; papers relating to Howard County, including materials regarding runaway slaves, estates, criminal matters, and a certified list of registered voters of Franklin election district (Oct. 28, 1872); account books containing notes on mules purchased, expenditures, deposits, and other financial notes; figures on cattle shipment; a recipe book; some materials relating to the Civil War; several bound volumes that include two account books of C.L. Elliott in Quincy, Ill., in partnership with Robert C. Spencer (after May 1, 1885), consisting of nine separate accounts of varied business interests, including livestock, grain and produce, real estate, and lumber, 1885-1886; four account books of Hugh Elliott regarding general store in Boonville (1848), Lyons (1849), and Estill (1870, 1899-1912), Mo.; a ledger of grocery and general merchandise accounts of the firm N.G. and J.W. Elliott, in Boonville, Mo., 1837-1839, with clippings regarding 1844 Howard County elections; and a ledger of mule, horse, and cattle trade business of Elliott and Smith (Newton G. Elliott and William Smith, partners), Boonville, 1853, with partnership dissolution agreement, 1854.

Cite as: Newton G. Elliott Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Elliott, Richard Smith (1817- ).

Papers, 1868-1890. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 12 volumes.

Richard Smith Elliott was born in 1817 in Lewistown, Pa. Initially, he worked in the newspaper field for several years in Pennsylvania and Kentucky. Appointed Indian agent in 1843, he went overland from St. Louis to accept the position at Council Bluffs, Iowa. He broke the first prairie sod in Iowa, met William Ashley and Bonneville, and went overland with Doniphan's expedition at the outbreak of the Mexican War. Later became a real estate developer in St. Louis and helped establish the community of Kirkwood, Mo. He also became the industrial agent of the Kansas Pacific Railway. He survived the Gasconade River bridge disaster of November 1, 1855, and was author of Notes Taken in Sixty Years (St. Louis: R. P. Studley & Co., 1883).

This collections includes twelve letterbooks of business letters written while industrial agent for the Kansas Pacific Railway, 1868-1890. In addition, there is a collection of manuscripts and manuscript fragments, including some typescript drafts, ca. 1875-1880, which relates mostly to the Mississippi River system, with discussion of dredging, bars, jetties, levies, the physics and hydraulics of the river, and the delta. Also in this group are manuscript fragments on the Galveston Harbor and on the Charleston Harbor jetties; notes on the properties of water and heat; a manuscript on coal in the Raton Mountains; fragments on the State of Texas and the old Northwest Territories; and an essay entitled "Statesmanship--From Two Railroad Authorities." Some of these manuscripts appear to have been drafts for portions of Notes Taken in Sixty Years.

Cite as: Richard Smith Elliott Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Emmons family.

Collection, 1796-1941. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Family of Benjamin Linton Emmons, I, Missouri territorial and state legislator; Benjamin Linton Emmons, II; and Benjamin Linton Emmons, III (d. 1942), a local historian who was engaged in the abstracting business in St. Charles, Mo.

This collection consists of materials related to the history of St. Charles, Mo., and spans the lives of three generations of the Benjamin Linton Emmons family. Persons involved in the early transactions include Edward Bates, Frederick Bates, Charles Dehault Delassus, John C. Edwards, Archibald Gamble, Hamilton Gamble, J. Mackay, William G. Pettus, Amos Stoddard, and Zenon Trudeau. Manuscripts include St. Charles land documents from the French and Spanish periods, including Zenon Trudeau's decree to the inhabitants of St. Charles (1796), materials relating to the Louisiana Purchase, and documents relating to the St. Charles Commons. In addition there is a diary of a trip from Virginia to Missouri, and from Dardenne Prairie to Jefferson City by William M. Campbell (1830); correspondence and legal documents of Benjamin L. Emmons, attorney; tax assessments in St. Charles County for 1843; lists of lands and town lots and taxes thereon for 1842 (files 5-3-1844); list of citizenship papers (1859); a muster roll of the St. Charles Home Guards (filed 1862); emancipation certificates for slaves released by Radical Emancipationist owners in St. Charles (filed 9-29-1863); an annual report of the St. Charles Library Catholic Association (1-7-1868); and a scrapbook. Some typescript translations.

Some French.

Cite as: Emmons Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Engelhardt, Lloyd.

Papers, 1924-1970. 15 boxes (7.5 linear ft.)

Mr. Engelhardt was an aeronautical engineer with the firms, Curtiss-Wright and McDonnell Douglass.

Collection contains engineering data for specific airplanes; inter-office memos; space aeronautical information on the Voyager and the Gemini; some personal papers; blueprints, drawings of some aircraft; photographs of cockpits and airplanes.

Cite as: Lloyd Engelhardt Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Engelmann, George Julius (1847- ).

Papers 1861-1883; 1953. 2 folders (approx. 25 items).

George Julius Engelmann was the son of Dr. George Engelmann, a noted scientist. The family moved to St. Louis in 1835 and Dr. George Engelmann helped to found the Anzeiger des Westens, and a German academy of science. George Julius Engelmann was born in 1847 and received his A.B. degree in 1867 and an M.A. degree in 1870 from Washington University. He practiced medicine in St. Louis and married his distant cousin, Emily Engelmann, who died March 28, 1890. Shortly thereafter he moved to Boston, Mass., where he is known to have married a second time. He died November 16, 1903, in Nashua, N.H.

Papers include genealogical information and the diary of George J. Engelmann, which he kept during the Civil War years while a student at Washington University. Although a Southern sympathizer, he still attempts to give a fair report of events as he saw them, or as he learned of them through newspapers, local rumors, or reports from friends. He divides his entries between local news and news from abroad, and occasionally summarizes the progression of battles and engagements by dates and months. He pastes in pertinent clippings, and comments on laws, political news and local events.

Cite as: George Julius Engelmann Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Engelmann, Lydia.

Advertising Card Scrapbook, n.d. 1 volume

Cite as: Lydia Engelmann Advertising Card Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Englemann, Theodor (1808-1889).

Reminiscences, 1885. 1 volume

Born in the Palatinate in Germany, died in Belleville, Ill. Studied law at universities in Heidelberg, Jena, and Munich. Forced to leave Germany in after a student uprising, arrived in St. Louis in August 1833. In 1835, assisted in editing the Anzeiger des Westens. Founded the Beobachter in Belleville, in 1840, St. Clair County's first German newspaper. He was also elected the deputy circuit clerk. In 1852, he entered into the practice of law with Gustav Koerner. Upon his retirement he devoted himself to the study of grape culture. He married Johanna Kribben in 1845.

Typescript translation of original German volume written in 1885. Translation by grandson, Joseph Casimir Kircher, 1950-1951. Recounts Englemann's life both in Germany and in the United States, includes several pages of family history, a photograph of Englemann, and a family tree that dates up to 1958.

Cite as: Theodore Engelmann Reminiscences, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Enrolled Missouri Militia. 54th regiment.

Order book, 1862-1864. 1 volume.

Transferred to Missouri Militia Collection.


Ensor Family.

Papers, 1840-1879. 1 folder (approx. 50 items); 7 volumes.

Sidney R. Ensor (1808-1876) was born in England. He was a physician and surgeon in St. Charles, Mo., who specialized in gunshot wounds. He died in St. Charles.

This collection contains family letters, clippings, and material regarding Dr. Sidney R. Ensor. In addition there are seven ledgers and journals of the medical practice of Sidney R. Ensor, 1840-1879, with some personal and farm records included.

Cite as: Ensor Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Envelopes collection, late 1800s-early 1900s. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection of assorted postal covers from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Cite as: Envelopes Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Equal Suffrage League of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Financial reports, 1910-1916. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Woman suffrage organization founded in St. Louis, April 8, 1910.

Contains some treasurer's reports, office expenses, reports of legislative work, and a bank book.

Cite as: Equal Suffrage League of Saint Louis Financial Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Erdman, Loula Grace.

"The Years of the Locust" / manuscript, ca. 1947. 2 volumes

Born on a farm near Almo, Mo. Received her B.S. from Warrensburg, 1931, and master's degree from Teachers College, University of Missouri-Columbia, 1941. At the time of this publication, 1947, was teaching at West Texas State College in Canyon, Tex.

Typed manuscript and unbound galley proofs with correction of a novel about rural life in Missouri.

Cite as: Loula Grace Erdman, "The Years of the Locust," manuscript, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Estates collection. 1771-1864. 9 folders (approx. 100 items).

The papers concern claims against estates of prominent people of St. Louis and other parts of the country. Names of those acting as administrators, or having other legal interest in the estates, include; Auguste Chouteau, Charles Gratiot, Charles Dehault Delassus, Charles Sanguinet, Edward Hempstead, Henry von Phul, John Bent, H.S. Geyer, Robert Simpson, Frederick Bates, Kenneth MacKenzie and John F. Darby. There are papers pertaining to the estates of the following; Antoine Laframboise (October 12, 1771), Etienne Derouen (1798-1806), Mathurin Bouvet (October 9, 1800), Jean Baptiste Tardif (June 30, 1808), Joseph Robidoux (1809-1812), John Colter (1814-1815), Robert McClennan (1815-1817), Saint Paul Lacroix (1815-1822), Charles Sanguinet, Jr. (November 6, 1818), John McKnight (1821-1836), Aaron T. Crane (January 15, 1822), Pascal Ponrpart (June 13, 1822), William Smith (December 18, 1824), WIlliam Shearer (February 26, 1825), Helene Chevalier (1831-1835), Alfred K. Stevens (1832-1852), Antoine Cerre' (1834), Auguste P. Chouteau (1838-1852), Robert Paul Lucas (November 23, 1840), Hypolite Papin (1842-1847), James A. Hamilton Palmer (December 20, 1843), Joseph and Simon Pilipson (1844-1845), Adam Martin (1845), Francisco Robledo (1848- 1850), Sylvester Labadie (1852-1855), Henry Shaw (November 1889), Mrs. Alice B. von Versen (n.d.), Julien Dubuque (1811).

Finding Aid Available

Cite as: Estates Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Evans, Augustus H. (1810-1857).

Papers, 1839-1854. 1 partial box (approx. 110 items).

Mr. Augustus Evans was born in 1810. He married Mildred M. James in Pike County, Mo., in 1826. In 1838, he was listed in St. Louis City directory as a partner of John Dougherty in the firm of Evans and Dougherty, Auctioneers and Commission Merchants at 73 N. 1st street. Mr. Evans died in 1857.

The papers consists primarily of business correspondence and legal documents. It reflects the friendship and business association between A.H. Evans of St. Louis and George E. Walker, James Sanger, Charles Sanger and David Sanger of Ottawa, Ill. The Sanger Brothers and George Walker had a canal building business and merchandise store in Ottawa. Augustus Evans acted as their purchasing agent in St. Louis. The largest portion of the correspondence (26 of 51 ) letters were written in 1840 and contain produce market prices for the 1840s. There are also legal documents 1806-1871, surveys of various St. Louis area, 1796-1876, and printed material.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Augustus H. Evans Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Evans, David Gwynne ( -1916).

Papers, 1875-1918. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Born South Wales. Was with the J.G. Flint Co. in Milwaukee; came to St. Louis in 1858 to begin operation of the Flint-Evans Co. This later became the David G. Evans Co., dealers in tea, coffee, and spices. Married Julia Durkee (died 1897), daughter of Dwight Durkee, and later Mary Archer O'Reilly.

Papers mainly related to the estate of David G. Evans (died 1916). These estate papers include his will and an inventory of the estate (filed 1914-1916). Includes insurance papers, stock certificates, and bonds of St. Louis companies. Also the wills of Dwight Durkee and his daughter Julia Durkee Evans (Mrs. David G. Evans), and papers relating to their estates (filed 1899); an antenuptial agreement between David G. Evans and his second wife Mary Archer O'Reilly (filed June 12, 1906); and a bank book of Gwynne Evans (1917-1925), the son of David G. Evans.

Cite as: David Gwynne Evans Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Evens, John Cooper.

Papers, 1858-1959. 1 partial box (3 items).

Brick mason located in St. Louis.

Contains ledger of the Evens and Howard Fire Brick Co., 1858-1862; stock book of the Evens and Howard Fire Brick Co., 1867-1938; several undated advertising pamphlets; and genealogical information of the John Cooper Evens and family supplied by Marian King, 1959.

Cite as: John Cooper Evens Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Everett Family. Diaries, 1863 Jan 11-Jun 27.

See Journals and Diaries Collection, 1863


Everett House (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Hotel registers, 1867; 1873-1874. 2 volumes.

The Everett House was a St. Louis, Mo., hotel under the proprietorship of Isaac B. Gildersleve, a riverboat captain.

Cite as: Everett House Hotel Registers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


F.B. Chamberlain Company (Saint Louis, Mo., and East St. Louis, Ill.).

Records, 1886-1936. 1 box (1.0 linear ft.); 2 volumes; 2 oversized folders.

F.B. Chamberlain Co. was founded in 1855 by Frederick Bradley Chamberlain. The firm, located at 118 Vine, dealt in flour, butter and cheese, and soon became known for the extent of its operations. Mr. Chamberlain remained at the head of the firm until his death in 1897. In the 1930s the company began producing chemical products.

Records include; corporate records, 1901-1936; financial reports, 1919-1943; World War I wartime reports and licenses; trademarks and labels, information regarding patents and registrations, 1886 to 1931; advertising matter; examples of labels, trademarks and packaging boxes.

Cite as: F.B. Chamberlain Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fackler, John G.

Diary, 1854-1864. 1 partial box (1 volume).

John G. Fackler was a minister.

The first part of the diary (January 1, 1854 to May 19, 1855) was written at Jefferson City and tells of his preaching, trips to St. Louis, and his first ride on a railroad train. The second part (May 19-September 24, 1864) describes his trip across the plains from St. Joseph to Sacramento, Cal. The diary deals with the following subjects: H. Clay Ewing, Indians, Jefferson City--Capitol Building, Mormons, railroads, Salt Lake City, steamboats, and western travel.

Cite as: John G. Fackler Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Facsimiles collections. 2 flat storage boxes.

Facsimiles of numerous historical documents among which are the Gettysburg Address; Lee's General Order Number Nine; translation of the Treaty Conveying Upper Louisiana Territory to the United States; small volume of Anthony Wayne and George Washington letters; book of facsimiles of original documents relating to the events of the Revolution; 40 documents of the Freedom Train; the Thomas Jefferson letter (July 4, 1806) to Capt. Meriwether Lewis instructing him on the impending journey to the Pacific Ocean; and the San Francisco Town Journal, 1847-1848. Also newsclippings and articles regarding fakes and forgery.

Cite as: Facsimiles Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fallert Brothers (Sainte Genevieve Co., Mo.).

Farm records, 1940-1946; 1948-1952; 1954-1956. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Annual financial records of the Sainte Genevieve County, Mo., farm of Thomas Fallert and Frank J. Fallert.

Cite as: Fallert Brothers Farm Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Falstaff Brewing Corporation.

Records, 1934-1974. 8 boxes (6.0 linear ft.); 4 volumes.

Brewing company with headquarters in St. Louis. The brewery was originally Griesedieck Brothers Brewery, located at 1900 Shenandoah, St. Louis. Falstaff Brewing Company acquired Columbia Brewing Company, July 31, 1948.

Papers include: records from the marketing and sales departments, 1965-1973, including advertising, marketing plans, an analysis of the Chicago Market in 1965 and sales reports; product reports from the technical department including taste tests, 1964; records from brewery operations and distribution, 1964-1975; financial statements, budgets 1957, 1964-1965; records of Master Brewers Association of America annual business meetings, 1939, 1953-1956; records of Master Brewers Association-St. Louis District: minutes, treasurer's reports, membership rosters; correspondence of Joseph Griesedieck, Sr., Ralph Wier, William Healy, 1964. Bound volumes include: Falstaff Brewing Corp., New Orleans, 1937; Omaha, 1935-1937; general account book for plant #1, 1933-1937, with accounts receivable, cash register, etc.; ledger of general beer sales, 1954, divided into sale regions and type of container. Records of Columbia Brewing Co., 1938-1948; application and reports filed with the U.S. Treasury Dept.,Internal Revenue Service, Alcohol Tax Unit. FSB, 1934-1948, contains plats of Columbia Brewing Co. buildings: 20th Street and Madison. These plans were submitted to the U.S. Treasury Department, Alcohol Tax Unit for approval.

Cite as: Falstaff Brewing Corporation Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Fant Family.

Papers, 1848-1867.

1 partial box (approx. 16 items).

Letters and tax receipts, chiefly of Hamilton G. to William S. Fant of St. Charles County. The letters contain family news. Letter dated September 14, 1850, discusses the appearance of Jenny Lind in New York.

Cite as: Fant Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fare devices collection, [1895-1940]. 1 box (1.0 linear ft.)

Collection of transportation devices, mostly street car transfers.

Cite as: Fare Devices Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Farmers Mutual Insurance Company (Lawrence County, Mo.).

Record books, 1909-1914. 1 box (5 volumes).

Cite as: Farmers Mutual Insurance Company Record Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Farrar, Bernard Gaines, Dr. (1785-1849).

Account books, 1807-1836. 9 volumes

One of the first physicians west of the Mississippi River, arriving in St. Louis ca. 1807. In partnership with David V. Walker, 1812-1825 (Farrar and Walker), and with Dr. Martins, after 1832 (Farrar and Martins).

Records of medical practice. Consists of six volumes of business ledgers of Farrar and Walker, 1807-1825; journal of Bernard G. Farrar, 1826-1832, with undated notes on hiring out slaves in front of volume; and journal of Farrar and Martins, 1833-1836.

Cite as: Bernard Gaines Farrar Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Farrar, Charles Thruston.

Correspondence, 1876-1940. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Associated with Farrar and Tate Real Estate and Financial Agents.

Contains photocopies of typescripts of personal and business correspondence of Charles Farrar.

Cite as: Charles Thruston Farrar Correspondence, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Farrar, Christy M.

Papers, 1849-1960. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

St. Louis attorney and realtor.

Business correspondence, mainly pertaining to St. Louis real estate and law practice of Christy M. Farrar. Other topics references include Missouri politics, and Japanese-American prisoner exchanges during World War II. Earlier material relates to Farrar's ancestors.

Cite as: Christy M. Farrar Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fashion Exhibitors of America, Inc. (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Minutes, 1936-1955. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Fashion Exhibitors of America, Inc., is an organization of wholesale apparel salesmen in the St. Louis area. Through most of its history the organization was restricted to the women's and children's clothing industry, but eventually opened up to include men's apparel. It was organized in 1934 partly as a reaction to the shortage of gasoline. The chief function of the organization was to provide a central point where wholesalers or "exhibitors" could show their wares to retail representatives or "buyers". Through most of the organization's history, members assembled four or five times a year at the Statler Hotel in St. Louis. At these times, buyers converged on the hotel to view the exhibitors lines, and participate in parties and seminars. In most years the exhibitors and their wives also met for an annual banquet.

Minutes of the organizational meetings. See the Missouri Historical Society Prints and Photographs Collections for graphic materials.

Cite as: Fashion Exhibitors of America Minutes, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fayette (Mo.) collection. 1837-1843. 1 volume (131 pages)

Day book of unidentified outfitter.

Cite as: Fayette (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Federal Barge Lines, Inc.

Property book for the steamer Mark Twain, 1932 Mar-1936 Dec. 1 volume

Record of unexpendable property and equipment.

Cite as: Federal Barge Lines Property Book for the Steamer Mark Twain, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Federation of Missouri Trapshooters

Collection, 1934-1940 4 folders

The collection consists primarily of clippings and programs describing trapshooting events in Missouri and Illinois. Much of the material pertains to the Creve Coeur Gun Club.

Cite as: Federation of Missouri Trapshooters, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Federer Realty Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1929-1963. 17 boxes (13.5 linear ft.)

Federer Realty Company was founded in 1914 by William A. Federer. The company was responsible for developing 40 residential subdivisions in the St. Louis City and County, including Holly Hills, Berkshire, Richmond Hills, Radcliffe, Grand-Dover Park and Hampton Hills. Mr. Federer was also a founder of the Jefferson-Gravois Bank and served on the City Zoning Committee (St. Louis). He also served one term on the St. Louis Board of Equalization. Mr. Federer died Feb. 17, 1969.

Records include: rent receipts, correspondence regarding the subdivisions; correspondence, briefs and newsclippings regarding James L. Fitzpatrick et. al. vs. William Federer, et al.; correspondence and printed material regarding the Missouri Real Estate Association; correspondence, rent receipts, etc. regarding the Jefferson Gravois Bank; blueprints for homes; plat maps for subdivisions.

Cite as: Federer Realty Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Felger, Isaiah S.

Account books, 1862-1881. 3 volumes

Lived in Davenport, Ia., and (after 1864) in Geneseo, Ill. Employed by Christopher Sherwood Whistler in Davenport; in partnership with William Harbaugh (Felger and Harbaugh) in Geneseo, operating a general store.

One volume of personal accounts of Isaiah Felger in Davenport, Iowa, and Geneseo, Ill. (1862-1869); with memoranda of business transactions while in the employ of Whistler in Davenport (1862- 1864). Two account books of Felger and Harbaugh, general merchandisers, in Geneseo, Ill., 1867-1881.

Cite as: Isaiah S. Felger Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fenian Brotherhood.

Papers, 1869-1922. 1 partial box (66 mss.)

The Fenian Brotherhood was formed in the United States circa 1858 with its goal being the liberation of Ireland from English rule. The Fenians launched several unsuccessful raids into Canada (or British North America) from 1866 to 1871.

The Fenian Brotherhood Papers contains several speeches of John O'Keefe; a couple publications of the Brotherhood; and a scrapbook which consists primarily of circulars, orders and correspondence of the Fenian Brotherhood.

Finding aid available

Cite as: Fenian Brotherhood Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ferguson, Philip Gooch (1824-1887).

Diary, 1847-1864. 1 volume

Born Prince Edward County, Va. Educated in Virginia and Missouri. By the age of 23, he had been involved in several newspapers before joining the 3rd Regiment of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, which was involved in the Mexican War. After the war he had a business interest in the St. Louis newspapers, the Democrat and the St. Louis Herald. Known as the "Jenks" in the newspaper business.

The diary of day to day accounts of his expedition with the Mexican War effort, with good descriptions of places and the Mexican people he encountered. Continues with descriptions of his life in St. Louis after the war, with commentary on local events. Also some of his poetry.

Cite as: Philip Gooch Ferguson Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Ferris, Ruth.

Papers, 1948-1985. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

A widely reputed authority on the Mississippi River and steamboats, Ruth Ferris was a St. Louis teacher at the Community School at 900 Lay Road in Ladue, Mo., for 35 years until her retirement as assistance principal in 1957. Thereafter, she worked as curator of the River Room at the Missouri Historical Society until her second retirement in 1965.

Select papers, consisting of biographical data; a scrapbook documenting Ferris' tenure with the Missouri Historical Society (1958-1965); and printed matter from the Community School, consisting of a flier regarding the history of Golden Eagle pilot house and its purchase by the Community School (1948), newsletters (1985), alumni bulletins (1984-1985), annual report (1983-1984), brochure (n.d.), and programs commemorating the 70th anniversary of the school (1984-1985). The collection also includes a letter from Don Jones of CBS addressed to Ferris, April 25, 1960.

Cite as: Ruth Ferris Papers, Missouri Historical Society Archives, St. Louis.


Fetter, William W.

Ledger, 1858-1859. 1 volume (200 pages)

Ledger of accounts of Fieldon, Ill., general store. Daily entries of goods sold for cash and goods sold on time at rear of volume.

Cite as: William W. Fetter Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fiala, John T. ( -1871).

Papers, 1860-1871. 1 partial box (12 items).

Colonel John T. Fiala was a Hungarian by birth, but was educated in an Austrian military school, and entered the Austrian service at an early period of his life. During the Hungarian revolution he enlisted in the Hungarian army, served with distinction, and was promoted by Louis Kossuth to lieutenant colonel. After the collapse of the revolutionary cause he came to St. Louis, where at the outbreak of the Civil War, he had a position in the surveyor-general's office. He was one of the first to use his influence to organize the German-born residents of the city in military units. He was elected lieutenant colonel of the 2nd Regiment, Home Guard, and was present with this regiment at the capture of Camp Jackson. He died June 2, 1871, in St. Louis.

The collection consist of letters written to Colonel Fiala during the period 1861-1871. Most of them were written by General Fremont, with one from his wife, Jessie Benton Fremont. While the earlier letters in the group refer to minor administrative problems they do include such items as a report on the fortifications at Jefferson City, and other local affairs. After Fremont's removal from command at St. Louis, the letters provide interesting information on the general's plans and activities. Several letters concern Fremont's interest in the Union Pacific Railway, and one letter is an introduction of Fiala as engineer of the railroad.

Cite as: John T. Fiala Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Field, Eugene (1850-1895).

Papers, 1855; 1872-1955. 3 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)

Author, poet, newsman, attended Missouri University, later worked on newspapers in St. Joseph, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Denver. In 1883, he joined the Chicago Morning News (in 1890 renamed the Record) and remained until his death. While on the News, he wrote "Sharps and Flats" on the editorial page.

Papers consist mainly of proof sheets of works of Eugene Field, some signed; correspondence, theater programs, newsclippings. A portfolio, notes of Eugene Field, corresponding secretary of the Missouri Press Association, 1878, giving a history of Missouri newspapers. Correspondents include William Barrett, Samuel L. Clemens, Zee James (Mrs. Jesse James), Sol Smith Russell, and Francis Wilson.

Cite as: Eugene Field Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Filley Family.

Papers, 1740; 1810-1953. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 2 volumes.

O.D. Filley was born in 1806, came to St. Louis in 1829, and served as mayor of St. Louis, 1858-1860. G.F. Filley (1815-1900) came to St. Louis in 1834. Chauncey Ives Filley (1829-1923) was born in Lansingburg, N.Y., and came to St. Louis in 1850. He was mayor of St. Louis in 1863; postmaster of St. Louis under Ulysses S. Grant; administrative Chairman of the Missouri State Republican Committee; and chairman of arrangements for the opening of Eads Bridge. Augustus Filley was born in 1766.

Papers consist mainly of correspondence of O.D. and G.F. Filley to their family in Connecticut, relating to early ventures in the tin and stove manufacturing business. G.F. Filley's firm, the Excelsior Manufacturing Company, made the famous "Charter Oak" cooking stove. Also records pertaining to affairs and public service of Chauncey Ives Filley. These include Chauncey I. Filley's letterbook, 1862, containing only two letters, one of which discusses railway routes between St. Louis and Little Rock and Bismarck and Little Rock, and map of Berkshire Hills, Mass. Also includes personal record book of Augustus Filley, 1874-1818, with information on the Filley family in Windsor, Conn., and other genealogical information. This collection contains much of political interest as well as social sidelights on St. Louis history, including data on James O. Broadhead, the Chartrand Family, the Civil War, Gen. John B. Clark, the Constitutional Convention of 1865, the Eads Bridge, James A. Garfield, Samuel T. Glover, Judge Louis Gottschalk, William S. Harney, the growth of the post office in St. Louis, early railroads, Gen. Rosecrans, the early days of St. Louis, St. Louis Gas Company, the Sanitary Fair Commission, Carl Schurz, and transportation, waterways, etc.

Cite as: Filley Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Finney, J.B.

Papers, 1871-1953. 1 folder.

Collection includes limited correspondence, bills, obituaries, genealogical data of the J.B. Finney family, and a day book of J.B. Rozier in account with J.B. Finney.

Inventory of collection with collection.


First American Title Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Selected title abstracts. 8 boxes.

First American Title Company was formed following a series of mergers of St. Louis area title insurance companies. In 1901, thirty-one title companies formed Title Guaranty Trust Co., and in 1927, merged with seven additional title companies to form The Title Insurance Corporation of St. Louis. In the 1960s Title Insurance Corporation became St. Paul Title, and finally First American Title Company.

Collection consists of selected St. Louis title abstracts relating mostly to land in the Lafayette Square neighborhood in St. Louis. Abstracts were initially prepared by St. Louis Title Company; August Gehner, Titles and Real Estate; and Land Title Co. of St. Louis.

Arranged sequentially by abstract number.

Abstracts were given to donor by the First American Title Company, without restriction, in September 1991, when First American Title determined that maintenance of its vault of title abstracts had become too costly. Remainder of First American Title Company's abstracts have subsequently been destroyed.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: First American Title Company Abstracts, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


First Trinitarian Congregational Church of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Minute book, 1857-1918. 1 volume.

Established March 1852.

Minute book, with newsclippings, constitution, membership list, and bulletins.

Cite as: First Trinitarian Congregational Church of St. Louis Minute Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fisher, John W.

Papers, 1850-1920. 1 partial box (70 items).

Deeds, instruments, etc. pertaining to land in Pemiscot County, property of Fisher family; checks and receipts; application for membership in Modern Woodmen of America.

Cite as: John W. Fisher Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fiske, John W. (1842-1901).

Papers, [1850-1920]. 1 partial box (approx. 15 items).

John Fiske was born in Hartford, Conn., in 1842. He grew up in Middletown and remained there until he entered Harvard. He received the degree of LL.D. in 1865 and A.M. in 1866. In 1879, he devoted himself to writing and lecturing. He made himself known as a lucid expositor of Spencer and Darwin. As a lecturer Mr. Fiske was one of the most sought after in America. He was appointed professor of American history at Washington University in 1885 and had been a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Oriental Society, British Folklore Society and the California Historical Society. Mr. Fiske died July 4, 1901.

The papers contain maps drawn by Fiske for use in his books; essay by W.P. Trent, "Mr. Fiske's Old Virginia"; proof sheets from "The Fall of New France," by John Fiske; bibliophile society proof of John Fiske's Astoria address, which was later given to William K. Bixby.

Cite as: John W. Fiske Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fitz-John Porter court martial collection, 1863-1891. 1 box (approx. 50 items).

Papers concern the re-opening of the case involving the court martial of Fitz-John Porter.

Cite as: Fitz-John Porter Court Martial Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fitzgerald, William L.

Criminal law digest, ca. late 1800s. 1 volume (478 pages)

William Fitzgerald was a St. Louis attorney, who began his career in the 1860s with the city marshall's office. During the 1870s and 1880s, he served as a clerk in the Court of Criminal Corrections. In the 1890s he practiced law as a private attorney.

This volume is a manuscript digest of criminal law in Missouri, arranged alphabetically by topic, with definitions and case citations, and an index of cases at rear of volume. It is unclear at what point in Fitzgerald's career this digest was compiled and used.

Cite as: William L. Fitzgerald Criminal Law Digest, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fitzgibbon, James W. (1916-1985)

Papers, ca. 1938-ca.1986. 21 boxes, oversize folders, 15 tubes

Drawings, prints, sketches, slide, films, photographs, watercolors, newsclippings related to Fitzgibbon and Synergetics, Synergetics job files, correspondence with friend and business associate Buckminster Fuller, notes, and various teaching/research files. Currently unprocessed, no preliminary inventory.

Cite as: James W. Fitzgibbon Papers , Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fitzpatrick, Daniel Robert, 1891-1969.

Collection, 1954-1968. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Editorial cartoonist for the St.. Louis Post-Dispatch. Collection includes Daniel Fitzpatrick's correspondence to his friend, William (Chub) E. Mueller, 1965-1968, newsclippings, and reproductions of photographs of Fitzpatrick, friends, and family; certificates, citations, etc., and birthday book compiled by staff members of KSD for Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, 1954-1966.

Cite as: Daniel Robert Fitzpatrick Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fitzwilliam, Edgar J.

Papers, 1800-1926. 1 partial box (approx. 80 items).

Papers include family correspondence; deeds; family records, etc. Also included are Bradford and Wash family genealogies.

Cite as: Edgar J. Fitzwilliam Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Flad, Henry (1827-1898).

Papers of Henry and Edward Flad, 1846-1940. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Henry Flad was born in Baden, Germany, in 1824. He graduated from the University of Munich in 1846 and emigrated to the United States in 1849 in the wake of the revolutions in Europe. He worked as an engineer for several railroads and upon the outbreak of the Civil War, he enlisted as a private in the 3rd United States Reserve Corps (3 months). He later rose to the rank of colonel in the Engineer Regiment of the West. He was mustered out in November 1864. After the war he returned to St. Louis, where he served for several years as the president of the Board of Public Improvements. He died June 20, 1898, in Pittsburgh, Pa. His son, Edward Flad (1860-1935), was St. Louis city engineer, water commissioner, member of Missouri Public Service Commission, and engineer in private practice.

Papers concern mainly Henry and Edward Flad, and include Flad genealogy, naturalization of Henry Flad, correspondence of Henry Flad and his wife, materials regarding St. Louis Water Works (including descriptions and blueprints, 1903), repeal of prohibition, decisions of Public Service Commission, reorganization of St. Louis Public Service Co., and work on smoke abatement in St. Louis. In part transcripts and translations.

Cite as: Papers of Henry and Edward Flad, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Flagg, Edmund (1815-1890).

Papers, 1825-1890s. 4 boxes (3.5 linear ft.)

Born in Maine in 1815, Flagg came to St. Louis in 1836 and studied law under Hamilton R. Gamble. After completing The Far West, a journal of his wanderings through Illinois and Missouri, he worked briefly for a Louisville, Ky., newspaper; practiced law in Vicksburg, Miss.; served as editor of the Marietta, Ohio, Gazette; and published two novels. In 1845, he returned to St. Louis to edit the St. Louis Evening Gazette, leaving that paper after a short while to become a court reporter for St. Louis County. He contributed stories to the Missouri Republican, and published several more novels and plays during his stay in St. Louis. Appointed consul at Venice in 1850 by president John Tyler, Flagg left St. Louis, returning to become editor of the St. Louis Times in 1853. He was appointed superintendent of statistics for the Department of State in 1856, at which time he wrote his "Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations." Flagg's memoirs, written after his retirement from U.S. Government service, recount a life of varied experiences and interests, and shed many highlights on events and personages in St. Louis. Flagg died in Virginia in 1890.

Correspondence, dated 1825-1890s, pertaining to Flagg's career as a journalist and author, and to his personal and financial affairs. Also included are notes on scenes along the Mississippi River, with a detailed sketch of Nauvoo in July 1846; the manuscript of an article on the early days of St. Louis, published in the United States Illustrated in 1853; scrapbooks of newsclippings of Flagg's writings for newspapers in St. Louis, Louisville, and Marietta, Ohio; the manuscript of unpublished portions of Flagg's book, Venice: City of the Sea; reviews of Flagg's best known novel, De Molai; manuscript and printed versions of newspaper carriers' New Year's addresses furnished by Flagg for the Missouri Statesman, 1847, the Daily Missouri Republican, 1853, and other papers; manuscript of Flagg's memoirs; and Bowdoin College notebooks and personal account books.

Cite as: Edmund Flagg Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Flags collection, 1829-1946. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Correspondence, printed material, historical notes regarding flags of interest to the state of Missouri, organizations, military units, and individuals. Includes material regarding desecration of the flag and proper display of flags. Also correspondence relating to flags donated to the Missouri Historical Society.

Cite as: Flags Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Flanagan and Hatch (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Record of United States government auctions, 1864-1865. 1 volume

This volume is a record of the United States government's auction sales of horses and mules, many of them condemned, that belonged to the United States Army, dated August 6, 1864 to July 27, 1865. The sales, conducted by Flanagan and Hatch of St. Louis were held in several locations including West Alton and Franklin, Missouri.

Cite as: Flanagan and Hatch Record of United States Government Auctions, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Flesh, Roy V.

Practice accounting books, 1906-1907. 2 volumes

Cite as: Roy V. Flesh Practice Accounting Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fletcher, Paul R., Dr.

Papers, 1900-1957. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Graduate of the Homeopathic Medical College of Missouri; served in the Philippines as acting assistant army surgeon, 1900, and in the medical corps of the Regular Army during World War I; was chief surgeon and head of the Medical Department of the Union Electric Company for 26 years; married to Hughine Coyle.

Certificates/army papers, 1900-1901, 1917; letterbook with extracts from letters written by Lieutenant Fletcher while serving as acting assistant army surgeon in the Philippines, 1900-1901; diary of Paul R. Fletcher, dated August 1900 to November 1901; clinical records of patients of Dr. Fletcher at Josephine Heitkamp Memorial Hospital, St. Louis, 1937.

Cite as: Paul R. Fletcher Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Florissant (Mo.) collection, 1792-1971.

1 partial box (approx. 100 items).

Florissant was organized into a civil community in 1786 as the Village of San Fernando (Saint Ferdinand) by Francois Dunegant, and was settled by a hardy group of Frenchmen. The town was first incorporated in 1829. Its early history is closely associated with St. Louis, being 16 miles northwest of the city. The town of Florissant is also steeped in the development of religion, having Blessed Mother Philippine Duchesne as an early settler, founding a novitiate and an Indian school. Father DeSmet, a mission priest, made seven trips to Indian territory out of the Jesuit province, St. Stanislaus Seminary, which was located in Florissant. The seminary was established in 1823.

Collection relates to St. Ferdinand's parish and the history of Florissant. Contained are land papers, copies of church records, newsclippings and correspondence.

Cite as: Florissant (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Foden, William.

Foden-Hoskins Collection. 1890-1945. 36 boxes (14.0 linear ft.); 1 volume.

William Foden was a composer and arranger of guitar music from St. Louis. Arthur Hoskins was a student of Foden's who collected and donated a large percentage of the collection.

Collection of notes, jottings, etc., for history of guitar; correspondence about arrangements by Foden; original compositions, for guitar; manuscript music of Grand Sonata in G, by Foden. Also includes collection of published guitar and mandolin music, and guitar method books.

Some German.

Cite as: Foden-Hoskins Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Foerstel Lithographing Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1911-1976. 3 boxes (3.0 linear ft.); 5 volumes.

Lithographing company located in St. Louis.

Contains financial records plus samples of lithographing work created by Foerstel Lithographing Company.

Cite as: Foerstel Lithographing Company, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fontaine, James Suffrein.

Family history, 1827. 2 volumes.

Manuscript of "A History of the Family of the Fontaines," by the Reverend James Fontaine, a protestant minister in France, who being persecuted for his religion, fled to England and later settled in Ireland where he wrote these memoirs in French. Translated into English in 1822 by James Fontaine, a descendant of the author. Volume 1 is in French with English translation. Volume 2 is a copy "written by Ann Maury, great-great granddaughter of this author commenced 4th June 1827."


Cite as: James Suffrein Fontaine Family History, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Foote, Arthur H.

Collection, 1783-1916. 9 items.

Letter of Illinois Governor R.J. Oglesby; two newspapers; appointment of Winthrop Bailey to be chaplain of Massachusetts Regiment of Infantry; letter of acknowledgment of receipt of coin to the Missouri Historical Society.

Cite as: Arthur H. Foote Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fordyce, Samuel W., Mrs.

Graham-Frost family papers, 1798-1951. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Major Richard Graham (1770-1857) fought in the War of 1812, and later served as Indian agent. His daughter Lily was the first wife of Daniel M. Frost. Frost (1823-1900) fought in the Mexican War in 1846, was elected to Missouri State Senate, 1854, elected brigadier-general commanding the First Military District of Missouri, and served as a general in the Confederate Army.

Business and personal correspondence, and legal, military, and land papers of the Graham and Frost families. Names represented include Richard Graham, his daughter Lily Graham Frost, and his son-in-law Daniel M. Frost.

Cite as: Mrs. Samuel W. Fordyce Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Forest Park collection

See Saint Louis (Mo.) Forest Park Commission

Correspondence regarding land claims for areas of Forest Park, 1876-1877.


Forsyth, Thomas (1771-1833).

Papers, 1790-1953. 4 boxes (1.7 linear ft.); 3 volumes.

Thomas Forsyth was born in Detroit in 1771 and at the age of nineteen embarked in the fur trade with George Sharp. After the Americans took Detroit in 1796, Forsyth established a trading post near present site of Quincy, Ill. In 1804, he formed a partnership with his half-brother John Kinzie, founder of Chicago. Thomas Forsyth lived at Peoria until the outbreak of the War of 1812 when he moved to St. Louis. In 1819, Forsyth was appointed agent for the Sauk and Fox Indians and retired in 1830. He later became one of the leading businessmen of St. Louis. His son Robert Forsyth (1808-1872) was in partnership with James Wilkinson Kingsbury.

Collection consists of business and personal correspondence of Thomas Forsyth and family; Forsyth's quarterly accounts as Indian agent, documents, ledgers, and genealogical material. The main part of the collection concerns the War of 1812 and Indian affairs (1820-1830). The later material includes some tax and estate settlement records, genealogical material, and reminiscences. Ledger A. of Kinzie, Forsyth and Co., Peoria, Ill., trading post general store, 1805-1815. Farm and business accounts of William Forsyth, St. Louis, including journal of dairy, and accounts of hay and wood sold, 1845-1849. Account book of Forsyth and Kingsbury, St. Louis, with records of real estate transactions and rents received, records of hay and wood sold and pasturage of cattle, and accounts of money received of James W. Kingsbury estate (after 1853) by Robert Forsyth. Account book of the Chicago office of Kinzie, Forsyth and Co., is at the Chicago Historical Society.

Cite as: Thomas Forsyth Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fort Bellefontaine.

Order book, 1810 Jul-Aug. 2 volumes

Fort Bellefontaine was founded around 1805 as the first American Military installation to be built west of the Mississippi River. It was also used as a trading post for the Indians. The fort was used until 1826 after which the post was moved to Jefferson Barracks.

Original and typescript volumes of orders issued from Fort Bellefontaine.

Cite as: Fort Bellefontaine Order Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Fort Chartres collection, [1742-1774]. 1 volume.[Moved to Forts Collection]

Journal written by Oscar W. Collet that contains historical notes, facts about Fort Chartres and the men involved in its operation and notes about the Indians in the Illinois areas. Footnotes give sources of information.

Cite as: Fort Chartres Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Fort Scott collection, 1848-1853. 1 partial box.[Moved to Forts Collection]

Cite as: Fort Scott Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fortnightly Dance Club (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1927-1971. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

The object of the Fortnightly Dance Club was to promote social contacts for a selected group of children through dances. The members of the group were fifteen years of age prior to December 31 of the year the invitation was issued. The club was never to exceed more than 200 boys and girls. The members were suggested and selected by the chaperons of the group.

The records include minutes of the board of directors, the constitution of the club, programs, rosters of boys and girl members. Also included is correspondence with various groups regarding the preparation of the dances and general correspondence regarding the club.

Cite as: Fortnightly Dance Club Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Forts Collection, 1751-1960s. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

"List of Forts and Military Posts in the United States and Adjacent Territory" by Edgar M. Ledyard, 1926; newsclippings, typescripts, printed material, and speeches regarding Arkansas River fortifications, 1751-1755; Fort Atkinson, Bent's Fort, Fort Bellefontaine, 1817-1935; specifications for construction of Fort Chartres, 1739; Fort Clark, 1936; Kaskaskia fortifications, 1753-1757; Forts Madison, Manuel, Orleans, Osage, Pierre, Sandusky, Smith, Snelling, Thonikas (1755), Tilton, and Vasquez; Ft. Scott; and St. Louis fortifications.

Some French.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Forts Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Foster, Walter B.

Diary, 1840-1845. 1 volume ; 26 cm

Resident and teacher in Glasgow, Mo. Foster was in his mid-twenties while he wrote this diary. He seems to be a resident of Glasgow, Mo. He was possibly a teacher there.

Diary describes an ocean voyage from Portland, Maine, to New Orleans, and voyages up and down the Mississippi River between New Orleans and St. Louis. Includes description of the burning of the passenger steamboat Edna on the Mississippi River on July 23, 1842. Also includes entries from his stays in St. Louis and Glasgow, Mo.

Cite as: Walter B. Foster Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Foulks Family.

Foulks-Liggett family collection, n.d. 4 folders.

Genealogical information.

Cite as: Foulks-Liggett Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Francis, Charles Willing (1836-1923).

Scrapbooks, 1879-1880. 2 volumes

Charles Willing Francis was born in Wilmington, Del., and educated at St. Mary's College and Holy Cross College. He worked for the Northwestern Fur Company, came to St. Louis in 1836, and was involved in the mercantile business until 1873. From 1874 to 1877 he was a member of city council in St. Louis. He was appointed the first health commissioner of St. Louis in 1877. He married Eulilie Maguire and Mary A. Provenchere.

Two scrapbooks relating to tenure as health commissioner, consisting of telegraphs received mostly regarding clearance for arriving and departing steamboats because of cholera, and newsclippings regarding public health in and around St. Louis.

Cite as: Charles Willing Francis Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Francis, David Rowland (1850-1927).

Papers, 1868-1919. 57 boxes; (19 linear ft.); 14 volumes; 7 oversized folders.

(Microfilm of a portion of the collection is available)

Born Richmond, Madison County, Ky. Came to St. Louis in 1866 and entered Washington University, graduated with A.B. in 1870. Took a position as a shipping clerk with Shyrock and Rowland in August. In 1877, started the grain commission firm of D.R. Francis and Brothers Commission Company. Became vice-president of the St. Louis Merchants' Exchange in 1883, and president a year later. Entered Democratic party politics; elected delegate at large from Missouri to the national convention in Chicago in 1884; served as mayor of St. Louis from 1885 to 1889, during which he was acclaimed for his energy in reducing the city's debt; was governor of Missouri from 1888 to 1893, where he was instrumental in educational reforms and helping the University of Missouri through very trying times (he was chairman of the Board of Curators of the University of Missouri until 1916); from 1896 to 1897 served as the Secretary of the Interior under president Cleveland. Also president of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company for the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis; owner of the St. Louis Republic which he sold to the Globe Democrat in 1919. Served as United States ambassador to Russia from 1916 to 1918 during the Russian Revolution, and authored Russia from the American Embassy in 1921.

This collection consists of the business, political, and personal papers of David R. Francis in his capacity as governor of Missouri, ambassador to Russia, and president of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company, St. Louis, 1904. Also includes eleven indexed letterpress letterbooks, 1885-1892, of official, semi-official, and personal correspondence written during his term as mayor of St. Louis and governor in Missouri. Includes material relating to his gubernatorial candidacy and campaign, the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis (1888). Also includes letters of Michael A. Fanning, his secretary; and correspondence of John S. Marmaduke, A.P. Morehouse, and their secretaries as related to official State of Missouri matters. Personal checkbook, 1891-1893. Two minute books of D.R.F. Realty and Investment Company, St. Louis (1921-1940), and Francis Investment Company, St. Louis (1925-1961), holding companies formed to manage the estate of Francis and his heirs.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Materials related to Francis' ambassadorship in Russia have been microfilmed and is marketed by University Publications of America, Inc.

Cite as: David Rowland Francis Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Francisco, Hereford and Co. (Elmwood, Mo.).

Account books, 1871-1878. 2 volumes

Day book and ledger of Elmwood, Mo., general merchandise firm.

Cite as: Francisco, Hereford and Co. Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Frank Blair Monument Association.

Records, 1879-1885. 2 folders (2 folders); 4 volumes.

Records relating to the planning, construction, and placement of the Gen. Frank P. Blair statue in Forest Park. Includes correspondence and receipts files (1879-1885); letters received by John S. Griffin, secretary (1879-1885); account book (1880-1885); journal of proceedings (1880-1885); and letters sent (1879-1885).

Cite as: Frank Blair Monument Association Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Franklin, Elkin Leland ( -1932).

Papers, 1867-1953. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

William H. Clopton, Confederate veteran and U.S. District Attorney, was born in Huntsville, Ala. He interrupted his schooling at the outbreak of the Civil War to join the army, graduated from the University of Virginia in 1869, and moved to St. Louis that same year to begin his practice. He married Belle Bryan in 1872 (she died 1893) and they had three children: Mrs. Elkin Franklin (Emily), Captain W.H. Clopton, Jr., and Dr. Malvern B. Clopton. Elkin Franklin was an army officer in the thirteenth U.S. Cavalry; for several years he was head of the military department New Mexico Military Institute. He was killed in a polo accident in 1932.

Letters of the William H. Clopton family, 1867-1941; letters from Elkin Franklin to his wife Emily Clopton Franklin in St. Louis from his posts in Fort Riley, Kansas, El Paso, Texas, and Oro, Mexico, 1912-1920; letters of Malvern B. and William Clopton (both in military service) to Emily, 1916-1918; newsclippings, programs, etc. regarding Elkin Franklin, Jr., at Georgetown Preparatory School and West Point; travel diary of daughter Helen Ruth Franklin of her ocean voyage and travel in England, n.d.

Cite as: Elkin Leland Franklin Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Franz, Chester.

Collection, 1800-1920. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 oversize folder.

Collection includes group of Kaskaskia accounts of William and Elias Rector with Adrien Langlois; group of Ste. Genevieve papers, estate of Joseph Tessereau and accounts; Indiana and Illinois land papers and genealogical data regarding Dr. Dexter Hall Dean; Civil War papers, muster rolls and correspondence; Missouri and St. Louis business letterheads and cards, receipts, brochures, souvenir items, advertisements; German passports.

Cite as: Chester Franz Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Frauds collection, 1873-1909

1 folder

Materials related to various methods of frauds--counterfeit money, loaded dice, etc.

Cite as: Frauds Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Frazier Family.

Papers, 1797-1884. 3 folders (approx. 75 items).

Collection consists of early land grants in St. Louis (1800-1806), one with the signatures of J.B.C. Lucas, Clement B. Penrose, James L. Donaldson, first commissioners of land claims in Upper Louisiana; bills of sale of Negroes; land papers of property in the St. Louis county area. Frazier, Caulk, and Tippett families are the principals in the collection.

Some French.

Cite as: Frazier Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Frech, Muriel.

Memory book, 1915. 1 folder; 1 Volume.

Memory book of Muriel Frech, 1915, from DeSoto High School, DeSoto, Mo. Includes loose newsclippings removed from volume.

Cite as: Muriel Frech Memory Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Freedmen Bureau. Southern District of Mississippi (Natchez, Miss.).

Record books, 1864-1866. 2 volumes.

Transferred to George D. Reynolds Papers.


Frei, Emil, Jr. (1896-1967).

Emil Frei, Jr., Collection, 1884-1969 (bulk 1955-1966). 74 boxes (37 linear ft.); 1 volume; 2 oversized folders.

Emil Frei, Jr., was the son of Emil Frei, Sr., founder of the firm of Emil Frei, Inc., St. Louis, designer and manufacturer of stained glass windows, mosaics, and other liturgical arts. Born in Bavaria, Emil Frei, Sr. (1869-1942), founded the Emil Frei Art Glass Company in St. Louis in 1900. Initially specializing in Munich antique glass figured style windows, Frei also began to design mosaics, most notably for the new St. Louis Cathedral in the 1920s, when he co-founded Ravenna Mosaics, Inc. (later the Ravenna Company). In 1930, Ravenna Mosaics separated from Emil Frei Art Glass Company and moved to New York. Frei's firm then reorganized at Emil Frei, Inc. In the 1920s and 1930s, Emil Frei, Jr. (1896-1967), began to assert his influence in his father's firm, mostly through the design of colorful and vivid medallion style windows reminiscent of the 13th-century stained glass windows at the Cathedral of Chartres. After the death of Emil Frei, Sr., in 1942, Emil Frei, Jr., assumed the presidency of the firm. Under his leadership, a new generation of artists, namely Robert Harmon, Francis Deck, Milton Frenzel, William Schickel, Joan Velligan, Rodney Winfield, Siegfried Reinhardt, and Robert Frei, brought new techniques and modern artistic perspectives to the stained glass medium. In 1963, Emil Frei, Jr., retired from the presidency of Emil Frei, Inc., and served only as chairman of the board until his death in 1967. He was succeeded by his son Robert Frei, who in 1972 renamed the company Emil Frei Associates, Inc.

Collection consists of the business records of the firm of Emil Frei, Inc., during the tenure of Emil Frei, Jr., as artist, officer, and president of the company. The business records include correspondence, blueprints and shop drawings, original design sketches, photographs, printed matter, newsclippings, advertising materials, portfolios, and glass samples relating to jobs and proposed jobs undertaken by the firm. The collection also includes personal papers of Emil Frei, Jr., and of his father Emil Frei, Sr. These papers include personal and family correspondence, diaries, journals, and sketch books.

Some German.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Emil Frei, Jr., Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Freie Gemeinde. Library (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Record books, 1894-1899. 4 volumes.

Book catalogues and record of borrowers.

Mostly German.

Cite as: Freie Gemeinde Library Record Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Fremont's Body Guard. Paymaster.

Diary, 1861 Sep 23-Nov 29. 1 volume.

Transferred to Civil War Collection.


French-Spanish Treaty, 1795 Jul 22. 1 folder (5 pp).

Copy of treaty between France and Spain signed by Charles Delassus.


Cite as French-Spanish Treaty, July 22, 1795, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Freund, Arthur J. (1891-1975).

Papers, 1884-1975 (bulk 1950-1975). 16 boxes (7.7 linear ft.)

Prominent St. Louis attorney and civil rights advocate.

This collection consists of personal and professional correspondence, reports, and newsclippings. Correspondents include prominent politicians on both the local and national level, Supreme Court judges, ambassadors, lawyers, deans of law schools, newspaper men; Dean Acheson, James V. Bennett, Burton Bernard, William O. Douglas, Hugo Black, William J. Brennan, A.J. Cervantes, Thomas B. Curtis, Irving Dilliard, Jefferson Fordham, Erle Stanley Gardner, William T. Gossett, John Raeburn Green, Erwin N. Griswold, Norman Isaacs, Henry Jackson, Bolitha J. Laws, John Francis MacDermott, Gene McNary, Wayne Morse, William Proxmire, William P. Rogers, Lawrence K. Roos, Eugene Rostow, Theodore Sorensen, Harry Truman, Earl Warren. Civil issues predominate in the collection, including such topics as abortion, busing, constitutional convention and amendments, police conduct, prisons and prisoners, probation, race relations, Supreme Court appointments, Vietnam War, Watergate scandal, conduct of prominent officials such as John F. Kennedy, Robert Kennedy, Hubert H. Humphrey, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Spiro Agnew, Thomas Eagleton, Lyndon B. Johnson, Robert McNamara, Nelson Rockefeller, and John B. Connally; also makes references to such organizations as the American Bar Association, American Judicare Society, American Law Student Association, Council of State Governments, Jewish Community Center Association, Jewish Welfare Board, Legal Aid Society, St. Louis Scholarship Foundation, and Young Men's Christian Association.

The Missouri Historical Society does not own literary right to letters received by Freund.

Cite as: Arthur J. Freund Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Freund, Stella Mayer.

Notebook, 1895-1904, 1907, 1918. 1 volume

Born in Kansas City, Mo.

Notebook of school compositions, and impressions of the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. Also comments regarding attending President Roosevelt's address on October. 2, 1907, and the International Aeronautic Contests held in St. Louis, later that month. Also entry on the ending of World War I (November 11, 1918), and a clipping regarding the Century of Progress Exhibition in Chicago.

Cite as: Stella Mayer Freund Notebook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Frey, Emil (1838-1922).

Papers, 1860-1956. 1 partial box (approx. 100 items).

Among the European idealists seeking a new life in America a hundred years ago was Emil Frey of Arlesheim, near Basel, Switzerland. Arriving in New York in 1860, Frey made his way to Illinois, where he lived on a farm near Highland, studying farm methods and the English language, and preparing to become a United States citizen. After serving in the Civil War as a Union Army officer and spending two years at Libby Prison, he returned to Switzerland, venturing abroad only once more, this time as a Swiss government emissary to Washington in the 1890s.

The papers consist of letters, and a long dissertation by him titled "A Statement about the War of Secession, 1861-1865," make up a significant body of information and impressions of American life as seen through the eyes of a highly educated and observant young man. These manuscripts, excerpted from the Emil Frey papers at the State Archives in Basel, were microfilmed by the Swiss Government and presented to the Missouri Historical Society through the Swiss Consul at St. Louis, Dr. Rudolph Scharer. Photocopies.


Cite as: Emil Frey Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Frissell Family.

Papers, 1809-1917. Approx. 150 items.

Transferred to Willard Frissell Papers.


Frissell, Willard ( -ca.1880s).

Papers, 1789-1929. 5 boxes

Willard Frissell, as a young teacher, came from the Berkshires in Massachusetts and lived on a Spanish land grant in the Big River Wilderness (western part of Jefferson County, Missouri). He married the niece of Austin Moses, Ann Maria Austin (1808-1906) in 1831 and raised a family of nine children. He was appointed school commissioner of Jefferson County, 22 February 1842. In later years he was a real estate agent in DeSoto, Missouri. In 1871, the family ranch was sold to a lead mining company and proceeds invested in various DeSoto property. Mr. Frissell was prominently connected with various enterprises in DeSoto's early history, and was a stockholder in the St. Louis and Iron Mountain Railroad. He died sometime in the 1880s.

Business, legal, and family correspondence; tax receipts, public land grants, deeds, and Frissell's account books, 1861-1882. Among the business papers is correspondence with Joseph Charless, William T. Blow, and L.L. LaBourgeois. Also contains minute book of the Presbyterian Church of Hillsboro, Mo., 1870-1878; 1881; 1901. Two printed addresses (1868) of Charles D. Drake; correspondence of Mrs. Drake from Washington, D.C. (1874-1891) to family members, with frequent mentions of Mr. Drake.

Some French.

Cite as: Willard Frissell Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Fritch, Letitia. Travel Diary, 1892.

See Journals and Diaries Collection, 1892


Frost, Daniel Marsh (1823-1900).

Papers, n.d. 4 folder (approx. 15 items); 4 volumes.

Mr. Frost graduated from West Point in 1844 and was appointed to serve at Jefferson Barracks in 1846(47). He went to Mexico in that same year and participated in battles from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico. He returned to St. Louis after the war and married Miss Graham in 1853. In 1854, he was elected to the state senate. He was instrumental in establishing Camp Jackson and afterward was chosen brigadier general, commanding the militia in St. Louis and St. Louis County, being in command when Camp Jackson was captured by Gen. Lyon. In after years he always maintained that the facts regarding Camp Jackson were never fully understood, and that the purpose of the militia was not disloyal. He afterward served in the Confederate army. He went to Canada and remained there until the end of the war and returned to St. Louis. In 1876, he retired from active business life.

Collection contains a biographical sketch of D.M. Frost by Joseph Boyce and the memoirs of Daniel M. Frost in bound manuscript form, with typed version. In addition, two personal cash books, 1876-1900; two ledgers of personal and household expenses, and records of Hazelwood, Mo., farm, 1854-1900; Civil War accounts of Eliza Graham Frost with Thomas J. Kennedy, 1862, and a list of securities owned and real estate records.

Cite as: Daniel Marsh Frost Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fruth Family.

Papers, 1862-1920s. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 2 volumes.

Andreas Fruth was born in Bavaria in 1850. He applied to become a citizen of the United States, December 29, 1870, and was naturalized February 3, 1875, in St. Clair County, Ill. Fruth was a business partner of the firm Filsinger and Fruth, Marble and Granite Works. His son, Otto, Jr., became a dentist and practiced in St. Louis for 65 years. Mr. Fruth became a Master Mason in 1875.

Family correspondence (in German), 1862-1873; correspondence and business papers of Andreas Fruth, 1874-1883; business papers pertaining to the operation of the firm of Filsinger and Fruth, Marble and Granite Works, 1872-1908; correspondence and documents regarding the building of the Fruth residence in Compton Heights on Hawthorne Ave., J.L. Wees, architect, 1896; papers regarding the building of brick office building and residence at 3060-3066 Hawthorne Blvd. and Accomac Street for Dr. Otto Fruth, son of Andreas Fruth, by Louis C. Spiering, 1908-1910; memorabilia from the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition; autograph and memory book of Helen Gempp (Mrs. Otto Fruth); student record book of the Dental Department of the National University of Arts and Sciences, St. Louis, for classes matriculating in 1912-1913. Two Indian Bowling Club Record Books, 1902-1909; scrapbooks of various trips; autograph and poem books of Fruth family. There are several account books in the collection: the Copier and Tagebuch des Andreas Fruth (Belleville, Ill.), dated March 1868 to January 1873; Cassa Buch of A. Fruth (St. Louis, Mo.), 1878-1893; two volumes of personal cash books of Otto J. Fruth (3066 Hawthorne Blvd, St. Louis), 1894-1901; 1902-1914; ledger of Filsinger & Fruth Marble Works, dated July 8, 1872 to 1889; book of sales (with index), 1895-1906; day book, Filsinger & Fruth Marble Works, 1872-1921; and ledger of Filsinger & Fruth, Marble and Granite Works, 1880-1890.

Some German.

Cite as: Fruth Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fry, Aaron S. (1798- ).

Notebook, 1833-1844. 1 volume

Born in Fayette County, Ky. Cabinet maker by profession. Moved to Missouri in 1827 and settled in Hannibal, Mo., in 1837.

Notebook containing genealogical notes in the front of the volume, with entries concerning life in Hannibal, Mo., such as illnesses, religious revivals, emigrant arrivals, and slave uprisings. Are also philosophical notes and general thoughts.

Cite as: Aaron S. Fry Notebook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fulcher, William.

Diary, 1904. 1 folders (approx. 30 pages).

Mr. Fulcher was a policeman with the London police force who was assigned to guard the Queens' Jewels at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.

Diary describes Mr. Fulcher's personal views of the Fair and of St. Louis. Some descriptions of working conditions for the guards. Photocopy.

Cite as: William Fulcher Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fur trade collection, 1686; 1766-1850; 1906-1976. 3 boxes (1.2 linear ft.); 1 volume

This collection is a subject collection of materials relating to the fur trade. It consists of actual fur trade papers (1686-1850), and correspondence, newsclippings, and other materials (1906-1976) concerning the early fur trade and descendants of the men involved. Includes agreements and correspondence between fur traders, explorers, frontier guides, and businessmen relating to the Rocky Mountain area, revealing the nature of the fur trade activities of the day. In addition the collection includes photostats (1766-1790) and abstracts (1767-1776) of Indian trade licenses in the Canadian Archives, and correspondence regarding the calendar of American Fur Company papers in the Canadian Archives. Finally there is a logbook of the Pierre Chouteau, Jr., and Co. supply boat from St. Louis to the headwaters of the Missouri River (1841-1847). In part reproductions.

Some French.

Reproductions from the Canadian Archives may not be further reproduced.

Indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Fur Trade Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fur trade ledgers, 1804-1871. 72 volumes.

Ledgers, journals, and minute books relating to the fur trade operating out of St. Louis. Includes records of the American Fur Company (AFC) in St. Louis (1822-1829); the AFC Western Department, St. Louis, including records of the Upper Missouri Outfit (1823-1836); the AFC Northern Department, Michilimackinac (1816-1820, 1834-1851); the AFC Chicago Outfit, Chicago (1818-1823); Bernard Pratte and Company, St. Louis (1822-1833); Pratte, Chouteau and Company, St. Louis (1834-1841); Pierre Chouteau, Jr., and Company, St. Louis (1839-1871), Fort Pierre (1842-1848), and New York (1852-1864); the Pierre Chouteau, Jr., & Co. Sac Outfit (1843-1846); Missouri Fur Company, St. Louis (1809-1812); Charles P. Chouteau and R.H. Cole St. Louis "Nut Factory" (1856-1859); Pacific Fur Company, Astoria, Columbia River (1810-1813); Chouteau, Harrison and Valle (Laclede Rolling Mills); and personal account and record books of fur traders Pierre Chouteau, Sr. (1802-1819); Pierre Chouteau, Jr. (1821-1855); and Wilson Price Hunt (1840-1841). Microfilm edition, with index, available on 23 reels, which includes three volumes that are from other collections. Journal C of Bernard Pratte and Company, St. Louis (1826-1828) is in private hand; the journal (1804) and letterbook (1804-1819) of Pierre Chouteau, Jr., are part of the Chouteau Family Papers. There is a typescript copy of the Missouri Fur Company record book (1809-1812).

Some French.

Printed index and list of ledgers and their corresponding microfilm reel numbers available at reference desk.

Cite as: Fur Trade Ledgers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Fusz, Louis Philip (1839-1924).

Diary (typescript copy), 1862-1916 (bulk 1862-1868). 1 volume

Louis Philip Fusz was born May 2, 1839, in Hericourt, Haute Soane, France, the son of Francis Henry Fusz and Marie Reine Tschaen. In 1853, the family emigrated to St. Louis, where Louis Fusz's aunt, Rosalie Tschaen, was working for the Maffitt family. Louis Fusz worked for the business firm of Chouteau, Harrison and Valle for several years before becoming a partner in the firm Imbs, Meyer and Fusz. In 1873, he formed a partnership with Mathias Backer known as Fusz and Backer. In 1867, he married Josephine Desloge. Louis Fusz died on June 2, 1924.

Diary contains detailed descriptions of events and people in St. Louis, including many prominent families; commentary on the progress of the Civil War; family matters, including extensive writing on the imprisonment of his brother Paul Fusz in Gratiot Street Prison; and Fusz's social and business life.

Cite as: Louis Philip Fusz Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gaebler, Adolph Nelson (1863-1954).

Gaebler-Knight family papers, 1883-1954. 12 boxes (6 linear ft.)

Adolph Nelson Gaebler was born in St. Louis in 1863, the son of Ernest Gaebler, a native of Saxony, Germany. At the age of 15, Adolph Gaebler left public school and went to work for the Haydock Brothers Carriage Co. as a bookkeeper. In 1883, he became the assistant bookkeeper at Todds & Stanley Mill Furnishing Co. and began his own stenography correspondence school. Soon thereafter he took up the study of medicine and graduated from the American Medical College in St. Louis in 1890, after which he set up in medical practice. In 1900, engaged in the chemical business, especially the manufacture of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. He launched his first chemical business, the Hall Chemical Co., in that year. In 1906, he expanded this business, forming the King Manufacturing Co., a more diversified mail-order firm. In 1921, Gaebler took over another chemical company, R.H. Hunstock Chemical Co. In addition to the chemical business, Gaebler invested heavily in real estate in St. Louis and in California, purchasing his first St. Louis property as early as 1895. Gaebler married twice, first to Clara Converse of Vermont in 1886. She died in 1887. He married his second wife, May Borngesser of St. Louis, in 1890. Their only child, Anita, was born in 1892. May Gaebler died in 1940. Adolph Gaebler remained active in business until his retirement in 1950 at the age of 87. He died four years later in 1954. His daughter Anita, who authored several historical plays, married Walter J. Knight (1881-1951), an engineer and native of Evergreen, Ala., in 1914. Anita Gaebler Knight died in 1977. The Knights made their home in St. Louis, and had three children.

Collection contains papers of Adolph Nelson Gaebler, his daughter Anita Gaebler, and her husband Walter J. Knight. Adolph Gaebler's papers are predominantly business records and correspondence, and real estate papers. His business papers record a long series of entrepreneurial ventures which he launched and companies which he headed. They include the records of his stenography correspondence school, 1883-1888; an order book from A.N. Gaebler & Co., which distributed "Independent" stylographic and fountain pens and, 1887-1888; minute books, two catalogues, an order book, and an accounts ledger of King Manufacturing Company, 1943-1954. Gaebler business papers also include eight formula books, dating from 1890, for the manufacture of his cosmetic and pharmaceutical products; applications, permits, and correspondence with the Food and Drug Administration and the Department of the Treasury regarding the regulation of his manufactures; correspondence and canceled stock certificates from the R.H. Hunstock Chemical Company; and papers relating to his personal and business property investments in St. Louis. The papers of Anita Gaebler and Walter J. Knight are personal correspondence, mostly between the two of them before their marriage in 1914. There is a series of correspondence to each of them from their friends, dating back to 1904, and a series of letters to Walter from his father between 1912 and 1916, as well as their courtship correspondence prior to 1914. An addition contains papers of Anita Gaebler Knight, which include clippings and memorabilia regarding the 100th anniversary (1930) of the Oregon trail and the St. Louis connection; clippings, pamphlets, regarding St. Louis social scene in the 1930s; family newsclippings; and some personal correspondence.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Gaebler-Knight Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gaines Family.

Papers, 1850-1878. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Original and typescripts of Gaines family letters, 1850-1878, particularly letters of William Henry, Lucius and Richard Gaines of Saline County, Mo. Also typescript copy of notes on the Gaines family by Nancy P. Allan, great-great granddaughter of the mother of the Gaines brothers, December 29, 1986.

Cite as: Gaines Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gale, Daniel B. (1816-1874).

Papers, 1849-1899. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Daniel B. Gale (1816-1874) came to St. Louis in 1838 and in March of that year helped to organize the firm of Greeley and Gale, wholesale grocers. Carlos S. Greeley was a native of Gale's birthplace, Salisbury, N.H. Mr. Gale was prosperous in business, active in civic works, and contributed substantially to charity.

This collection consists of correspondence, business papers, receipts, and other papers of Gale and his family. The collection includes a composition book of Ella Gale; composition books of Theodore Greeley Gale (1861); material regarding the Second Baptist Church of St. Louis, travel descriptions; Civil War letters; family correspondence; and a school account book of a student (1830s).

Cite as: Daniel B. Gale Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gale, Grace.

Scrapbook, 1917-1918. volume

Grace Gale, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Gale of St. Louis, married Charles Lucien Humann, and lived in a suburb of Paris, France, during World War I. She opened her home, known as the Furlough House, to American soldiers during the war.

Contains newsclippings concerning Mrs. Humann's service to the soldiers, and the talks she gave in St. Louis to help raise money for her services. Also contained are photographs of soldiers at her home in Paris, and her passport and visa.

Cite as: Grace Gale Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gale, Leone C.

Collection, 1850-1919. 2 folders (approx. 40 items); 1 volume.

Leone C. Gale is a great grandson of Daniel Bailey Gale who was a wholesale grocer in St. Louis, 1838 to his death in 1874.

Papers include correspondence, receipts, papers of family of Daniel B. Gale, Leone C. Gale; statements of Sudders-Gale Grocery Co.; genealogical data ledger of D.B. Gale, 1863-1878. Indexed personal accounts of Daniel B. Gale, 1863-1878; includes records of real estate investment, bonds and securities, and records of charitable activities, especially regarding Second Baptist Church, St. Louis.

Cite as: Leone C. Gale Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gale-Sobel Co. (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Collection, 1951-1990 (bulk 1966-1990). 2 boxes; 1 volume.

Gale-Sobel Co. was a manufacturer of mens slacks and by the early 1960s also manufactured big and tall men's sizes. In the 1980s the company tried manufacturing clothes for tall women with the addition of the Willow Collection for Tall Women. The company was started ca. 1919 as Gale-Sobel-Spizel Co. and in 1920 changed its name to Gale-Sobel. The founders were Harry Gale and Benjamin Sobel. Located at 1021 Lucas Ave. in 1921, the company later moved to 1015 Washington Ave. in St. Louis.

Collection consists primarily of manufacturers catalogs and workbooks with fabric swatches, 1966-1990. It includes manufacturers catalogs and fabric swatches for the Willow Collection for Tall Women, 1981-1983; a scrapbook of newsclippings of mens fashions, 1951-1955; and advertising materials and newsclippings.

Cite as: Gale-Sobel Co. Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gamble, Hamilton Rowan (1798-1864).

Papers, 1787-1876; 1907; 1961-1964. 12 boxes (5.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Lawyer, Secretary of State of Missouri (1824), provisional governor of Missouri during the Civil War (1861-1864). Married Caroline J. Coalter, sister of Mrs. Edward Bates, 1827. Member of the Whig party; in 1851 was elected to Missouri Supreme Court, resigned in 1855 because of ill health. He moved to Philadelphia to educate his children, returned to Missouri when the political situation became critical in 1861.

Papers consist of deeds and other early land papers, correspondence, etc. The materials to 1861 relate mostly to land affairs in Missouri Territory and Missouri and other legal affairs that stem from Gamble's career as an attorney and judge. In addition there is material on the founding of Marion College at Palmyra, Mo., by the Presbyterian Church (1838-1842); a St. Louis docket book (1818-1827); and business papers of Pitzer and Price of Fincastle, Va., and St. Louis (1816-1833). The papers dated 1861 to 1864 related mainly to correspondence about Missouri's part in the Civil War and the political activities of Gamble as provisional governor of Missouri. Correspondents of these years include Abraham Lincoln, Edward Bates, John C. Fremont, and Charles Gibson.

Cite as: Hamilton Rowan Gamble Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Garden Theatre (University City, Mo.).

Records, 1912-1950. 3 folders (approx. 150 items).

The Garden Theatre was operated in University City, Mo., 1925-1929, and was promoted largely by St. Louisan Flint Garrison. The 1925 season opened with Margaret Anglin as Electra. The final season of the theater, 1929, opened with Leon Errol in "Louis XIV," followed by Charles Ruggles, Roger Gray and Gloria Foy. The last of the Garden Theater fashion shows was given in 1927.

The collection contains stock certificates, insurance polices, canceled notes, other papers relating to the Garden Theater with some personal papers of Flint Garrison.

Cite as: Garden Theatre Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gardner Family.

Papers, 1807-1953. 2 folders (approx. 50 items); 1 oversized folder.

Frederick Dozier Gardner came to St. Louis from Tennessee when he was 17, worked for casket making firm, eventually became president and sole owner of the St. Louis Casket Co. In 1913, he was elected a member of the Board of Freeholders of St. Louis, and aided in drafting city charter and sponsored the city budget plan which was adopted. He left his business in 1916 and went to Jefferson City to become governor. Mr. Gardner endorsed the League of Nations and Woodrow Wilson and in 1922 took the stump in Missouri for Senator James A. Reed in his victorious campaign for re-election to the Senate.

Collection contains papers of Frederick Dozier Gardner, including patent for swivel screw signed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison; letter of Woodrow Wilson, Frederick Kreismann, Mayor of St. Louis; first day covers for Gardner Post Office Station, St. Louis, 1938; passport of Gardner; Masonic certificate; correspondence, which includes political discussions.

Cite as: Gardner Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gardner, Samuel B.

Diary, 1854-1855. 1 folder (1 volume).

Diary of trip west from Columbia, Mo., to Fort Leavenworth and the return, dated December 31, 1854 to February 21, 1855. Description of towns along the way, St. Louis and its approach from St. Charles. Mr. Gardner left on the steamboat Ben Bolt homeward bound for Virginia, on February 21, 1855.

Cite as: Samuel B. Gardner Dairy, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Garesche Family.

Papers, 1870-1905. 5 folders; approx. 50 items).

Papers include genealogical notes; family correspondence; Garesche family accounts with St. Louis firms; 1893 constitution and by law of the Veteran Volunteer Fireman's Historical Society of St. Louis; information on Vandeventer Place.

Cite as: Garesche Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Garfield School Association (St. Louis, Mo.).

Ledger, 1895-1897. 1 volume (120 pages)

Indexed fee book of a St. Louis public school association.

Cite as: Garfield School Association, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Garneau, John B.

Notebook, 1891-1893. 1 volume (359 pages)

St. Louis representative of the Street Railway Journal (New York).

Indexed; letters and notes (especially trade and equipment notes) regarding St. Louis businesses as they relate to street railways. Possibly notes to be submitted to Street Railway Journal.

Cite as: John B. Garneau Notebook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Garrels, Arthur (1873-1943).

Certificates, ca. 1908-1938. 1 volume.

Collection of certificates of appointment to diplomatic posts; honorary membership certificates; and certificates of appreciation awarded during Garrels' thirty years of service in the United States foreign service.

Cite as: Arthur Garrels Certificates, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gasoline ordinances scrapbook, 1840-1903.

1 volume

Typed copies and newsclippings of gasoline, gas, and electric light ordinances of the city of St. Louis, with table of contents.

Cite as: Gasoline Ordinances Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gateway National Bank of St. Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1962-1990 (bulk 1962-1966). 0.2 linear feet (1 slim ms. box).

First black bank in Missouri, founded 1965. Founders included Melvyn Harrington and George L. Montgomery, Jr.

Records relate primarily to the founding of Missouri's first black bank. They include Gateway's National Bank's feasibility study, March 1964; its prospectus and charter, 1964; by-laws, October 13, 1964; and trust agreement, April 15, 1965. Also included is correspondence and documentation from Douglass State Bank (Kansas City, KS) and Riverside National Bank (Houston, Tex.), two other black banks whose officers assisted with the founding of Gateway National Bank. Other records include some minutes and committee reports; limited correspondence regarding operations; annual reports from 1984, 1989, and 1990; newsclippings; and biographical information on George L. Montgomery, Jr.

Cite as: Gateway National Bank of St. Louis (St. Louis, Mo.) Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gault, James R.

Papers, 1891-1894. 1 folders (7 letters.)

James R. Gault came to St. Louis from Michigan to find work. (The city directories list him as a carpenter.) He lived in a boarding house at 1125 Chambers Street, possibly above a printing shop. Mr. Gault was also a children's Sunday school teacher.

The letters are written to his sister in Detroit and are very descriptive of life in St. Louis. Mr. Gault attended several public functions and described them in his letters. For instance, he attended the opening of Union Station in 1894 and describes it in his letter dated September 9, 1894. Also Mr. Gault mentions the Veiled Prophet parade in a letter dated September 9, 1893. The illumination of the city streets by electric lights is mentioned in two letters, dated July 24, 1891, and September 9, 1893. The decorating of Broadway with presidential and a huge globe decorations is also mentioned in a letter dated July 24, 1891. A letter dated July 2, 1892, mentions that the business Mr. Gault works for is on strike. The demands the laborers are asking for are mentioned. Included in the collection is a small broadside advertising for a "Cheap Restaurant for Ladies and Gentlemen at 618 Franklin Ave." Two of the letters are written on the back of receipts for Jacob J. Witt, Dr. Commercial Printing located at 1125 Chambers Street. Discussion of teaching his Sunday school is mentioned in several letters.

Cite as: James B. Gault Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gaylor, Carl.

Engineering notes and accounts, 1879-1893. 3 volumes

Civil engineer with St. Louis street department. Built Grand Avenue bridge.

Journal of accounts (1879-1893); and two volumes of engineering notes, specifications, sketches, and estimates, mostly regarding Grand Avenue bridge, but including references to other jobs as well (1886-1889 and 1888-1889).

Some German.

Cite as: Carl Gaylor Engineering Notes and Accounts, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gazzam, Joseph Parker (1861-1954).

Papers. 1788-1953. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 4 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

Married Louisa Logan Tompkins, 1905. St. Louis native, mining engineer in Colorado, Missouri lead belt, and South African gold mines with Chinese laborers. Witnessed Leadville, Colo., strike of 1896.

This collection includes Gazzam and Ewing family genealogy; early correspondence of the Hogg and Ewing families (1788-1865); letter from the author Winston Churchill (1905); an essay on the Leadville strike of 1896; and correspondence and other material regarding South African mining ventures and the import and use of Chinese laborers. In addition are Transactions of the Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Volume XI, Parts I and II, 1901-1902; a recipe book; and a loose leaf Chinese/English grammar workbook and lexicon. In part copies.

Cite as: Joseph Parker Gazzam Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

General Land Office (Washington, D.C.) Office of the Surveyor General of Missouri and Illinois (Saint Louis, Mo.).

See also Missouri. Register of Land Titles. Records.


General Land Office (Washington, D.C.) Office of the Surveyor General of Missouri and Illinois (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1849-1853, 1863. 7 volumes.

Letterbooks of Meriwether Lewis Clark, surveyor general of Missouri and Illinois, General Land Office, 1849-1853; and St. Louis school lands record book, 1863.

Cite as: Records of the Office of the Surveyor General of Missouri and Illinois, General Land Office, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


General Steel Industries, Inc. (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1890s-1974. 13 boxes (9.0 linear ft.)

General Steel Industries, Inc., is the parent company of a group of several smaller steel companies.

Collection includes corporate records, stock certificates, catalogues, etc. of subsidiary companies. Of note are an annual report of General Steel Industries (1974) and an excellent collection of Ludlow-Saylor Wire Cloth Company catalogues, (1890s-1950s). The subsidiary company records which are included are General Steel Castings Corporation, Wilmington, Delaware; National Roll and Foundry Company, Ohio (1909-1956 [bulk 1944-1956]); National Roll and Foundry Company, Philadelphia, Pa. (1957); Cardinal Aircraft Corporation, St. Louis (1928-1929); Saint Louis Aircraft Corporation, St. Louis (1929-1960); Saint Louis Car Company, Wilmington, Del. (1960- 1961); Commonwealth Steel Company, New Jersey--includes dissolution papers (1927-1929, 1944); Commonwealth Steel Company, Illinois (1929-1960); Commonwealth Sales Corporation, Missouri (1948-1962); Ludlow-Saylor Wire Cloth Company, St. Louis--includes catalogs (1890s-1966); Star Wire Screen and Iron Works, Los Angles--includes catalogues (1953-1966); Flex-O- Lite, Inc., Paris, Tex. (1959-1964); Industrial Beads, Inc., Affton, Mo. (1959-1964); L.B.B. Corporation, Paris, Tex. (1959-1964); Flex-O- Lite Manufacturing Corporation, Affton, Mo.(1946-1964); Missouri Glass Bead Company, Affton, Mo. (1963-1964); Standard Pipeprotection, Inc., Wilmington, Del. (1948-1965); W.S. Tyler Company, Ohio--includes catalogues (1913).

Finding aid available.

Cite as: General Steel Industries Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


General Warehousing Company.

Records, 1919-1958. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Formed in 1920, acquired subsidiary warehousing, storage, moving and auction companies. Became General Van and Storage Company in 1937.

Minute books, auditors' reports and other records of parent and subsidiary companies.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: General Warehousing Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gentry Family.

Papers, 1848-1930. 1 folders; 5 volumes.

Collection consists primarily of Gentry family financial records. They include Thomas Benton Gentry's expense book, 1903-1911; cash book, 1880-1906; Columbia, Mo., account book, 1875-1884; income statements, 1850-1873; and various household records. The collection also includes William R. Gentry's account book, 1903-1929; an account book for the law firm of Watts, Gentry and Lee, 1922-1929; and three photographs of William R. Gentry.

Cite as: Gentry Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gentry, Richard (1788-1838).

Papers, 1808-1947. 6 folders (approx. 50 items).

Richard Gentry moved to Missouri in 1816 and was appointed captain of Missouri militia in 1828, and to offices of various rank until 1832, when he was appointed major general of Missouri militia, which he held until the time of his death. He spent one year in St. Louis County after coming to Missouri, and in 1817 he moved to Franklin, Boonslick country. In 1826, he was elected state senator from Boone, and in 1830 President Jackson appointed him postmaster at Columbia. He held this office until his death after which his widow was appointed in his stead and she held the office for about 30 years.

Collection includes various items including order book of General Richard Gentry, (1832-1837)--Missouri volunteers in Florida Campaign of Seminole Indian War; letter of Thomas H. Benton to Mrs. Gentry, dated January 16, 1838, giving particulars of death of General Gentry and wounding of her son; commission to Richard Gentry as lieutenant in 19th Regiment of Kentucky Militia, March 27, 1808; commission to Richard Gentry as ensign in volunteer detachment in militia in Kentucky, September 1, 1813; commission of Richard Gentry as captain of 4th Company in 2nd Battalion of 14th Regiment, 1st Brigade in 1st Division of Missouri militia, April 20, 1821; appointment of Richard Gentry as postmaster of Columbia, Mo., January 12, 1830.

Cite as: Richard Gentry Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


George D. Barnard Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Ledgers. 27 volumes

St. Louis, Mo., stationary company.

Cite as: George D. Barnard Company Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


George Rogers Clark sesquicentennial celebration collection, 1928-1936. 3 folders.

The George Rogers Clark Sesquicentennial celebrated the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Vincennes (in present-day Indiana) of February 1779, during the American Revolution.

Collection consists of correspondence, much of it with Luther Ely Smith, a member of the George Rogers Clark Commission; printed matter; and newsclippings regarding the sesquicentennial celebration.

Cite as: George Rogers Clark Sesquicentennial Celebration Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gerber, Fred A. (1878-1954).

Collection, 1940-1951. 7 folders (approx. 150 items).

Fred Gerber was associated with Ganahl Lumber Company and later Wiles-Chipman Lumber Company, both of which are located in St. Louis. Mr. Gerber was a member of the Order of Hoo Hoo, a lumbermen's organization and several other organizations including the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association and the Missouri Historical Society.

Collection contains: excerpts (one folder, typed) of letters of Col. L.J. Sverdrup from New Guinea to his wife, 1940-1942; correspondence with others on business, political, legal, personal war-time matters; several postcards from various places and people to Mrs. Gerber and others.

Cite as: Fred A. Gerber Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gerdemann Family.

Papers, 1870-1936. 3 folders (approx. 25 items); 7 volumes.

Cappeln, Mo., family of German origins. Operated Gerdemann General Store, Heinrich W. Gerdemann, proprietor; latter operated by Henry T. Gerdemann and then Mrs. Henry T. Gerdemann.

Family and business papers of the Gerdemann family, operators of a general store and post office at Cappeln, Mo. Also includes five ledgers of Gerdemann General Store under the proprietorship of Heinrich W. Gerdemann (1841-1864); one day book of business under Henry T. Gerdemann (1885); and one ledger of business under Mrs. Henry T. Gerdemann (1899-1902.)

Many entries in ledgers in German handscript.

Cite as: Gerdemann Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gerhard, Albert.

Practice ledger, ca. 1883-1884. 1 volume (118 pages)

Ledger used in unidentified commercial college, St. Louis.

Cite as: Albert Gerhard Practice Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis/


German Sunday School Association (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1868-1878. 1 volume.

Records of the Deutscher Sonntag Schulverein which includes minutes and a list of churches for various years. Materials inserted include a copy of the organization's constitution; two copies of a presentation by the German Sunday School Teachers Association, dated October 21, 1878; several penciled notes, and a list of Sunday school teachers from St. Louis with addresses.

In German handscript.

Cite as: German Sunday School Association Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Germania Colonization Society.

Papers, 1904-1905. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

The Germania Colonization Company was founded on July 25, 1904, with 20 shares of capital stock at $100 per share. Its purpose was "to procure lands and homes for German colonists or persons of German extraction or persons speaking and understanding the German language of any or whatever dialect, either by purchase and sale or as provide and prescribe rules and regulations for the government of such colony or colonies..." This group was supposed to help German settlers and to create a community for them in Missouri and other parts of America.

Papers relating to the organization of the society, sale of stock, names of stockholders; correspondence relating to settlement of immigrants, accounts and receipts, land plats in Arkansas; articles of association, July 25, 1904; correspondence addressed to Paul Max, who headed the organization; minute book March 1904 to August 1905; account book, January to August 1905; and membership ledger.

Some German handscript.

Cite as: Germania Colonization Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Germanistic Society of Saint Louis.

Records, 1926-1935. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

The purpose of the Germanistic Society of St. Louis, founded in 1926, was not only "for the advancement of friendly relations between scholars from Germany," but to encourage them to visit St. Louis once they were in America. The Germanistic Society would then pay their expenses from New York to St. Louis in return for a talk by the dignitary. The Society was dissolved in 1934 because many members were against the politics of the Hitler regime in Germany.

Records include minutes of meetings, 1926-1934; correspondence, 1926-1935; and list of members.

Cite as: Germanistic Society of Saint Louis Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gibson, Charles (1825-1899).

Papers, 1829-1915. 1 box (approx. 100 items).

Mr. Charles Gibson was a nationally known lawyer from St. Louis. He was active in local city politics. He was the commissioner of Lafayette Park, and he is the author of the acts of the legislature which resulted in the establishment of Forest Park. He also drafted the act establishing the land court in St. Louis and was one of the men who set on foot the movement resulting in the building of the Southern Hotel. Mr. Gibson married Miss Virginia Gamble, daughter of Archibald Gamble.

Collection contains correspondence of Archibald Gamble to Hamilton Gamble in St. Louis; incomplete copies of Charles Gibson diary (typed); correspondence of Gibson when in Washington, D.C. regarding political issues, ca. 1860s; act of 1874 establishing Forest Park; autobiography of Charles Gibson.

Cite as: Charles Gibson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gibson, George Rutledge (1810-1885).

Diary, 1846-1848. 1 volume

Born in Christianburg, Va. Studied law in Vincennes, Ind. In 1844, moved to Independence, Mo., and published the Independence Journal. Later in 1844, moved to Weston, Mo., and published the Weston Journal. At age 36, during the Mexican War, he joined the Platte County infantry volunteers. After the war he remained in Santa Fe and edited its first American newspaper, The Santa Fe Republican. Died in Woodland, Cal.

Mexican War diary, with preface, and muster roll of Capt. Murphy's company. Volume covers the march from Fort Leavenworth under Gen. Stephen W. Kearny to Santa Fe for the occupation of New Mexico, July-August 1846; recollections of the state of Chihuahua, including the march of Col. Doniphan from El Paso Del Norte to Chihuahua, winter of 1847; and the return trip from Santa Fe to Fort Leavenworth in the spring of 1848.

Cite as: George Rutledge Gibson Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis/


Gibson, Robert E. Lee (1864- ).

Papers, 1893-1917. 7 folders (approx. 200 items).

Mr. Robert E. Lee Gibson was associated with the St. Louis insane asylum in an official capacity.

Correspondence regarding his poetry and discussion of current literature; newsclippings; and handwritten copies of poems by R.E. Lee Gibson.

Cite as: Robert E. Lee Gibson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gildersleeve, Isaac B.

Papers, 1853-1864. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Riverboat man and hotel owner in St. Louis.

Correspondence, receipts, newsclippings regarding Isaac Gildersleeve.

Cite as: Isaac B. Gildersleeve Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gill, McCune (1883-1965).

Papers, 1914; 1940-1965. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Mr. Gill was born March 20, 1883, in Mexico, Mo. His family later moved to St. Louis and Mr. Gill attended Webster Groves elementary schools, and Central High School in St. Louis. He entered Washington University and received a degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1904. On June 6, 1912, he married Peggy Shannon. Mr. Gill became the president of the Title Guarantee Trust Company and was chairman of the board in 1958. He was the author of a number of professional books and papers including Gill on Missouri Titles, Gills's Missouri Real Estate Forms, and A Treatise on Real Property Law. He also wrote a three-volume history of St. Louis called The St. Louis Story. Mr. Gill was active in the Missouri Historical Society and served on the board of trustees from 1934-1953 and was the second vice-president in 1945 and the first vice president in 1946. Mr. Gill died in 1965.

Papers include insurance and pension plans and various papers regarding McCune Gill, 1965; manuscript of a novella and poems by May Berely Shannon including notes and drafts; genealogy of Wright family. Manuscript of novella titled "The Ivory Fan". Manuscripts of historical novels; Apples of Gold, originally entitled, Love and Hope Made America and These Three.

Cite as: McCune Gill Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gilmer, Francis W. (1790-1826).

Papers, 1814-1826; 1942-1944.

1 folder (approx. 50 mss).

Mr. Gilmer was a lawyer and author and an educational diplomatist. He declined an offer of professorship of law at the University of Virginia and undertook, at Thomas Jefferson's request, a mission to Great Britain to procure professors, books and equipment for the university.

Papers consist of 49 letters of F.W. Gilmer to Thomas Jefferson, one letter (copy) of Gilmer to Thomas H. Key, dated May 26, 1825. Contents are discussions of political issues of the day; mention and interpretation of Treaty of St. Ildefonso; Treaty of Cambray; also mentions of mutual friends, DuPont de Nemours and Joseph Correa de Serra. Correspondence of 1824 and 1825 related to Mr. Gilmer's attempts and final results of procuring professors, books and materials for the University of Virginia. Also contained is correspondence regarding the collection.

From Judge Robertson Collection.

Cite as: Francis W. Gilmer Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gilpin, William ( -1894).

Letters, 1835-1838. 1 volume

Resigned from West Point in 1835. Studied law briefly, joined the dragoons in 1836. Resigned from the dragoons in 1838 and took up the practice of law in Missouri and at one time was the chief clerk for the House of Rep. While he was in St. Louis, he edited the Missouri Argus. In 1843, went west with William Ashley and fought in the Mexican War. He eventually became the first territorial governor of Colorado. He died in Denver.

Bound volume of original letters and typescript copies, of correspondence from Gilpin at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mobile, Ala., New Orleans, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C., to his family in Delaware.

Cite as: William Gilpin Letters, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Giraldi, Marie Louise Sauvageau.

Journal, 1932. 1 volume

Born in Quebec and lived most of her life there (LaPrairie and Montreal) and also New York City. Her great grandfather Larent LeRoux was an agent for the Hudson Bay Company. Her father was a Tory member of Parliament.

Typescript journal describing home life in French Canada (1854-1905), in New York City, with mention of family in St. Louis. Also includes some genealogical notes and photographs.

Cite as: Marie Louise Sauvageau Giraldi Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Glasgow American Brass Band.

Record book, 1867 Sep 18-Oct 19. 1 volume.

Organized September 18, 1867; C.S.T. Southworth, secretary, Prof. Chas. Rannell, instructor.

Constitution, by-laws, minutes, resolutions.

Cite as: Glasgow American Brass Band Record Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Glasgow, Carlotta.

Collection, 1796-1907. 2 folders (approx. 50 items).

Papers consist of letters and autographs of famous people, including George Rogers Clark, William Clark, Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Hart Benton, Ralph W. Emerson, H.G. Hosmer, etc.

Cite as: Carlotta Glasgow Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Glasgow Family.

Papers, 1843-1903. 3 folders (approx. 30 items); 1 outsized folder.

Papers include genealogical information on Kimmel and allied families; land and deeds in St. Louis; various Kimmel Family letters, with some dating during the Civil War; wills of Sarah Glasgow, Anne Ewing Lane; a William Glasgow family tree.

Cite as: Glasgow Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Glasgow Family.

William and James Glasgow Papers, 1833-1872. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

William and James Glasgow were merchants from St. Louis involved in the Santa Fe trade, 1846-1848. The brothers returned to St. Louis in 1848 and opened a grocery wholesale business.

Collection includes correspondence to various family members from William and James. Also included is a letterbook by William Henry Glasgow of a trip through Mexico in 1842-1843, with a typescript by Prof. Ralph Bieber. Most of the collection consist of photocopies of original letters.

Cite as: William and James Glasgow Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Glasgow, Shaw and Larkin (St. Louis, Mo.).

Journal, 1835-1842. 1 volume (206 pages)

St. Louis commission merchants, William Glasgow, Thomas H. Larkin, and John R. Shaw, partners.

Receipt book.

Cite as: Glasgow, Shaw and Larkin Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Glatfelter Family.

Papers 1854-1924. 5 folders (approx. 100 items).

Noah Miller Glatfelter (1837-1911) taught in Lebanon, Mo., began the study of medicine and in 1862 enlisted in the Union Army, but was excused from military duty to complete his medical studies. Received his degree of medicine from the University of Pennsylvania in 1864. He was commissioned by the president as assistant surgeon of United States Volunteers. At this time he married Mary Hegarty of Philadelphia, who accompanied him to Alexandria and City Point, Va., while he was stationed there. At the end of the Civil War he was sent to Dakota Territory to serve as army surgeon in the Crow Creek agency. He was mustered out of service in 1867 and he and his wife settled in St. Louis. He maintained a successful medical practice and continued his interest in botany.

Papers include correspondence of the family of Noah M. Glatfelter of Pennsylvania and St. Louis; mainly letters of Noah M. Glatfelter to his parents from school and the Civil War, and to his wife from Crow Creek Agency, Dakota Territory.

Cite as: Glatfelter Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Godbey, Allen Howard.

Papers, 1832-1946. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Archaeologist and orientalist; pursued research into ancient history and in clarifying ethnological problems, particularly those related to the origin of the Jewish race; sometime professor of Old Testament study at Duke University; permanent executive secretary of the Historical Commission of the M.[Methodist] E.[Episcopal] Church Society, 1943; 31 years executive secretary of the St. Louis Conference Historical Commission. Mr. Godbey was also a scholar on the subject of cuneiform inscriptions. His works include, The Lost Ten Tribes A Myth and New Light on The Old Testament.

The smaller portion of the collection, containing ca. 75 items, includes: correspondence of Allen H. Godbey with Ms. Stella M. Drumm, (1937-1939) in regards to early Methodism in Missouri and genealogical information about his family, namely John Smith family of Virginia, the Pleasant family, John Russell family, Storrs family, etc.; Bridgeton Sunday School minute book, 1832-1853; open letter of Dr. Godbey to Dr. C.W. Tadlock on Growth of Methodist Provision (?) for disabled preachers and their dependents from (?) 1900-1940; "What Rabbi Yeshua Thought of Soldiers and Ante-Nicene Christian Soldiers", 1941; open letter to Bishop John C. Broomfield entitled "Worthless Compilations of Early St. Louis Methodist History," September 21, 1940; several other open letters regarding Methodist church history. A larger portion (addition) contains genealogical information regarding his family; sketch of Dr. Godbey, Archaeologist and Orientalist, from Town and Country Review, August 1935; prospectus of book The Lost Tribes A Myth, 1930; prospectus of book New Light on the Old Testament advertising the 3rd edition, September 1936; record book of Recording Stewards of Union Circuit, St. Louis Conference, John Arnist, 1859; minutes of the Quarterly Meetings of the Union Circuit Conference of Missouri, 1849-1881; minutes for years 1835-1846 in back of book; Bridgeton Sunday School Minute Book, 1832-1853; correspondence with Jesse H. Kern, 1938-1943; and religious manuscripts, many of them open letters of Dr. Godbey to Methodist Church officials; correspondence and material regarding the history of early Methodism in Missouri.

Cite as: Allen Howard Godbey Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Goddard Family.

Papers, 1839-1850. 1 folder (approx. 10 items).

Letters from members of the Stephen Goddard family in Clay County, Mo., to relatives in Pennsylvania, dealing with the early customs and farm life in Missouri, especially Clay County; Mormonism and politics of the day are discussed. Photocopies.

Cite as: Goddard Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Godefroy Manufacturing Company.

Records, 1935-1955. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Godefroy Manufacturing Company, founded 1882 by Alexandre F. Godefroy, for the manufacturing of cosmetics. Charles W. Godefroy succeeded his father as president of the firm.

Business correspondence, directives, employment data, memos, price control regulations and materials, World War II quota notices, and technical instructions concerning the Godefroy Manufacturing Company.

Cite as: Godefroy Manufacturing Company Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Goebel, Gert (1816-1878).

"Laenger als ein Menschenleben in Missouri" / by Gert Goebel; manuscript translation by M. Heinrichsmeyer, [1956]. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Gert Goebel, born 1816 in Coburg, Germany, son of David Goebel (1787-1872), and Henrietta Kessell who died in 1860. The family came to Missouri in 1834, settled in Newport, Franklin County. David was county surveyor. 1849-1851, his son acting as his deputy, and succeeding him in office. He taught school both in the County and in St. Louis and after the death of his wife he returned to Germany. Gert Goebel married Caroline Becker, St. Louis County, 1842. Originally a Benton Democrat, the younger Goebel became an ardent Republican and abolitionist at the beginning of the Civil War. Elected to the state House of Representatives in 1862, to the state senate in 1864, serving until 1869. In 1870, he became chief clerk of the state register office, and was a correspondent for the Westliche Post for many years. He died in 1878.

Manuscript translation of original volume in German by Gert Goebel, 1877, concerning early days in Franklin County, with descriptions of Missouri, St. Louis, Washington, Newport, Franklin County; information about early settlers, Germans in Missouri, hunting, farming, grape culture, Civil War in Missouri, etc. Volume was translated by M. Heinrichsmeyer, and edited by Mrs. Dana Jensen.

Cite as: Gert Goebel, "Laenger als ein Menschenleben in Missouri," manuscript, translated by M. Heinrichsmeyer, [1956], Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Goldberg, Julius J.

Collection, 1847-1939. 13 folders (approx. 2000 items).

The collection covers such subjects as family history, political events and personalities, the theatre, Civil War, business and transportation. Included are letters concerning St. Louis theater matters, dated 1847-1880; several hundred letters written to Col. Burkham, 1920-1930, by Dwight Davis, Sam. A. Baker and others; letters written by Dabney Carr from Hazelwood, St. Louis County, 1849-1850; Civil War letters, quartermaster returns, other data concerning the Union Army in Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, and Kentucky, 1861-1865; letters written by Robert C. Day, president of the St. Louis Republican Club, St. Louis, 1902-1906; personal and business correspondence of William P. Howard, a St. Louis merchant, 1857-1880; correspondence of Breckenridge Jones regarding public affairs during 1921-1926; Jacob M. Lashly letters relating principally to political affairs, 1928-1929; Missouri Association for the Relief and Control of Tuberculosis, office correspondence for 1911-1922; other letters.

Cite as: Julius J. Goldberg Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Goldsmith and Griesedieck (New York, N.Y., and Cleveland, Ohio).

Account books, 1859-1861. 2 volumes

Commission merchants, partnership of Joseph H. Griesedieck and J. H. Goldsmith.

Two volumes of business records from New York and Cleveland, includes ledger, cash book, and journal. Also, records of the steamer James Howard, trip #1 from St. Louis to New Orleans and return, Feb. 1879.

Cite as: Goldsmith and Griesedieck Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Goltra, Edward Field.

Papers, 1857-1938; 1949. 24 boxes (12 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Democratic National Committeeman from Missouri (1910-1924), officer of various iron, steel, and railroad companies, owner of Goltra Barge Lines, and resident of St. Louis. Business, political, and civic correspondence, relating in part to the Democratic party and Missouri Democratic organizations and to litigation with the federal government over a contract to operate barges and tow boats on the Mississippi River for the War Department.

Collection is partially name indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Edward Field Goltra Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Goode, George W. (1815-1863).

Papers, 1811-1895. 7 folders (approx. 100 items).

Mr. Goode studied law in Virginia and later settled in St. Louis. He formed a law partnership with T.R. Cornick but it dissolved because of Mr. Cornick's health. Mr. Goode confined himself to but a few case and obtained a reputation as a land lawyer. He married Fanny Wash, daughter of Judge Robert Wash, 1846.

Collection contains papers relating to leases, land papers, in the St. Louis area. Also included are a certificate for bounty land to Judge Robert Wash and various correspondence.

Cite as: George W. Goode Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gore family.

Gore-Helfenstein papers, 1817-1932. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

John P. Helfenstein, born Frederick, Md., 1816, died Webster Groves, Mo., 1890. Came to St. Louis, 1838, soon after married Mary Gore. His first job was with Robert Campbell and he stayed there until Mr. Campbell's death. In 1840, Helfenstein and Stephen Gore went into the wholesale grocery business on the levee under the name Helfenstein, Gore and Co. They dissolved the partnership in 1860. Mr. Helfenstein spent the remainder of his life at his home in Webster Groves when he had built on Rock Hill Road in 1857. Stephen D. Gore, born Boston 1817, died St. Louis 1900. Came to St. Louis as a young man, married daughter of his partner. Made his home in Webster Groves. Lived comfortably off of his income after retiring. Helfenstein, Gore and Co. might be considered the forerunner of today's department stores.

Letterpress book of Helfenstein, Gore, and Co. (October 11, 1849-September 30, 1851); Journal of Katie W. Gore of trip from St. Louis to Boston (June 20-27, 1854); additional Katie W. Gore journal (January 21-April 30, 1860); Manuscript essay by Mary Howard Miles, Louisville Female High School (186-); Personal accounts of John W. Slaughter, "Cedar Grove," King George County, Va.; Civil War diary of Samuel Peck Reid, Camp Sullivan, Mo., Ironton, Mo., and Camp near Richmond, Ky. (May 13, 1861-March 20, 1864); diary of John W. Slaughter, Culpepper Minute Men, Company B, 13th Virginia Infantry (Confederate).; Helfenstein Park real estate maps, Webster Groves, Mo.; family correspondence to Mary Howard Miles (1857-1871).

Cite as: Gore-Helfenstein Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Governors collection, 1771-1976; n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Mostly original manuscripts, with some copies, of and relating to the Spanish, Territorial, and State governors of Missouri. Collection was assembled, in part, as an autograph collection that contains representative examples of the correspondence of each Missouri governor. Collection also includes a list of Missouri governors, with the terms of service, and examples of their autographs.

Some French and Spanish.

Cite as: Governors Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gowans, Andrew.

Account book, 1863. 1 volume (100 pages)

Account book contains accounts of guns and equipment received by members of Company H, 94th Ohio Infantry; and recipes of Maggie Gowans added later (1892).

Cite as: Andrew Gowans Account Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Graham, John.

Journal, 1837-1850. 1 volume

Volume of sketches of houses, recipes for cooking, directions for whitewashing, etc.

Cite as: John Graham Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Graham, Richard (1780-1857).

Papers, 1795-1896; 1933-1938; n.d. 20 boxes (10 linear ft.)

Army officer and Indian agent.

Correspondence, accounts, daybook, bills, pay records, and muster rolls of the 1st Regiment of Infantry and papers of its paymaster William S. Harney, records of the 7th Regiment of Infantry, and other papers relating to military affairs (1839-1853) of Graham's son-in-law, Daniel M. Frost, the management of Graham's estate, family business affairs, the family's Hazelwood Plantation, and partition of the estate of John Mullanphy the father of Graham's second wife. Includes Graham's instructions from the War Department as Indian agent in Illinois Territory, letters and accounts (1813-1815) of Graham while at Lexington, Ky., with the 17th U.S. Infantry, and correspondence with Daniel Vertner, a contractor of Washington, Ky. Addition to collection consisting of materials related mostly to Richard Graham's estate and the finances of the family's Hazelwood Farm.

Cite as: Richard Graham Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Grand Army of the Republic.

Collection, 1886-1931. 9 boxes; 9 volumes; 1 oversized folder

Founded at Springfield, Ill., in 1866, the Grand Army of the Republic was the largest and most influential organization of Union veterans of the Civil War. The first G.A.R. post for Missouri was established at St. Louis in 1880.

Collection contains records of the following posts of the Department of Missouri, G.A.R.: John A. Logan Post No. 304 (St. Louis), Ransom Post No. 131 (St. Louis), Frank P. Blair Post No. 1 (St. Louis), Thomas J. Brouster Post No. 233 (Clayton), and John W. Rollins Post No. 247 (West Plains). Also included in the collection are general records of the G.A.R. for the Department of Missouri and the national headquarters.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Grand Army of the Republic Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Grand Opera House (New Orleans, La.).

Record book, 1881-1882. 1 volume.

For the 1881-1882 theatrical season, the Grand Opera House of New Orleans was managed by the firm of Brooks, Norton and Conner. Norton is presumed to be John W. Norton, formerly manager of DeBar's Opera House in St. Louis. George B. Berrell, also formerly with DeBar's Opera House, served as stage manager.

This volume is a time book of the Grand Opera House in New Orleans for the season running from October 6, 1881, to March 18, 1882, with notes on performances and plays running at other New Orleans theaters as well, namely the St. Charles Theatre, the Academy of Music, and the French Opera House. The volume also includes a recapitulation of the season, a list of plays and operas produced at both the Grand Opera House and the St. Charles Theatre, and a catalogue of plays and dramatic works at the rear of the volume.

Cite as: Grand Opera House, New Orleans, Record Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Grant, Lee W. (1863-)

Papers, 1854-1954

Lee W. Grant was born in St. Louis on January 17, 1863. He was the son of Barton S. Grant and Francis A. (Palmer) Grant. He graduated from Washington University in 1885 and St. Louis Law School in 1886. After 1899, Grant was senior partner in the Grant, Carroll & Kennedy law firm, a general practice firm. He married Zoe R. Nelson, daughter of diving-bell manufacturer, William S. Nelson, in 1891.

The collection consists of correspondence, primarily letters written by Grant's children including a first-hand account of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake, and a letter from James Eads to William S. Nelson. Additional papers consist of deeds, Louisiana Purchase Exposition stock certificates, advertising cards, programs, contracts, a chart of the South Pass of the Mississippi River jetty channel, 1878, and sketched plans for a bridge construction system.

Cite as: Lee W. Grant Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Grant Monument Association of Missouri.

Records, 1885-1888. 1 box (1.0 linear ft.)

Cash book and record book, with minutes, articles of agreement, etc., regarding the erection of memorial to Ulysses S. Grant.

Cite as: Grant Monument Association of Missouri Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822-1885).

Papers, 1791-1801; 1858-1973; n.d. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

This is an artificial collection of documents from a variety of sources. The documents and other items in this collection cover a wide range of dates and subjects. The documents in the collection that were written by or to Grant cover the period 1858-1884. The remainder of the documents relate to personal business and family matters. Also included in the collection are several letters from Julia Grant that indicate she was still using mourning stationary as late as 1898, and an 1870 letter from Gideon Welles to an Ohio representative containing strong criticism of Grant.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Ulysses Simpson Grant Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gratiot, Charles (1752-1817).

Papers, 1769-1933. 3 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)

Born in 1752 in Switzerland, died in 1817 in St. Louis. Pioneer and trader, trained under an uncle in London, then under another uncle in Canada where he learned the fur trade. In 1777, he established himself in Cahokia, Ill., with McCrae, Gratiot. John Kay, and Pierre Berthe, which firm lasted until 1780 when Gratiot sent the stock over to St. Louis because of an Indian scare. Here he operated alone. He then became a Spanish subject for the privilege of Indian trade of both the English and Spanish sides of the county. In 1792, and again in 1793, he went to Europe. After his return from the last trip in 1795 he devoted himself to home comforts and a moderated business. His customers were Americans from the Kentucky and Ohio Rivers who came to make new settlements in St. Louis. After the 1804 transfer of the Louisiana Territory to the United States, Governor William Henry Harrison appointed Gratiot first presiding justice of the court of quarter sessions; he was elected trustee of the town of St. Louis when it incorporated in 1809. In 1781, Charles Gratiot married Victoire Chouteau, eldest daughter of Marie Therese Bourgeois Chouteau. She died in 1825.

Correspondence, land papers, ledger (1777-98), "Journal des Cahos" (1778-1781) of David McCrae, Charles Gratiot, John Kay, and Pierre Barthe, engaged in the fur trade in Cahokia, Ill., Charles Gratiot letterbooks and account books, and other papers.

In part French.

Cite as: Charles Gratiot Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gratiot, Henry Terry (1830-1919).

Journal, 1859-1868. 1 volume (365 pages)

Grandson of Charles Gratiot, and great grandson of Pierre Laclede.

Diary of a trip west in 1860 with assorted accounts dated 1859-1868.

Cite as: Henry Terry Gratiot Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gratiot Square Realty and Improvement Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Minute book, 1907 Jun 14-1936 Dec 1. 1 volume

The Gratiot Square Realty and Improvement Company was a St. Louis real estate development company established by Charles B., Henry T., Paul B. and Maria T. Gratiot in 1907 and dissolved in 1936.

This minute book contains the minutes of the stockholders meetings (1907-1936) and an undated list of land assessments on lands belonging to the Gratiot family.

Cite as: Gratiot Square Realty and Improvement Company Minute Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gratz Family.

Papers, 1750-1850. 27 volumes

The Gratz brothers, Barnard and Michael, were merchants based out of Philadelphia during the eighteenth century. Their heavy involvement in the fur trade took them and others into the American west.

Bound, multi-volume series, with table of contents in each volume, of Gratz brothers papers. Collected by William Vincent Byars from different libraries across the United States to give an appreciation of life in early America and to document the first waves of westward expansion. Series assembled in 1915. Volumes include some originals, essays, newsclippings, photographs, and photocopies of maps pasted or bound into the volumes. The first volume explains the development of the collection, and the last, titled "First American Movement West," is an historical overview by Byars.

Cite as: Gratz Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Graves and Henton.

Business papers. 1870-1881. 3 boxes (1.2 linear ft.)

Graves & Henton, druggist, cutlery, and fancy goods store, Canton, Mo., 1870s. Correspondence and business papers including billheads, statements, and receipts related to the firm of Graves & Henton.

Cite as: Graves and Henton Business Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gray, Melvin L. (1815-1904).

Collection, 1774-1871. 1 folder (approx. 10 items).

Mr. Melvin Gray came to St. louis in 1842 and was admitted to the bar in 1843. He married Ruth C. Bacon in 1851 and she died in 1893. He retired from the practice of law in 1893.

Collection include documents concerning Pelham, Hampshire county, Mass.; also issues of the Massachusetts Gazette.

Cite as: Melvin L. Gray Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


"The Great Migration: A Discussion of Personal Life Histories During 1930-1950." Oral History Project, 1995. 1 slim box.

Collection contains transcripts of interviews of African-American senior citizens in St. Louis regarding their personal life histories. Topics discussed include: relocating from the South to St. Louis; farming and sharecropping; working on the railroad; segregation; education; housing; religious and family life; and general memories regarding life in St. Louis. Interviews were conducted by students from St. Louis Community College-Meramec. Interviewees included Brown Bogan, Leomia Harrell, Rosie Lee Claypool, Jessie Hill, Ollie Griffin, Mae Louise Black Coleman, James Dorsey, Mabel Corynn Foog, Paul Porter, and Mrs. Sarah Yarber. The latter interview contains a brief typescript history of the Singleton family.

Cite as: The Great Migration Oral History Project, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Green, Caleb (1837-1901).

Collection, 1767-1886. 3 folders; 5 volumes (approx. 50 items).

Mr. Caleb Green was born in England and came to America in 1854 with a group of English Mormons who were heading for Salt Lake City. In August 1856, Mr. Green was engaged by Abraham O. Smoot to cross the plains as a clerk and assistant commissary to the church train. In 1857, he escaped from the Mormons, and came to St. Louis. In July 1859, he became a citizen of the United Sates and the following August he married Jane E. Brown of St. Louis. Mr. Green was a broker by trade.

Collection includes genealogical records of the Green and Essex families; Caleb Green's citizenship and marriage certificates; journals of Edwin F. Green describing a trip abroad, 1886 and 1891; journal (1862) reviewing the trip of the English Mormons who came to America in 1854, headed for Salt Lake City, and Mr. Green's account of the trip from Atchison, Kansas, beginning in August, 1856; (1857) Caleb Green's escape from Mormonism and Salt Lake City and arrival in St. Louis; notebook of travels in America, 1882; undated autobiography of James C. Essex, most of it devoted to life in St. Louis, ca. 1825.

Cite as: Caleb Green Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Green, Ernest A. (1884-1938).

Papers, 1895-1939. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Ernest A. Green was born January 12, 1884, in Hillsboro, Mo., the son of Judge and Mrs. James F. Green. He graduated from the University of Missouri Law School in 1905, was the prosecuting attorney of Butler County, Mo., 1906-1910, and the assistant attorney general of Missouri, 1912-1914. In 1916, he was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for attorney general of Missouri. Governor Elliott W. Major appointed him in 1916 to fill the unexpired term on the Circuit Bench in St. Louis. Green served as president of the Bar Association of St. Louis, 1926, and the president of the Missouri Bar Association, 1927. He died November 21, 1938, as a result of a fall at the Clayton Courthouse.

Personal and professional correspondence; speeches and legal documents; financial documents; and printed material. Correspondence with prominent political figures includes Franklin D. Roosevelt, Senator Bennett Champ Clark, and Missouri Governor Lloyd C. Stark.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Ernest A. Green Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Green, John, Dr. (1835-1913).

Papers. 1855-1973. 11 boxes (5.5 linear ft.); 4 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

Physician in Boston, Mass., and in St. Louis, Mo., was the first eye doctor in St. Louis. Graduate of Harvard, came to St. Louis after the Battle of Shiloh to work with the Western Sanitary Commission. Married Hattie Jones, had a daughter Elizabeth Green.

Correspondence, journals, medical notes, records and notes, writings and printed pamphlets of Dr. Green, his wife Hattie (Jones) Green, and his daughter, Elizabeth Green, relating to medical problems, early St. Louis medical schools, and St. Louis social life (1855-1913). Dr. Green's records include two indexed volumes of patient records, 1858 and May 1861 to September 1865, containing names of patients, their ages and national origins, their sickness, and their progress and treatments. One volume of records of the St. Louis Medical Fund Society, 1872. "History of Toxicology and the Vegetable Poisons," written by John Green. The collection also includes the papers of Elizabeth Green in relation to her work with artists connected with the W.P.A. Professional Worker's Program, the People's Art Center for Negroes in St. Louis, and the development of art in St. Louis (1914-1956). Includes letters of Joe Jones and programs and invitations to his shows (1933-1956).

Cite as: Dr. John Green Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Green, John Raeburn (1894- ).

Papers, 1876; 1893-1972. 105 boxes (107 linear ft.)

John Raeburn Green was born March 30, 1894, in St. Louis. He graduated from Westminster College at Fulton, Mo., in 1914 and received his law degree from Harvard University in 1917. In 1917, he was commissioned in the Army, serving until 1918. After his discharge, he became a legal drafting officer for the Department of State. In 1919, he formed his own law firm in St. Louis. He was a member of the legal section of the Secretariat of the League of Nations in 1920 and 1921. In 1944, he gained national attention after his appointment by the United States Supreme Court to represent habeas corpus petitioners. He was an early advocate of ensuring the right of defendants in criminal cases to be represented by legal counsel. Mr. Green was a member of the Westminster College board of trustees and was elected its president in 1953. He was given an honorary doctor of laws degree from Westminster College in 1954 and also from Washington University in 1959. Both awards were in recognition of his work with civil liberties. In 1969, he was elected a fellow of the American Bar Foundation. He was a member of the law firm Green, Hennings, Henry, Evans and Arnold. Mr. Green served on many boards, including: director, secretary of St. Luke's Episcopal Presbyterian Hospital, 1947-1953; member of the Washington University Council, 1957- ; Advisory Council of St. Louis University, School of Law, 1958- ; member of the board of trustees, Jefferson National Expansion executive committee; director of the Better Business Bureau of St. Louis; member of the board of trustees of the Missouri Historical Society. Mr. Green was also a Democratic nominee for Congress in 1928. He was the author of the book, Liberty Under the Fourteenth Amendment, 1942. He married Ms. Elisabeth Haskell Cox, December 24, 1917. Mr. Green died in St. Louis, 1973.

The papers include both personal and business correspondence; diaries; publications from the League of Nations; newsclippings and printed matter concerning legal and social issues; household and business receipts; personal photographs; two scrapbooks of St. Louis streetcar transfers.

Some French.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: John Raeburn Green Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Green, Thomas Marshall.

Collection, 1804-. 6 boxes (3.0 linear ft.)

Collection contains documents, letters of prominent Kentucky and national families collected for the use in writing his book, The Historical Families of Kentucky.

Cite as: Thomas Marshall Green Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Greensfelder, Albert P.

Papers, 1896-1943. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Mr. Greensfelder was a civil engineer who worked at improving St. Louis, University City and St. Louis County.

Papers relate mainly to the creation of the Rockwoods Reservation, St. Louis County, 1896-1943. Includes Missouri Conservation Commission memoranda and reports, correspondence, clippings and photographs.

Cite as: Albert P. Greensfelder Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Greensfelder, Moses Bernard ( -1937).

Papers, 1893-1929. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Moses B. Greensfelder, after moving to St. Louis from the East in 1877, acquired numerous parcels of land in the county, among them a tract on Ladue Road which he donated to the Boy Scouts. For many years he resided on a farm at Old Bonhomme and Olive Street Roads, and for the last ten years of his life, in the city of Clayton. He was a founder and first president of the St. Louis County Bank; a founder and charter member of the Old Settlers' Association of St. Louis County; a booster of agricultural interests (he constructed his own private canning plant on his farm), and was always interested in public parks.

Collection contains ten volumes of the diaries of Moses B. Greensfelder covering the years 1904-1905, 1911-1915, and 1917-1919; brief entries describe the weather, daily gardening and farming activities, and family happenings; clippings of personal or agricultural interest and memorabilia have been inserted in the diaries.

Cite as: Moses Bernard Greensfelder Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Greve, Clifford (1907-1975).

Papers, 1934-1937. 5 folders (approx. 75 items).

Mr. Greve was born in St. Louis and graduated from Washington University Law School in 1928. He served on the legal staffs of American Telephone and Telegraph Co. and Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. before entering private practice in corporation and tax law. Mr. Greve served as counsel for the Supreme Court Disbarment Committee here and as special counsel for the St. Louis Bar Association in Supreme Court hearing. He was a member of the Bar of the Supreme Court of Missouri, of the Bar of the United States Treasury Department and of the Bar of the Federal Court and the District of Columbia where in 1936 he won a land authority suit that enabled plans for the St. Louis riverfront beautification to go forward. In 1936, he married Mary Douglass Carpenter. Greve was a director and chairman of the maintenance fund development program for the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra Society and was associated with the Big Brothers organization.

Papers include list of owners of property $40,000 and over, 1934 assessment; property holdings of opponents to Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, including owners, leases and tenants; combined assessments on real estate located between Eads Bridge, Poplar Street, Third Street and the Mississippi River; correspondence, newsclippings, legal papers regarding vote on September 9, 1935, for proposed St. Louis riverfront memorial; legal papers regarding the passage of the bill.

Cite as: Clifford Greve Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Griesedieck Distilling Co.

Account books, 1917-1919. 4 volumes

St. Louis, Mo., distillers, 1885-1957.

One volume of form 338 records of alcohol disposal for the U.S. Department of Revenue, 1919; one volume of Griesedieck bottle labels, n.d.; and two volumes of revenue books (nos. 52a and 52b) detailing production and disposal of alcoholic beverages for the U.S. Department of Revenue, 1917-1919.

Cite as: Griesedieck Distilling Company Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Grimes, Absalom Carlisle.

Collection, 1919-1960; n.d. 1 partial box (approx. 10 items).

Collection contains typescript sketches of Charlotte Grimes Mitchell, a Y.M.C.A. worker and morale aide to the U.S.N., and daughter of Absalom Carlisle Grimes, Secessionist spy. Typescript sketch of Albert Carlisle Mitchell, Ala. infantry band musician in World War I. Post-Dispatch newsclipping of Absalom Carlisle Grimes, dated October 16, 1960.

Cite as: Absalom Carlisle Grimes Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Grossman, Betty, Dr.

Appointment calendars, 1959-1969, 1976-1978, 1980-1993.

1 box (28 volumes) and one oversized folder.

Appointment calendars of Dr. Betty Grossman (Mrs. Edwin); and a certificate for the Mycenaean Foundation, a Greet Government grant of Honorary Citizenship to Dr. Grossman, May 25, 1969.

Cite as: Dr. Betty Grossman Appointment Calendars, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Groves, Albert B. (1866-1925)

Architecture Collection, 1910-1913. 1 folder, 2 volumes

Plans, elevations and sections for the Mercantile Building by Groves (seven sheets, 1910) and one volume (2 copies) of bound drawings for additions/alterations to the Century Building at 9th and Olive (1913) which includes some original floor plans of the building by Raeder, Coffin & Crocker (1895).

Cite as: Albert B. Groves Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


"Growing Up in Saint Louis" Exhibit.

Collection, 1988-1991. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

"Growing Up in St. Louis" was an exhibit at the Missouri Historical Society. It depicted childhood experiences in St. Louis. At the end of the exhibit patrons were invited to write down their own growing up in St. Louis experiences.

The papers from the exhibit are the writings of patrons who have viewed the exhibit and have written down their remembrances of growing up in St. Louis. The experiences are written down on a form which ask for the patrons reminiscences about everyday life as well as special events that figured prominently in their childhood memories. The persons name, approximate date of the remembrance, childhood neighborhood, size of family and type of family home are also asked. Many of the people who participated do recall their growing up experiences in the city and surrounding areas. Many mention similar memories of St. Louis landmarks such as the Arch, Highland Park, Forest Park, Jefferson Memorial, Art Hill, the St. Louis Art Museum. Many also mention similar memories of events such as Cardinal baseball games, the Veiled Prophet parade and ball. Contained in the collection is a series of letters from an elementary school class at Old Bonhomme School in Olivette, Mo. These letters are from the children in the class describing their everyday chores, dress and hobbies.

Cite as: "Growing Up in St. Louis" Exhibit Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gruenwald family.

Gruenwald and Helbig family papers, 1854-1924. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Letters between family in Germany and relatives in St. Louis. The letters consist of family news and the settling of estates, 1854-1904. Also included are letters from Mother Ursula (Carolina Gruenwald) to various members of the family, 1883-1924, and letters from Christian Helbig to his wife, Alvina, 1872-1886. Also includes a family tree and family documents.

Cite as: Gruenwald and Helbig Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Guenelle Family.

Papers, 1820-1833; n.d. 3 folders (approx. 30 items).

Papers of the Guenelle and Derouen families, mostly of Francois Guenelle; bills, receipts, licenses (1794-1845); notebook of Francois Guenelle Jr. (1849) kept on journey to California, mainly a table of distances; two land claims for daughters of Jean Baptiste Pacquette (1860) as of 1829 treaty between the U.S. and the Winnebago Indians at Prairie Duchine; two letters to Francois Guenelle, Jr. (1873 and 1883) regarding Winnebago claims and land in St. Louis. Genealogy.

Cite as: Guenelle Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Guibord, [P. or O.?].

Diary, 1825. 1 volume

Born in the Louisiana Territory, possibly Ste. Genevieve, studied in France.

Diary of voyage down the Mississippi River and up the Ohio en route to France, with hand written and typed translations. Included also is an undated account of a return trip from LeHavre to New York describing the ship and its passengers, written in the form of a letter.

Original in French.

Cite as: Guibord Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Guibourd, Louis.

Papers, 1752-1832; n.d. 3 folders (approx. 50 items); 1 volume.

Collection contains land, estate and legal papers mostly in the district of Ste. Genevieve. Also, indexed ledger of Guibourd and Co., Ste. Genevieve, Mo., general store, 1799-1801.

Mostly French.

Cite as: Louis Guibourd Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Guignon, Simon A.

Account books, 1825-1829. 2 volumes

Business accounts of general store in Fredericktown, Mo.; consists of "Ledger B" (1825-1827) and day book (1828-1829).

Cite as: Simon A Guignon Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gundlach, John H.

Collection. 1850; 1888-1926. 4 boxes (1.7 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Collection includes material relating to St. Louis city planning, Missouri Centennial Celebration (1921), Gundlach Realty Co. papers; Free Bridge Bond election (August 1912); American Civic Association Convention (1917); materials regarding municipal bond election (1922). Unidentified journal of a trip to California, May to August 1850.

Finding Aid Available

Cite as: John H. Gundlach Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Finding Aid available at Archives Desk


Gundlach, William Justus.

Certificates, 1887-1891. 1 oversized folder.

Diploma from Smith Academy for completion of the Classical Course, June 7, 1887; certificate of membership in the American Institute of Homeopathy, June 23, 1889; and diploma of Doctor of Medicine, May 1, 1891; and undated diploma of Doctor of Medicine, St. Louis Medical College.

Cite as: William Justus Gundlach Certificates, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Gunn, Thomas Butler (1826-1903).

Diaries, 1849-1863. 5 boxes (21 volumes); 3 rolls microfilm.

Thomas Butler Gunn was born February 15, 1826, in Banbury, England, and came to New York in 1849. During the Civil War he worked as a correspondent for the New York Tribune. He returned to England in 1863, and died in Birmingham in April 1903.

The diaries include very descriptive entries of the happenings in the life of Mr. Gunn. He also includes descriptions of world events and well known personalities in the literary world.

RESTRICTION: As with all collections, if the documents exist in another format, researchers will be required to use the other format before the original documents will be paged to the reading room.

Cite as: Thomas Butler Gunn Diaries, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Guy Family.

Papers, 1861-1872. 2 folders (approx. 57 items).

William E. Guy attended Miami University in Ohio and also enlisted in the 86th Ohio Infantry (three months). He later graduated from Princeton University and went abroad after graduation to study civil and mining engineering at Heidelberg, Freiberg and Paris. He returned and received a law degree from Cincinnati Law School. He 1871 he was made the assistant state geologist of Missouri. He founded the St. Louis Bolt and Iron Company and organized and became president of the St. Louis and Eastern R.R. Co. and the Madison Coal Co. He married Catherine Lemoine in 1894.

Collection includes letter of William E. Guy to his sister, Mrs. S.E. Peabody, St. Louis. The letters are from his student years at Oxford, Ohio (1861-1863), Princeton University, (1863, 1864), Heidelberg and Freiburg, Germany (1866-1860). Also included is correspondence from his time as a mining engineer and assayer in, Denver, San Francisco, Grass Valley, Cal., Georgetown, Colo., and his return to Oxford, Ohio, 1870-1871.

Cite as: Guy Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


H. Konert and Son (St. Louis, Mo.).

Ledger, 1921-1935. 1 volume (516 pages)

Accounts of merchant tailors.

Cite as: H. Konert and Son Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

H. Lowenstein and Company (Marshall, Mo.)

See Lowenstein, Julius


Haarstick, Henry C.

Papers, 1881-1917. 4 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)

President of St. Louis and Mississippi Valley Transportation Company.

Will (photocopy), 1910; bank statements of H.C. Haarstick; deeds, land titles, tax receipts for St. Louis properties, including properties on Kingsbury Place and Vandeventer Place; stock certificates, investments statements, leases, loans, etc., relating to business interests and investments; letterbook, 1900-1903; and minute book of St. Louis and Mississippi Valley Transportation Company, 1881-1904.

Cite as: Henry C. Haarstick Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hacker, W. Philip

Architecture Collection, 1911. 5 folders

Blueprints, specifications, and numerous bids for a flats building at 4000 Greer Avenue (St. Louis) for Dr. L.H. Crapp.

Cite as: W. Philip Hacker Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hadley, Herbert Spencer.

Papers, 1825-1949. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

Governor of Missouri, 1909-1912; Chancellor of Washington University, 1923-1931.

Family correspondence, Hadley and Beach families. Typescripts of letters from Herbert Hadley to father and other members of the family. Notebook, church records and sermons, of Rev. Isaac Beach (1828-1829). Additional materials consist of papers of Herbert S. Hadley during his term as governor of Missouri and as chancellor of Washington University until the time of his death. They include typescript copies of Hadley letters and essays, publications containing articles regarding Hadley, and manuscript "Political Career of Herbert Spencer Hadley" by Hazel Tutt Long.

Cite as: Herbert Spencer Hadley Papers, Missouri Historical Society. St. Louis.


Hagaman Family.

Collection, 1849-1921. 1 partial box.

Correspondence of Alexander M. Block of Springfield, Ill., to his sister Jane Block in Lee, Mass., discussing current political events; receipt book of American Express Co., St. Louis, for William M. Black, St. Louis grocer; correspondence of Abraham Hagaman, including a number of St. Louis business letterheads.

Cite as: Hagaman Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


[Hagan, Henry?].

Ledger, 1843-1861. 1 volume (160 pages)

Records of St. Louis carpenter, with weather observations from 1872-1874 in rear.

Cite as: Henry Hagan Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hale, Nettie Lumpkin.

Scrapbook, 1901-1926. 1 volume.

Scrapbook containing personal memorabilia; 1901 graduation programs, etc. from Mary Institute; veiled prophet material; postcards and written experiences from travel.

Cite as: Nettie Lumpkin Hale Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hall, Corinne Steele.

Collection, 1841-1953. 4 boxes (2.0 linear ft.)

Corinne Steele Hall was born and educated in St. Louis. After marrying Frederick Bagby Hall, a doctor, they lived in the Ozarks for three years; they subsequently maintained a country home in Potosi. She was a member of the Wednesday Club and the Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs, and stimulated the cultural activities of the clubs and schools throughout the state by sponsoring exhibitions of all Missouri art.

Correspondence, receipts, deeds/indentures for land in Potosi, and business papers of the Hall-Steele families; correspondence and newsclippings pertaining to the Missouri Artists' Exhibition, 1927-1928; scrapbooks of newsclippings and magazine articles (many written by Hall) relating to Missouri art, artists and club activities; minutes of the St. Louis Society for Crippled Children, 1949-1953, the years Mrs. Hall served as vice-president of the organization; and manuscript book of poetry of Corinne Steele Hall, illustrated in water color sketches by Dionysius Dooley, 1942.

Cite as: Corinne Steel Hall Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hall, Willard P.

Papers, 1869. 1 partial box.

Letters of family members in Missouri to others in Virginia.

Cite as: Willard P. Hall Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hamma, Carl.

Collection, 1919-1973. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Served in Battery D, 14th Artillery, with Captain Harry S. Truman.

Collection contains a scrapbook with mementoes of the Battery D, 14th Artillery, and President Harry S. Truman; also contained are inaugural invitations, etc. for the Truman inauguration, 1949; and an information booklet, ca. 1961, "Independence and the Opening of the West," a mural painted by Thomas Hart Benton.

Cite as: Carl Hamma Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hammond, Samuel.

Papers, 1808; 1927. 1 partial box.

First commandant of District of St. Louis under American rule.

Correspondence between archivist regarding Hammond research; typed biography; document signed Samuel Hammond, October 14, 1808, bond to Jeremiah Connor, sheriff of the District of St. Louis for $1,600; typed copies of his correspondence.

Cite as: Samuel Hammond Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hand Family.

Papers, 1805-1903. 34 items

The Hand Family Papers consists primarily of the correspondence of Henry Hand, Jr., and family. The collection also includes: two bible records of the Hand family with exact dates and locations of births, deaths, and marriages; receipts between family members for money from estates; and Henry Hand, Jr.'s, copybook containing copies of his business correspondence, poems, and speeches.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Hand Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Handy, W.C.

Papers, 1947-1979. 1 partial box (1 folder).

Several letters from W.C. Handy to Fonda Mackintosh Irwin, 1947, the granddaughter of Dr. Sadie Mackintosh, who gave Handy his first books; clippings regarding Handy, 1947-1977; one piece of sheet music, "Saint Louis Blues."

Cite as: W.C. Handy Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hanley Family.

Papers, 1874-1930. 8 boxes (4.0 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Collection consists of papers found in the old Martin E. Hanley home, a farm house built ca. 1855 at what is now 7600 Westmoreland Avenue, and is a museum, restored by the city of Clayton. Papers include diaries, ledgers and correspondence of various branches of the Hanley and Yore families as well as of a grandson of Martin Hanley, Leondias Rutledge Whipple. Whipple taught English at the University of Missouri and the University of Virginia and was instrumental in the founding of the School of Journalism at the latter institution. He was also a reporter for the St. Louis Republic. His papers, dating from about 1904 to 1930, include six manuscript books, and correspondence, including; St. Louis editor William Marion Reedy, Harris M. Lyon, a Missouri educated short story writer, and Homer Croy, Missouri humorist. Additional papers in the collection refer to the Chase Bag Co.

Cite as: Hanley Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hanna, Charles M.

Papers, 1887-1888. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Family correspondence to Charles M. Hanna from relatives in Kansas, 1887-1888.

Cite as: Charles M. Hanna Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Harlan, George.

Papers, 1810-1922. 5 boxes (2.2 linear ft.)

George Harlan was an educator and minister that was concentrated in St. Francis County, Mo.

Collection contains records of the Presbyterian Church in Farmington, Mo., 1810-1922; correspondence of George W. Harlan at Illinois College, 1848; Civil War correspondence (some Confederate, not all Harlan); papers and programs of Elmwood Seminary (George Harlan was superintendent, 1866-1815); also information regarding the Presbyterian orphanage of Missouri founded in 1915, it was located at the former home of Elmwood Seminary; several written histories of the school, lessons, rolls, 1866; genealogy of Harlan family; obituary notices for Harlan family and other residents of Farmington, 1890-1900; due book of John Kennedy, 1822; various journals, records of marriages made by George Harlan at the Presbyterian Church, 1851-1920; handwritten census records of St. Francis County, 1870; account books, journals, day book of George Harlan; records of Women's Missionary Union of Presbytery of Potosi, 1920-1921.

Cite as: George Harlan Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Harless and Company

See A. Harless and Company


Harlow, J., Dr.

Ledger, 1881-1891. 1 volume (592 pages)

Records of medical practice of Elsberry, Mo., obstetrician and pediatrician.

Cite as: Dr. J. Harlow Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Harney, William S.

Papers, 1819-1887. 1 partial box

Military officer.

Correspondence regarding collection; genealogical material on Harney and Selby families; Selby family tree; photographs; newsclippings; Harney family correspondence.

Cite as: William S. Harney Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Harper, Roy W., Judge.

Papers. 7 boxes (7.0 linear ft.)

Finding aid available.


Harrington, George R. (1815-1892).

Papers, 1842-1895; 1908. 4 boxes (1.7 linear ft.)

Assistant secretary of the treasury under Salmon P. Chase, W.P. Fessenden, Hugh McCulloch. During President James K. Polk's administration, Harrington was appointed clerk in the U.S. Treasury Department, subsequently becoming chief clerk under personal friend Chase. In 1861, appointed assistant secretary; Minister to Switzerland, 1865-1869; after retirement engaged in literary writing. Arthur of treatise on financial policy of United States during Civil War.

Correspondence, copies of Harrington's writings, and other papers relating to problems of the United States during the Civil War and after the war, financial policy during the war, and funeral arrangements for President Lincoln. Includes the original draft of funeral procession, list of pallbearers, list of diplomatic corps, and a note from Mrs. Lincoln to Harrington. Correspondents include Salmon P. Chase, W.P. Fessenden, Hugh McCulloch, and William H. Seward. Reminiscences (filed 1842); other essays, including essay on the Ku Klux Klan; Congressional Republican Committee Journal, 1860.

Cite as: George R. Harrington Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Harris, C.C.

Harris family papers, 1815-1873. 2 folders (approx. 40 items).

Collection contains letters, papers, regarding lands in Missouri and Kentucky; reports of fines, courts martials, regiment of Kentucky militia, 1820-1825.

Cite as: Harris Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Harris, William Torrey (1835-1909).

Papers, 1855-1909; (1932; 1951); n.d. 21 boxes (10.5 linear ft.)

Educator, author, philosopher. Taught in St. Louis Public Schools (1857). At one time superintendent of schools in St. Louis (1868-1880). Later U.S. Commissioner of Education (1889-1906). In 1880, helped established Concord (Mass.) School of Philosophy. Founder of the Philosophical Society of St. Louis.

Collection consists primarily of correspondence with members of the St. Louis Movement. In addition, it contains resolution of teachers of St. Louis Public Schools on the retirement of Harris in 1880; a scrapbook of 46 letters to J.E. Yeatman in regard to his proposed testimonial; Harris' diaries (1857-1892); notebooks of memoranda while at Clay School (1863-1865); a book of early writings (1851-1859); essays, apparently the originals of some copies in shorthand into the "Book of Early Writing"; early essays of Harris (1855-1859); printed clipping of address before Missouri State Teachers' Association (1859); circulars of Phonetic Institute (1857); notebook of questions in History, etc., while principal at Clay School, St. Louis; correspondence relating to Hegel manuscripts and translations; and Henry C. Brokmeyer's manuscript translation of Hegel's Larger Logic. Correspondents include Frank Louis Soldan, Louis J. Block, Susan E. Blow, Benjamin Paul Blood, Eugene C. Brokmeyer, Henry C. Brokmeyer, Thomas Davidson, Sarah Denman, Ira Divoll, James Edmunds, Samuel H. Emery, Jr., Louise M. Fuller, James M. Greenwood, J.Z. Hall, S.K. Hall, Thomas M. Johnson, Hiram K. Jones, Elizabeth Peabody, Denton Jacques Snider, Charles Louis Bernays, James B. Eads, and David H. Harris. Microfilm of Boxes 4-6, Susan Blow letters, Archives microfilm reels 1 and 2.

Cite as: William Torrey Harris Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

"The Science of Logic," by Hegel, translation believed to be by Henry C. Brokmeyer, 3 vols., manuscript; Located at; Illinois College Library; Jacksonville, Ill.


Harrison Family.

Papers, 1799; 1827-1904; 1948; n.d. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Howard County, Mo., family.

Material includes letters of Louis Agassiz to Edwin Harrison; letter and license while a merchant in Santa Fe; memberships in Fire Wardens, St. Louis; biographical and genealogical notes; newsclippings. Notes on coral by Edwin Harrison. Wedding cost of Cordelia Harrison; letters of condolence upon death of James Harrison. In addition are the genealogical notes and manuscripts of Florence Harrison Bill (Mrs. Harry Satterlee Bill) on families: Harrison, Bill, McClanahan, Strother, McMillan, White, Hoge, Trimble, Prewett. Also nine manuscripts by Mrs. Bill for publication in the Bulletin of the Missouri Historical Society, and correspondence with Charles van Ravenswaay.

Cite as: Harrison Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hart, John.

Farm ledger, 1813-1858. 1 volume.

John Hart was a farmer near Ferguson, Mo.

A ledger of farm transactions of John Hart's Ferguson, Mo., farm.

Cite as: John Hart Farm Ledger, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hartrich, Mary Whyte.

Rombauer-Hartrich correspondence, 1943-1973; n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Mary Whyte Hartrich, known as "Mazie" or "Maizie" was friend and secretary to St. Louisan Irma S. Rombauer, author of The Joy of Cooking, and assisted Rombauer in the testing and cataloguing of recipes, and the preparation and editing of multiple editions of that cookbook and others. Over the years Hartrich received a share in the proceeds of The Joy of Cooking, even through there was no written agreement between the two women. As Marion Rombauer Becker, the daughter of Irma S. Rombauer, began to assume more and more responsibility for The Joy of Cooking, Hartrich continued to be involved. In 1973, several years after the 1962 death of Irma S. Rombauer, the Bobbs-Merrill Company sold the paperback rights to The Joy of Cooking for $l.5 million. When Hartrich received no portion of the proceeds, she successfully sued, establishing her claim to an interest in The Joy of Cooking by using her personal correspondence with Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker as evidence of legal entitlement.

This collection consists mostly of correspondence from Irma S. Rombauer and Marion Rombauer Becker to Mary Whyte Hartrich, 1943-1962. It reveals the history of the relationship between then three women and their respective roles in the preparation and publication of The Joy of Cooking, and their division of the proceeds from the sale of the book. Also included are a few letters between Hartrich, Becker, and Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc., dated 1952, relating to the editing of the book; correspondence between Becker and Hartrich that relate to the death of Irma S. Rombauer in 1962; a memorandum by Hartrich detailing the history of her financial arrangement with Rombauer; and newsclippings about Irma S. Rombauer, 1948-1962, and about the 1973 sale of the paperback rights to The Joy of Cooking. Much of the material in this collection was used in Mary Whyte Hartrich's 1973 lawsuit for a share of the proceeds from the sale of the paperback rights, and bears evidence stamps and notations relating to the case.

Missouri Historical Society does not possess the literary rights to the letters of either Irma S. Rombauer or Marion Rombauer Becker.

Cite as: Rombauer-Hartrich Correspondence, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hatch, Frederick T. (1855- ).

Hatch family papers. 1904-1916. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Frederick T. Hatch was born November 21, 1855, in Haverhill, Mass. He married Gertrude Hill of Steubenhill, Ohio, August 13, 1884. Four children were born of the marriage: Frederick Nathaniel, Alice Katharine, William Sherman, and Edward Flint. Mr. Hatch's job as Superintendent Peoria Division Vandalia Line took his family to Terre Haute, Ind., ca 1904. Due to poor health, Mrs. Hatch and the younger children wintered in Florida, September 1904 until her death in February 1905, at which time the children returned to St. Louis where Mr. Hatch had just moved. Young Edward died April 1910. Alice, a librarian, maintained the family home for her father for many years.

Correspondence of the Frederick T. Hatch family; letters between Frederick and his wife Gertrude while she wintered in Florida due to poor health (September 1904-February 1905); bulk of the collection is letters from William and Frederick Hatch (sons) to their sister Alice, in St. Louis in which they discuss family matters, jobs, social life, etc.; genealogy material.

Cite as: Hatch Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hatton Family.

Hatton-Hof family papers, 1881-1977. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.)

Papers include correspondence, telegrams, play-bills and memo book regarding the Hazaelton Sisters Vaudeville act, 1910; A.B. Hatton papers, including correspondence, business and membership cards, memo book, 1917-1926; Claudia Phelps Hatton papers, including correspondence, financial records, memorial record of her death, 1927-1951; Eda Lucille Hatton papers, including booklet of Business Women's Chamber of Commerce, St. Louis, 1947; and memorial record of her death, 1974; Myrnabelle Hatton Hof and Paul Alexander Hof and family papers; including autograph book of Regina Knapp Hof, 1881-1883; family and genealogical records of Joseph P. and Margaret T. Hof; Veiled Prophet Ball admission card to Myrnabelle Hatton, 1930; fraternity, retirement and death certificates of Paul A. Hof, 1915-1977; program and menu: Dinner given to Marshall Foch on the occasion of his visit to St. Louis, November 3, 1921.

Cite as: Hatton-Hof Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hawken Family.

Hawken-Sappington Family Collection, 1893, 1894. 1 folder.

The collection consists of assorted material related to the Hawken and Sappington families of St. Louis. Materials include a Hawken-Sappington family (photocopy); unidentified family photographs (photocopies); a notebook produced by Langenberg Manufacturing Co., St. Louis, Mo., with a drawing of Front Rank Steel Furnace; Pierce's Memorandum and Account Book almanac, 1893, 1894; and a Famous Barr Co. Spirit of St. Louis tag.

Cite as: Hawken-Sappington Family Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hawken, Otis R.

Scrapbooks, n.d. 2 volumes

Scrapbook with two photographs of (Hawken) and various cutouts of flowers, ladies, birds, etc.; and advertising card scrapbook.

Cite as: Otis R. Hawken Scrapbooks, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hawken, Samuel.

Jacob and Samuel Hawken Papers, 1822-1873; 1924-1959; n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Jacob Hawken (1786-1849) is listed as gunsmith in St. Louis' first city directory in 1821. Samuel Hawken (1791-1884) joined him in 1822, and together they operated a gun shop on the banks of the Mississippi River. Hawken guns were used to supply wagon trains; the expeditions of Paul Anderson, William Ashley, John C. Fremont; Missouri Fur Company bought Hawken guns, as did Kit Carson, Buffalo Bill, Jim Bridger. After Jacob's death, Samuel provided the guns. In 1862, he sold the business to J.P. Gemmer, who continued until 1915. Samuel Hawken was a soldier in the War of 1812, and originated Union Fire Co. No. 2, St. Louis, in 1832.

Correspondence and papers; receipts, accounts, and miscellany; genealogical material, clippings; and scrapbook compiled by Mrs. Martha R. Hawken Jenkins; mainly about Hawken family relationships.

Cite as: Jacob and Samuel Hawken Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hawks, Cicero Stephen (1812-1868).

Papers, 1801-1897. 1 folder (approx. 25 items).

Cicero Stephen Hawks was ordained as a priest of the Episcopal Church in New York in 1836. He came to St. Louis in 1844 as Missouri's first Episcopal bishop.

Papers include documents, ordination certificate, bills, letters and biographical information of Rev. Bishop Hawks.

Cite as: Cicero Stephen Hawks Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hawley, Ozita.

Maheu family papers, 1784-1923. (approx. 20 items).

Nicholas Marie Maheu (1784-1853) served under Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. His second wife was Seraphine Eleonore Victoire Finel. The Maheu family emigrated to Gallipolis, Ohio, in 1827 and later came to St. Louis.

The papers include genealogy of Maheu, Finel, Pinatel families; papers (1808-1827) relating to military record of Lieutenant Nicholas Maheu; deed of gifts, marriage contract, permit to change residence of Lieutenant Maheu, diploma of midwife Seraphine V. Finel de Maheu and her commendation by the Mayor of Dieue for her work as midwife all issued in France.


Cite as: Maheu Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hawley, Thomas S. (1837-1918).

Papers, 1856-1867. 13 folders (approx. 100 items)

Thomas S. Hawley was born February 20, 1837, in Dayton, Ohio. Following his graduation from the St. Louis Medical College in 1861, he served in the Civil War with Captain Hill's Company of the American Zouaves, the 111th Illinois Infantry (Union), and later with the 11th Missouri Infantry. In 1865, he married Caroline Joy in Delaware, Ohio. Following the war, he returned to St. Louis where he practiced as a surgeon. He died July 24, 1918, in St. Louis.

Papers consist of letters of Thomas S. Hawley to his parents, Rev. and Mrs. N. Hawley of Olney, Ill., mentioning his graduation from medical school, enlistment with the Union forces during the Civil War and his service as a surgeon with the 11th Missouri Infantry, and his subsequent return to St. Louis where he established his medical practice.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Thomas S. Hawley Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Haynes, Aubrey DeVere.

Papers, 1928-1935. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Riverboat captain.

Diary, dated January 1 to April 2, 1928, with some mention of river travel; notebook with quotes and some notes; scrapbook with photos of river travel, 1935 and life on a boat; scrapbook of newsclippings regarding Haynes and riverboats.

Cite as: Aubrey DeVere Haynes, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hayward, Florence (1865-1925).

Papers. 1880-1941. 4 boxes (2.0 linear ft.); 4 volumes.

Florence Hayward was a St. Louis native. She began her career as a journalist writing articles for the St. Louis publication, The Spectator. She also went on to become the London contributor to the St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the St. Louis Republic. Throughout her career, she wrote extensively for American and English magazines. In November 1902 she was appointed special commissioner of the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair to Europe, the only woman appointed to such a position. From King Edward VII she obtained the loan of the late Queen Victoria's Jubilee Presents to be exhibited at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. She also obtained an exhibit from the Vatican for the Fair. She successfully campaigned to discontinue the tradition of having a separate woman's building at the St. Louis World's Fair. She was elected an officer in the French Academy in 1904, and a member of the Royal Society of Arts of England in 1913. She was also one of the founders of the St. Louis Artists Guild.

Four scrapbooks of newsclippings, some of which are clippings of her articles; musical compositions written for her; souvenirs from her journeys; and autographs. Of special interest are sketches (in vol. 1); Hayward's newspaper articles from London, and a 1892 watercolor portrait of her by Martha Hoke (in vol. 3). The manuscript collection contains genealogy material of Mss. George Hayward [Ellen Erwin]; correspondence in relation to articles she wrote--editors, etc.; Diploma titled United States Universal Exposition, St. Louis, Commemorative Diploma, Special Commissioner to European Countries, Commission of History Department of Anthropology, 1902; list of Jubilee and Diamond Jubilee presents of the late Queen Victoria, 1903; letters and correspondence regarding securing the exhibits for the St. Louis World's Fair; series of essays, possibly articles on a variety of subjects, n.d.; written (typed) account of her venture to secure Vatican exhibit by Florence Hayward; newspaper articles written by or about Florence Hayward; complete issue of Country Life, which is an English society newspaper, Vol. III, No. 5, May 1896 and Vol. IV. no. 10, December 4, 1896.

Cite as: Florence Hayward Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Head, Idress.

Record books, 1903. 2 volumes.

Missouri Historical Society librarian.

Data regarding early Missouri land owners, compiled by Idress Head, 1903.

Cite as: Idress Head Record Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Headlee Family.

Papers, 1848-1940; n.d. 2 folders (approx. 50 items).

Papers include correspondence, clippings, pamphlets, concerning the Methodist Episcopal Church in early Missouri; genealogy of the Headlee family; data on Rolla Fletcher Headlee.

Cite as: Headlee Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Heald family.

Papers, 1817-1945. 3 boxes (1.2 linear ft.)

Genealogical and personal papers of Heald Family. A few items regarding settlement in St. Charles County, Mo. Materials regarding Fort Zumwalt, Mo., Fort Dearborn (Chicago), Ill. Material regarding organizations: Daughters of the American Revolution; Daughters of 1812; St. Louis Society of Medical Research; Friday Club; Ancient and Honorable Artillery Co.

Clubs and Societies materials are described and indexed in the Clubs and Societies guides.

Cite as: Heald Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Heath, Anna Barnes.

Papers, 1869-1951. 2 boxes (approx. 25 items).

Daughter of Joseph K. Barnes, surgeon general of the army from 1864 to 1882. She was the maid of honor for Nelly Grant.

Collection contains souvenirs of social life at the White House; invitations to Grant-Sartoris wedding; first and second Grant inauguration and ball invitation; newsclippings of Grant-Sartoris wedding, menus and place cards from wedding and reception; correspondence from Mrs. Truman's secretary regarding papers in the collection.

Cite as: Anna Barnes Heath Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Heil Chemical Company.

Letterbook, 1893-1895. 1 volume.

Letterpress letterbook,

Mostly German handscript.

Cite as: Heil Chemical Company Letterbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Heitz, Charles.

Exercise book, 1854. 1 volume (98 pages)

Accounting exercise book of Charles Heitz while at Jones Commercial College, St. Louis.

Cite as: Charles Heitz Exercise Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Heller, Otto (1863-1941).

Papers, 1905-1941. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Otto Heller was born July 15, 1863, in Tietsch, Saxony. After completing his course at a Dresden Gymnasium, he attended the universities at Prague, Munich, Vienna, and Berlin. In 1883, he came to America where he began his teaching career at LaSalle College, Philadelphia, in the field of Greek. Later he moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as instructor of modern languages. In 1892, he was appointed to the chair of German at Washington University and later served as dean of the graduate school and editor of Washington University Studies. He was the author of numerous books and articles, and was a frequent speaker at Chautauqua lectures and before literary clubs. Heller died July 29, 1941.

Drafts, reprints, clippings, and notes of essays and speeches of Otto Heller, Dean of Graduate Studies, Washington Universityi, 1905-1941.

Cite as: Otto Heller Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.



Architecture Collection, ca. 1900-1930. 37 boxes

Approximately 125 residential, commercial, and institutional projects. The collection includes the work of George W. Hellmuth (1870-1955), Hellmuth & Hellmuth Architects (George W. and Harry I.), and Hellmuth & Spiering (Louis J.). Access restricted due to fragility of the materials. Please consult the Archivist.

Cite as: Hellmuth Architecture Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hellmuth, George W.

Hortense Place architectural drawings. 2 roll storage boxes.

Plans for the residences of Isaac Cook, Jr.; F.V. Hammar; Albert Lambert; Marion Lambert; and Amedee V. Reyburn; in Hortense Place, St. Louis. Also unidentified floor plan for an apartment or condominium. Copies. Missouri Historical Society does not own the original drawings.

Cite as: George W. Hellmuth, Hortense Place Architectural Drawings, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hempelmann Family.

Papers, 1845-1890. 3 folders (approx. 100 items).

Papers and tax receipts of Dude H. Janssen. Autograph and poetry manuscripts of Franz Tolle.

Some German.

Cite as: Hempelmann Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hempen, H. Joseph.

Missouri sesquicentennial collection. 1969-1972. 4 boxes (2.5 linear ft.)

Mr. Hempen worked for Opticomm. Inc., in St. Louis. He collected material on Missouri Sesquicentennial celebration for a documentary history of same.

Collection includes: correspondence, newsclippings, photos, graphic materials, fliers, brochures and other printed matter regarding state-wide and local celebrations of the Missouri Sesquicentennial celebrated in 1971 for a documentary history of Missouri Sesquicentennial. Includes material on local celebrations in St. Louis, Lexington, Florissant, Columbia, Hermann, Charleston, Cole County, Independence, Jefferson County and St. Charles; celebration sponsored by the First State Capital Restoration and Sesquicentennial Commission. Includes layouts and proposed text for book. Also Sesquicentennial issues of Missouri newspapers.

Cite as: H. Joseph Hempen Missouri Sesquicentennial Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hempstead, Stephen (1754-1831).

Papers, 1787-1846; 1853; 1874; 1917. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.); 1 volume

Stephen Hempstead, born 1754, New London, Conn, married 1831, St. Louis. Served in the Revolutionary War, answered first call for troops May 6, 1775. In 1811, he and his wife and several of the younger children moved to St. Louis. He helped to establish the Presbyterian faith in the Territory, was active in civic affairs.

Papers consist of correspondence of Stephen Hempstead family, of early religious leaders, others. Correspondence between Manuel Lisa and Mary Hempstead Lisa. Papers of Stephen, Edward, Charles, and William Hempstead. Diary, 1813-1831, of Stephen Hempstead, dated 1813-1831, which includes accounts regarding farming of land north of St. Louis, comments on the weather, farm tasks, occupation of his slaves, births, deaths, marriages of family and friends, and information on the establishments of missions in the Missouri Territory; and weekly records of Stephen Hempstead's Presbyterian Church attendance, 1787-1821, in New London, Conn., and St. Louis. Letterbook, 1805-1830, of original letters to Stephen Hempstead from Salmon Giddings, Timothy and Abel Flint, others, and with an account, in hand of Hempstead, of trip to St. Louis with his family in 1811. In part photostats and typescript copies.

Diary published in nine parts in Bulletin of the Missouri Historical Society, Volume XIII, Number 1 (October 1956)-Volume XXII, Number 4, Part 1 (July 1966).

Some French.

Cite as: Stephen Hempstead Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Edwin W. Henderson

Papers, 1873-1952

The collection consists of family correspondence; church programs of Second Baptist Church, St. Louis;receipts; invitations; postcard from the Life of Christ exhibit, 1904 World's Fair; list of popular songs of the American Expeditionary Force, WWI; menu from Christmas dinner for the Third Instruction Company, Camp Meade, MD, 1918; photograph, calling card and death notice of Monsignor Capel; program of Hickory Council No. 766, Royal Arcanum, St. Louis, 1884; school report card of William G. Pettus, Smith Academy, 1888; prospectus of the Miss M.E. Brooks School for Young Ladies, 1887; and eighteen business cards from St. Louis businesses and four St. Louis Post-Dispatch receipt cards.

Cite as: Edwin W. Henderson Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis


Hennard, John F.

Journal, 1858. 1 volume

Journal, dated February 22 to December 18, 1858, describing the operation of the St. Louis Fire Alarm Telegraph which went into operation Feb. 22, 1858, listing responses to fires, etc.

Cite as: John F. Hennard Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hennings, Thomas C. (1875-1952).

Papers, 1899-1961. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Member of the Missouri Constitutional Convention, 1943-1944.

Papers pertaining to the 1943-1944 Constitutional Convention of Missouri, 1943-1961; correspondence with Charlton and Dorothy Ogburn on authorship of Shakespeare plays; speeches made by Henning; invitations; etc. Other correspondence of Henning's from prominent St. Louisans, including A.B. Lambert, Kenton R. Reaves, Daniel R. Fitzpatrick, Ethan A.H. Shepley, Daniel K. Catlin, Ernest Kirschten, Harry R. Burke, Douglas V. Martin, Jr., Gale F. Johnston, Clark M. Clifford, Curtis A. Betts, Jacob M. Lashly, Samuel H. Liberman, Guy A. Thompson, and Herbert S. Hadley.

Cite as: Thomas C. Hennings Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hennings, Thomas C., Jr.

Papers, 1951-1973. 3 boxes (0.9 linear ft.)

Correspondence of Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., U.S. Senator from Missouri, with John Raeburn Green, St. Louis, and with Missouri Historical Society, 1951-1960. Approx 200 pieces, covering personal affairs, legal business matters, discussion of civil rights defense of Communists, restoration of Jefferson Barracks, etc. Additional 100 pieces concerning disposition of bequest of Hennings for charitable foundation (1962-1966), and about 1200 pieces, 1951-1966, consisting of Hennings' correspondence with John Raeburn Green.

Larger portion of collection closed until 1990.

Cite as: Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Henry, Jesse P., Mrs.

Family papers, 1841-1910; n.d. 1 folder (approx. 20 items).

Maiden name Prudence Lucas, daughter of James. H. Lucas.

Papers include Civil War correspondence of the Hunt family, William and Mrs. P.B. Hunt, and others in Kentucky and Tennessee; biographical data of Jesse H. Henry and Mr. and Mrs. Jesse P. Henry. Reminiscences and newsclippings of Patrick Ahearn serving in the Civil War under Captain George Hunt.

Cite as: Mrs. Jesse P. Henry Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Henry Townsend Project.

Henry Townsend Discography (1929-1990). 1 volume (looseleaf).

Compilation of correspondence, recording history, and recording catalogue of the Blues music of St. Louisan Henry Townsend.

Cite as: Henry Townsend Discography (1929-1990), Missouri Historical Society Blues Archives, St. Louis, Mo.


Henze, Frederick W.

Account books, 1869-1919. 4 volumes

St. Louis baker, joined the firm of Hamburger and Co., Edward H. Hamburger, proprietor, in 1872. Business became Henze's bakery in 1875. Renamed Henze's Old Rock Bakery Co. in 1894, with Frederick W. Henze as president until 1905. Succeeded in that position by George F. Gaertner.

Two ledgers (1869-1871 and 1888-1890) and one cash book (1871-1873) of Hamburger and Co., with recipes and holograph correspondence. One volume of correspondence with the U.S. Government regarding emergency food survey, licensing, and new recipes using white flour substitutes during World War I, 1917-1919.

Cite as: Frederick W. Henze Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hequembourg, Alexander (1830-1911).

Papers, 1858-1865; 1907; 1917. 4 folders (approx. 30 items).

Alexander G. Hequembourg was born September 22, 1830, in New York City. In 1839, his family moved to St. Louis. He served in the Mexican War, and at the outbreak of the Civil War he organized Company B, 4th United States Reserve Corps (3 months). He next served as captain of Company G, Bissell's Engineer Regiment of the West, from October 1861 to July 1862, when he resigned due to illness. From September 1864 to August 1865 he served as lieutenant colonel of the 40th Missouri Infantry. He died March 16, 1911.

Papers include commissions, muster rolls, orders, correspondence and vouchers concerning Alexander Hequembourg and the Civil War.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Alexander Hequembourg Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hermann (Mo.).

Collection, 1838-1928; n.d. 6 folders (approx. 25 items); 4 volumes.

Collection includes 1838-1840 reports of German Settlement Society, in Hermann; reports of trustees and city council, Hermann, 1839-1856; shares in Hermann Erholung issued to Edward Muehl and Fer. Raempf, March 15, 1848; 1852 constitution and minutes of Society of Free Man, Hermann; letters of residents of Hermann. Ledgers of unidentified Hermann, Mo., general store, 1841-1847 and 1865-1867.


Cite as: Hermann (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hermon, Ralph (1904- ).

Income tax papers, 1958-1991. 1 box (1.0 linear ft.)

Papers related to income taxes paid by Ralph and Virginia Hermon, 1958-1991. Included are receipts (beginning in 1980), tax schedules with breakdown of expenses for the year, and a short autobiographical statement written by Herman.

Cite as: Ralph Herman Income Tax Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Herr, Ferdinand.

Papers 1903-1904; 1918-1919. 2 folders

Collection includes three letters from Garfield School, St. Louis, and Samuel Cupples Envelope Company, recommending Ferdinand Herr for employment at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Collection also includes seven letters and one postcard written by Ferdinand Herr, stationed at Edgewood Arsenal in Edgewood, Md., during the latter months of World War I, to his mother in St. Louis.

Cite as: Ferdinand Herr Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis, Mo.

Hertzog, Joseph. Journal.

See Wilt, Christian. Papers.


Herwegh Saengerbund (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1909-1941. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

St. Louis chapter of Arbeiter Saengerbund, a national German workingmen's singing organization.

Collection contains account books, membership lists, minutes, printed stationary, programs, invitations, music and correspondence relating to the Harwegh Saengerbund.


Cite as: Herwegh Saengerbund Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hesse, Herman T. (1822-1900).

Papers, 1851-1901; n.d. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Herman T. Hesse was born in 1822 near Mulhausen, Saxony, Germany. He migrated to the United States, settling in St. Louis in 1848. In the Civil War he served as captain of Company I, 1st United States Reserve Corps; captain of Company E, 5th Missouri Cavalry; and colonel of the 3rd Regiment Infantry, St. Louis City Guards. He died September 27, 1900.

Personal and family correspondence; business papers pertaining to St. Louis Domicil Saving and Loan Association, Western Glass Co., Belleville Clay Mining and Washing and Pottery Co., kaolin mining; Civil War papers, morning reports, lists of prisoners, rules governing operations of sutlers, passes, ordnance forms; correspondence concerning veterans' activities, pensions, sick benefits; writings of Herman T. Hesse on reorganization of the U.S. Army, Battle of Pea Ridge, Prussian Army.

Some German.

Cite as: Herman T. Hesse Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Hettel Jewelry Co. (Saint Louis, Mo.)

See C.R. Hettel Jewelry Co. (Saint Louis, Mo.)


Hibler, Andrew J.

Account book, 1853-1866. 1 volume (32 pages)

Personal accounts of St. Louis County resident, includes contract labor and guardianship records.

Cite as: Andrew J. Hibler Account Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hickcox, Truman V.

Day book, 1852-1865. 1 volume (172 pages)

Accounts of day labor; wood, hay , and other commodities sold; and horse pasturage in Boonville, Mo. Records of accounts settled and outstanding at rear of volume.

Cite as: Truman V. Hickcox Day Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hickman Family.

Papers, 1814; 1839-1854; 1918. 1 folder (approx. 15 items); 1 oversized folder.

Correspondence of a family living in central Missouri regarding family matters; correspondence regarding Mrs. Grace Hickman [Swarker] sponsoring launching of the S.S. Hickman; letter of John J. Pershing, etc.; commission appointing Llewellen Hickman 1st lieutenant in the 2nd Regiment of Riflemen.

Cite as: Hickman Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hickman, Theodore.

Papers, 1814-1917. 2 folder (approx. 30 items).

Papers include papers from estate of Theodore Hickman, commissions, military papers, correspondence of William Lewellyn Hickman, ca. 1820. Capt. William Lewellyn Hickman biographical data.

Cite as: Theodore Hickman Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hicks, Vera.

Papers, 1936-1965. 1 box; 2 volumes.

St. Louis dress designer with Scruggs, Vandervoot & Barney.

Collection consists of two scrapbooks, clippings and notes about Vera Hick fashions and other dress designs, correspondence, program from the 1936 St. Louis Junior League Follies, program and song from the 1941 Bundles for Britain Ball by the Claytonshire Coaching Club, issue of Town and Country Magazine (September 1952) illustrating the Scruggs, Vandervoot & Barney dress collection, and invitations to Vera Hicks fashion shows.


Hiffman Family.

Papers. 1967. 1 folder.

Compilation of Hiffman family genealogy by Dorothy Clark, 1967. Typescript memoirs of Albert Hiffman's Civil War service, April 22, 1861, to December 24, 1864. In April 1861 Hiffman enlisted as a private in Company C, 2nd Missouri Infantry (3 months) (Union). After this term of service was up, he reenlisted with the 12th Missouri Infantry as a bugler. Memoirs detail movements and operations of regiments in which Hiffman served.

Cite as: Hiffman Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Higgins, C.P.

Papers, 1913-1925. 1 folder (approx. 15 items).

Sergeant-at-arms in U.S. Senate, 1912-1918. Mr. Higgins was from St. Louis.

Papers include photographs during time in office, a photograph of his office after a bomb exploded there in hopes of getting President Wilson, July 2, 1915; typescripts, elaborate booklet containing reproduction of autographs of the signers of the testimonial to Abraham Lincoln which was placed in Lincoln Memorial cornerstone; booklet listing officers and employees of the Senate giving name, office and salary of each; newsclippings, correspondence regarding the death of C.P. Higgins.

Cite as: C.P. Higgins Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hill, Amelia Leavitt.

Papers, 1957-1962. 2 folder

Manuscript "The Development of French Furniture in America," by Amelia Leavitt Hill; preliminary notes for manuscript; and correspondence with Charles van Ravenswaay, 1957-1962.

Cite as: Amelia Leavitt Hill Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hill & Kistner, Architects. First Methodist Episcopal Church (Granite City, IL) Architectural Records, ca. 1927. 4 tubes, 1 folder.

Hill & Kistner has offices in Edwardsville, Granite City, and Carlinville, Illinois.

The collection consists of 4 tubes of blueprints for the church and one folder containing specifications for the project which was located at 20th and "D" streets..


Hilliker, Frank T. (1899-1972).

Papers, 1959-1972. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.); 1 bound volume

Frank Thul Hilliker was born in St. Louis, on April 11, 1899, to Benjamin Johnson and Adele Thul Hilliker. Mr. Hilliker established the Kirk Manufacturing Company, which was involved in the production of kitchen equipment. This company was in operation from 1929 until 1935, when it was succeeded by the food service consulting company of Frank T. Hilliker and Associates. Mr. Hilliker was one of the original founders of the Landmarks Association of St. Louis and of the Citizens Old Post Office Committee.

Included is assorted correspondence from Landmarks Association of St. Louis and the Citizens Committee to Save the Old Post Office relating to their struggle to save the Old Post Office of St. Louis. Photographs of original correspondence, 1870-1872, from various government officials regarding the construction of the St. Louis Custom House [Post Office] is also included. Newsclippings and material relating to the Old Post Office of St. Louis and a scrapbook of newsclippings regarding the Old Post Office of St. Louis are also in the collection.

Cite as: Frank T. Hilliker Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hillsboro (Mo.).

School records, 1909-1921. 2 volumes

These records consist of two volumes of "The Welch System of Close Supervision" for maintaining school records. The information contained therein relates to school attendance, standing, and classification of students in the Hillsboro, Mo., public schools; daily programs; lists of graduates and visitors; and monthly summaries for the years 1909-1915.

School records that contain confidential student data are closed to the general public for seventy-five years.

Cite as: Hillsboro (Mo.) School Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hines, David E. (1942-1991).

Collection, 1968-1969. 1 partial box

David E. Hines was a St. Louis native, prominent jazz trumpeter, and teacher. He attended Sumner High School and the St. Louis Institute of Music, and received a degree in music from the Chicago Conservatory of Music. He began his career locally with Oliver Sain and Fontella Bass, and later organized the David Hines Ensemble. He toured nationally and internationally with James Brown, Lena Horne, Ray Charles, Patti LaBelle, and Ike and Tina Turner. He taught music appreciation in the St. Louis and University City public schools. He was voted into the International Who's Who of Music in Cambridge, England, in 1991. Mr. Hines was killed in a motorcycle accident.

Collection includes a telegram dated December 4, 1969, to David Hines from Bill Byrne of the Woody Herman Orcestra; his U.S. passport, issued April 3, 1968; a labor permit England issued to David Hines in England, April 10, 1968; photocopies of photographs and newsclippings, etc. pertaining to Mr. Hines.

Cite as: David E. Hines Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Historic preservation collection.

See also Bryan, John Albury. Notes on historic buildings. Saint Louis Historic Preservation Collection.


Historic preservation collection, 1958-1978.

1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Extensive materials, correspondence, literature, and related papers from assorted seminars and programs on historic preservation. Also material concerning the activities of the National Trust for Historic Preservation and allied organizations; and data on historic sites and homes in Missouri, and on the Pensoneau-Caillot house in East St. Louis, Ill.

Cite as: Historic Preservation Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hitchcock Family.

Papers, 1786-1926; 1950; n.d. 6 boxes (2.7 linear ft.); 2 volumes.

Family of Henry Hitchcock (1829-1902), the son of Henry and Anne Erwin Hitchcock. Henry Hitchcock II was born in Alabama, graduated from Yale in 1848, admitted to the St. Louis bar in 1851, and married Mary Collier in 1857. A founder of the Washington University law school and later professor. Also an aide to General Sherman on his Civil War march through Georgia in 1864.

Correspondence, journals, manuscripts of writing, and genealogical tables of the Hitchcock family. Persons represented include Ethan Allen; Samuel Hitchcock (1755-1789); Henry Hitchcock I (1792-1839); Ethan Allen Hitchcock (1798-1870), St. Louis judge and financier Henry Hitchcock II (1829-1902); Henry Hitchcock III (1858-1933); and George Collier Hitchcock (1867-1940). Some of the specific material relating to Henry Hitchcock II includes philosophical and literary discussions; Civil War correspondence; legal materials; letterbook related to the transactions of the Crystal Plate Glass Company, 1880-1895; and autograph album signed by Yale classmates, 1848.

Partial list of papers in folder at beginning of collection.

Cite as: Hitchcock Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hobart, Edgar (1870-1928).

Papers, 1823-1865; n.d. 3 boxes and 1 partial box (1.7 linear ft.)

Member of Missouri Historical Society. He married Ms. Harriett Emily Kimball and later Ms. Christine Oertal. He operated a cafeteria at 316 Locust. He died May 26, 1928, in St. Louis.

Collection contains: correspondence, genealogical information; photographs of family; of special interest is the front page of the New York Herald, April 15, 1865, concerning President Lincoln's assassination. Collection also contains a typed manuscript of the family history of the Hobart family. There is some correspondence and related materials within the papers.

Cite as: Edgar Hobart Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hobson Family.

Genealogy, n.d. 3 boxes (2.7 linear ft.)

Family history and genealogy of the John William Hobson Family, the Charles William Hobson Family; the Joab Hobson Family; and the John Arlando Hobson Family. Also typescript Hobson genealogy entitled "Hobson Cousins," 1978; a published genealogical pamphlet; and a framed photo montage of family members.

Cite as: Hobson Family Genealogy, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hockaday Family.

Papers, 1821-1891; n.d. 3 folder (approx. 105 items); 3 volumes.

Irvine O. Hockaday, proprietor of Hockaday general store in Fulton, Mo. Rev. Nathan Lewis Rice, 1807-1887, early Presbyterian minister in Kentucky and Missouri, later pastor of Second Presbyterian Church in St. Louis, writer and polemicist on religions topics.

Papers include family letters of the Hockaday, Rice, Mills and Stephens families; Nathan L. Rice, John L. Waller correspondence concerning their religious debates. In addition there are two volumes of account books of Hockaday general store (1838-1867); diary (1829-1832) of Nathan L. Rice, with several undated essays and notes on religious topics. Essays are titled "Church Government"; "Future Prospects of the Heathen"; "Pastoral Theology"; "Biblical Criticism"; "Polemic Theology"; "Questions on Modern History"; and "Notes on Church History from Dr. Miller."

Cite as: Hockaday Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hodges, William Romaine. (1840-1921).

Papers, 1887-1920. 1 folder; 1 volume

William Romaine Hodges was born August 23, 1840, in South Hero, Vermont. He moved to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, in 1856, and during the Civil War served as captain of Company B, 32nd Wisconsin Infantry. He was honorably discharged in December 1864, and came to St. Louis the following year. He served as recorder in the Missouri Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States from 1885 until his death July 27, 1921, in St. Louis.

Collection contains one volume of records kept by William Hodges for the Grand Army of the Republic, the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, and the Loyal Legion. Records in this volume include minutes of the finance committee of the 21st National Encampment, G.A.R., held at St. Louis, 1887 (pp. 1-8); minutes of members meetings of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee, held at St. Louis, 1908 (pp. 71-97); paid subscriptions list for War Papers, Volume 1 (pp. 171-188); and other financial accounts for these veterans' organizations. Collection also contains photocopy of memoirs of Hodges, written ca. 1920, which recounts his experiences while serving in the 32nd Wisconsin Infantry. Memoirs include accounts of the Battle of Jonesboro, Ga. (pp. 8-9), operations against Hood's army in northern Georgia (pp. 9-12), and affairs in the Savannah Campaign (pp. 12-17).

Memoirs may not be reproduced or published without the permission of the donor who retains the original.

Cite as: William Romaine Hodges Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hoehn, Gottlieb A. (1865-1951).

Papers, 1887-1936; 1942. 2 boxes (0.7 linear ft.)

Labor and socialist pioneer; editor and general manager of the Arbeiter Zeitung, German-language weekly and its English companion, The Labor News; secretary of the Socialist party in Missouri and the groups candidate for governor in 1932 and secretary of state in 1928 (was expelled from the Socialist party for life in 1912 [?]); secretary, Midwest Amalgamated Union Label Committee.

Contains 24 speeches and articles on labor problems, 1931-1936; minutes of the St. Louis Arbeiter-Zeitung, 1905-1910; Collection of Poems, Quotations and Reports in three languages by Hoehn, 1887-1948; article titled "The Hitler Government in Germany," April 23, 1933; book of clippings, 1931-1936. Biographical data and Hoehn's daybooks, 1939-1947, are filed with the Labor Papers.


Cite as: Gottlieb A. Hoehn Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hoiles, Charles.

Business receipts, 1844-1848. 1 folder (approx. 50 items).

Business receipts of Charles Hoiles who ran a store in St. Louis County.

Cite as: Charles Hoiles Business Receipts, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Holtman, Allen P., collector.

Research materials regarding St. Louis tornadoes, [1895-1988]. 1 partial box.

Collection of material compiled by Allen P. Holtman relating to the history of three major St. Louis tornadoes: 1896, 1927, and 1959. This material was gathered to support the hypothesis that St. Louis tornadoes occur every 31 years. The material includes a printed map of St. Louis, 1987, with paths of these three tornadoes marked by hand. Map is filed in the Library, Rolled St. Louis Maps, 1987.

Cite as: Allen P. Holtman Research Materials regarding St. Louis Tornadoes, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Homan, George (1846-1928).

Papers, 1888; 1908-1920. 1 partial box (approx. 75 items); 1 volume.

Former president of St. Louis Medical Society. Educated at St. Louis Medical School. Served internship at St. Louis City Hospital. Contributed extensively to medical journals.

Correspondence from doctors, ministers, editors and lay persons regarding Dr. Homan's monographs, Luke the Physician and its sequel, Luke the Greek Physician. Volume of questionnaires sent out from the office of the St. Louis health commissioner in 1888 to county clerks of each Missouri county concerning county boards of health, with correspondence about the questionnaires in the back.

Cite as: George Homan Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Honeywell, Harry Eugene (1871-1940).

Papers, 1893-1947; 1957. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 5 volumes; 1 oversized folder.

Papers include log (6 p.) of first balloon flight of Capt. Honeywell, his wife, Miss Ada Miller and Miss Van Fertig, July 17, 1909, from St. Louis to Weingerather, St. Genevieve County. Six letters of Honeywell to Ms. Miller, 1909-1910, regarding trips, wreck of the "Dauntless" balloon and of flying with the Wrights. Addition to collection includes correspondence of Capt. Honeywell during the Spanish-American War, 1896-1899; family papers, 1893-1940; drawings, maps, scrapbooks, material regarding ballooning.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Captain Harry Eugene Honeywell Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hood, Washington (1808-1840).

Papers, 1839; 1925. 1 partial box (5 mss).

Captain of engineers under Colonel Abert, U.S.A., Chief of Corps. Graduated from U.S. Military Academy in 1827, assigned to Jefferson Barracks and remained there until 1831. Resigned his commission as engineer in 1835, in 1836 he re-entered the army as captain of the topographical engineers. Died while on an expedition to correct earlier surveys of lands of various Indian tribes.

Original and negative photocopy of practicable route for wheeled vehicles across the Rocky Mountains, draft of report by Hood. Photocopy of the map of the Rocky Mountains by Hood, proposed route sketched in red ink. Two letters of John G. White, dated 1925, about locating the Washington Hood maps.

Cite as: Washington Hood Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hooke, James A.

Papers, 1880-1905; 1929-1933. 13 boxes (12.0 linear ft.); 79 roll storage tubes; 3 volumes; 6 oversized folders.

Director of Public Utilities in St. Louis, 1915-1924, and consulting engineer for the St. Louis Electric Terminal Railway Company subway and elevated project, 1929-1933.

Collection includes St. Louis city plats from Department of Public Utilities, showing utility services (gas and electric), 1880-1905; topographical maps of Forest Park, 1900; and Street Railways Atlas of the City of St. Louis of Grand Avenue, 1910. From the subway project are transportation surveys, blue prints, plans, city plat maps, office files, and correspondence. In addition, there is a bound volume titled "A Proposed Improvement for St. Louis Electric Terminal," by James A. Hooke, with architectural drawings, ca. 1930. Photographs of St. Louis City street scenes and railroad yards are also among the papers.

Cite as: James A. Hooke Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Horn, Thomas S. (1894- ).

Papers, 1922-1947. 8 folders (approx. 100 items).

Mr. Thomas Horn served in the foreign service.

Papers include correspondence, etc. of Mr. Horn while in foreign service.

Cite as: Thomas S. Horn Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Horses collection. 1959-1974. 9 folders (approx. 25 items).

Series of articles, typed and printed, and correspondence of Franklin Reynolds of Canyon, Tex., concerning the history of the horse "King" and American quarter horses, August-September, 1959. Collection provides valuable data on horse breeding industry in southwest Missouri.

Cite as: Horses Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hoskins, Arthur C.

Collection, 1860-1963. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Collection includes some personal and family correspondence and miscellany of J.H. and Arthur C. Hoskins. In large part, it also includes correspondence of J.H. Hoskins relating to the work of the Methodist Church and mission groups in the St. Louis area. Specific materials include contracts for building Carondelet Methodist Church, 1915; Notes on City Evangelization Union; information about work of the Wesley House (1889-1921); information about the "Four Minute Men," a group of volunteer speakers on World War I bond drives, 1918-1919; a notebook for instructing young girls in household administration; notebook of charter, minutes, of Big Stone Construction Company; and pages from family bible.

Cite as: Arthur C. Hoskins Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association of Saint Louis (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1893-1937. 1 box (0.2 linear ft.); 4 volumes.

The Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association was organized November 20, 1893, to provide funding for indigent hospital patients in St. Louis. It joined the Community Fund in 1923 and disbanded on July 14, 1937.

This collection consists of four volumes of minutes (1893-1900 and 1904-1937) of the Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association of St. Louis; and two copies (original and carbon) of a manuscript by Miller Hageman titled "History of the Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association of St. Louis," ca late 1930s.

Cite as: Hospital Saturday and Sunday Association of Saint Louis Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Houck, Louis.

"Papers from Spain" transcripts, [1767-1805]. 4 boxes (1.7 linear ft.)

Hand-written transcripts of original manuscripts in the Archivo General de Indias, Seville, Spain, that relate to the Spanish administration in the Mississippi Valley. Numbered 1 to 101, these transcripts are thought to have been made for historian Louis Houck, and were published in English translation in his book, The Spanish Regime in Missouri (Chicago: 1909).

Collection is arranged sequentially by instrument number, presumably assigned by Houck.


Collection is indexed in the archives card catalogue.

Cite as: Louis Houck "Papers from Spain" Transcripts, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Houwink, Eda (1903-1995).

Papers, 1902-1994. 32 boxes (15.0 linear ft.)

The daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Joseph J. Houwink, Eda Houwink was born in St. Louis on June 23, 1903. She attended Washington University and the University of Chicago, receiving her Ph.D. in Social Work in 1933, whereupon she worked as a field instructor, Fulbright Lecturer, and Professor of Social Work at several universities until her retirement in 1968. During her retirement she continued to be active in her field and also embarked on a second career writing poetry. She died in St. Louis in 1995.

The papers of Eda Houwink mainly document the development of her career as a professor of social work. They include five personal diaries (1929; 1931-1940; 1971); personal and professional correspondence that includes discussion of current social issues such as abortion, and professional issues such as student curricula; Dr. Houwink's published and unpublished articles and manuscripts on social work; and records of her faculty appointments and awards. In addition, this collection contains published and unpublished poetry written following her retirement.

Some correspondence in Dutch.

Personal diaries and academic correspondence relating to students closed until death of donor.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Eda Houwink Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.

Houx and Co. (Lexington, Butler and Marshall, Mo.)

See O. Houx and Co.


Howard, C.A., Mrs.

Poetry copy books, ca. 1888. 2 volumes.

Formerly Mrs. Byron.

Cite as: Mrs. C.A. Howard Poetry Copy Books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Howard County (Mo.) collection. 1817-1961.

7 folders (approx. 150 items).

Papers include: receipts, promissary notes, other business transactions of county; poll book of election held in Franklin, Howard County, 1821; notes of a trip to Boonville from St. Louis in the 1830s; minutes, discussion topics of Monday preachers meetings, given by Luther Laws, Glasgow, 1872; accounts of Civil War battles in Glasgow (typescript); information on Central College; information on Glasgow, Mo.

Cite as: Howard County (Mo.) Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Howard Funeral Home.

Records, 1894-1975. 13 volumes and 2 manuscript boxes

Edward F. Howard operated a livery stable at 423 S. 12th Street in St. Louis in 1890. Edward's sons eventually joined the business and the firm became known as Edward F. Howard & Sons, undertakers, and later Howard Funeral Home. In 1918 the business was located at 3226 Park; it later moved to 4212 St. Louis Ave; and from the mid-1940s to the mid-1970s, it was located at 1619 S. Grand. Edward F. Howard died December 11, 1939.

Collection contains six account books, dated 1894 to 1938, and nine record books of funerals, dated 1913-1975. Funeral records in these latter volumes contain the decedent's name, age, date of death, place of death, place of interment, and other information. Collection contains other material relating to the operation of the funeral home.

Finding aid available.

Cite as: Howard Funeral Home Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Howard, Williamson P. (1822-1900).

Papers, 1830-1901. 2 boxes (1.0 linear ft.)

Williamson P. Howard was born September 3, 1822, in Charlottesville, Va. When he was still young, his family moved to Saline County, Mo. In the early 1840s Howard moved to Savannah, Mo., where he opened a general merchandise store, and in 1857 he moved to St. Louis and organized the W.P. Howard Commission Company. He died January 27, 1900, in St. Louis.

Mostly business records and business related correspondence of the firm of W.P. Howard and Company, commission merchants, St. Louis, including steamboat bills of lading, railroad shipping orders, and correspondence related to shipments; some family correspondence and accounts; and assorted correspondence relating to cultural and athletic clubs.

Cite as: Williamson P. Howard Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hudson, Thomas B. (1814?-1867).

Record books, 1836-1867. 4 volumes; 1 folder

Thomas B. Hudson was born in Davidson County, Tenn. He married Elizabeth Brown Chambers. A lawyer and politician, Hudson was for some years among the prominent members of the Democratic party in Missouri. At one time he was president of the North Missouri Railroad Company. During the Mexican War, he organized a company of volunteers which served under General Doniphan. In his later years, he dedicated his time to the improvement of his Florissant estate, "Glen Owen." He died May 22, 1867.

Collection includes four volumes which appear to have been kept by Thomas B. Hudson. The first volume includes the meeting notes of the Committee of the Board of Aldermen of the City of St. Louis on Engrossed and Enrolled Bills, Thomas B. Hudson, Chairman. The meeting notes span the dates May 4, 1837, to March 23, 1838. This volume also includes summaries of law cases (ca.1849-1854, with index), and notes regarding steamboat laws. Also includes brief accounts of the sale of hay, horses and cows. The second volume is an account book, with index, dated 1843-1844. The third volume is an account book of hay sold (1863-1866), with descriptions of stacks of hay. This volume also includes a list of the names of the heirs of Thomas B. Hudson. The fourth volume includes accounts of the sale of household furnishings (1836-1838), accounts of horse breeding (1861-1864), and accounts of law cases (1847-1854). Also contains one folder of family papers, including a City of St. Louis Water License, 1848; receipt of Frederick Bolte, 1867; and obituary of Mrs. Marie Reine Fusz.

Cite as: Thomas B. Hudson record books, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hughes, Price.

Collection, 1812-1849. 4 folders (approx. 60 items).

Collection includes indentures, personal correspondence of the William Hughes, Sr., family in Howard County, Mo. Genealogical information of the Hughes and Swan families.

Cite as: Price Hughes Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hull Family.

Papers, 1839-1869. 4 folders (approx. 125 items).

Correspondence of Joseph and William Hull family; receipts, checks, bills and various business papers; very few personal items.

Cite as: Hull Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Humane Society of Missouri (Saint Louis, Mo.).

Records, 1914-1989. 15 boxes (7.5 linear ft.); 1 volume.

Records includes minutes, 1944-1963; constitution; trust fund; booklets; scrapbook of newsclippings regarding animal rescues and the society, 1947-1970. An addition to the collection consists of financial statements, 1932-1940; minutes of annual and board of director meetings, 1914-1949; deed of land, William C. Carr addition to block 551 of St. Louis, November 1923; City dog pound file, 1981; work schedules, staff job descriptions, budgets, operating expenses, 1986-1989; and Humane Society publications ("Humane Society News," 1951-1975; "Gentle Journal," 1976-1988; and "Tale-Waggers," 1987, 1989).

Cite as: Humane Society of Missouri Records, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hume, John R.

Collection, 1786-1919; 1935; 1967. 14 folders (approx. 60 items).

Collection includes items of the William Hume family; diary of John Hume during navy experience in World War I, 1917-1918, typed and original copies; poems by Hume in booklet form; newsclipping and genealogical notes on Davidson, Hume, De Journet, and Brevard families.

Cite as: John R. Hume Collection, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Humphreys, Thomas K.

Diary, 1835-1842. 2 volumes

West Virginia farmer who came to Missouri and settled in St. Louis County.

Original and typescript diary describing life in West Virginia, the journey down the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers to St. Louis, and the search for and purchase of suitable farm land in St. Louis County near Chesterfield. Also describes raising subscriptions for Bonhomme Church.

Cite as: Thomas K. Humphreys Diary, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hunnewell Bank (Hunnewell, Mo.).

Daily bank balance book, 1900 Jan 6-1901 Nov 17. 1 volume (160 pages)

Records of daily balances of depositors.

Cite as: Hunnewell Bank Daily Bank Balance Book, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hunt and Paddock (St. Louis, Mo.).

Journal, 1837-1839. 1 volume (336 pages)

General store of Orville Paddock, 1805-1867.

Cite as: Hunt and Paddock Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hunt, Henry (1818- ).

Journal, 1818-1894. 2 folders (1 folder--100 pages).

Henry Hunt was born July 31, 1818, in Leesburg, Louden County, Va. In the 1830s he moved with his mother to Newark, Ohio. In the 1850s he relocated to Illinois, first to Bloomington, and then to Sullivan. In September 1862 he enlisted in Company G, 126th Illinois Infantry (Union). He mustered out in July 1865.

Reminiscences of life in Virginia, Ohio, and Kentucky, with commentary on nineteenth century American politics, and his involvement in the Civil War in Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. St. Louis is mentioned.

Cite as: Henry Hunt Journal, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hunt, Wilson Price (1783?-1842).

Hunt family papers, 1758-1949. 3 boxes (1.5 linear ft.); 1 oversized folder.

Wilson Price Hunt (1783?-1842) was the leading partner of the Pacific Fur Company and commander of the overland Astoria expedition in 1811. He came to St. Louis in 1804. In 1836, he married Anne Lucas Hunt, the widow of his cousin Theodore Hunt. Theodore Hunt (1778-1832) was a naval officer, merchant, farmer in St. Louis, and recorder of land titles in Jefferson City, Mo. He came to St. Louis in 1814, and married Anne Lucas, the daughter of Judge John B.C. Lucas.

The collection includes a letterbook of Wilson Price Hunt (1834-1842); letters to Hunt from Donald MacKenzie concerning the will of John Day, property in St. Louis, Canadian border difficulties, and a description of the Red River Settlement; articles of agreement and other papers (1810-1813) of the Pacific Fur Company. There are also materials related to Theodore Hunt, including material on his naval activities; his account book for Hannibal (1810-1812); tax lists; his commission as Recorder of Land Titles; and the Hunt's Minutes, consisting of testimony taken by Theodore Hunt, as Recorder of Land Titles in Jefferson City, Mo., in relation to colonial land claims. In addition there are other family papers including some correspondence of Charles Lucas Hunt and papers pertaining to his appointment as Belgian Consul (1850-1869); family letters of Jane McDonald and John Mayo Patterson; a letter from W.T. Sherman expressing his admiration for Major John Fitzgerald Lee; and typed copies of letters of John B.C. Lucas, Anne Lucas Hunt and Theodore Hunt. Also: genealogical materials, deeds, and receipts of the Hunt, Lucas, and allied families. Some of the names appearing in the collection include Jose Arguello, Hon. W.T. Barry, Joseph C. Brown, Russell Farnham, Joel Finch, Simon Gratz & Brother, Adam Konigmacher, William Carr Lane, Donald McKenzie, William Milburn, Alexander Ross, and the Red River Settlement. Additional names include Michael Amoureaux, Thomas Auldjo, Duncan Brown, John Cassin, Isaac Chauncey, Jacques Clamorgan, Charles DeLaureal, John H. Dent, Abraham Dumont, George Dyson, Samuel Elbert, Charles Gordon, Joseph Guinard, J. Montrison Haswell, Francois William Hodges, John Bte. Hortiz, Isaac Hull, Nat. Ingraham, Louis LaBeaume, Dr. William Carr Lane, Elias T. Langham, James Lawrence, Lewis F. Linn, Charles Lucas, James H. Lucas, Augustus C. Ludlow, Rufus Mayrant, Phillip Miller, New Bourbon, New Madrid, Benjamin Ogden, Dr. Physic, William Pinkney, George Ruddell, Pierre Saboerre, Ste. Genevieve, Gregoire Sarpy, Charles Stewart, James Watson, Charles Welling, Francois William, C. Wistar, Jr., R.T. Spence, Paul Hamilton, John Mullanphy, Frederick Dent, Charles Lucas, William L. Long, Charles E. Crawley, Nathaniel Pope, and C.G. Houts. In part typescripts and photostats, including typed transcripts of originals in the Land Office, Jefferson City, Mo.

Cite as: Hunt Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hurtgen, Max.

Papers relating to the Cleveland High School class of 1925, 1925-1991. 9 linear feet.

Max Hurtgen, a long time resident of Affton, St. Louis County, studied accounting and auditing while employed with Socony-Vacuum Oil Company, 1925-1936. After working with the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Corporation for several years he joined Anheuser-Busch Brewery in 1939 and worked as an auditor for 32 years before until his retirement in 1972. Hurtgen graduated from Cleveland High School in 1925, and after the first class reunion in 1930, the class decided to meet at five-year intervals. Max Hurtgen volunteered to keep track of the members and was responsible for the reunions, along with the assistance of a reunion committee, until his death in 1991.

The Max Hurtgen Records include files for each of the members of the 1925 class of Cleveland High School (St. Louis). They contain correspondence and questionnaires that provide information pertaining to the location and activity of each person over a sixty-year period. The reunion files for each of the ten class reunions held from 1935 to 1990 include correspondence and financial records, newsclippings, class photographs, and a report providing class statistics and an update on the activities of each member. A copy of the 1925 Cleveland High School yearbook, "The Beacon," is also among the records.

Cite as: Max Hurtgen Papers Relating to the Cleveland High School Class of 1925, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hutchinson, John C., Mrs.

Collection, 1849-1976. 1 box (0.5 linear ft.)

Correspondence, scrapbook and printed matter: scrapbook of Mrs. Frederick Hall; folder of military records of Ralph C. Hall; folder of documents related to the marriage and memorial service of Corinne Steele Hall and F.B. Hall; six folders of family and genealogical papers of the Hall, Steele, and Bagby families; folder of books.

Cite as: Mrs. John C. Hutchinson Collection, Missouri historical Society, St. Louis.


Hutchinson, Robert Randolph.

Scrapbook, 1749-1860s. 1 volume

Robert R. Hutchinson was born August 28, 1837, in Petersburg, Va. He was captured at Camp Jackson (St. Louis), and soon afterward went to Memphis, Tenn., where he enlisted in the 1st Missouri Infantry (Confederate). He rose from the rank of lieutenant to major and assistant adjutant general of Bowen's Brigade, and later of the division. After the surrender of Vicksburg, he served as adjutant general of paroled prisoners. In the fall of 1863 he joined the Army of Northern Virginia. He rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel before his capture at the Battle of Cedar Creek, Va., in the fall of 1864. He was held prisoner at Fort Delaware until June 1865. Following the war, he returned to St. Louis where he died November 21, 1910.

Scrapbook regarding Hutchinson family history, includes documents dating back to 1749, photographs, newsclippings, and Civil War letters.

Cite as: Robert Randolph Hutchinson Scrapbook, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hyatt Family.

Hyatt-Hume family papers, 1764-1880. 6 folders (approx. 100 items); 1 oversized folder.

Hyatt family correspondence and Hyatt estate and business papers; Lewis Hume papers; B. Harris estate papers; Joseph Hyatt papers; genealogical notes and charts of Hyatt and Hume families.

Cite as: Hyatt-Hume Family Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Hyatt, Fielding B.

Papers, 1819-1876. 2 folders (4 items).

Steamboat captain and engineer.

Letter of T. Hyatt to Frederick Hyatt dated July 15, 1819; scrapbook of Fielding B. Hyatt, contains names of steamboats and other written notations of important news of the day; marriage license of Barney Seaman and Sarah B. Hyatt, dated St. Louis, May 30, 1869; letter of Barney Seaman in Colorado Springs to wife, dated July 19, 1876, describing Pikes Peak.

Cite as: Fielding B. Hyatt Papers, Missouri Historical Society, St. Louis.


Icarians collection, 1857. 1 partial box (ca.100 items).

The Icarians were members of a utopian communist society founded by Etienne Cabet in France. In 1840, Mr. Cabet published a utopian romance, Voyage en Icarie. Icaria was Cabet's vision of a perfect communist society. There all men worked, and all property was owned in common; production was regulated according to a national plan, and goods were distributed according to need. Mr. Cabet chose to establish an Icaria in America. After an unsuccessful start in Texas, Cabet's Icarians